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more to nominate candidates for President and result was the triumphant election of Harrison Vice-President. The Hon. Andrew Stevenson, I and Tyler, Van Buren receiving the electoral of Virginia, was chosen president, with half a vote of only seven States; viz: dozen vice-presidents and four secretaries. A! New Hampshire, 7; Virginia, 23; South Carolina, 11; rule was adopted that two-thirds of the whole Illinois, 5; Alabama, 7; Missouri, 4; and Arkansas, 8number of votes should be necessary to make a Total, 60. nomination or to decide any question connected South Carolina refused to vote for Richard M. therewith. On the first ballot for President, Johnson for Vice-President, throwing away her Mr. Van Buren was nominated unanimously, re- 11 votes on Littleton W. Tazewell, of Virginia. ceiving 265 votes. For Vice-President, Richard Harrison and Tyler received the votes of the M. Johnson, of Kentucky, received 178, and following States : William C. Rives, of Virginia, 87. Mr. John

Maine, 10; Massachusetts, 14; Rhode Island, 4; Conson, having received more than two-thirds of

necticut, 8; Vermont, 7; New-York. 42; New-Jersey, 8: all the votes cast, was declared duly nominated Pennsylvania, 30; Delaware, 3; Maryland, 10; North as the candidate for Vice-President. This Con. Carolina, 15; Georgia, 11; Kentucky, 15; Tennessee, 13;

Ohio, 21; Louisiana, 5; Mississippi, 4; Indiana, 9; Michivention adopted no platform.

gan, 8—Total, 234.

THE OPPOSITION IN 1836.

ABOLITION CONVENTION,–1839. In 1835, Gen. Wm. H. Harrison, of Ohio, was nominated for President, with Francis Granger,

A Convention of Abolitionists was held at for Vice-President, by a Whig State Convention

| Warsaw, N. Y., on the 13th of November, 1839, at Harrisburg, Pennsylvania, and also by a W

which adopted the following: Democratic Anti-Masonic Convention held at Resoloed, That, in our judgment, every consideration the same place. A Whic State Convention in of duty and expediency which ought to control the

action of Christian freemen, requires of the Abolitionists Maryland also nominated Gen. Harrison for Pre

of the U. 8. to organize a distinct and independent poli.

tical party, embracing all the necessary means for nomiGen. H. also received nominations in New York, nating candidates for office and sustaining them by Ohio and other States.

public suffrage. Hugh L. White, of Tennessee was nominated. The Convention then nominated for Presiby the Legislatures of Tennessee and Alabama, Ident James G. Birney, of New York, and for as the Opposition or Anti-Jackson candidate ; | Vice-President Francis J. Lemoyne, of Penn. while Mr. Webster was the favorite of the Oppo-sylvania. These gentlemen subsequently desition in Massachusetts, and Willie P. Mangum, I clined the nomination. Nevertheless they of N. C. received the vote of S. C., 11. The received a total of 7,609 votes in various Free result of the contest of 1836 was the election States. of Mr. Van Buren, who received the electoral votes of the States of

DEMOCRATIC NATIONAL CONVENTION, Maine, 10; New-Hampshire, 7; Rhode Island, 4; Con

1840. necticut, 8; New York, 42; Pennsylvania, 80; Virginia, 28; North Carolina, 15; Louisiana, 5; Mississippi, 4;

A Democratic National Convention met at Illinois, 5; Alabama, 7; Missouri, 4; Arkansas, 3; Michi- Baltimore, May 5th, 1840, to nominate candigan, 3-Total 170.

dates for President and Vice-President. DeleGen. Harrison received the votes of gates were present from the States of Maine, Vermont, 7; New-Jersey, 8; Delaware, 8; Maryland, New Hampshire, Vermont, Massachusetts, Rhode 10; Kentucky, 15; Ohio, 21 ; and Indiana, 9-Total, 78. Island, New-York, New-Jersey, Pennsylvania,

Hugh L. White received the vote of Georgia, Maryland, North Carolina, Georgia, Kentucky, 11, and Tennessee, 15: total, 26. Mr. Webster Tennessee, Obio, Alabama, Mississippi, Louisiana, received the vote of Massachusetts, 14. Indiana, Missouri, Michigan, and Arkansas.

Gov. William Carroll, of Tennessee, presided, WHIG NATIONAL CONVENTION, --1839. and the Convention, before proceeding to the A Whig National Convention representing ling platform-viz.:

nomination of candidates, adopted the followtwenty-one States met at Harrisburg, Pa., Dec. | 4, 1839. James Barbour, of Virginia, presided, l

1. Resolved, that the Federal Government is one of

limited powers, derived solely from the Constitution, and and the result of the first ballot was the nomina- the grants of power shown therein ought to be strictly tion of Gen. William H. Harrison, of Ohio, who construed by all the departments and agents of the received 148 * votes to 90 for Henry Clay, and

government, and that it is inexpedient and dangerous to

exercise doubtful constitutional powers. 16 for Gen. Winfield Scott. John Tyler, of 2. Resoloed, That the Constitution does not confer Virginia, was unanimously nominated as the upon the General Government the power to commence Whig candidate for Vice-President. The Con- or carry on a general system of internal improvement.

8. Rosowed, That the Constitution does not confer vention adopted no platform of principles; but I auth

authority upon the Federal Government, directly or in. the party in conducting the memorable cam directly, to assume the debts of the several States, conpaign of 1840 assailed the Administration of tracted for local internal improvements or other State

purposes ; nor would such assumption be just or ex. Mr. Van Buren for its general mismanagement

pedient. of public affairs and its profligacy, and the 14. Resolved, That justice and sound policy forbid the

Federal Government to foster one branch of industry to * Ballots were repeatedly taken in cornmittee throughout two the detriment of another, or to cherish the interest of or three days; but as no candidate received a majority, it was one portion to the injury of another portion of our comonly reported to the convention that the committee had not been mon country that every citizen and every section of able to agree on a candidate to be presented to the convention,

the country has a right to demand and insist upon av Finally, the delegates from New York and other States which

equality of rights and privileges, and to complete and had supported Gen. Scott, generally went over to Gen. Harrison, who thus received a majority, when the result was declared, as

ample protection of persons and property from domestic above.

violence or foreign aggression,

5. Resolved. That it is the duty of every branch of Government, and discriminating with special reference the government to enforce and practice the most rigid to the Protection of the Domestic Labor of the country economy in conducting our public affairs, and that no--the Distribution of the proceeds from the sales of the more revenue ought to be raised than is required to de- Public Lands--a single term for the Presidency--a refray the necessary expenses of the government.

form of executive usurpations--and generally such an ad6. Resolved. That Congress has no power to charter a ministration of the affairs of the country, as shall impart United States Bank, that we believe such an institution to every branch of the public service the greatest practione of deadly hostility to the best interests of the coun-cable efficiency, controlled by a well-regulated and wise try, dangerous to our republican institutions and the economy. liberties of the people, and calculated to place the busi

The contest resulted in the choice of the ness of the country within the control of a concentrated money power, and above the laws and the will of the Democratic candidates (Polk and Dallas,) who people.

received 170 electoral votes as follows: Maine, 7. Resobed, That Congress has no power, under the

9; New Hampshire, 6; New-York, 36; PennConstitution, to interfere with or control the domestic institutions of the several States; and that such States are the sole and proper judges of everything pertaining 19; Georgia, '10; Alabama, 9; Mississippi, 6; to their own affairs, not prohibited by the Constitution ; that all efforts, by abolitionists or others, made to induce Congress to interfere with questions of slavery, or to 17; Arkansas, 3; Michigan, 5–170. lake incipient steps in relation thereto, are calculated to For Clay and Frelinghuysen : Vermont, 6; lead to the most alarming and dangerous consequences, I M and that all such efforts have an inevitable tendency to

cut, 6; New-Jersey, 7; Delaware, 3 ; Maryland, diminish the happiness of the people, and endanger the stability and permanency of the Union, and ought not to 8; North Carolina, 11; Tennessee, 13; Ken. be countenanced by any friend to our Political Institutucky, 12; Ohio, 23-105. tions.

8. Resoloed, That the separation of the moneys of the government from banking institutions is indispensable

DEMOCRATIC NATIONAL CONVENTION, for the safety of the funds of the government and the

1844. rights of the people. 9. Resoloed, That the liberal principles embodied by

A Democratic National Convention assembled Jefferson in the Declaration of Independence, and sanc- at Baltimore on the 27th May, 1844, adopted the tioned in the Constitution, which makes ours the land two-third rule and, after a stormy session of three of liberty and the asylum of the oppressed of every nation, have ever been cardinal principles in the Demourdinal principles in the Demo days, James K. Polk, of Tennessee, was nomi.

omi. cratic faith; and every attempt to abridge the present nated for President, and Silas Wright, of New privilege of becoming citizens, and the owners of soil York, for Vice-President. Mr. Wright declined among us, ought to be resisted with the same splrit which swept the Alien and Sedition Laws from our statute

the nomination, and George M. Dallas, of Pennbook

sylvania, was subsequently selected to fill the The Convention then unanimously nominated second place on the ticket. Mr. Van Buren for reëlection as President; but, The ballotings for President were as follows: there being much diversity of opinion as to the

BALLOTS. proper man for Vice-President, the following

1st, 2d. 3rd. 4th. 5th. 6th. 7th. 8th. 9th. preamble and resolution were adopted :

M. Van Buren.... 146 127 121 111 103 101 99 104 %

Lewis Cass........ Whereas, Several of the States which have nominated

83 94 92 105 107 116 128 114 29 R. M. Johnson....

29 33 38 82 26 25 21 Martin Van Buren as a candidate for the Presidency,

James Buchanan.. 4 9 11 17 29 23 22 2 have put in nomination different individuals as candi.

J. C. Calhoun..... - 1 2 1 1 1 1 2 dates for Vice-President, thus indicating a diversity of

Levi Woodbury ... opinion as to the person best entitled to the nomination;

Com. Stewart..... and whereas some of the said States are not represented

== James K. Polk....

= = = 44 288 in this Convention, therefore,

Resolved, That the Convention deem it expedient at Mr. Van. Buren's name was withdrawn after the present time not to choose between the individuals the 8th ballot. in nomination, but to leave the decision to their Repub

il The plaiform adopted by the Convention was lican fellow-citizens in the several States, trusting that before the election shall take place, their opinions will the same as that of 1840, with the following become so concentrated as to secure the choice of a additions: Vice-President by the Electoral College.

Resoloed, That the proceeds of the Public Lands

ought to be sacredly applied to the national objects speciWHIG NATIONAL CONVENTION, 1844. fied in the Constitution, and that we are opposed to the A Whig National Convention assembled in

laws lately adopted, and to any law for the Distribution

of such proceeds among the States, as alike inexpedient Baltimore, on the 1st of May, 1844, in which in policy and repugnant to the Constitution. every State in the Union was represented. Am- Resolved, That we are decidedly opposed to taking brose Spencer, of New York, presided, and Mr.

from the President the qualified veto power by which he

is enabled, under restrictions and responsibilities amply Clay was nominated for President by acclama. sufficient to guard the public interest, to suspend the tion. For Vice-President, there was some di. passage of a bill, whose merits cannot secure the apversity of preference, and Mr. Frelinghuysen, of proval of two-thirds of the Senate and House of Repre

sentatives, until the judgment of the people can be obN. J., was nominated on the third ballot as fol.

tained thereon, and which has thrice saved the Amerilows:

can People from the corrupt and tyrannical domination

of the Bank of the United States. BALLOTS.

Resobed, That our title to the whole of the Territory of 1st.

Oregon is clear and unquestionable; that no portion of the T. Frelinghuysen, N. J.,..... 101 118

same ought to be ceded to England or any other power; John Davis, Mass.,.........

74

and that the reoccupation of Oregon and the reannexMillard Fillmore, Ń. Y.,... 53

51

ation of Texas at the earliest practicable period are John Sergeant, Pa.,......

82 withdrawn.

great American measures, which this Convention recom

mends to the cordial support of the Democracy of the 275

Union. The principles of the party were briefly summed up in the following resolve, which was LIBERTY PARTY NATIONAL CONVEN. adopted by the Convention :

TION, 1843. Resobed, That these principles may be summed as

The Liberty Party National Convention met

he Line comprising a well regulated National currency-a Tariff for revenue to defray the necessary expenses of thel at Buffalo, on the 30th of August. Leicester

2d.

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......... 275

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ized for any temporarmong the people la coo other party Ge

Morida, or on the high seas, are unconstitutional, and all attempts to hold men as property within the limits of exclusive national jurisdiction, ought to be prohibited by law.

Resobed, That the provision of the Constitution of the President. Among the resolves adopted were United States, which confers extraordinary political the following:

powers on the owners of slaves, and thereby constitut

ing the two hundred and fifty thousand slaveholders in Rosolood. That human brotherhood is a cardinal prin- the Slave States a privileged aristocracy; and the prodple of true Democracy, as well as of pure Christianity, vision for the reclamation of fugitive slaves from service, which spurns all inconsistent limitations; and neither are Anti-Republican in their character, dangerous to the the political party which repudiates it, nor the political liberties of the people, and ought to be abrogated. vystem which is not based upon it, can be truly Demo- | Resoloed, That the practical operation of the vatic or permanent.

of these provisions, is seen in the enactment of the act Resoled, That the Liberty Party, placing itself upon

of Congress respecting persons escaping from their mashis broad principle, will demand the absolute and un- ters, which act, if the construction given to it by the qualified divorce of the General Government from Supreme Court of the United States in the case of Prigg ilavery, and also the restoration of equality of rights, 08. Pennsylvania be correct, nullifies the habeas corpus among men, in every State where the party exists, or acts of all the States, takes away the whole legal security may exist.

of personal freedom, and ought therefore to be immediResoloed, That the Liberty Party has not been organ- lately repealed. ized for any temporary purpose by interested politicians, Resoloed, That the peculiar patronage and support but has arisen from among the people in consequence of hitherto extended to Slavery and Slaveholding, by the a conviction, hourly gaining ground, that no other party | General Government, ought to be immediately with in the country represents the true principles of American drawn, and the example and influence of National liberty, or the true spirit of the Constitution of the authority ought to be arrayed on the side of Liberty and United States.

Free Labor. Rosowed, That the Liberty Party has not been organ: Resolved. That the practice of the General GovernHred merely for the overthrow of slavery ; its first de- ment, which prevails in the Slave States, of employing cided effort must, indeed, be directed against slavehold-Slaves upon the public works, instead of free laborers, ing as the grossest and most revolting manifestation of land paying aristocratic masters, with a view to secure or despotism, but it will also carry out the principle of reward political services, is utterly indefensible and equal rights into all its practical consequences and ap ought to be abandoned. plications, and support every just measure conducive to Resowed, That freedom of speech, and of the press, individual and social freedom

I and the right of petition, and the right of trial by jury, Resoloed, That the Liberty Party is not a sectional are sacred and inviolabre; and that all rules, regula. party but a national party : was not originated in & de- tions and laws, in derogation of either are oppressive, un: sire to accomplish a single object, but in a comprehen. constitutional, and not to be endured by free people, sive regard to the great interests of the whole country; Resowed, That we regard voting in an eminent de is not a new party, nor a third party, but is the party gree, as a moral and religious duty, which, when exerof 1776, reviving the principles of that memorable era, cised, should be by voting for those who will do all in and striving to carry them into practical application. their power for Immediate Emancipation.

Rosoled, That it was understood in the times of the Resoloed, That this Convention recommend to the Declaration and the Constitution, that the existence of friends of Liberty in all those Free States where any in. slavery in some of the States, was in derogation of the equality of rights and privileges exists on account of principles of American Liberty, and a deep stain upon color, to employ their utmost energies to remove all such the character of the country, and the implied faith of the rempants and effects of the Slave system. Btates and the Nation was pledged, that slavery should Whereas, The Constitution of these United States is Dever be extended beyond its then existing limits, but a series of agreements, covenants, or contracts between should be gradually, and yet, at no distant day, wholly the people of the United States, each with all and all sbolished by State authority.

with each; and Resobed, That the faith of the States and the Nation | Whereas, It is a principle of universal morality, that hus pledged, was most nobly redeemed by the voluntary the moral laws of the Creator are paramount to all Abolition of Slavery in several of the States, and by the human laws; or, in the language of an Apostle, that

doption of the Ordinance of 1787, for the government “we ought to obey God rather than men;" and, of the Territory northwest of the river Ohio, then the only 1 Whereas. The principle of common law-that any Territory in the United States, and consequently the only contract, covenant, or agreement, to do an act deroga'erritory subject in this respect to the control of Congress tory to natural right, is vitiated and annulled by its inby which Ordinance Slavery was forever excluded from herent immorality-has been recognized by one of the he vast regions which now compose the States of Ohio, liustices of the Supreme Court of the United States, who Indiana, Illinois, Michigan, and the Territory of Wiscon- in a recent case expressly holds that any contract rin, and an incapacity to bear up any other than freemen, I that rests upon such a basis is ooid ;” and, was impressed on the soil itself.

Whereas, The third clause of the second section of Resolved. That the faith of the States and Nation the fourth article of the Constitution of the United thus pledged, has been shamefully violated by the omis- States, when construed as providing for the surr sion on the part of many of the States, to take any & Fugitive Slave, does " rest upon such a basis," in that measures whatever for the Abolition of Slavery within it is a contract to rob a man of a natural right-namely, their respective limits : by the continuance of Slavery his natural right to his own liberty; and is, therefore, in the District of Columbia, and in the Territories of absolutely void. Therefore, Louisiana and Florida: by the Legislation of Congress: Resolved. That we hereby give it to be distinctly by the protection afforded by national legislation and understood by this nation and the world, that, as abolipegotiation to slaveholding in American vessels, on the tionists, considering that the strength of our cause des aigh seas, employed in the coastwise Slave Traffic; and in its righteousness, and our hope for it in our conformity by the extension of slavery far beyond its original to the laws of God, and our respect for the RIGHTS OF Umits, by acts of Congress, admitting new Slave States MAN, we owe it to the Sovereign Ruler of the universe, as into the Union.

a proof of our allegiance to Him, in all our civil relations Resolved, That the fundamental truths of the Declara and offices, whether as private citizens or as public tion of Independence, that all men are endowed by their functionaries sworn to support the Constitution of the Creator with certain inalienable rights, among which are United States, to regard and to treat the third clause of life, liberty and the pursuit of happiness, was made the the fourth article of that instrument, whenever applied fundamental law of our National Government, by that to the case of a fugitive slave, as utterly null and void, amendment of the Constitution which declares that no and consequently as forming no part of the Constitution person shall be deprived of life, liberty or property, of the United States, whenever we are called upon oi without due process of law.

sworn to support it. Rosoload, That we recognize as sound, the doctrine Resobed. That the power given to Congress by the maintained' by slaveholding jurists, that slavery is Constitution, to provide for calling out the militia to against natural rights, and strictly local, and that its ex suppress insurrection, does not make it the duty of the Istence and continuance rests on no other support than Government to maintain Slavery by military force, much State Legislation, and not on any authority of Congress. less does it make it the duty of the citizens to form &

Rosolved, That the General Government has, under part of such military force. When freemen unsheath the the Constitution, no power to establish or continue sword it should be to strike for Liberty, not for Despot Hlavery anywhere, and therefore that all treaties and ism. sots of Congress establishing, continuing or favoring Resoloed, That to preserve the peace of the citizens, and Hevory in the District of Columbia, in tbe Torritory of secure the blessings of freedom, the Legislature of each of

ADOLULU

* The Ordinance the river Ohio, then the only contract, Coral right, is vitlaucongnize

That Gen. f New-Yor the Whig.ca states.

1st,

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.......115

260

the Free States ought to keep in force suitable statuto rendering it penal for any of its inhabitants to transport,

1 table. or aid in transporting from such State, any person sought, to be thus transported, merely because subject After Gon. Taylor had been nominated, Mr. to the slave laws of any other State; this remnant of in. Charles Allen, of Massachusetts, offered the dependence being accorded to the Free States, by the decision of the Supreme Court, in the case of Prigg 08. the State of Pennsyivania.

Rosoloed, That the Whig Party, through its representatives here, agrees to abide by the nomination of Gen.

Zachary Taylor, on condition that he will accept the WHIG NATIONAL CONVENTION, 1848. nomination as the candidate of the Whig Party, and

adhere to its great fundamental principles-no extenA Whiy National Convention met at Phila- sion of slave territory-no acquisition of foreign terri

tory by conquest-protection to American industry, and delphia, on the 7th of June, 1848, over which you continues toplinte

opposition to Executive usurpation. John M. Morehead, of North Carolina, presided. After a rather stormy session of three days,

The president immediately decided the reso. Gen. Zachary Taylor, of Louisiana, was nomi

lution out of order, and no further notice wag nated for President, and Millard Fillmore, of

taken of it.

After the nomination for Vice-President had New-York, for Vice-President. Gen. Taylor

| been made, Mr. McCullough, of New-Jersey, was nominated on the fourth ballot, as follows:

offered the following: BALLOTINGS.

Resolved, That Gen. Zachary Taylor, of Louisiana, 2d.

4th. and Millard Fillmore, of New-York, be, and they are Taylor ...........

....111
118

171 hereby unanimously nominated as the Whig candidates Clay ...... ....... 97 86

82 for President and Vice-President of the United States, Scott.....

....
49

Mr. D. R. Tilden, of Ohio, proposed the folWebster...

22 Clayton....

lowing, expressing the opinion that some such McLean..

declaration by the Convention would be necesTotal...........

280 279 27

sary, in order to secure the vote of Ohio for

the nominee : Mr. Fillmore was nominated for Vice-Presi

Resoloed, That while all power is denied to Congress, dent on the second ballot, by the following under the Constitution, to control, or in any way intervote :

fere with the institution of Slavery within the several

States of this Union, it nevertheless has the power and BALLOTINGS.

it is the duty of Congress to prohibit the introduction or 1st.

2d.

existence of Slavery in any territory now possessed, or M. Fillmore....

173

which may hereafter be acquired by the United States. Abbott Lawrence ... ..................109

83 Scattering ..............

This resolution, like all others affirming Whig .......... 50

or Anti-Slavery principles, was ruled out of Total......

.....274

order, and laid on the table. A motion was Of the scattering vote cast on the first ballot, made to divide Mr. McCullough's resolve, so George Evans, of Maine, received 6; T. M. T.) that the vote could be taken separately on McKennen, of Pa., 13; Andrew Stewart, of Pa., President and on Vice-President, when, after 14: and John Sergeant, of Pa., 6.

Ldiscussion, the resolve was withdrawn. The Convention adopted no Platform of Mr. Hilliard, of Alabama, offered a resolve Principles. After it had been organized, and a lindorsing Gen. Taylor's letter to Captain Alliresolution offered to go into a ballot for candi- son, which, meeting opposition, was withdrawn; dates for President and Vice-President, Mr. so the Convention adjourned without passing Lewis D. Campbell, of Ohio, moved to amend any resolves having reference to Whig prinas follows:

ciples, the issues before the country, or of con. Resoloed, That no candidate shall be entitled to re

currence in the nominations. ceive the nomination of this Convention for President or Vice-President, unless he has given assurances that he will abide by and support the nomination; that if

RATIFICATION MEETING AT PHILA. nominated he will accept the nomination; that he will consider himself the candidate of the Whigs, and use

DELPHIA. all proper influence to bring into practical operation the principles and measures of the Whig Party,

On the evening of the last day of the session This resolution met with decided opposition, If

on (9th June), a ratification meeting was held at and the president ruled it out of order, from:

Philadelphia, at which Gov. Wm. F. Johnston, which decision Mr. Campbell appealed, and in all

of Pa., presided, and at which speeches were speech contended that it was strictly in order to

delivered by Governor Morehead, Gen. Leslie define what sort of candidate should be voted

Coombs, of Ky., and several others, and at: for, and to declare that none but sound Whigs

which the following resolves, reported by W. S. should receive important nominations at the

Price, of Pennsylvania, were adopted : hands of a Whig National Convention. The

1. Resolood, That the Whigs of the United States, appeal was tabled.

here assembled by their Representatives, heartily ratify

the nominations of Gen. Zachary Taylor as President i Mr. Fuller, of New York, offered the follow and Millard Fillmore as Vice-President of the United ing:

States, and pledge themselves to their support.

2. Resoloed, That in the choice of Gen, Taylor as the Resoloed, That as the first duty of the representatives

Whig Candidate for President, we are glad to discover of the Whig Party is to preserve the principles and in

sympathy with a great popular sentiment throughout tho tegrity of the party, the claims of no candidate can be

nation-a sentiment which, having its origin in admiraconsidered by this Convention unless such candidate

tion of great military success, has been strengthenedibly stands pledged to support, in good faith, the nominees +

the development, in every action and every words. ot and to be the exponent of Whig Principles.

sound conservative opinions, and of true fidelity to the The president ruled this resolution out of great example of former days, and to the principles of: order, and Mr. Fuller appealed, insisting that

the Constitution as administered by its founders.

8. Resolved. That Gen. Taylor, in saying that, had he: go true Whig could reasonably object to his I voted in 1844, bo would have voted the Whig ticket

188

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gives us the assurance-and no better is needed from a May. Andrew Stevenson of Va., presided. consistent and truth-speaking man-- that his heart was New-York had sent a double delegation: (“Barnwith us at the crisis of our political destiny, when Henry Clay was our candidate and when not only Whig prin-burners” for Van Buren and Hunkers for Dick. aiples were well defined and clearly asserted, but Whig inson). The Convention decided to admit both measures depended on success. The heart that was delegations which satisfied neither, and both with us then is with us now, and we have a soldier's word of honor, and a life of public and private virtue, as the

declined to take part in the proceedings. The security.

two-third rule was adopted, and Gen. Lewis Cass 4. Resoloed, That we look on Gen. Taylor's adminis

was nominated for President on the 4th ballot tration of the Government as one conducive of Peace, Prosperity and Union. Of Peace-because no one bet

as follows: [170 votes necessary to a choice.] ter knows, or has greater reason to deplore, what he has

I st. 2d. 3d. 4th. geen sadly on the field of victory, the horrors of war, Cass......

156 179 and especially of a foreign and aggressive war. Or Woodbury of N. H... Prosperity-now more than ever needed to relieve the Buchanan.... nation from a burden of debt, and restore industry- Calhoun..... agricultural, manufacturing and commercial - to its Dallas...... accustomed and peaceful functions and influences. Of Worth. Union-because we have a candidate whose very posi- Butler of Ky... tion as a Southwestern man, reared on the banks of the great stream whose tributaries, natural and artificial,

The first ballot for Vice-President resulted as embrace the whole Union, renders the protection of the follows: interests of the whole country his first trust, and whose William O. Butler...... 114 William R. King....... 29 varied duties in past life have been rendered, not on the

John A. Quitman...... 74 James J. McKay...... 18 soil, or under the flag of any State or section, but over

John Y. Mason ........ 24 Jefferson Davis........ 1 the wide frontier, and under the broad banner of the Nation.

No choice. Gen. Butler was unanimously nomi5. Resowed, That standing, as the Whig Party does, nated on the third ballot. on the broad and firm platform of the Constitution, braced up by all its inviolable and sacred guarantees

The Convention adopted the following platand compromises, and cherished in the affections because protective of the interests of the people, we are 1. Resoloed. That the American Democracy place proud to have, as the exponent of our opinions, one who

their trust in the intelligence, the patriotism, and the is pledged to construe it by the wise and generous rules

discriminating justice of the American people. which Washington applied to it, and who has said, (and

2. Resolved, That we regard this as a distinctive feano Whig desires any other assurance) that he will make

make ture of our political creed, which we are proud to mainWashington's Administration the model of his own.

tain before the world, as the great moral element in a 6. Resolved, That as Whigs and Americans, we are

form of government springing from and upheld by the proud to acknowledge our gratitude for the great mili

popular will: and we contrast it with the creed and tary services which, beginning at Palo Alto, and ending

practice of federalism, under whatever name or form, at Buena Vista, first awakened the American people to

which seeks to palsy the will of the constituent, and a just estimate of him who is now our Whig Candidate.

which conceives no imposture too monstrous for the In the discharge of a painful duty--for his march into

popular credulity. the enemy's country was a reluctant one; in the com- 3 Resolned Therefore that entertaining these views mand of regulars at one time, and volunteers at another, the Democratic party of this Union, through the delegates and of both combined; in the decisive though punctual

assembled in general convention of the States, coming discipline of his camp, where all respected and beloved

together in a spirit of concord, of devotion to the dochim; in the negotiation of terms for a dejected and

trines and faith of a free representative government and desperate enemy; in the exigency of actual conflict,

appealing to their fellow-citizens for the rectitude of when the balance was perilously doubtful-we have

their intentions, renew and reassert before the American found him the same-brave, distinguished and conside

people, the declaration of principles avowed by them, rate, no heartless spectator of bloodshed, no trifler with

on a former occasion, when in general convention, they human life or human happiness; and we do not know presented their candidates for the popular suffrage. which to admire most, his heroism in withstanding the assaults of the enemy in the most hopeless fields of Then follow resolutions 1, 2, 3, 4, of Platforms Buena Vista—mourning in generous sorrow over the of 1840 and '44. The 5th resolution is that of graves of Ringgold, of Clay, or of Hardin--or in giving | 1840 with an addition about providing for war in the heat of battle terms of merciful capitulation to a vanquished foe at Monterey, and not being ashamed to debts, and as amended, reads as follows: avow that he did it to spare women and children, help Resoloed, That it is the duty of every branch of the less infancy, and more helpless age, against whom no

government to enforce and practice the most rigid econ. American soldier ever wars. Such a military man,

omy in conducting our public affairs, and that no more whose triumphs are neither remote nor doubtful, whose

revenue ought to be raised than is required to defray virtues these trials have tested, we are proud to make

the necessary expenses of the government, and for the our Candidate.

gradual but certain extinction of the debt created by 7. Resolved, That in support of such a nomination we

the prosecution of a just and necessary war, after peace. ask our Whig friends throughout the nation to unite, behalf of our Candidate, whom calumny cannot reach,

The next (Anti-National Bank and pro-Suband with respectful demeanor to our adversaries, whose Treasury) was amended by the addition of the Candidates have yet to prove their claims on the grati-l following: tude of the nation.

And that the results of Democratic Legislation, in this This election resulted in the choice of the and all other financial measures upon which issues have Whig Candidates, as follows:

been made between the two political parties of the coun

try, have demonstrated to candid and practical men of Taylor and Fillmore-Vermont, 6; Massachusetts,

| all parties, their soundness, safety and utility in all Rhode Island, 4; Connecticut, 6; New-York, 36; New

business pursuits. Jersey, 7; Pennsylvania, 26; Delaware, 3; Maryland, 8; North Carolina, 11 ; Georgia, 10; Lousiana, 6; Ten.'! Here follow resolutions 7, 8, 9, of the platnessee, 13; Kentucky, 12; Florida, 3–163.

form of 1840, which we omit. Cass and Butler-Maine, 9; New-Hampshire, 6; Vir. ginia, 17 ; South Carolina, 9; Alabama, 9; Mississippi,

Resoloed, That the proceeds of the Public Lands ought 6 : Ohio. 23 : Indiana. 12: Illinois. 9: Missouri. 7. Ar to be sacredly applied to the National objects specified kansas, 3 ; Michigan, ő; Texas, 4 ; Iowa, 4: Wisconsin,

in the Constitution; and that we are opposed to any 4197.

law for the distribution of such proceeds among the States as alike inexpedient in policy and repuguant to

the Constitution. DEMOCRATIC CONVENTION, 1848.

Resoloed, That we are decidedly opposed to taking

from the President the qualified veto power, by which he The Democratic National Convention

is enabled, under restrictions and responsibilities amply

for sufficient to guard the public interests, to suspend the 1848, assembled in Baltimore on the 22d of passage of a bill whose merits cannot secure the ap

behalf of our Candids: resolutely, with earnestness in ful relations shall have been restoraty war, after peace

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