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aune, a wolf furiously attacked six persons The expedition which is preparing at successively in the middle of the village, and Cadiz for Buenos Ayres will soon be comwounded them all. A young man had the pleted, by taking a certain number of men courage to seize it, calling at the same time from every corps in the army. for assistance, and the wolf was killed in his The following is an extract of a letter re

Near Auxonne, two children, from ceived from Captain Johnes, of the sloop 13 to 14 years of age, were also attacked by William, by his owners in London, dated a wolf; one of them would have been kill. Cadiz, September 6, 1817 :ed, but for the courage of his little comrade, I am happy to inform you of my safe arwho never ceased beating the animal until rival here in three days, from Lisbon, but he let go his hold.

should have had a shorter passage, had it Paris, Sept. 22.- The table of deaths not been for the Spanish brig of war the and births, drawn up by the twelve munici- Volunteer, of Cadiz, which did me a great palities of Paris for the year 1816, presents deal of damage. As soon as she hailed me, the following results :

she immediately opened a fire on me (being The number of deaths in 1816 amounted not more than from twenty to thirty yards to 19,801 ; in 1815, to 21,549; the differ- distant) with great guns and small arnis, ence, 1748 less in 1816. Of this number, which tore the mainsail very much, giving 12,489 died at their own homes, viz.—of the me no time to do any thing. At last I got male sex, 6176; of the female, 6313. In out the boat, and went in her; and while this class is comprehended 278 bodies de- going on board the brig, she kept up a conposited at the Morgue, and 7312 who died tinual fire of musketry for more than ten in the military and civil hospitals, viz. of minutes. This hurt my feelings very much, the male sex, 3683; of the female, 3629. expecting, when I came on board, to find

The number of persons who died of the my son, mate, and the two English passensmall-pox during the year 1816, was 150, gers who were on board, shot, as I had no viz.—of the male sex, 79; of the female, 71. less than one twelve-pounder and eleven The number in 1815 was 190, being 40 more musket-shot through my mainsail, two than last year. The suicides during the through the foresail, one in the mainmast, year 1816 amounted to 188, viz.-122 and others through the bulwarks and bows. men, 66 women. In 1815 they were only The jib-sheets, topmast-shrouds, gaff-top175. The births in 1816 amounted in the sail-tie, and main-halyards, besides the whole to 22,366, viz..of the male sex, boat's gripes, were shot away, but happily 11,584 ; of the female, 10,782. The num- no one hurt. ber of deaths being 19,801, the births ex- The African Corsairs are again beginning ceeded them by 2565. In 1816 there were to spread alarm throughout the Mediterra278 persons drowned, viz.222 men, 56 nean by their depredations. women.

AMERICA.

SPAIN.

UNITED STATES.

Madrid, August 31.-In the course of the months of October and November, there It is only now in Spanish America where will sail from the port of Cadiz, two squa- scenes of action are fitted to arouse our hopes drons, with a certain number of transports, or our fears-and, from their distance, and laden with troops and ammunition of all the uncertainty thrown over the events there, sorts, destined for our South American pos- the interest we feel is indeed much like that sessions. The first expedition that will sail from a dramatic representation. The North is for Peru, whither it will convey four or Americans appear to be absorbed in confive thousand men of all arms. The second templating the exertions of their new allies. will have on board 2000, and will be ap. Their own immediate concerns are forgotten plied according to circumstances, and as mi. -even the great journey of their President litary events may require. With respect to is hardly noticed--they even seem to look foreign auxiliary troops, which, it is said, on the varying contest with such a steady were to join ours in order to secure the pa- gaze, that they see things double-nay, alcification of the colonies, it now appears most all of our information comes through that there was no foundation for that rum. their hands, and they multiply the original

accounts like a philosopher propagating poThe insurgent privateers, belonging to lypi, by cutting them in pieces--they so adventurers of every nation, swarm in all mangle them before they let them go again, the seas, from the Gulf of Mexico to the that we are never sure whether it is the Canaries, and from there even to the Straits head or the tail, or a wing, or a claw, that of Gibraltar. No flag is secure from their they think proper to send us. depredations. Is not the whole of Europe Philadelphia, August 9.-It is scarcely interested in putting an end to the excesses conceivable what purpose it can answer to of these pirates, who, more numerous than represent St Augustine, in Florida, as a the Buccaneers and Corsairs of old, are also position resembling Gibraltar. It is nothing more dangerous ? There is a talk of vigo more than a quadrangle, with regular basrous measures being pursued towards them; tions at the angles. Its principal strength but the whole is uncertain at present. consists in the excellence of the stone of VOL. II.

O

our.

which it is composed, quarried in the adja- in the new world where Humboldt found cent island of Anastasia. The town, which the sciences and the arts estimated somedoes not contain more than 3000 persons, what according to their real value, and puris also surrounded by a wall, which, with sued with the enthusiasm they merit,the houses, are of similar materials with the where indeed knowledge was increasing with fort ; but it is no way superior to Mobile, great rapidity,--and where the principal aim which General Wilkinson took with not of the highly intelligent nobility was the amore men than General M Gregor com- melioration and happiness of the people, mands. But an attack on St Augustine is should be experiencing the horrors of a pronot in the views of General M Gregor. The tracted intestine war. But of their final importance of his present position, where success we can have but little doubt. The vessels of any burden may find a harbour imbecile and foolish government of the moand a safe landivg, and very soon a good ther country will be found at last to wage market, cannot be desired to be exchanged unequal war with the activity and talent for St Augustine, into the harbour of which always elicited in a struggle for freedom,no vessel can enter that draws more than and had those brave men been awanting, eight feet.

whom we ourselves trained to discipline and Immense damage has been done in the valour, when the good cause was their own, states of New York, Pennsylvania, Mary- the contest would have been of comparativeland, in New Jersey, &c. by what is term- ly short duration. And much we marvel, ed a freschet, or sudden rising of the waters. that the energies of those whom we taught In the lower part of Baltimore, the water at last to conquer under the banners of liber. rose eighteen or twenty feet, several lives ty, should be so employed. We collect for were lost, and most of the bridges were our readers a few of the latest and more inbroken down. We extract the following teresting rumours. particulars on the subject :

Three vessels have already sailed within Washington, August 11.-The bridge these few days from the river Thames for on Ninth Street, and part of the upper South America, with about 200 persons on bridge leading to George Town, were swept board, principally military. They are the away, and the arch of the Tiber Bridge, on Morgan Rattler schooner, the Chance Pennsylvania Avenue, was burst, and near- schooner, and another of the same tonnage. ly demolished by the force of the flood. Auxiliary Army of Peru.-Bulletin No.

Dreadful Inundation.-York (Penn.) 22, gives a narrative of proceedings from August 11.- The 9th of August 1817 will May 1st to the 11th. A party of the rebe a memorable day in the history of this publicans had penetrated into Potosi, and place. The borough of York has had to the Royalists in that quarter, under General bear heavy calamities on former occasions, Jacon, had retreated to Arequipa. The but on Saturday last the angry flood arose, main body of the Royalists, under General and swept along with it not only the houses Jose Laterna, evacuated Salta, May 5, and furniture of many of our citizens, but having occupied it twenty days.

Colonel the lives of some were involved in the de- Martin Gremes entered the town the same struction.

day. Boston, August 10.- Captain Holmes, Chili.A letter from Don Juan Gregorio of the British sloop Rainbow, arrived at de Hexas to the Supreme Director of Chili, Norfolk, in a short passage from New Pro- Don Bernardo O'Higgins, dated Conception, vidence, says, it was reported at New Pro- May 5, mentions, that he was attacked by vidence, that a ship bound to Jamaica had an enemy's force of from 1300 to 1400 men, fallen in with a schooner which appeared to whom he repulsed with a loss of three pieces be in distress ; the ship's boat was sent on of artillery, and a great quantity of arms board, when it was discovered that there was and ammunition, 500 prisoners, and 100 not a living creature on board the schooner; killed. but the dead bodies of several men lay Port of Spain ( Trinidad), August 9.stretched on the deck; some of them in- The Patriots have at length taken Guayana. humanly nailed to the deck by large spikes. Augustura fell on the 17th of last month; The impression was, that the schooner had and, on the 6th instant, four Spanish gunbeen plundered, and her crew murdered by boats and two flecheras, which escaped, pirates. The brig Morgiana, in which Mr brought us the news of the fortresses of Old Sheriff Hubbard shipped himself for Ame. Guayana being all taken. They are still lia Island, was, by the last accounts from lying in the harbour. The taking of GuNew York, lying in Sandy Hook; and the ayana will open to us a great trade with Revenue cutter, and another United States' that province, and all the interior in posvessel of war, have gone to watch her move- session of the Patriots ; and an army of ments, lest her intention should be to in- 10,000 tried veterans will now carry the fringe the laws.

banners of freedom throughout all Venezu.

ela, and plant them on the ruins of tyranny From Spanish America, as we have before and the Inquisition. The Patriots have stated, the accounts have hitherto been ex- obtained possession of all the country laved tremely confused and contradictory,

We

by the gigantic stream of the Oronoko, cannot but lament that the only country and containing immense resources. The

SOUTH AMERICA.

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crops of Varinas tobacco, and of cocoa, have lost 800 men since they landed, up to the fallen into their hands, besides countless capture of Pampatar, and 400 in their atherds of cattle, horses, &c. All the pro- tack on the north. If the one attacks with perty, which the Capuchin friars have been courage, the other defends himself with squeezing out of the poor Indians of Guay- fury. Unfortunate will be the weakest, for ana for 150 years, has been forfeited for certainly they will all be butchered. their treachery, and the Patriots now say, Patriot Head-quarters, Tucuman, May after the experience they have had of the 23.-Since the great events in Chili, the infriars, that they will never allow any wearers habitants of Jujui and Salta have done proof the cowl to live among them.

digies against the enemy, who advanced toBoth places were starved out by a con- wards the latter place with 2000 strong. tinued rigorous blockade, after Piar had Nothing can exceed the energies of the destroyed Cerrute's army on the 17th April. brave inhabitants of this country ; they are Brion's fleet cut off latterly every chance of always at their posts, and harass the Roysupply, and the Spaniards resolved to en- alists in every direction. The Spaniards deavour to force a passage with their armed who arrived from Europe, by their barbarvessels and get off. The greater part, if ous and cruel conduct, cause patriots to rise not all the large vessels, are said to have up out of their own partizans, who become fallen into the hands of Brion's squadron; the most zealous defenders of their native none have arrived here but the gun-boats country, because they then act from prinand flecheras, as stated above, and this cir- ciple and conviction. Our army here is now cumstance gives strong grounds to believe enjoying the advantages of good organiza

A ship, with the generals and their tion and discipline. The van-guard is comstaff (and probably their plunder), was manded by Don Gregorio Araos de la Maclosely pursued, it is said, 'by some of drid, a youth of experienced courage, and Brion's vessels, when these gun-boats lost on whom we place the greatest reliance. sight of them, and escaped through the Haenke, the celebrated German mineralogist, creeks. In a few days we shall no doubt lately died in the dungeons of the Spaniards, see the bulletin of the Patriots. The con- in consequence of what he had suffered. The quest of Guayana not only gives the Pa- Spanish General Serna has been compelled triots possession of a fine country and great to retreat, and many of his people have resources, but places that army into com- fallen into our hands. They say that they plete and quiet communication with the belong to the constitution, and for no other army of Paez in Varinas, and on the Lower will they fight; and if Ferdinand wishes Apure, where he has made himself master honours, they add, he may come and gain of the important town of San Fernando. them himself. One of our detachments

St Thomas, August 16.-Hitherto the lately marched to Tarija, where the enemy affairs of the Independents and Royalists was entrenched. We defeated him, took have presented a picture of afflicting hor-' the town, and obtained possession of his rors, without any material result. This is magazines and 450 muskets. The detachnot the case now; what is now passing on ment has, besides, doubled its numbers, and the contiguous Maine is likely to decide the forms a junction with several Guerillas befuture fate of that country. With the longing to the interior. Since this junction, Royalist troops which arrived from Spain, they have advanced as far as Siporo, only Morillo landed on the island of Margarita. 12 leagues from Potosi, which, it was exThe inhabitants defend themselves in a fu- pected, would soon fall into the hands of rious manner-they know they have no- the Patriots. In the rear of the enemy thing to expect. The Royalists, it is said, another army is forming, that will cut off have taken Pampatar and Fort St Anne ; his communications with Lima. Even from but the rest of the island is in the hands of Cusco it is confidently thought a force will the inhabitants, and they are determined issue ; for the brutality of the Spaniards has to defend it inch by inch. They have con- greatly favoured our cause every where. centrated their forces in Assumption, the All the Americans wḥo have served with most fortified place. The Royalists have them are disgusted, tired, and undeceived.

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BRITISH CHRONICLE.

AUGUST.

Monday evening, the 25th, to blow up a As a fact, marking the extraordinary re- gentleman's gate in the neighbourhood of vival of the trade of Leith, no less than 480 Rutherglen ; a charged bomb-shell had been vessels have already arrived this year with buried under the gate, which burst with a cargoes from foreign ports, being 261 more tremendous noise. Luckily, however, althan last year at the same period.

though it took place at so early an hour, A most extraordinary and unnaccountable and near a public road, no person was hurt. attempt was made, about nine o'clock on The splinters were scattered to the distance

SEPTEMBER.

of several hundred yards ; one of them ton, in the vicinity of Greenock, on the 230 damaged the frame of a window near the of March last, by forcing open one of the place, and another, flying over the roofs of windows, of attacking the said Robert Moris, many houses, lodged in the earth at a great blindfolding him, and holding him by force distance; a third struck the trunk of a on the ground, and stealing from the house young tree and cut it almost half through. some money, and a great quantity of wear. The report was dreadful ; and, according to ing apparel, &c.—and of assaulting and atthe statement of a servant who was alone in tacking Janet Crawford, sister of Mrs Moris, the kitchen of a house at some distance, the and Mary Black, servant to Robert Moris, floor trembled before the report was heard. and committing violence on their persons.

The pannels pleaded Not Guilty.

The examination of witnesses continued

till five o'clock. One of them, Bernard 1.- The materials of the old goal of Edin Hutton, or Hattan, an accomplice, who was burgh are to be sold on Friday, and it will admitted an evidence, was committed to be immediately taken down. This build. prison for gross prevarication. ing was erected in 1561, but part of it is Before pronouncing sentence, the Lord supposed to be older, as the east and west Justice Clerk addressed the unfortunate ends were erected at different times. It was pannels. He said, their conduct was most originally destined for the accommodation atrocious and brutal, and he was well conof Parliament and the Courts of Justice, vinced that their accomplice was as guilty besides the confinement of debtors and cri. as any of them: That it was in vain for minals ; but since 1640, when the Parlia. them to look for mercy_they could expect ment-house was built, it has been used none; and although Hugh M'Ilvogue's solely as a goal.

case differed in some respects from his comLast week, the Scots Craig salmon fish. panions, yet he was to expect no mitigation ings on the Tay were let by public roap at of punishment. He conjured them to £1105 per annum. This rent is only about apply for mercy to God by repentance, and one half of what the same fishings formerly concluded by pronouncing sentence, ordainbrought, when the stake-nets were permit. ing them to be detained in the tolbooth of ted to be used.

Edinburgh till the 6th of October, and then British Linen Company.-On Monday to be transmitted from Sheriff to Sheriff, the 1st, at the Quarterly Meeting of the until lodged in the tolbooth of Greenock, British Linen Company, a bonus of 25 per and on Friday, the 10th of October, to be cent. and the annual dividend of 10 per executed in such place, in or near the town cent. were declared ; and very lately a bonus of Greenock, as the Sheriff-depute of Renof £100,000 was given by the same Com. frewshire shall appoint. pany.

They are all young men, natives of IreIce Islands.The Harting of Liverpool, land, and received their sentence with much for Boston, which was spoken with at sea, saw, on the 13th ult. three large masses of Counsel for the Crown, the Solicitor. ice, so far south as latitude 42—the longi. General and James A. Maconochie, Esq. tude was 49.

Agent, Mr Hugh Warrender. For the The Esquimaux.- This singular person, pannels, Robert Hunter and E. D. Sandwhose dexterous achievements so much a- ford, Esq.-Agent, Mr Daniel Christie, roused the public curiosity about twelve S.S.C. months ago, has returned to Leith with Cap- We have very singular pleasure in comtain Newton. Upon revisiting his native municating to the public the successful country, he learned, with much sorrow, that issue of the labours of our citizens and their his sister, thinking him dead, had died of a committee for a renovated constitution of broken heart. During his residence at the Burgh Government. The Lord Advocate island, the natives were continually flocking has acceded to the desires of the communi. around him, and would sit for hours toge- ty, and has prepared his report accordingly ther listening with the greatest astonishment, for the Privy Council, who, it is confidently while he would relate the wonders he had expected, will confirm his Lordship’s rewitnessed in this country. He proved of commendation, and will appoint the first great utility during the ship's stay in the day of October for a poll election, in terms Straits ; and among other desperate exploits of his Lordship’s report. The honour to he performed in his canoe, was the killing our burgh is very great, in having led the of a unicorn, the horn of which is now in way to a free guild, and in now having suc. the possession of the surgeon of the vessel. ceeded in procuring a free council, of which

Edinburgh, 8th.-High Court of Justi- at least the majority will be in the annual ciary.-Yesterday came on before this Court, choice of the guildry, burgesses, and trades, the trial of Bernard Möllvogue, Hugh which must naturally produce a rotation of M'Ilvogue, and Patrick M.Cristal, accused office. We hope it will be a prelude to reof the crimes of stouthrief, robbery, rape, form in other burghs, and stimulate them and assault with intent to commit rape. The to that patriotism and perseverance which libel charges the pannels with breaking into has here been crowned with complete sucthe house of Robert Moris, farmer in Ever- The thanks of the community, and

unconcern.

cess.

all the corporations, are eminently due to search to find the child, and so did her husthe Lord Advocate.Montrose Review. band, but never saw her till the 15th, when

High Court of Justiciary.-Janet Douglas he brought her home from Halbeath colo was put to the bar, accused of theft, more liery, the child was quite happy when she particularly that species of theft called man. came home. stealing, or plagium. The indictment states, Mrs Anderson, residing at Bell's Mill, that the pannel did, on the 12th day of May said, that on the Monday after the town's last, barbarously steal and carry away Mar. sacrament, a woman with a child came to garet Reach, a child betwixt three and four her house, and asked permission to take off years of age, the daughter of James Reach, her shoes and stockings; the woman called mason, residing at King's Stables, Ports. the child Jeannie, and said it would be three burgh; that the pannel was pursued imme. years old at harvest; saw the child in the diately after, and on the 14th of said month Sheriff's-office when Mrs Reach claimed it: was apprehended at Halbeath colliery, Fife. the pannel seemed kind to the child. shire, with the child in her custody. The William Halliday, residing at Stockbridge pannel pleaded-Not Guilty. No objection toll-bar, remembers a woman and child being stated to the relevancy of the indict- coming to his house about Whitsunday and ment, it was remitted to a jury, which was asking for a drink of water, which having chosen, and the trial proceeded.

same woman.

received, she passed on by the Ferry-road, James Reach, mason, King's Stables, said, and saw the woman and child two days af. that on Monday, the 12th of May, when he ter, on their return ; thinks the pannel the came home to dinner, his wife said his daughter was lost. She had been inquiring Mrs Brown, residing at the gate of Braefor her at the neighbours, but the child head, said a woman and child came to the could not be found : That he went to the gate and asked to get leave to rest her; she Police watch-house, Portsburgh, and also opened the gate and let her in, when she to the principal Police-office in town, and laid down her bundle and the child, which likewise employed the town-crier to proclaim she thought- unwell; that she offered the the loss of the child, but heard no tidings of child some broth, but it did not sup them, her that night : that next morning he rose which the woman said was 'owing to turnips early and went to Whitehouse Toll, to being in them. Witness asked the woman if Leith, and other places, but did not hear she had brought the child from town, she any thing of the child. He afterwards went answered that she had brought it from the on the Queensferry Road, and made inquiry Cape of Good Hope ; that the child looked at several places : that at Stockbridge Toll, very pitiful, and she lifted its bonnet to look he heard of a woman and child coming there at the child's face, but the woman forbade on the Monday, who asked for a drink of her, and said would make her cry; the water ; he made inquiry of a Miss Marshall, woman said the child was three years old on residing about a mile from Muttonhole, who new-year's day; that the child cried maminformed him a woman had called there ma, which the pannel accounted for by say. with a child, and she had given her a penny: ing, a woman kept the child at the Cape of that he went to Queensferry, but getting no Good Hope who she called mamma. satisfactory information, returned to Miss The declarations of the pannel were then Marshall, who desired him to call at the read; she stated that she was a collier's gate of Braehead, where he would get some bearer at Gilmerton, from which she was word about the child, which he did : and dismissed, and having no work, came to from the information he got there, was town, when a woman said to her if she had convinced it was his daughter : that he a child she would get employment at Hal. then crossed the Ferry, and went to Dun- beath; that this consideration induced her fermline, where he made every inquiry, but to steal the child, but she was kind to it, without success ; he then went to different and meant to return it when she got em. places, and returned again to Dunfermline, ployment. where a man said he thought he could give John Robertson, William Brockie, and him some information about the child, and William M.Kinlay, coal-heavers at Gil. desired him to go to Halbeath colliery, which merton, said, the pannel wrought industrihe did ; that he found his daughter in a ously for her bread ; that she was obliged house, but the woman was out; that he to leave Gilmerton for want of employe got a warrant at Dunfermline for her ap- ment. prehension, and then brought the pannel to James Barnard, residing near Halbeath Edinburgh ; pannel was in custody of an colliery, remembers a young woman and a officer from Dunfermline; halted at Miss child coming to his house, but could say Marshall's, and showed her the child : that nothing about them ; does not know the when he found the child, it was very fond of pannel. him, took him round the neck and kissed Mrs Barnard, wife of the preceding withim.

ness, said, the pannel and the child came Mrs Reuch, wife of the preceding witness, to her house, and she thought her its mothsaid the child went out of the house on the er, as she was very good to the child. They 12th of May, about eleven o'clock, to go to staid all night. one Logan's, a neighbour ; made every The SOLICITOR-GENERAL for the

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