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mily the hogshead. Money
Thy long High Street bing that I am nearly porof thy other thoroughfares),
Street, I say again, with iteways, rich with statues nts (but now removed and its roomy and extensive oldises, with their gable ends, le and fancifully ornamented their long and bowed out nding the whole breadth of
with their lozenged-paned ents, and each higher floor ut one above the other, that ar approximation of the upper y opposite neighbours without : might cordially shake hands ther-this was the appearance ago of parts of Exeter High re, on the three weekly market e good things of the farm, the and the dairy were wont to be
it in double rows, from one end The other; and all, all, and each ry article and morsel w re bought carried home, and ere the next day, roasted, baked, fried, broiled, -, or stewed, served up and eaten, to imple satisfaction and sustenance of honest good-hearted citizens, their nds, and visitors. Such were the inhabitants: and such ne abundant providance, that the surrounding country supplied for bodily wants and necessities : And this fulness of supply and enjoyment no doubt mainly tended to the establishment and preserva
tion of genuine sociality, good manners, little and good humor. The broad cloth large smiles coats, and brocaded hoop gowns, the
goodly wigs, and the laced mob caps, the isions of all precious metal-headed canes, and the
pork, were ladies' tall walking-sticks, have disapnce, and the peared with the portly well-behaved genat fourpence a tlemen, and the comely cheerful gentleshillings or half a women, the obliging tradespeople, and is at eighteen pence the well-behaved boys and girls. Most utter at five pence a
of these kind-hearted creatures are gone, vads and cart' loads of and so I fear is much of the means of
(from Starcross and cheap marketing, which I have already if they could have known hinted at as a primary cause of honesty ces they were to be sold of character, good behaviour, and good
wept themselves to humor. The supply with which a kind these good things providence has so blessed Devonia's with prime cyder fertile hills and vales I doubt not is at this
and the great end of dancing, which is a or bat with which it was played; the bat good carriage, and several other things was also called a bandy from its being too tedious here to be montioned: Any bent, and hence the game itself is frewho are desirous to learn the above works quently written in English bandy-ball." may board with herself at a reasonable It should seem that golf was a fashionable rate, or may board themselves in Dundee, game among the nobility at the comand may come to her quarterly.”— mencement of the seventeenth century,
Upon the incidental item“ 30. Writing and it was one of the exercises with and arithmetick,” in the above notice, which prince Henry, eldest son to James Mr. Chambers sarcastically observes, “Fal- I., occasionally amused himself, as we staff's tavern bill outdone !-three shile learn from the following anecdote relings worth of sack to a half-penny worth corded by a person who was present: of bread !"
“At another time playing at goff, a play not unlike to pale-maille, wbilst his
schoolmaster stood talking with another, SCOTTISH MANNERS.
and marked not his highness warning him Many young ladies of quality were to stand further off, the prince, thinking sent to reside with, and be finished off by, he had gone aside, lifted up his goff-club the hon. Mrs. Ogilvie, lady of the hon. to strike the ball; mean tyme one standPatrick Ogilvie of Longmay and Inch- ing by said to him, 'beware that you hit martin. She was supposed to be the best not inaster Newton,' wherewith he drawbred woman of her time in Scotland, and ing back his hand, said, “ Had I done so, died in 1753. Her system was very rig- I had but paid my debts.'”—Golf and orous, according to the spirit of the times. foot-ball appear to have been prohibited The young ladies were taught to sit quite in Scotland by king James II., in 1457 ; upright; and the mother of our informant, and again in 1491 by James IV. The ball (one of the said young ladies), even when used at this game was stuffed with very advanced to nearly her eightieth year, hard feathers. Strutt says that this game never permitted her back to touch the is much practised in the north of England. chair in sitting.
Dr. Jamieson speaks of it as a common There is a characteristic anecdote of game in Scotland, and mentions “shinty, the husband of this rigorous preceptress. an inferior species of golf generally He was a younger brother of the earl played at by young people.". ile adds, of Findlater, who greatly exerted him. "In London this game is called hackie. It self in behalf of the union, and who ob- seems to be the same which is designated served upon the rising of the last Scot- Not in Gloucestershire; the name being tish parliament “ Now, there is an borrowed from the ball, which is made of end of an auld sang !”—The younger bro- a knotty piece of wood.” ther had condescended to trade a little In the “Selecta Poemata" of Dr. Pitin cattle, which was not then considered cairn is a distich “ In ædis Joan. Paterderogatory to the dignity of a Scottish soni,” to the following effect : gentleman. However, the earl was of- Cum victor ludo, Scotis qui proprus, esset. fended at the measure, and upbraided Ter tres victores post redimitos avos, his brother for it. “Haud your tongue, Patersonus, humo tunc educebat in altum man!" said the cattle dealer, “ Better sell Hanc quae victores tot tulit una domus. nowte than sell nations,” pronouncing the The lines may be thus translated, “In the last word with peculiar and emphatic year when Patersone won the prize in breadth."
golfing, a game peculiar to the Scotch, in
which his ancestors bad nine times gained GOLF-BANDY-BALL.
the same distinction, he raised this lofty This is considered by Strutt as one
house from the ground,-a victory more of the most ancient games at ball re
honorable than all the rest.” In the quiring the assistance of a club or bat.
Edinburgh Magazine and Review, 1774, He says, “ In the reign of Edward III.
is this note concerning Pitcairn's epigram: the Latin name Cambuca was applied to
“It has the good fortune to be recorded this pastime, and it derived the denon
in gold letters on the house itself, nek! ination, no doubt, from the crooked club the foot of the Canongate, almost opra
site to Queensberry house. It is probabie that what the doctor means as a jest
, PaChambers's Traditions of Edinburgh. tersone believed to be a serious fanerute
But tradition gives a somewhat different golf-club-motto, "Far and sure.” Accolor to the matter, and among many stories cording to Nisbet's History, the family arms preserves the following, which in the opin- of the Patersons were" three pelicans feedion of Mr. Chambers seems the most pro- ing their young, or, in nests, vert, with bable. During the residence of the duke a chief, azure, charged with mollets of York in Edinburgh, he frequently argent." resorted to Leith Links, in order to enjoy Golfing is an amusement of considerable the sport of golfing, of which he was very antiquity in Scotland, and, as before stated fond. Two English noblemen, who fol- was the object of a statute in the reign of lowed his court, and who boasted of James II. (1457), enacting “ that futetheir expertness in golfing, were one day ball and golfe be utterly cryed down,” debating with him whether that amusement because, it would appear, these amusewere peculiar to Scotland or England; ments interfered with the practice of and there being some difficulty in deter- archery, which the policy of the Scottish mining the question, it was proposed to king endeavoured to encourage, for the decide by an appeal to the game itself; sake of better competing with the Engthe Englishmen agreeing to rest the legi- lish archers, so formidable by their extimacy of their national pretensions, as pertness in the use of the bow. Charles golfers, on the result of a match for a I. was fond of golfing, and, during his large sum of money to be played with the visit of 1642, was engaged in a game on duke and any Scotsman he might select. Leith Links, when the news of the Irish The duke aimed at popularity, and, rebellion reached him; which, striking thinking this an opportunity for asserting him with consternation, he instantly left his claims to the character of a Scotchman, the ground in his carriage, and next day and for flattering a national prejudice, proceeded to London. His son James immediately accepted the challenge. He was equally fond of the sport, and frecaused diligent enquiry to be made for quently played on Leith Links; which an efficient partner and the person re- was the principal resort of golfers, long commended to him was a poor man, before the Borough Muir became fit for named John Patersone, a shoemaker, and the game. James was also much atthe best golf-player of his day, whose tached to tennis, which was then a more ancestors had been equally celebrated fashionable amusement
than golfing, from time immemorial. Patersone ex- though it has latterly given place. The pressed great unwillingness to enter into common called Craigentinny, a piece of a match of such consequence ; but, on waste ground which once skirted the the duke encouraging him, he promised beach opposite Seafield toll-bar, and is to do his best. The match was played, now entirely washed away by the sea, was in which the duke and Patersone, were, likewise a great resort among golfers, of course, victorious ; and the latter was during the seventeenth century. The dismissed with an equal share of the stake Logans of Restalrig had a piece of ground played for. With this money he imme- near their seat at Lochend, appropriated diately built a comfortable house in the to their own amusement; to which the Canongate, in the wall of which the duke inhabitants of Canongate, and the caused a stone to be placed, bearing the courtiers in latter times, were in the habit arms of the family of Patersone, sur- of repairing, after the possessions of the mounted by a crest and motto, appro- above family were forfeited. There is a priate to the distinction which its owner tradition preserved among the descendants had acquired as a golfer. The plain flat of the Logans, who are considerable proslab upon which Pitcairn's epigram was prietors in Berwickshire, that Halbert engraved, is still to be seen in the front, Logan, one of the last of the race who wall of the second fat of the house- resided in the neighbourhood of his though the gilding has disappeared. ancient patrimonial territory, was one day Under the distich there is placed a singular playing here, when a messenger summotto, viz., “I hate no person,” which moned him to attend the privy council, an anagrammatical transposition of the Despising this, and being also heated by letters contained in the words, “ John his game, he used some despiteful lanPatersone.” The coat of arms is placed guage to the officer, who instantly went to near the top of the house, and bears— court and repeated the same; and a warthree pelicans vulned-on a chief three rant being then issued by the incensed mullets-cres, a dexter hand grasping a councillors, on a charge of high treason,
he was obliged to throw down his club, velling from the country by the waggon. mount a fleet horse, and fly to England.* Mr. Dugdale says,
“ 1660. March 13. My daughter
Lettice went towards London in a CoDecember 9.-Day Breaks
ventry waggon.” Mr. Hamper observes, Sun rises
3 * This mode of conveyance was possibly
3 57 chosen by the young lady as affording Twilight ends
6 2 greater security and comfort than the
stage-coach, or permitting her to carry a larger quantity of luggage. The company
of friends might also influence her choice. December 10.
Our novelists of a later period, often inStage Coaches, AND WAGGONS.
troduced the scenes which a stage-waggon
supplied them with." 10th December 1658. Under this date there is entered in sir William Dugdale's
h. m. Diary, “ that he came out of London with December 10.-Day Breaks 5 58 Mr. Prescot, by coach, by Aylesbury."
8 4 Upon this, Mr. Hamper remarks that
3 56 stage-coaches were established about that
Twilight ends. 6 2 time. He refers to a paper in the Archoælogia by Mr. Markland for an interesting account of the old modes of con
December 11. veyance in England, and cites as follows, 11th December, 1753, the Dey of Alfrom the “ Exact Dealer's Daily Com- giers was assassinated, and his grand panion” published in 1720, for the stage- treasurer mortally wounded, while they coach travelling then greatly admired on were distributing the pay to the soldiery account of its speed.
in the court yard of the palace. The ring By stage-coaches one may be trans- leader of six desperadoes, after receiving ported to any place, sheltered from foul his pay, and taking the Dey's hand to kiss weather, and soul ways, free from en- according to custom, thrust a dagger into damaging one's health or body, by hard the Dey's breast, then fired a pistol into jogging or over-violent motion; and this his side. The Dey rising, said, “ Is there not only at a low price, as about a shilling none among ye,” looking at his attendants, for every five miles, but with such velo- “ that can destroy such a villain ?" and city and speed, as that the posts, in some instantly died. At the same time fell the foreign countries, make not more miles treasurer, who received a pistol ball in his in a day : for the stage-coaches called collar bone, a cut with a sabre across his flying-coaches, make forty or fifty miles head, and other wounds. The first assasin a day, as from London to Oxford, or sin, seizing the Dey's turban, and putting Cambridge, and that in the space of it on his own head, seated himself in the twelve hours, not counting the time for chair of state, and began to harangue the dining, setting forth not too early, nor
Divan. Brandishing his sabre he decoming in too late.” The method and clared how he would govern, what powers rate of driving, or rather dragging, for should feel his wrath, and what glory althe boasted “velocity and speed” may
tend his reign, when one of the Chiauses, be estimated at something like four miles or messengers of the palace, spatching up an hour, the writer esteems “such an a carbine, shot him dead. He had been admirable commodiousness both for men seated about a quarter of an hour, in and women of better rank, to travel from which time his associates bad ordered the London, and to almost all the villages Dey's music to play, the drums to beat, near this great city, that the like hath not and the guns to be fired, all which would been known in the world !".
infallibly have been done, and the usurThis was little more than a century' per declared sovereign, had he kept his ago; and, though before then stage- place but a few minutes longer. This coaches were in use, yet we find people daring attempt was made in open day in “ of better rank," and even ladies tra- the presence of 300 soldiers, who being
unarmed, as is the custom when they ap
proach their sovereign, ran away by a . Chambers's Traditions of Edinburgh. private back door for fear of being suspected to be of the number of the con- speech, notify that eating of fish, or forspirators. The Dey's guard, who waited bearing of flesh, is of any necessity for without the gates completely armed, were saving the soul of man, shall be punished, either intimidated by apprehending a as spreaders of false news are and ought revolt of the whole soldiery, or were to be.-(5 Eliz. cap. 5, sec. 40). shut out by the precaution of the con- Gipseys.-All persons which shall be spirators. Ali Bashaw, the Aga of the found in company of vagabonds calling Spahis, or generallissimo, was imme- themselves Egyptians, and so shall condiately sent for, and placed in the seat of tinue for the space of one month, shall be the murdered Dey; the cannon were fired, judged as felons, and suffer the pains of and in one hour's time things were re- death.—(5 Eliz. cap. 20, sec. 3). stored to a state of tranquillity and the Libels.- If any person speak any false government of Algiers was in as much and slanderous news or tales against the order, and as firm as ever."
queen, he shall have both his ears cut off. And if any person shall print or set forth any book containing any matter to the de
famation of the queen, or by prophecying, OLD Laws.
conjuration, &c., seek to know how long [To Mr. Hone.]
the queen shall live, he shall be adjudged
a felon.—(23. Eliz. cap. 2). Sir, I am accustomed to seek for
Masks and Mummers.- Mummers shall amusement in odd places. The other be imprisoned three months, and fined at night I turned over some volumes which, selling visors, or keeping them, is to
the justices' discretion. The penalty for to common readers, would not appear forfeit twenty shillings, and to be imlikely to afford recreation ; viz. the “Statutes at Large :” and in the course
prisoned at the discretion of the justices. of my pastime I noted down a few curious –(3 Henry VIII. cap. 9). specimens of ancient laws, which I sub
Pins.—No person shall put to sale any join for your use
pins but only such as shall be doubleI am, Sir,
headed, and have the heads soldered Yours obliged,
fast to the shank and well smoothed ; the H. W. LANDER.
shank well shaven; the point well and
round"filed, cauled and sharpened.—(34 September 12th, 1827.
and 35 Henry VIII. cap. 6). Apparel.—No servant of husbandrie,
Witchcraft, 8c.-It shall be felony to nor common labourer, shall weare in their practise, or cause to be practised, conjuclothing any cloth whereof the
broad yard ration, witchcraft, enchantment, or sorcery, shall pass the price of two shillings ; nor
to get money; or to consume any person shall suffer their wives to weare any
in his body, members, or goods; or to kercheffe whose price exceedeth twentie provoke any person to unlawful love; or pence. And that no manner of person
to declare where goods stolen be; or, for under the estate of a lord shall weare any
the despite of Christ, or lucre of money, gowne or mantell, unless it bee of such to pull down any cross.—(33 Henry
VIII. length, that hee being upright, it shall cover his buttocks, upon peine
Woollen Caps.-All persons above the to forfeit twenty shillings.—(22 Edw. IV. age of seven years shall wear upon sab
baths and holidays, upon their heads, a cap. 1).
Archery.--All sorts of men, under the cap of wool, knit, thicked, and dressed in age of forty years, shall have bows and England, upon pain to fórfeit, for every arrows, and use shooting.–(3 Henry day not wearing, three shillings and four VIII. cap. 3). No bowyer shall sell any pence.—(13 Eliz. cap. 19). bow of yew to any person between the age of eight and fourteen years, above the price of twelve pence.—(31 ibid. cap. 9). Fast Days. — Whosoever shall, by
h. m. preaching, teaching, writing, or open December 11.-Day breaks 5 58
3 56 Gentleman's Magazine.
Twilight ends. 6 2