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to Lord B***, 460 REASONS for serious Candour,
why Lord B*** fhould
Parry's Differtation on Daniel's REMARKS on Chandler's Dif-
318 course on the Sabbath, 316
on the Proceedings of
Family Religion, 80 Review of the Evils in the Li-
Poems, the Chimney - sweeper tion,
Collection of, by Scotch ing the Word of God, 233
full and clear Dif- RUTHERFORTH's second Letter
478 CHOMBERG's Abridgment of
Scott's Hymn to Repentance, Taylor's Scheme of Scrip'ure
Member of Parliament, 464 TRIAL of the Roman Catholics
235 TRUE - born Englishman's un-
- by Shirley, 231 True Whig displayed, 508
by Gibbons, 317 TURBILLY's Discourfe on the
V AN Swieten's Commenta.
SHERIDAN on the Difficulties of affecting Case of Mr. John Ca.
Socrates, Xenophon's Memoirs WATER-Baptifm, Neceility of, 89
T ABlet, or Picture of hu- WHYTT's physiological Eflays,
тн E. . MONTHLY REVIEW,
For JULY, 1762.
Conclusion of Dr. Sharpe's second Argument in Defence of Chrif
tianity. See Review for April last.
THE Argument from Prophecy, to prove that Jesus is the
Chrift, is certainly of great importance, and ought to be treated with the most exact attention to its genuine evidence, and the most impartial and unbiased disposition to submit to its weight and influence. When any predition relating to persons, or other events in very distant periods, which are evidently contingent, appears to be literally fulfilled, the objectors to the authority of the revelation in which the afsurance is exhibited, must be filenced if they are not convinced; and, though they may still persist in their insults and misrepresentations, must become the objects of pity or contempt with all competent judges of the Argument *. How far Dr.
* The sentiments of the celebrated Mr. Anthony Collins upon this topic may, with propriety, be referred to upon this occasion: " If the proofs of Christianity from the Old Tellament are valid proofs, then is C ilianity strongly and invincibly establidhed on its true foundations. Because a prooi drawn from an INSPIRED BYok is perfecily conclufive; and prophe ies delivered in an in!pired book. are, when fulfilled, such as may be juftly deemed ture and demonitra. tive proofs.---Prophecies fulfilled ieem the mois proper of all argumenis to evince the truth of a reveiation, which is defigned to be universally promulgated to men. For a man, frexample who has the Old Testament put into his hands, li hich contins pr precies, and the New Testameri, which contains their com plecions, and is once fa:isfied, as he may be with the greatest case, that the Old Tolment exifted before the New, may have a complete, internal, divine dumon. ftration of the truth of Chriftianity, without long and lab ricus inquiries.” Discourse of le Grounds and leafins of the Chrijíown Relie 810", Elit. 1724, p. 26, 27, 29, 30. Vol. XXVII.
Sharpe hath succeeded in the-discution of this subject, we leave to the judgment of such as-are qualified to decide upon it; and fall now proceed to give a farther account of the work.
In the sixth Chapter: he considers the diflinctive characicrs of the two lefielgers in Malachi ili. 1. ihe Mclienger whowas to prepare the way, and the Lord, even the Medienger of the covenant. •The million and character of John the Baptist, the forerunner of the Lord of Life, are reprefented with particuli:r'attention, because his history is a proper introduciion to
that of Jesus; his office was preparatory to that of our Lord's, .::, and he bare record that Jesus was the Son of God. The time
of John's appearance, as distinguished by the name of Elijah, the Tishbite, or the CONVERTER, or RESTORER ; and of the Lord, the Metienger of the Covenant, in whom the Jews, in the days of Malachi, delighted, was to precede the final destruction of Jerusalem. Malachi prophesied under the second temple, after the return of the Jews from their captivity; hence it is evident, that his prediction of the coming of a great person cannot be interpreted of Zerubbabel, or any of the Leaders of Israel out of their captivity: and a variety of circumstances fix the time for the completion of the prophecy to the time when John the Baptist and our Lord appeared – The Delight of the Jews, the Mefienger, the Covenant, and the great and dreadful Day of the Lord, are circumstances which ascertain the time to be prior to the fiege of Jerusalem, and the consequent subversion of the civil and religious constitution of the Jews. The birth of John was extraordinary, and distinguished, like that of Jesus, by miracles; which contributed to the great end of his mifiion, fetting a lustre upon him, and exciting a suitable expectation concerning him: which was the more necessary, because he was to prepare the way of the Lord, and to make him manifeft unto Ifrael. John hath the name of two Prophets given him,--MY MESSENGER :
The original word is Malachi, the name of the Prophet, who describes him as the fore-runner, as one sent to prepare the way of the Lord. He is also called by the name of Elijah the Prophet ; and both appellations are expressive of the character and office of himn who was to be sent. Elijah fignifies the power of God, which was as remarkably thewn in the person, appearance, life, and character of Jonn, as of that other prophet who lived in the days of Ahab. The first and second Elias were very much alike in austerity and sufferings, and calling men to repentance; both led abitemious and austere lives, and dwelt in deserts. John, though he did
thou meion, he sent of our Lord, and could many extraordihom
no miracle, was filled with the Holy Spirit, and instructed from above how to discern the Messiah. He knew from the old Prophets that the Messenger of the Covenant, the Lord whom he had made manifest to Ifrael, was to do many extraordinary things; and as he was in prison, and could not be an eye-witness of the miracles of our Lord, to give his disciples the fullest conviction, he sent two of them to ask of Jesus himself, “ Art thou he that should come, or do we look for another?” Our Lord, who well understood the design of this meslage, refers John to the miracles of which they had authentic evidence, which our Saviour juftly calls a greater witness than that of John. John had been witness to the descent of the Spirit upon Jesus, but the RESIDENCE of that Spirit was to be proved by the miracles which Jesus continued to work, and of which lohn, when in prison, could not be an evidence.
Though he had heard a voice from heaven, proclaiming Jesus to be the beloved Son of God; yet, to complete the character of the Messiah, it was necessary that he should accomplish all that had been said of him by the Prophets. And nothing could be more natural than for John, who found himself deCREASING, to enquire whether Jesus ENCREASED; whether the spirit REMAINED upon him, and enabled him to accomplich the glorious works foretold of Messiah in the Old Scriptures ? And if we carefully examine Luke iv. 1, 14. Dr. Sharpe's observations upon this ciicumstance, the continued residence of the Spirit, will receive some additional illustrations. If we reflect upon the number of the people who followed John, and were baptized by him, and the regard they expressed for him both before and after his death, and yet no fect produced in consequence of such belief and baptism, it will, as Dr. Sharpe apprehends, afford a very good argument in favour of the fuperior power, dignity, character, and office of Jesus. And John's excellent character, even amongst the Jews themselves, is such an argument in proof of his integrity, as will make it more reasonable to admit than reject the testimony he gave, that Jesus Is The Son of God.
Dr. Sharpe, in the seventh Chapter, enters into an accurate discussion of the predictions relating to the birth and character, life and death of the Messiah, as given by Isaiah, Chap. lii. 13-15. liii. which he juftly styles a most celebrated oracle, exhibiting to us, as in a mirror, his humiliation, sufferings, intercession, death, and glorious exaltation. In the various circumstances of his life an example to his followers, and to all the world, of every virtue, every precept which he de