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Cardinal with his grand Retinue was arrivKing Francis
ed at Abberville, he repaired thither, attend
ed by a numerous Court, where he received him with such Tokens of Esteem, that he lodged in the fame Palace with Wolsey, who was then called by the French, according to Hall's Report, the P'acifick Cardinal; and it was not long before the Cardinal concluded with the French King three different Treaties,
By which it was agreed, “That, as King Fir Treaty.
Henry had left it to the King of France's “ Choice to marry the Princess Mary, or to leave " her for the Duke of Orleans, his second Son, the “ Duke should espouse the Princess when they should “ be both of Age : That then, and not before, “ Thould be settied the Marriage Articles concerning " the Dowry, the Education of the Duke of Orleans “ in England, and the like: That, whether the “ Marriage should be consummated, or the two Kings " think fit to dispose of their Children otherwise, “ their Friendship’ was to remain inviolable ; the
Marriage being to be considered only as a Sup“ plement to the Treaties of the 30th of April, .“ and not as Part of them : That the Treaty conc cluded at Moore should remain in full Force: That “ the Project of the Interview of the Kings should “ be laid aside, on account of the Season, and Cir“ cumstances of Affairs.” As by the Treaty of the 29th of May it was agreed, that the King of England should contribute a certain Sum for the War of Italy, it was concluded by this, “ That, in “ case the Emperor accepted the Offer the two Kings “ should make him by their Ambassadors, the said “ Contribution Should cease without any Preju“ dice to the Treaty of Peace : But, if he rejected “ them, the League offensive and defensive should « subfift, on Condition, that it should be reckoned “ during this Campaign, the King of England had
" discharged his part of the Treaty, as to the Con“ tribution he should give for the War with Italy. " That the King of England should form no. Des “ mands upon the King of France,on the Score of France " the Charge he should be at for the War in Italy. ". That, to prevent all Disputes, without enquiring " into the Number of Troops, which the King of “ should maintain in Italy, the King of England should pay
for the Month of June foregoing 20,000 Crowns; " for July 30,000, and 32,000 for each of the three “ following Months ; on Condition, however, that, if « in these last Months, the English Commissaries found “ in the Army of Italy a less Number of Troops, than w what the King of France was to maintain, the Con66. tribution should be abated in Proportion ; and that, " if a Peace was made during these three last Months, " the Contribution should cease." “ By the second, which only concerned
Second “ Trade, Francis bound himself to give the
Treats. English Merchants such Privileges as should be “ agreed upon hereafter.” " By the third the two Kings were
Third bound, ift, “ Not to consent to the calling
Treaty. a General Council during the Pope's Captivity. “ 2dly, To receive no Bull, Brief, or Mandate, from “ the Pope till he was at Liberty. 3dly, That, till “ the Pope resumed the Government of the Church, « whatever should be determined in England by the “ Cardinal Legate, assisted by the principal Mem“bers of the Clergy, * and in France by the Clergy " of the Gallican Church, should be punctually per66 formed.”
These reciprocal Engagements being thus entered into, Francis swore and subscribed an Oath for the Obfervance of them in the Presence of the Cardinal, at
the * Called together by the King's 'Herbert, began the Relish our Authority, and his Consent being King took of Governing the
• firit had to what should be deter- • Church.' P. 85, of his Life and mined.' And here, says Lord Reign of Henry the VIIIth.
21, to 28.
the High Altar at Amiens ; who at the same Time; on the Behalf of the King his Master, did the like, as the Memorial and Schedules do testify.
We omit liere to recite the great Honours that were paid to the Cardinal in this Ambassy, because Mr. Cavendish, who was an Eye-witness of the whole, has given a full Acouift thereof. See Vol. III. p.
About the End of September the King The Cardinal and the Cardinal parted, when Francis returns to England.
not only made him rich Presents, but con
ducted him thro' the Town, of Abberville, accompanied by the King of Navarre, the Pope's Legate, and the Prime Nobility of France ; but, about a Mile from the City, the King halted, and the Cardinal and he took a folemn Leave of each other. When Wolsey arrived at Calais, he ordered a Mart to
a be kept at that Town in Imitation of that at Antwerp. + Soon after he returned Home, and was most kindly received by his Majesty, who in a little while not only wrote a Letter with his own Hand to the Cardinal, acknowledging the great Service he had done both him and his Country, but, to shew his further Satisfaction with what the Cardinal had accomplished in his Ambassy, was pleased to appoint a publick Thanksgiving; and, that it might be celebrated with the more Grandeur, his Majesty in his Robes, attended by his Queen, the Cardinal Prime Minister, a great Number of Peers, both Spiritual and Temporal, and an infinite Number of Knights, Esquires, and Gentlemen, repaired to St. Paul's, London, being received at Temple-bar by the Lord Mayor, Recorder, Court of Aldermen, and Common Council of the City of London ; and, as the King and his Queen, with the Nobility and Gentry passed, the People all the way testified their Affection by loud Acclamations of Joy. The Cardinal himself sung the High Mass, asisted
by Rym. Fæd. Vol. XIV. + This is a freth Instance of the Care dinal's Regard for TRADE.
by 24 Bishops and Abbots, who paid him all the Devõirs due to his Legatine Character. The King, and the great Master of France, representing his Prince, received the Host from the Cardinal upon their Knees, as a solemn Security for the Performance of the Treaty, by which a perpetual Peace was concluded between the two Kingdoms; and in the mean time Mass was solemnizing both by the Choir of that Cathedral and the King's Chapel. After which the Cardinal read the Articles of Peace, and then, in Sight of all the People, took hold of the Gold Seal and subscribed them with his own Hand, as did the Great Master of France; which being done, the whole Court with the Ambasfadors went in Proceffion to dine with the Cardinal.
The French King, on the 20th of Oktober, sent Henry the Order of St. Michael by Mons. Montmorency, one of the Knights of that Order, attended by 600 Horse. This Lord was introduced in great State to a publick Audience of the King, November the roth, at Greenwich, where he met with a most
gracious Reception, and soon after he invested our Prince with the Order; but the most Christian King was pleafed, upon this Occasion, to empower his Ambassador to dispence with his Majesty's Oath, or even to be contented with his bare Word: However, Henry thought proper to swear to observe all the Statutes of the Order of St. Michael, which should not be contrary to any other he had already received.
This Order was sent in Consequence of the Compliment Francis had passed on the Cardinal in France. The King, having the Collar of his Order about his Neck, with the Image of St. Michael * pendent thereto in his Hand, he said to the Cardinal, Since the Vol. IV.
King * The Military Order of St. one within another, with a Medal Michael was instituted by Lewis of St. Michael, the Arch-angel, the XIth in 1469. The Knights the supposed antient Protector of Weara golden Collar of Shell-work France, pendant thereto.
King, my Brother, and I be thus knit in Heart, we should be tied per Colles & Jambes, take and give each other our Orders. On which Henry sent the Order of the Garter to Francis by Artbur Plantagenet, natural Son of Henry the IVth, accompanied by Dr. John Taylor, Master of the Rolls, and others; and the French King took the usual Oath of the Order with the same Restrictions as Henry had done, when he swore to the Order of St. Michael.
By the third Treaty conluded with Additional Power France, which we have just mentioned, conferred on the Cardinal. it was agreed, “That the Authority
“ of any general Council, summoned by “ the Pope while under Constraint, or by the Empes
ror, should not be acknowledged: That the Clergy " on both sides should be obliged folemnly to disclaim “ and enter their Protest against such a Council : That “ in particular all Acts and Instruments, tending to " the Diminution or Prejudice of the Cardinal's Le“ gatine Character, should be declared of no Effect " and that all Persons should be punished, who should
“ report them.”
· For it is here further to be observed, that, whilst his Eminence was in France, it was settled, in a Conference with certain other Cardinals, “ That the Regulation of « all Church Government should be according to the “ Form here prescribed.” Whereupon he took upon himself the Administration of Ecclefiaftical Affairs in England, to execute which he had the Pope's Authority by a Bull, whereby he was authorized to act in Quality of his Holiness's Vicar General in all Parts of the King his Master's : Dominions. So, that by this Substitution he received an Accession of Authority beyond what he could exercise in his Capacity of the Pope's Legate ; and, while the Pope fhould continue under Restraint, he was empowered to do whatever his Holiness might have done in Per