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tion he possesses in refer- / point, by ballot, eight delegates to represent South Resolution of

ence to the condition of Carolina in the Convention for the formation of a inquiry.

Forts Moultrie and Sumter, Southern Confederacy. and Castle Pinckney, the number of guns in

"Lastly, That one Commissioner in each State be each, the number of workmen and kind of elected to call the attention of the people to this labor employed, the number of soldiers in ordinance.” each, and what additions, if any, have been Ordinance of Reve

The evening secret ses

sion was devoted to a conmade since the 20th instant ? also, whether nue Customs, &c.

sideration of the revenue any assuranee has been given that the forts will not be reinforced, and if so, to what

laws and regulations. An ordinance was extent ; also, what police or other regula- adopted defining in its preamble the necestions have been made, if any, in reference

sity for some provisional arrangement, and to the defenses of the harbor of Charleston,

declaring that South Carolina sought no adthe coast and the State. This was considered vantage over her sister Slaveholding States in secret session, the same day, and is said to by commercial restrictions, and resolved that havo hastened Major Anderson's movements, within the limits of South Carolina be, and

all the customs officers of the United States being considered by him as indicative of a design to seize Fort Sumter, and all other they are hereby appointed to hold, under the forts except Moultrie, which he would be

Government of this State exclusively, without called upon to evacuate.

any further connection whatever with the Mr. Rhett offered an or

Federal Government of the United States, Ordinance for a South

the same offices they now fill, until otherwise ern Confederacy. dinance looking to the fu

directed, and that they receive the same pay ture alliance of the Slave States. He wished the ordinance tabled with- that until it is otherwise provided by this

and emoluments for their services.” Also, out reading, as it was thought best to await

Convention, or the General Assembly, the a response to the Address given above before the substance of the ordinance was made revenue collection and navigation laws of the public. Mr. Memminger doubted if there was be and they are hereby adopted and made

United States, as far as may be practicable, authority for receiving a paper without one reading, whereupon Mr. Rhett read it; it was

laws of this state, saying that no duties shall

be collected upon imports from the States as follows: “ First, That the Convention of the seceding Slave- United States of America, nor upon the ton

forming the late Federal Union known as the holding States of the United States unite with South Carolina, and hold a Convention at Montgomery, the citizens of said States,” &c., &c.

nage of vessels owned in whole or in part by Alabama, for the purpose of forming a Southern Confederacy.

The 4th, 5th, 6th and 7th sections of the " Second, That the said seceding States appoint, ordinance were as follows, viz. :by their respective Conventions or Legislatures, as Fourth.--All vessels built in South Carolina or many delegates as they have Representatives in the elsewhere, and owned to the amount of one-third by present Congress of the United States, to the said a citizen or citizens of South Carolina, or any of the Convention, to be held at Montgomery; and that, Slaveholding Commonwealths of North America, and on the adoption of the Constitution of the Southern commanded by citizens thereof and no other, shall Confederacy, the vote shall be by States.

be registered as vessels of South Carolina, under the Third, That whenever the terms of the Constitu- authority of the Collector and Naval Officer. tion shall be agreed upon by the said Convention, Fifth.--All official acts of the officers aforesaid, in the same shall be snbmitted at as early a day as which it is usual and proper to set forth the authorpracticable to the Convention and Legislature of ity under which they act, or style of documents issued each State, respectively, so as to enable them to by them or any of them, be in the name of the State ratify or reject the said Constitution.

of South Carolina. * Fourth, That in the opinion of South Carolina, Sixth. --All moneys hereafter collected by any the Constitution of the United States will form a officers aforesaid shall, after deducting the sums nesuitable basis for the Confederacy of the Southern cessary for the compensation of the officers and States withdrawing.

other expenses, be paid into the Treasury of the Fifth, That the South Carolina Convention ap- State of South Carolina for the use of said State,

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subject to the order of this Convention or of the ties, by and with the advice and consent of General Assembly.

the Senate; to nominate all officers; to apSeventh.---The officers aforesaid shall retain in point embassadors, ministers, and consuls, as their hands all property of the United States in their the General Assembly may previously direct, possession, custody, or control, subject to the dis- and also all other officers whose appointment posal of the State, who will account for the same has not otherwise been provided for by law; upon a final settlement with the Government of the United States.

to fill vacancies during the recess of the The evacuation of Fort Senate, by granting commissions, which shall Secret Action.

Moultrie took place on the expire at the end of the next session of the night of the 26th. The excitement which Senate; to convene the Senate whenever it followed upon the act resulted, among other thinks it necessary, provided, nevertheless, things, in the seizure, by the State, of the during the existence of the Commission, that telegraph lines leading out of Charleston, and all treaties, directions for the appointment of in the Convention's sitting almost exclusively ambassadors, ministers, consuls, etc., be subin secret session. The legislation, therefore, ject to the advice and consent of the Comof the Convention was not made immediately mittee. public and was only learned either from the Second, That the Governor immediately apenforcement of the acts, or through the partial point four persons, with the advice and conrecord of the Charleston newspapers. The sent of the committee, who, with the LieuConvention assumed the responsibility of the tenant Governor, shall form a Council, whose conduct of affairs in the harbor as well as on duty it shall be to advise with him. land—thus setting aside the power of the The seizure of the Custom House, Arsenal, Governor and Legislature. Gov. Pickens acted Post-office, Castle Pinckney, &c.—the occuunder its orders and instructions.

pation of Fort Moultrie and of Sullivan's An ordinance entitled an ordinance to Island—the removal of the buoys from the amend the Constitution of South Carolina, in channel, thus necessitating a special pilot for respect to the Executive Departments, was entrance-the suppression of the lights in the passed in secret session of the Convention, light-houses-the additional fortification of Dec. 27th. It provided as follows: the city and its approaches—the enlistment

First, That the Government has power to of an army-all were accomplished by the alreceive embassadors, ministers, consuls, and most unremitting labors of the Convention agents of foreign powers; to conduct nego- and Gover or, in the three da following tiations with foreign powers; to make trea- | Major Anderson's movement.



The week of December 25th to January 1st evening, December 25th, called immediately was ushered in by a revelation of fraud which upon the President, to advise him that he - startled the entire country. The facts were had been informed, by letter, of a large robsubstantially as follows:

bery in his department. It was decided to Secretary Thompson, re-investigate the matter at once. Proceeding The Great Robbery. turning from his trip to to the offices Mr. Thompson attempted to ex

North Carolina, Sunday amine the safe in which the Indian bonds

were kept, but discovered the key to be miss- | $300,000 worth of them additional, in all ing. He made several attempts to find it, but $870,000. On the 18th of December he adfailed. Different statements were made by dressed a letter to the Secretary of the different subordinates, as to the whereabouts Interior, frankly imparting these facts, ånd of Mr. Godard Bailey, disbursing clerk, a requesting an investigation. This letter he native of South Carolina, to whom the bonds gave to a Senator to be delivered to the were specially intrusted, and who held the Secretary on his return from North Carolina, key of the safe. He was found, and asked which request was complied with. The infor the key, but could not produce it. The vestigation proved the truth of the stateSecretary, at once suspecting the worst, pro- ments. ceeded to the office of Mayor Berrett and A Philadelphia journalist having investi. solicited a special police force. With these gated the matter, wrote of it as follows:he returned to the Department, and put a

" Floyd, to aid Russell, Majors & Co., in comply. guard at every avenue leading to it. The ing with their huge contract for the transportation clerks were summoned, and orders given of army supplies from the Missouri River to Utah, not to allow any of them to pass out. The accepted their drafts, in some instances absolutely, safe was then broken open. The bonds were in others conditionally, for a sum exceeding $800,000. missing. The register of the bonds was found. Subsequently he allowed Russell, Majors & Co. to Monday, Bailey, it was ascertained, was miss-draw the whole amount due them under their coning. Mr. Black, Secretary of State, District tract, with the assurance on their part that all of his Attorney Ould and others, having know- acceptances as Secretary of War should be retired. ledge of the nature of the bonds, were called Drafts matured, and Russell, Majors & Co were unin by Secretary Thompson. The clerks were

able to meet them, and others were soon to mature, severally examined as to their knowledge of which, unless money could be had, would be pro

tested also. Under these circumstances, Mr. Bailey, the disappearance of the instruments. After the clerk in charge of the Indian Trust Fund, who, much close investigation, Monday and Tues- it is said, married a niece of Secretary Floyd, was day, the facts were elicited. They proved approached by an agent of Russell, Majors & Co., to be as follows:

and told that unless the acceptances referred to About two months previous to the disco- were provided for immediately, the Secretary of War very of the loss, Mr. E. Russell, of the firm of would be disgraced irredeemably. He was then Majors, Russell & Waddell, held about a mil- asked to lend to Russell, Majors & Co., temporarily, lion of dollars of the official acceptances of State bonds of the Indian Trust Fund to the amount of the Secretary of War. These acceptances had eight hundred and seventy thousand dollars. Bailey, inbeen given, conditionally, in advance, for fluenced by the conviction that this breach of trust transportation of supplies of the army, under was the only means of saving the honor of the Seccontract with the Government. Mr. Russell,

retary of War, and satisfied, also, that Russell, Ma

jors & Co. would be able to replace the bonds acnot finding himself able to negotiate the ac

cording to promise, delivered bonds amounting to ceptances, was greatly embarrassed, pecuni

$870,000 to Maj. Russell, the principal of that firm, arily; and, ascertaining from Godard Bailey, who hypothecated them to the Bank of the Republic, with whom he was intimately acquainted, New York. This is said to be Bailey's version of his that the latter had control over three millions unfortunate breach of official trust, which it was imof Indian Trust Funds, invested in bonds of possible to conceal longer, inasmuch as the Indian different States, arranged with him for about Bureau had applied for the coupons, to collect the half a million of dollars-these bonds to be January interest on the bonds abstracted. Hence, hypothecated in New York. As security he the confession of Bailey to the Secretary of the Ingave Bailey the acceptances of Mr. Floyd, terior, on Saturday, of the whole affair." which Bailey placed in the safe where the This affair, whatever its causes, was unforbonds were kept. During December these tunate in its results, since it added much to bonds greatly depreciated, and the bankers public excitement, and turned popular sentiin New York, who made advances on them, ment very strongly against an administration called for additional security. Bailey, in which had failed so utterly to answer to the order to save the bonds, delivered over demands of the hour. Report magnified the



sum abstracted to millions, and linked Mr. / enemies of the Union; deprecating any interFloyd's name as a principal in the robbery-ference with the shipment of arms under Gothus intensifying the feeling of indignation vernment orders, however inopportune or imgrowing among all classes in the North politic the order might appear; deploring against the Southern men in the Cabinet. the existing state of things in connection with Mr. Cobb had retired, leaving a bankrupt the administration of important departments treasury; and now that Mr. Floyd and the of the public service so as to have shaken Department of the Interior were responsible confidence in the people of the Free States; for a most gigantic breach of public trust, it that while Pennsylvania is on guard at the gave rein to the most exaggerated stories of Federal capital it is her special duty to look perfidy and recklessness in the Cabinet. But, to the fidelity of her sons, and in that view the facts were as given above. The sum ab- call on the President as a citizen of this Comstracted amounted to eight hundred and sev monwealth; to see that the public receive no enty thousand dollars, which, being in bonds, detriment at his hands. It behooves the were traced ; and Messrs. Russell, Majors and President to purge his cabinet of every man Waddell, being possessed of a vast property, known to give aid and comfort to, or in any vere enabled, eventually, to save the Govern- way countenancing the revolt of any State ment from serious loss.

against the authority of the Constitution and This great temporary de- the Laws of the Union. A dispatch from the The Pittsburgh (Al- falcation was followed by Hon. Robert McKnight, asking the people to leghany) Arsenal Excitement.

make no further resistance, but to ask for a the Pittsburgh (Alleghany)

Arsenal Excitement, which, suspension of the shipment of the guns until for a few days, threatened serious consequences, further advices were received from the War and added materially to the alarm of the Office, was read and approved."* friends of the Union. An order was given

This storm was thus mo

Evacuation of Fort to ship from the arsenal 78 guns to Newport, mentarily allayed, to be

Moultrie Excitement. near Galveston, Texas, and 46 guns to Ship succeeded by the announceIsland, near Balize, at the mouth of the Missis- ment that Fort Moultrie had been evacuated sippi river. As the fortresses at both points and disabled, and Fort Sumter occupied by named were still unfinished, the order of ship- Major Anderson's entire force. It is scarcely ment, it was felt, was given thus early in order possible to express the excitement which folto place the valuable guns in the hands of the lowed this news. The Union fairly trembled Secessionists. The news dispatch from Pitts- under the conflicting emotions awakened by burgh, dated Monday, December 24th, said the act. In the South it aroused the spirit that the Chairman of the House Committee of resistance to its highest pitch. “To arms" on Military affairs had been telegraphed for became the cry, for all believed it to be the information—that leading Democrats of the

* The order was : city telegraphed to the President to have the order of shipment immediately counter- (Mouth of Mississippi,) 46 cannon, and to Galveston

** Send immediately to Ship Island, near Balize, manded, since the people never would allow 78 cannon,” naming the kinds. the guns to leave the arsenal--that a call,

The schedule was as follows: signed by citizens of all parties, was made 21 ten-inch Columbiads, 15,200 lbs.=319,200 lbs. public arranging for a meeting of citizens to 21 eight-inch ditto

=194,040" take necessary action in the matter—that a 4 32 pounders, (iron) 7,250 * report gained currency of large amounts of

46 To Ship Island. shot, shell, muskets and accoutrements hav

Total weight of metal, 542,240 lbs. ing already been sent South, &c. An immense meeting was held on Thursday in the

23 ten-inch Columbiads, 15,200 lbs. 349,600 lbs. street opposite the Court-house. The report

48 eight-inch

9,240 “ =443,520" of proceedings stated that several resolutions

7 32 pounders, (iron,) 7,250 were adopted "declaring loyalty to the Union, 78 To Galveston. and ability to defend ourselves against all

Total weight of metal, 843,870 lbs.

9,240 «



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Alabama Election.

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first movement toward “coercing” the rebel- | their first communication before the Presi-
lious States. In the North it aroused a per- dent until Dec. 29th. For the correspondence
fect acclamation of delight. “Huzza for which followed, see a future Chapter.
Major Anderson !” became the street-greeting, Secession gained ground
for, without a full knowledge of the affair, rapidly in Virginia, after Virginia's Defection
men believed it to foreshadow a determina- the movement of South
tion, on the part of the Administration, to Carolina became well canvassed. Under its
resist any further encroachments upon its influence numerous meetings were called, and
authority. [The incidents of the evacuation many individuals characterized as “Conser-
are given in Chapter XIX.]

vative” gave in to the programme for separate The election of Delegates action. This was in Eastern Virginia. Westto the State Convention, in ern Virginia then, as later, was loyal to the

Alabama, came off Decem- Union, and took little part in affairs, except ber 24th, resulting in the choice of a large to protest against the course of the incenmajority of unconditional Secessionists. The diaries, led by such wild and reckless spirits entire majority for secession was over fifty as Roger A. Pryor. John Minor Botts, one of thousand. In many localities Union and the most eminent and able men that the Conservative tickets were not voted upon at State ever called citizen, thundered away all. On the same day Governor Moore is- with the Paixhan guns of his incontroversued a proclamation, convening the Legisla- tible logic, against the “ bloody heresy,” the ture of that State, January 14th, to provide right of secession, and stood up grandly for for any emergency which might arise from the Union, the Constitution and the Laws. the action of the Convention, which was to It was not reason, however, which controlled meet January 7th.

the hour; and Virginia, “Mother of Presi-
On the 24th the South Carolina members dents,” it became painfully apparent, was
of Congress (House) sent in, to the Speaker, rapidly gliding into the arms of a paramour,
a letter stating that, by the act of secession, who would rob her of her jewels and debase
their State had withdrawn from the Union, her ancient glory into the very dust.
thereby dissolving their connection with the The prospective move-

Army and Navy
House, and that they should, accordingly, ments in the South were

vacate their seats. The letter was signed by canvassed excitedly in both
Messrs. John McQueen, M, L. Bonham, W. army and navy, a large proportion of whose
W. Boyce, and J. D. Ashmore. Mr. Keitt officers were Southern men. When attention
had previously withdrawn. The Speaker, was called to the subject it was found that
however, directed that their names be retained the materiel of the two armies would suffer
on the roll and regularly called—thus failing severely by the defection likely to follow,
to recognize the act of secession and the with since a majority of the commissions above
drawal, for that cause, of members.

second lieutenancies were held by Southern The South Carolina Commen, notwithstanding the proportion of popArrival of Commis- missioners, Messrs. Barn- ulation and wealth in the North was as three sioners in Washing.

well, Orr and Adams, ar to one. South Carolina alone, with her fifty

rived in Washington, Dec. two thousand voters, was represented in the 26th-their mission, as before stated, being navy and army as follows, at the date under to treat with the Federal Government for a consideration, December 24th-30th. peaceful adjustment of all relations between the Government and their "Sovereign" State.


Original entry The evacuation of Moultrie, by Major Ander

Capt. Abraham C. Myers..Q. M. Gen. Dep......1833 son, not a little complicated the difficulties Maj

. Adam N. McLaren...Surg. Gen. Dep...... 1833 of their position. On the evening of their ar- Maj. Samuel P. Moore.... Surg. Gen. Dep......1835 rival a number of leading Southern men were Maj. David C. Leon......

..Surg. Gen. Dep... ... 1837 called into counsel, to arrange more fully their Maj. James Simons...... Surg. Gen. Dep.... line of conduct. They did not, however, lay | Capt. Jo Hammond. Surg. Gen. Dep... ... 1847




into service.

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