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AMERI CA N TRANSACTIONS.
Hht following papers exhibit the sentiments and dispositions of the Colonifist '- • relative to their present differences Dlith their Mother Country.
[Continued from our last, page S4.J The Committee reported an Answer to the as we conceive, so truly patriotic, fliould have
Governor's Messages of the 21st and 24th of June, which u ?s accepted by a large Majority, and is as follows.
A Message from the Assembly to the Governor, June 30, 1768.
May it please your Excellency, 'I' H E house of representatives of this hil Majesty's ancient and loyal province 0/ the Massachusets Bay have with the greatest: deliberation considered your messeges of tha 21 ft and 24th instant, with the several extracts from the letter of tie right hon. the earl of Hilllhorough, his majesty's principal secretary of state for North American affairs, dated tho 22d of April last, which your excellency has thought fit to communicate. We have also received the written answer which your excellency was pleased to give the committee of this house directed to wait on you the 29th instant with a message humbly requesting a recess, that the members might be favoured with an opportunity to consult their constituents at this important crisis, when a direct and peremptory requisition is made of a new and strange constructure, and so strenuoufly urged, viz. That we mould immediately rescind the resolution of the last house to transmit circular letters to the other British colonies on the continent of North America, barely intimating a desire that they would join in similar dutiful and loyal petitions to our most gracious sovereign, for the redress of the grievances occasioned by sundry late acts of parliament calculated for the sole purpose ot raising a revenue in America. We have most diligently revised not only the said resolution, but also the circular letter written and sent in consequence thereof, and aster all, they both appear to us, to be conceived in terms not only prudent and moderate in themselves, but respectful to the authority of that truly august body the parliament of GreatBritain, and very dutiful and loyal in regard to his majesty's sacred person, crown, and dignity; of all which we entertain sentiments of the highest reverence and most ardent affection, and should we ever depart from these sentiments, tve must stand sclf-condemr.ed, as unworthy the name of British subjects descended from British ancestors, intimately allied and connected in interests and inclination with our feliow-subjects the commons of Great-Britain. We cannot but exprels our deep concern, that a measure of the late house, in all respects so innocent, in molt ib virtuous and laudable, and, V»x.. J,
been represented to administration in the odious light of a party, and factious measure, and that pushed through by reverting in a thin house to, and re-considering, what in a full assembly had been rejected. It was, and is, a matter of notoriety, that more than eighty members were present at the reconsideration of that vota against application to the other colonies. The vote of re-consideration was obtained by a large majority; it is, or ought to be well known, that the presence of eighty members makes a full house, this number being just double to that by the royal charter of the province required to constitute the third branch of our colony legisiature.
Your excellency might have been very easily informed, if you was not, that the measures of the late house in regard to sundry acts of the late parliament for the sole purpose of raising a North American revenue, were generally carried by three to one; and we dare appeal to your excellency for the truth of this assertion, namely, that there were many persons in the majority, in all views, as respectable as the very best of the minority. Nay so far from any sinister views, were the committee of the late house appointed and directed to take into their most serious consideration the then present state of the province, from going into any raih or precipitate measures, that they for some days actually delayed their first report, which was a letter to Mr. Agent De Berdt, on this candid and generous principle, that those who were reasonably presupposed to be most warmly attached to all your excellency's measures, especially those for furthering, and by all means enforcing, the acts for levying aNorth American revenue, might be present, and a more equal contest ensue. It would be incredible should any one assert, th-t your excellency wanted a, true information of all these things, which were not done or desired to be hid in a corner, but were notoriously transacted in the open light at noon-day. It is to us altogether incomprehensible that we should be required on the peril of a dissolution of the great and general court or assembly of this province, to rescind a resolution of a former house of representatives, when 'tis evident that resolution has no existence but a mere historical fact.
Your excellency must know, that the resolution referred to, is, to speak in the language of the common law, not now executory, but to all intents and purposes executed. The circular letters have been sent, and many of them have been answered: these answers are now in the public papers^ the pnblic, the world must and will judge of the proposals, purposes, and the answers. We could as well rescind those letters as the resolves, and both \vould be equally fruitless; if by rescinding, as the word properly imports, is meant a repeal and nullify ine of the resolution referred to: but if, as is most probable, by the word rescinding is intended the pasting a vote of this house in direct and express disapprobation of the measures j&ovementioned, as illegal, inf.amtnatory, and ^ttiing to promote unjustifiable combinations against his majesty's 'peace, crown^ and dignity, we must take the liberty to testify, and publicly to declare, that we take it to be the native, inherent, and indefeasible right of the subject, jointly or sezerally, to petition the Jcing for the redress of grievances: provided always, that the fame be done in a decent, dutiful, loyal, and constitutional way, without tumult, disorder, or confusion. We ate also humbly, but clearly and very firmly of opinion, that the petition of the late dutiful and loyal house to his majesty, and their other very orderly applications for the redress of grievances, have had the most desirable tendencies and effects to keep men's minds in ease and quiet. We mult be excused in thinking, that the people were in truth patiently waiting for the meeting of the new parliament, their measures, and his majesty's pleasure: and it is probable that they would every where have thus waited for the great event; had it not been revealed here that the late provincial applications fcr redress of grievances were some how strangely obstructed, and the province, in consequence of misinformation and misrepresentation, most unfortunately fallen under the royal displeasure: and to complete this misfortune, it was not only divulged to the other colonies, but some of them actually received the information before it was made known here, that the house had be.n accused to his majesty, or his minister, or fallen under the displeasure of the one, or the censure of the other.
On the whole, Sir, we w ill consider his most sacred majesty, under God, as our king, and best protector, and common father; and ihall ever bear him true and faithful allegiance. We also regard your excellency as the representative os the greatest potentate on earth, and at all limes have, so far as could consist with the important purposes of preserving life, liberty, and property, been most ready and willing to treat you with all that respect justly due to your high rank and station. But we are constrained to say, that we are disagreeably convinced that your excellency entertains not that parental regard for the welfare of the rood people of this province, which you have some times been pleased to profess, aud vvhieh you
hrve at all times an irrefragable right to expect from their governor. Your excellency has thought fit not only to deny us a recess to consort our constituents, in regard to the present requisition, but hath assured us, in effect, that you shall take silence, at least: a delay, not, afi usual, for a consent, but for a denial. You have also thought fit to inform us, that you cannot think yourself at liberty, in cafe of the dissolution of this, to call another assembly, without the express orders of hi* majesty for that purpose: at the fame time your excellency has been pleased to assure us, that you have communicated the whole of lord Hillsborough's letter, and your instructions, so far at relates to the requisition.—In all this, however, we cannot find that your excellency is more than directed t© dissolve the present assembly, in cafe of a non-compliance on the part of the house. If the votes of the house are to be controuled by the direction of a minister, we have left us but a vain semblance of liberty. We know it to be the just prerogative of th« crown, at pleasure, to dislblve a parliament: We are also sensible that, consistently with the great charter of this province, your excellency when you shall think fit, with or without the intervention of the minister, can dissolve the great'and general court of this colony, and that without the least obligation to convene another within the year. But should it ever grow in use for any ill-disposed governor of the province, by means of a mistaken or wilfully vrong state of facts, to procure orders for a dissolution, that fame charter will be of no value.
We take this opportunity faithfully and firmly to represent to your excellency, that the new revenue acts and measures are not only disagreeable to, but in every view are deemed an insupportable burthen and grievance, with a very few exceptions, by all the freeholders and other inhabitants of this jurisdiction j and we beg leave, once for all, to assure your excellency, that thole of this opinion are of no party or expiring fa&ion. They have at all times been ready to devote their lives and fortunes to his majesty's service. Of loyalty this majority .could as reasonably boast as any who may happen to enjoy your excellency's smiles \ Their reputation, rank, and fortune, are at least eaiul to thole who may have been sometimes considered as the only friends to good government, while some of the best blood of the colony, even in two houses of assembly lawfully convened, and duly acting, have been openly charged with the unpardonable crime of oppugnation aeainst the royal authority. We have now only to inform your excellency, that this house have voted not to retcind, as required, the resolution of the last house, and that, on a division of the question, there were tjz nays and 17 yeas, la all this we have been
Foreign and Domestic Intelligence.
fcftuated by a conscientious, and finally, a dear and determined fense of duty to God, to our king, our country, and to our latest posterity: and we most ardently wish, and humbly pray, that in your future conduct your excclcellency may be influenced by the same principles."
The governor, after having received the last foregoing message from the house, directed their attendance in the council chamber, and then and there gave his assent to such bills as were ready, and adjourned the great and general court to Wednesday the 3d day of August next.
The following are among the acts passed, viz. An act for granting the sum of thirteen hundred pounds for the support of his majesty's governor.
An act for supplying the treasury with the sum of eighteen thousand pounds.
An act for supplying the treasury with one hundred thousand pounds, to be applied for the redemption of government securities that will become due intheyearof our lord 1769.
On the 1st of July the governor issued a proclamation for dissolving the general assembly on the 4th.
[ To be continued, J
Foreign and Domestic Intelligence.
On feeing an elegant Engraving of Lady Charlotte Cranfield
THURSDAY,- Siptimbir I. 'I ' HEY write from Leghorn, that general Paoli lately made a speech to the Corsican youths, to animate them tp defend their country. "Every nation (he said) which like our own has been zealous for its liberty, has experienced vicissitudes which has immortalized its name. If to maintain liberty nothing was to be done but to desire it, the whole world would certainly enjoy it. But this valuable jewel can only be acquired by a virtue and a courage that overcome all obstacles. The condition and prerogatives of a free people, as they are so considerable that no just idea of them can be conveyed, are the astonistimcnt and envy of the greatest men. We are now at the most critical of epochas. If we do not withstand the danger which threatens us, our reputation and liberty arc at an end. In vain have we consoled ourselves with the thought of our own heroism j in vain have our ancestors taken such pains, and spilt their blood-1V0. Ye famous and magnanimous defenders ps your country, who have sacrificed your lives to obtain and preserve your liberty, .fear not that you will be dishonoured by your descendantS. They have resolved to tread the footsteps which you have marked."
Friday 2. Last Monday afternoon, about five o'clock, his Danish majesty arrived at Cambridge, attended by his officers of state. Soon after his arrival at the Rose Inn, be was waited on by the vice-chancellor of the university, heads of colleges, and doctors, in their scarlet robe?, and after a short refreshment, his majftiy received the vice-chancellor, who con-.
ducted him into the cofTee-room, where the rest jof the doctors were severally introduced. After this the vice-chancellor, preceded by the esquira beadles, attended his majesty and his retinue to the senate-house, where the whole; university, and a brilliant shew of ladies jrj the galleries, were asiembled; and, upon the entrance of the king, testified their joy by th« loudest applauses, which his majesty returned, by bowing round, and afterwards was con-, ducted to a chair of state at the upper end of the theatre, from whence he proceeded to take a view of the statues of king George the First, and of his late majesty; and soon aster the vice-chancellor attended him to the public library, and afterwards to king's college chapel, on entering which the organ struck up, and the choir fung an anthem. His majesty and his retinue seemed highly pleased with viewing this magnificent building; and after some timei spent here, the procession moved on to Clarehall, passed over the bridge, and into the public walks, and from thence to the library of Trinity college, and to the hall and chapel, where the statue of Sir Isaac Newton seemed particularly to attract the notice of his majesty. From these places they passed to St. John's college. ,And thus having viewed thi principal buildings of the university, his majesty was attended to his inn, where the vice, chancellor was admitted to the honour of supping with the king and his nobility. The whole market-hill, the shire-hall, and thei conduit, were handsomely illuminated, Hia majesty ordered thirty guineas to be distributed among the servants aud other attendants. On Q^j Tuesday