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State of the Barometer in inches and decimals, and of Farenheit's Th«« Mometer In the open air, taken in the morning before fun-rife, and at noon; and the quantity of rain-water fallen, in inches and decimals, from the 29th of February 1788, to the 30th of March, near the foot of Arthur's Seat.
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• *5S VIEWS IN SCOTLAND.
CASTLE OF ELAN STALKER.
THIS Castle, the property of Mr Campbell of Airds, stands on a rock called in Gaelic Elan Vk-Stalcair, that is, Island Stalker, within a small bay, or inlet, from Lochlinne in Argylefhire. At a mile's distance to the West lies the island of Lismore, formerly the feat of the Bishops of Argylefhire ; and on the East, the post town of Portnacroifh, formeily the old tuwn of Beregoniura, as by some has been conjectured from the great number of ruins, vaults, &c. which still remain at that place.
S I R,
SIR John vol. II. p. anecdotes and
To the Publisher of the Edinburgh Magazine.
Dalrymple, Memoirs, 31. mentions seveial minute circumstances concerning Marshall Stair: but, as he speaks merely from report, he is not answerable for their accuracy, and indeed with respect to most of them, there is reason to suppose that he has been exceedingly misinformed.
It is said, that "all Lord Stair's
less robust. No man would have done more to serve his country than Lord Stair, but he could not have held a plough three or four hours, had the security of the laws and liberties of Great Britain been the reward of his labour.
So far was he from being "fond of '* adorning a fine person with grace"ful dress," that, unless when he wore
"offices were taken from him by Sir a black suit, his cloathes were of a
"Robert Walpole,_/or voting in Par- plain brownish duffle.
** liament against the excise-scheme." A gentleman of distinction, who
That which is vulgarly called the lived in his neighbourhood and who excise-scheme, was a money bill, lost or was much with him, remembers noabandoned by the minister in the House thing of the " two French horns;" of Commons ; so we may presume that and he adds, that, being himself fond Lord Stair had no opportunity os vo- of music, and a performer, he thinks ting against it in the House of Peers* it impossible that two such artists
That in 1734 Lord Stair was em- could have escaped his observation,
ployed in paying bills for expences in- He doubts not that Lord Stair may
curred fifteen or twenty years before, have had a French cook, but he ne
during his embassy at Paris, is a fin- ver heard of the heroical disinteiested
gular circumstance, and merits con- ness of that galant homtne, as report*
That between 1734 and 1742, "he was often seen holding the plough "three or four hours at a time," must be a mistake: the people, who thought they saw this, have certainly confounded the situation of a gentleman overseeing his labourers, with that of a sturdy operative ploughman. Before Lord Stair retired to his estate in the country, he had reached to his grand ^climacteric; and, besides, his constitution was never healthy, and much
ed in the Memoirs.
It is in consequence of misinformation that Sir John says, that a messenger brought a letter from the late king to Lord Stair, which desired him to take the command of the army: I am confident that no such messenger was sent, and that no such letter came.
His favourite nephew, Captain John Dalrymple, died on the 22d of February 1742 ; just after that event* Lord Stair received a letter from London, desiring him to come up. JJ4 StrUhtret on some Passage/ hi Sir John Dalrymple'/ Memoirs.
Who wrote the letter I cannot positively say ; but I am sure that it was neither written nor signed by George II.: the letter made no mention of the command of the army, and Lord Stair did not understand that it conveyed any such meaning.
Having occasion for money to defray the extraordinary expences of a journey to London, and of his residence there, he, on the 25th of February 1742, borrowed L. 100 from his brother Col. William Dalrymple, and, on the following day, the like sum from his other brother George Dalrymple., one of the Barons of ExÆequer in Scotland.
On the 2Jth of February 1742 Lord Stair borrowed L. roo from Sir John Dah-ymple, grandfather of the Historian, and, on the following day, L.400 from a professed money-lender, in all L. 700; of which, the sum of L.200 was furnished by his brothers, and L. 100 by his cousin.
This little detail seems hardly consistent with what Sir J. D. has heard, that " L.ord Stair sent expresses for ** the gentlemen of his family, shewed "the King's letter, and desired them 41 to find money to carry him to Lon44 don: that they asked how much he "wanted, and -when they should bring "it? that his answer was, the more "the letter, and the sootier the letter, ** and that they brought him three * thousand guineas."
In 174? credits in banks, and trie discounting of bills were things hardly known, so that it would have been more difficult to collect 3000 guineas, between terms, at that time, than it would be to collect 30,000 guineas in 1788.
Besides, if Loid Stair had received 3000 guineas from the gentlemen of his family, what occasion had tie to. resort to a money-lender for L.400?
It is added, that " the circumstance «* came to the late King's ears, who 44 expressed to his ministers the unea44 Griefs that he felt at Lord Stair's "difficulties in money-matters—one
44 proposed that the King should make "him a present of a sum os money 44 when he arrived—auotier said, Lord 44 Stair was so high-spirited, that, is he 44 was offered money, he would run "back to his own country, and they "should hse their General. A third "suggested, that, to save his delicacy, 44 the King should give him six com44 missions of cornets to difj>ose of, 44 which, at that time, fold for a thou44 sand pounds a-piece. The King 44 liked this idea best, and gave the 44 commiflions blank, to Lord Stair, 44 laying, they were intended to. pay 41 for his journey and equipage. But, 44 in going from crurt zo his own 44 house, he gave all the six away."
This narrative, so far as it is connected with that of the 3000 guineas, may be thought dubious; the liberal misapplication which Lord Stair made of the royal liberality will be best confirmed by an account of the names of the gentlemen on whom he bestowed the commiflions: it must, however", be observed, that the consultation of ministers, and the result of it, are supposed to have happened hefire Lord Stair arrived in London. Lord Stair was not appointed General till a considerable time nsler.
He left Scotland, so far as I can discover, about the end of February 1742.
In March 1742 he was appointed Ambassador to the States General. Mr Robert Keith, by his recommendation, was appointed secretary to the embassy.
It was not till Jlpril 1742, that Lord Stair was appointed Commander, in Chief of the British forces in Flanders.
Egregioufly mistaken, indeed, was that person who informed Sir John Dalrymple that Lord Stair carried in his coach to London Mr Keith and Sir John Pringle.
Mr Keith left Scotland on the 26th of March 1742 ; he rode post, but, fatigued with that mode of travelling,' he got into a stage-coach about Huntin r*—,
ingrnn, and by that conveyance reached London.
'Dr Pringle, Professor of Ethics in the University of Edinburgh, was appointed to examine candidates for the degree of Mister of Arts, 23d February and 50th March 1742 ; this appears from the records ot the Universuv, and is inconsistent with the journey to London—it is probable that he continued to read lectures until SumBier: he was appointed Physician General to the hospitals abroad on the 24th of August 1742.
Sir L. Dundas, resided at London when Lord Stair arrived there in 1742.
With respect to the coffee-house anecdote, which is introduced with an asology, it may be remarked, that Lord Mark Ker addressed his companion by the name of Stair. This brings down the anecdote to 1707, when that title descended to Lord Stair. He was then not a thoughtless high-spirited boy, but a man of thirtyfour, and a General Officer. Lord Mark Ker, or Lord Stair, might have desired the inquisitive stranger to be silent, or to leave the room; but it seems hardly consistent with their known character for courtesy and courage, to suppose that they mould have agreed to throw the dice for the honour of fighting a stranger who never meant to insult them.
The next anecdote is well known, tho', as is the fate of most anecdotes, it has been told different ways. My account of it is this: Lord Stair, as Britilh Ambassador, became engaged
in a dispute with the Prince of Contii and some other princes of the blood, about a point of ceremony and place, a dispute interesting at the moment. While mens minds were agitated by this controversy of place, Mr Parsons, a page, with arch simplicity, put the queltion which Sir John has taken the trouble of repeating; and that Lord Stair, " stepping o'.:t of the "coach, paid rcfpoct to the religion "of the country in which he was, and "kneAedina very dirty street" is what would not have been expected from a Britilh Arr:bassador,and especially from such an Ambassador as Lord Stair!
I have only to add, that the contest! about place happened in the year 1716; that Colonel Young was born on the 25th of February 1703, and that he could hardly have been Master of Horse to Lord Stair at the age of thirteen. It follows, that Sir John must have heard that well-known anecdote from some other person than Col. Young.
The other r.necdote, as to Lewis XIV. is also well-known, but it would run better thus: In the reign of Charles II. the Duke of Buckingham went Ambassador to France. Lewis the XIV. on a certain occasion, desired the Duke to go into his coach; the Duke hesitated, and stood back; the King stept in, shut the door, and, with elegant ambiguity, said, " Entte "vous et moi M. le Due, il n'y a "point dc facon." He made a like experiment on Lord Stair, but he found him a better bred man than the courtly Buckingham.
jtecount of the Hunting Excursions ^"Asoph Ul Doulah, Vizier of the Moj'ul Empire, and Nabob osOude. By W. Blane Esq; ivLo attended these Excur* Jhnt in 1785 and 1786.
TH E Vizier, Asoph ul Doulah, always sets out upon his annual hunting-party as soon as the cold season is well set in; that is, about the beginning of December; and he (lays out till the heats, about the beginning of March, force him back aeain. During this time, he generally
makes a circuit of country from feur to six hundred miles, always bending his course towards die skirts of the northern mountains, where the country, being wild and uncultivated, is the most pioper for game.
When he marches, he takes with him, not only his household and Zenana,
The Vizlei'/ Manner os Hunting in the Mogul Inpire.
na, but all his Court, and a great part of the inhabitants of his capital. Besides the immediate attendance about his peison, in the various capacities of l'hidrriis^ars, Fi ashes, Chobdars, Harcaras, Mcwatics, &o. which may amount to about two thousand, he is attended in camp by five or six hundred hotse, and feveial battalions of regular sepoys, with their field-pieces. He takes with him about four or five hundred elephants; of these some are broke in for riding, some for fighting, some carry baggage, and the rest are reseived for clearing the jungles and forests of the game: of the first kind, there are always twenty or thirty ready caparisoned, with Konudaht and Ainarys, that attend close behind the one he rides upon himself, that he may change occasionally to any os them he likes; or he sometimes permits some os his attendants to ride upon them. He has with him about five or six hundred sumpter horses, a great many of which are always led ready saddled near him; many of diem are beautiful -Peisian horses, and some of them of the Arabian breed; but he seldom rides any of them. Of wheel-carriages, there are a great many of the Country fashion drawn by bullocks, principally for the accommodation of the women; besides which, he has with him a couple of English chaises, a buggy or two, and sometimes a chariot; but all these, like the horses, are merely for show, and never used; indeed, he seldom uses any other conTeyance but an elephant, or sometimes, when fatigued or indisposed, a palanquin, of which several attend him.
The arms he carries with him are a vast number of matchlocks—a great many English pieces of various kinds— pistols (of which he is very fond,) a great number,perhaps forty or fiftypairs —bows and arrows—besides swords, sabres, and daggers innumerable. One or more of all these different kinds of arms he generally has upon the elephant with him, and a great many more are carried in readiness by his attendants.
The animals he carries for sport are dogs, principally greyhounds, of which he has about three hundred—hawks, of various kinds, at least two hundred —a few trained leopards, called Cheetttds, for catching deer—and to this list I may add a great many marksmen, whose profession is to shoot deer —and fowleis who provide game ; for there are none of the natives of India who have any idea of shooting game with small mot, or of hunting with slow hounds. He is also furnished with nets of various kinds, some for quail, and others very large, for fishing, which are carried along with hint upon elephants, attended by fishermen, so as to be always ready to be thrown into any river or lake he may meet wiih on the march.
Besides this catalogue for the sport, he carries with him every article of luxury or pleasure; even ice is transported along with him to coo! his water, and make ices ; and a great many carts are loaded with the Ganges water, which is esteemed the best and lightest in India, for his drink. The fruits of the season, and fresh vegetables, are sent to him daily from his gardens to whatever distance he may go, by laid bearers, stationed upon the road at the distance of every ten miles, and in this manner convey whatever is sent by them at the rate of sour miles an hour, night and day. Besides the fighting elephants, which I have mentioned, he has with him fighting antelopes, fighting buffaloes, and sighting rams, in great numbers: and, lastly, of the feathered kind (besides hawks}, he carries with him several hundred pigeons, some sighting cocks, and an endless variety of nightingales, parrots, minos, &c. all of which are carried along with his tents.
What I have hitherto enumerated are the appendages of the Nabob personally; besides which, there is a large public Bazar, or, in other words, a moving town, attends his camp, con-; fisting of shopkeepers and artificers of all kinds, money-changers, dancing