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The Immorality of Men,
The Name of Jesus..
He died in the Year of our Lord M.D.xix.
The MERCERS Company in grateful Remembrance, and in order to perpetuate the Memory of Dr. Colet, caused a Copy of his Monument to be carved, on which they assign their Reason as follows:
Between the Choir and the South Ine.
Left the Monument of a most worthy Divine should fall with St. Paul's Church, The Master, Wardens, and AMiftants of the Mercers Company of London, ordered this Copy thereof to be carved at their Expence,
In the Year 1656. See his Epitaph before ; but here the View of his Tomb.
It is very remarkable, that the Cathedral of St. Paul's, was afterwards. burnt down, in the dreadful Fire of London, in the Year 1666. However arduous the grand Affairs The Cardinal
continues bis might be which the Cardinal had to
Correspondence attend, both in Church and State, they with Bp. Fox. did not divert him from carrying on a grateful Correspondence with his old Patron, Bishop Fox, by sending from time to time special Messengers with kind Epistles, and to enquire after his Welfare, also by readily paying Respect to that venerable Prelate's Recommendations, which friendly Actions were so ac, ceptable to him, that he publickly acknowledged them on several Occasions, and there is now to be seen an
original Letter, sent from the Bishop this very Year to the Cardinal, in the Exchequer Record-office, filled with the most affectionate Expressions, and thus addressed, To the most Rev. Faiber in God, my special Friend, and good Lord, my Lord Cardinal of England. And here we shall wind up the Year 1526.
Affairs of ON the 9th of Jan. the D. of Bourbon drew Itatly.
his Men from their Quarters of Refresh1527.
ment, in order to enter upon Action, tho' he was in the same Perplexity in common with all the Emperor's Generals, who did not want Troops, but the Sinews of War to encourage his Men, which was very surprising, considering the Emperor begun now yearly to draw vast Sums of Money from the West-Indies. Soon after Bourbon took the Field, he formed to himself a bold Undertaking; to execute which he began his March January the 11th; but, before he could arrive at the Place proposed, he had a Number of Rivers to pass, several Towns of the Enemies in his Way, and Reason to apprehend the Confederates would be close at his Heels ; yet these Difficulties did not discourage him from proceeding, after leaving the Care of the Milanese to Anthony de Leyva. As he marched on he rewarded his Soldiers with the Plunder of several small Towns, to keep them from mutinying for want of Pay, and promised better Booty by and by; yet he took care to conceal from them his real Intention, which was to take the City of Rome. However, as soon as they were got beyond Florence, they began to discover whither he was bending his March, which was so pleasing, that the Soldiers looked upon all their past Fatigues as nothing.
In the mean time the Pope, perceiving the Duke of Bourbon to continue his March with great Expedition, concluded a Truce with the Vice-roy of Naples for eight Months, and had engaged him to write
to the Duke to halt: But, if he sincerely performed his Undertaking, it had no Effect; for Bourbon continued his Rout, notwithstanding the concluding the Trúce, till he came before Viterbo, which he foon made himself Master of.
On the 25th of May he encamped in the Meadows near Rome, and then sent a Trumpet to demand a Passage through that City, that he might proceed to the Kingdom of Naples; and his Demand being refused, the Night following was spent in consulting where to give the Assault, and in making scaling Ladders for fix Men to mount a-breast. The Imperial Army, according to the best Computation, confifted of 30,000 fighting Men, composed of Germans, Italians, and Spaniards. The next Morning, by Breakof-day, the Army was drawn out to give the Affault, and so eager were the Soldiers, that they pressed for the Signal, which once given, they run on as if nothing had stood in their way ; nor were the Defendants less resolute on their Part; so that a bloody Combat ensued, and Heaps fell on both sides. In the Heat of the Action the brave Duke, as he was leaning on a Ladder against the Wall
, The Duke of Bour,
bon's warlike Couto encourage his Men, received a Shot
rage and Death. from a Musquet, which wounded him in his Thigh, and laid him on the Ground; who, finding himself grow faint, ordered a Gascogne Captain to carry him to the Camp, and cover him with a Nightgown, for fear his People, being frighted at his Death, should quit the Assault ; and he was no fooner got to the Camp but he expired, being but 38 Years of Age, without leaving any Iflue.
The Death of the Duke did not close the Fury of the Assault, which was vigorously carried on, and the Suburbs entered, when the Pope with 17 Cardidinals, and the English, French, and Florentine Am
, balladors fled to the Castle of St. Angelo, Renfo de Ceri following them with 500 Men out of the Gar
rison. After a considerable Slaughter and much Pillaging the Soldiers refreshed themselves, but the Prince of Orange, on whom the Command devolved, beat to Arms, and, driving the Guards from the Bridges, broke into the City. In both of the AtRome plun
tacks 5000 of the Defendants were reported to have been killed, and the whole
City plundered, without sparing Churches, Monasteries, or Churchmen, which lasted for seven Days. “ This was the Consequence, say the Spanish
Writers, of Clement the VIIIth's ambitious Practices, *« which happened without the Consent or Knowledge
of the Emperor.”
Rome being thus reduced the Castle of St. Angelo was besieged, where the Pope held out some Days, before he would give Ear to any Agreement, expecting the Duke of. Urbino would come to his ReJief, which accordingly he did, and the Imperialists marched out as readily to give him Battle. A Letter writ from Rome at that Time fays, “ The Duke of “ Urbino was utterly routed;” but Peter Mescia and
; other Authors say, “ That there was no Battle fought,
«« “ but the Duke, having continued some Days with“ in six or seven Miles of Rome, and finding no Dif“ order in the Imperial Army, as he had expected, “ marched away and retired into the Milanese, “ where he employed Part of his Forces in taking “ the best Precaution he could, to prevent Concordia “ from being surprized by another Part of the Em
As soon as the Duke of Urbino was gone the Imperialists returned into the City, where they found the Citizens with 8000 Men in Arms, in order to affist the confederate Army in driving the Emperor's Forces from Rome; but these were easily routed. The Pope then, seeing no hopes left, obtained an Interview with Lanoy, the Vice-roy of Naples, who was come into those Parts, and, after much Debate, they agreed,
" That the Pope should pay 400,000 Du
for the Ransom of those that were pays a “ in the Castle," which he delivered up im- Ransom. mediately, and also put into the Hands of the Imperialists, the two Fortresses of Civita Vecchia, and Ostria with its Ports, besides the Cities of Placentia, Parma, and Reggio. This done Ferdinand de Alarcon was left in the Castle of St. Angelo, to secure the Pope till a Messenger arrived from the Emperor. This News being brought to Florence Mutiny at
Florence. the People mutinied, crying out, Liberty ! and turned all the Family of the Medicis and their Adherents out of the City, declaring for the Emperor, who had received Advice of what had happened ; and though the Success of his Forces could not but be pleasing to him, yet he outwardly shewed, according to his usual Way, much Concern for the Sacking of Rome, the Imprisonment of the Pope, and the Death of the Duke of Bourbon.
The Calamity that attended Rome was succeeded by the Plague, and the Churches were shut up throughout Italy, the Contagion raging so vehemently, that, to complete the Miseries of the Romans, 500 of them were swept off in a Day; the Pope's Palace with the Library and all the Record were burnt, the Loss of which was irre trievable. Charles de Lanoy, Vice-roy of Naples, Lanoy
dies of the died also of the Plague at Rome, so that he
Plague. did not long survive his Rival, the Duke of Bourbon ; and Hugo de Moncada succeeded him, which was no ways pleasing to the Pope, on account of the Differences that formerly had been between them. In Consideration of Lanoy's great Services, which the Emperor did not forget, he gave his Son a considerable Principality, which is enjoyed by one of that Family at this Time.
It was remarked, that before the War broke out, which no Man imagined could have threatened Rome, there appeared in that City a Man, named John Baptift, VOL. IV.