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happened to take a most unusual turn, for they cast a glance backward, and began to reflect on his man. ner of life. He bethought himself what a number of living beings had been made a sacrifice to support his carcass, and how much corn and wine had been mingled with those offerings. He had not quite lost all the arithmetic that he had learned when he was a boy, and he set himself to compute what he had devoured since he came to the age of man.

“ About a dozen of feathered creatures, small and great, have one week with another (said he) given up their lives to prolong mine, which in ten years amounts to at least six thousand.

“ Fifty sheep have been sacrificed in a year, with half a hecatomb of black cattle, that I might have the choicest part offered weekly upon my table. Thus a thousand beasts out of the flock and the herd have been slain in ten years' time to feed me, besides what the forest has supplied me with. Many hundreds of fishes have, in all their varieties, been robbed of life for my repast, and of the smaller fry as many thousands.

“ A measure of corn would hardly afford me fine flour enough for a month's provision, and this arises to above six score bushels ; and many hogsheads of ale and wine, and other liquors, have passed through this body of mine, this wretched strainer of meat and drink.

* And what have I done all this time for God or man? What a vast profusion of good things upon an useless life, and a worthless liver. There is not the meanest creature among all these which I have devoured but hath answered the end of its creation


better than I. It was made to support human nature, and it hath done so. Every crab and oyster I have eat, and every grain of corn I have devoured, bath filled up its place in the rank of beings with more propriety and honour than I have done : O sbameful waste of life and time.”

In short, he carried on his moral reflections with so just and severe a force of reason, as constrained him to change his whole course of life, to break off his follies at once, and to apply himself to gain some useful knowledge, when he was more than thirty years of age ; he lived many following years, with the character of a worthy man, and an excellent Christian he performed the kind offices of a good neighbour at home, and made a shining figure as a patriot in the senate-house; he died with a peaceful conscience, and the tears of his country were dropped upon his tomb. The world, that knew the whole series of his life, stood amazed at the mighty change. They beheld him as a wonder of reformation, while he himself confessed and adored the Divine power and merey which had transformed him from a brute to a man.

But this was a single instance; and we may almost venture to write miracle upon it. Are there not members of both sexes among our young gentry, in this degenerate age, whose lives thus run to utter waste, without the least tendency to usefulness ?

When I meet with persons of such a worthless character as this, it brings to my mind some scraps of Horace :

“ Nos numerus sumus, et fruges consumere nati.

Alcinoique juventus,
Cui pulchrum fuit in medios dormire dies,” &c.

There are a number of us creep
Into this world, to eat and sleep ;
And know no reason why they 're born,
But merely to consume the corn,
Devour the cattle, fowl, and fish,
And leave behind an empty dish :
Though crows and ravens do the same,
Unlucky birds of hateful name;
Ravens or crows might fill their places,
And swallow corn and eat carcases.
Then if their tombstone, when they die,
Ben't taught to flatter and to lie,
There 's nothing better will be said,
Than that they've eat up all their bread,
Drank all their drink, and gone to bed.

There are other fragments of that heathen poet, which occur on such occasions ; one in the first of his Satires, the other in the last of his Epistles, which seem to represent life only as a season of luxury.

Exacto contentus tempore vitæ
Cedat uti conviva satur-
Lusisti satis, edisti satis, atque bibisti;

Tempus abire tibi.”
Which may be thus put into English:

Life's but a feast : and when we die,
Horace would say, if he were by,
Friend, thou hast eat and drunk enough;
"Tis time now to be marching off :
Then like a well-fed guest depart,
With cheerful looks, and ease at heart;

Bid all your friends good night, and say,
You've done the business of the day.

LUXORY. I have not indeed yet thought of a remedy for luxury; I am not sure that in a great state it is capable of a remedy: nor that the evil is in itself always so great as it is represented. Suppose we include in the definition of luxury all unnecessary expense, and then let us consider whether laws to prevent such expense are possible to be executed in a great country; and whether, if they could be executed, our people generally would be happier, or even richer. Is not the hope of one day being able to purchase and enjoy luxuries a great spur to labour and industry? May not luxury, therefore, produce more than it consumes, if without such a spur people would be, as they are naturally inclined to be, lazy and indolent? To this purpose I remember a circumstance. The shipper of a shallop employed between Cape May and Philadelphia had done us some small service, for which he refused pay. My wife understanding that he had a daughter, sent her as a present a new fashioned cap. Three years after, this shipper being at my house with an old farmer of Cape May, his passenger, he mentioned the cap, and how much his daughter had been pleased ; “but,” said he, “ it proved a dear cap to our congregation.” “ How so ?” " When my daughter appeared in it at meeting, it was so much admired, that all the girls resolved to get such caps from Philadelphia ; and my wife and I computed that the whole could not have cost less than a hundred pounds.” “ True," said the farmer, but you do not tell all the story ; I think the cap was nevertheless an advantage to us; for it was the first thing that set our girls upon knitting worsted mittens for sale at Philadelphia, that they might have wherewithal to buy caps and ribands there, and you know that that 'industry has continued, and is likely to continue and increase to a much greater value, and answer better purposes. Upon the whole, I was more reconciled to this little piece of luxury ; since not only the girls were made happier by having fine caps, but the Philadelphians, by the supply of warm mittens.”

EARLY MARRIAGES. You desire, you say, my impartial thoughts on the subject of an early marriage, by way of answer to the numberless objections that have been made by numerous persons to your own.

You may remember, when you consulted me on the occasion, that I thought youth on both sides to be no objection. Indeed, from the marriages that have fallen under my observation, I am rather inclined to think, that early ones stand the better chance of happiness. The temper and habits of the young are not yet become so stiff and uncomplying, as when more advanced in life; they form more easily to each other, and hence many oca casions of disgust are removed. And if youth has less of that prudence which is necessary to manage a family, yet the parents and elder friends of young married persons are generally at hand to afford their advice, which amply supplies that defect; and by early marriage youth is sooner formed to regular and useful life ; and possibly some of those accidents or connexions, that might have injured the constitution, or reputation, or both, are thereby happily prevented. Particular circumstances of particular persons may

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