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And bid her wipe her weeping eyes withal.
If this inducement move her not to love,
Send her a letter of thy noble deeds;
Tell her, thou mad’st away her uncle Clarence,
Her uncle Rivers; ay, and, for her sake,
Mad'st quick conveyance with her good aunt Anne.

K. Rich. You mock me, madam; this is not the way
To win your daughter.
Q. Eliz.

There is no other way;
Unless thou could'st put on some other shape,
And not be Richard that hath done all this.

K. Rich. Say, that I did? all this for love of her?
Q. Eliz. Nay, then indeed, she cannot choose but have

thee, 8
Having bought love with such a bloody spoil.9

K. Rich. Look, what is done cannot be now amended: Men shall deal unadvisedly sometimes, Which after-hours give leisure to repent. If I did take the kingdom from your sons, To make amends, I'll give it to your daughter. If I have kill'd the issue of your womb, To quicken your increase, I will beget Mine issue of your blood upon your daughter. A grandam's name is little less in love, Than is the doting title of a mother; They are as children, but one step below, Even of your mettle, of your very blood;?

7 Say, that I did &c.] This and the following fifty-four lines, ending with the words tender years, in p. 152, are found only in the folio. Malone.

8 Nay, then indeed, she cannot choose but have thee,] [Old copy -hate.] The sense seems to require that we should read:

but love thee, ironically. Tyrwhitt.

As this is evidently spoken ironically, I agree with Tyrwhitt, that the present reading is corrupt, but should rather amend it by reading “have you,” than “ love you;" as the word have is more likely to have been mistaken for hate, the traces of the let. ters being nearly the same. M. Mason.

As this conjecture is, in my opinion, at once fortunate and judicious, I have placed it in the text. A somewhat corresponding error had happened in Coriolanus, last speech of scene iv, Act IV, where have was apparently given instead of-hate. Steevens.

bloody spoil.] Spoil is waste, havock. Johnson. 1 Even of your mettle, of your very blood;] The folio has-met


Of all one pain,-save for a night of groans
Endur'd of her,2 for whom you bid like sorrow.3
Your children were vexation to your youth,
But mine shall be a comfort to your age.
The loss, you have, is but-a son being king,
And, by that loss, your daughter is made queen.
I cannot make you what amends I would,
Therefore accept such kindness as I can.
Dorset your son, that, with a fearful soul,
Leads discontented steps in foreign soil,
This fair alliance quickly shall call home
To high promotions and great dignity:
The king, that calls your beauteous daughter,—wife,
Familiarly shall call thy Dorset--brother;
Again shall you be mother to a king,
And all the ruins of distressful times
Repair’d with double riches of content.
What! we have many goodly days to see:
The liquid drops of tears that you have shed,
Shall come again, transform’d to orient pearl;
Advantaging their loan, with interest
Of ten-times-double gain of happiness.“

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tal. The two words are frequently confounded in the old copies. That mettle was the word intended here, appears from various other passages. So, in Macbeth:

Thy undaunted mettle should compose
“Nothing but males.”
Again, in King Richard 11:

that bed, that womb,
“ That mettle, that self-mould that fashion'd thee,

“ Made him a man.” Again, in Timon of Athens:

Common mother, thou,
“ Whose womb unmeasurable, and infinite breast,
“ Teems and feeds all, whose self-same mettle
“Whereof thy proud child, arrogant man, is puff'd,

Engenders the black toad,” &c. Malone. 2 Endur'd of her,] Of in the language of Shakspeare's age was frequently used for by Malone. bid like sorrow.] Bid is in the past tense from bide.

Fohnson. 1 Advantaging their loan, with interest

of ten-times-double gain of happiness.] [The folio-love.] My easy emendation will convince every reader that love and lone are made out of one another only by a letter turned upside down.


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Go then, my mother, to thy daughter go;
Make bold her bashful years with your experience ;
Prepare her ears to hear a wooer's tale ;
Put in her tender heart the aspiring flame
Of golden sov'reignty; acquaint the princess
With the sweet silent hours of marriage joys:
And when this arm of mine hath chástised
The petty rebel, dull-brain'd Buckingham,
Bound with triumphant garlands will I come,
And lead thy daughter to a conqueror's bed;
To whom I will retail my conquest won,5
And she shall be sole victress, Cæsar's Cæsar,

Q. Eliz. What were I best to say ? her father's brother
Would be her lord? Or shall I say, her uncle?
Or, he that slew her brothers, and her uncles?
Under what title shall I woo for thee,
That God, the law, my honour, and her love,
Can make seem pleasing to her tender years?

K. Rich. Infer fair England's peace by this alliance. Q. Eliz. Which she shall purchase with still lasting war. K. Rich. Tell her, the king, that may command, en

treats. Q. Eliz. That at her hands, which the king's King

forbids.6 K. Rich. Say, she shall be a high and mighty queen. Q. Eliz. To wail the title, as her mother doth. K. Rich. Say, I will love her everlastingly. Q. Eliz. But how long shall that title, ever, last??

The tears that you have lent to your afflictions, shall be turned into gems; and requite you by way of interest, &c. Theobald.

How often the letters u and n are confounded in these copies, has been shown in various places. See Vol. III, p 40, n. 5; and note on Timon of Athens, Act IV, sc. iii, Vol. XV. Malone.

5 To whom I will retail my conquest won,] To retail (as Mr. M. Mason has observed in a note on Act III, sc. i, p. 81, n. 6,) is to hand down from one to another. Richard, in the present instance, means to say he will transmit the benefit of his victories to Elizabeth. Steevens.

which the king's King forbids. ] Alluding to the prohibition in the Levitical law. See Leviticus, xviii, 14. Grey.

? But how long shall that title, ever, last?] Young has borrowed this thought in his Universal Passion:

“But say, my all, my mistress, and my friend,
"What day next week th' eternity shall end?” Steecene


K. Rich. Sweetly in force into her fair life's end.
Q. Eliz. But how long fairly shall her sweet life last?
K. Rich. As long as heaven, and nature, lengthens it.
Q. Eliz. As long as hell, and Richard, likes of it.
K. Rich. Say, I, her sov’reign, am her subject low. 8
Q. Eliz. But she, your subject, loaths such sov'reignty.
K. Rich. Be eloquent in my behalf to her.
Q. Eliz. An honest tale speeds best, being plainly told.
K. Rich. Then, in plain terms tell her my loving tale.9
Q. Eliz. Plain, and not honest, is too harsh a style.
K. Rich. Your reasons are too shallow and too quick.

Q. Eliz. O, no, my reasons are too deep and dead ;Two* deep and dead, poor infants, in their graves.

K. Rich. Harp not on that string, madam ; that is past.



am her subject low.) Thus the folio. The quarto reads:

her subject love. Steevens. 9 Then, in plain terms tell her my loving tale ) So the quarto. The folio reads:

“ Then plainly to her tell my loving tale.” Malone. 1 Harp not &c.] In the regulation of these short speeches I have followed the quarto, 1597. Steevens.

K. Rich. Harp not on that string, madam; that is past.

Q. Eliz. Harp on it still shall Ì, &c.] In the quarto, 1598, the first of these two lines is wanting. The passage stands thus:

Qu. O, no, my reasons, &c.
“ Too deep and dead, poor infants, in their graves.

King Harp on it still shall I, till heart-strings break.

Now by my george,” &c. The printer of the next quarto saw that the line_" Harp on it still shall I,” &c. could not belong to Richard, and therefore annexed it to the Queen's former speech, but did not insert the omitted line.

The editor of the folio supplied the line that was wanting, but absurdly misplaced it, and exhibited the passage thus:

Qu. O, no, my reasons are too deep and dead;
“ Too deep and dead, poor infants, in their graves.
“Harp on it still shall I, till heart-strings break.

King. Harp not on that string, madam, that is past.

“Now by my george,” &c. The text is formed from the quarto, and the folio. Malone.

* I have restored the true reading, Two deep and dead," &c. instead of “ Too deep and dead,” &c. The eye of the compositor must have been led astray, by the frequent repetition of the word too, and the ear of the proof-reader could not detect the error. Mr. Ayscough's edition, which deservedly ranks with the most correct, countenances the reading which I bave taken the liberty to adopt. Am. Ed.

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Q. Eliz. Harp on it still shall I, till heart-strings break. K. Rich. Now, by my george, my garter, and my

Q. Eliz. Profan’d, dishonour'd, and the third usurp'd.
K. Rich. I swear.
Q. Eliz.

By nothing; for this is no oath.
Thy george, profan’d, hath lost his holy honour;
Thy garter, blemish'd, pawn'd his knightly virtue;
Thy crown, usurp'd, disgrac'd his kingly glory:
If something thou would'st swear to be believ’d,
Swear then by something that thou hast not wrong'd.

K. Rich. Now by the world,
Q. Eliz.

'Tis full of thy foul wrongs. K. Rich. My father's death, Q. Eliz.

Thy life hath that dishonour'd. K. Rich. Then, by myself, Q. Eliz.

Thyself is self-mis-us'd. K. Rich. Why then, by God, Q. Eliz.

God's wrong is most of all. If thou had'st fear'd to break an oath by him,3 The unity, the king thy brother made, Had not been broken, nor my brother slain. 4

2 Thy george, profan'd, hath lost his holy honour;

Thy garter, &c.) The quarto reads- The george, &c. The folio Thy george; &c. and, afterwards,-lordly instead of-holy.

Steevens. 3 God's wrong is most of all.

if thou hadost feard to break an oath by him, &c.] I have fol. lowed the quarto, except that it reads in the preceding speech, Why then, by God - The editors of the folio, from the appre. -hension of the penalty of the Statute, 3 Jac. I, c. 21, printed “Why then by heaven,”—and the whole they absurdly exhibited thus :

Rich. Why then, by heaven.

Qu. Heaven's wrong is most of all.
“If thou didst fear to break an oath with him,
“ The unity,” &c.
“ If thou had'st fear'd to break an oath by him,

“ The imperial metal,” &c. By their alteration in the first line of the Queen's speech, they made all that follows ungrammatical. The change in the prece. ding speech, not having that consequence, I have adopted it.

Malone the king thy brother made, Had not been broken, nor my brother slain.) The quarto, by,



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