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The Gentleman's Magazine ;

ST. JOHN's Gate.

St. James's Chron.
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For FEBRUARY, 1788.

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Meteor. Diaries for Feb. 1788, and Mar. 1787 go The Aurum Musivum ---Historical Paradox 115
Mr. CROFT's Acknowledgem. to Correspon. 91 Original Thoughts on Modern Education
Liberality of the Etonians to a Ciergyman 92 Particula: $ of eminent Artists of old Times 118
Asthentic Explanation of a Literary Secret 94 Medical anecdotes from Dr. Stukeley's MSS. 120
English Slavery in 1255—Mrs. Shepherd ib. Dr. Jortin's Træets and Homer's Odyfl. scarce 12!
Traits for the Life of James Stuart, Esq; 95 An important Point of Discutiion for Farmers is
Speech at the Medical Society, Bolt-court 97 Tobacco, when personified on English Scage 122
The Allegorical Ornament over their Door 98 Ramifications on Wndows, how produced 123
Beautiful Urn discovered in Lincoln's-Inn it. Remarkaðle Anecdote of the E. of Eglintoun ib.
Priviletes of the Fair-Sex strongly vindicated 99 Mr. Berington withdraws a Part of his Plan 124
Original Aaccdote of the E. of Feveríhain 102 Particulars of an extraordinary Madwoman 125
Philalethes' Farewell to J. E. on Subscription ib. Esg laid by a Cock Macaw well authenticated :6.
'Virtues of the Decoction of the Golden Rod 193 (On the Cultivation of our National History 126
Labour and Solitude two rational Punishments 104 Original Lerrer on Salmon Finery in Tweed 127
Character of the Lady of Capta n Flinway 105 The Fairy's Ring-Incorporated Poroughs 139

Local Refidence practised by modern Prelates:b. Proceedings in pictent Seision of Parliament 131
Dr. Lindsay on Water Spouts, virsus Pranklio ic6 REVIEW OF NEW PUBLICATIONS 137-1547
A Play of Terence not very proper for Youth 103 SELECT POETRY, ancient and mod. 155-160
Sunday Schools at Brentford and Acton, &c. 109 Foreign Affairs, E. india News, American Intel-
Entertaining Extracts from a File of Records in igence, Dometic Occurrences
Singular Circunitances of a Hawk and Kite 112 Births, Marriages, Deatlis, &c. 176 -182

Strictures on Harmer's Scriptural Oblerval. 113 Prices of Grain-Theatrical Register, dic. 183

. Remarks-Liberty of Prophesying. 115 Daily Variations in the Prices of Stocks Embellished with a view of the MARKET PLACE 2 DOVER; an ALLECORIC FIGURE from the MEDICAL S CIETY ; a beautiful UAN; and several Figures

illuftrative of WATER Sp'UTS,

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London, trinies by JOAN NICH015, tor D. HERY, la o SANT JOHN SLATE.

METEOROLOGICAL TABLE for February, 1788. Height of Fahrenheit's Thermometer. Height of Fahrenheit’s Thermometer. Weather

Barom. Weather in. pts.lin Feb. 1788.

in. pts.lin Feb. 1788.


D. of
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8 ocl.

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heavy clouds and wind, ftormy s
blustering wind, halo round moon
wind and rain
gloom & wind, halo round moon b
ice, rain, coldc
wind and beaung rain
fair and pleasant de
louring, broken clouds, and rains
rain, ftormy night g
thin ice, bright, hailstorm, sair
white frost, thickish ice, bright &
fair i
fair and ftill
fair. Much grass on pastures &
bright morn, overcast
ditto 1

OBSERVATIONS. The warm days and nights awake dormant vegetation.mob Yellowhammer (emberiza fiava) sings*.- Blackbird (turdus merula) builds.mad Pilewort (ficaria verna) and datfodil (narcillus minor) in bloom.- Draba verna in full bloom.--f Bats (vespertilio murinus) come forth at fix p. m. in queft of phalenæ, though the thermometer was only 43.-g Peaches and nectarines in bloom.-- Dog's-toothed (erythronium dens canis) in bloom.

, The daffodil comes this year long before the swallow dares, and takes the winds of * Yellowbanner, that is, yellowcoat, froin the old Gothic word bamur, a garment. Hence.

lo bammercloth for the covering of a coaca-box.

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OXFORD DICTIONARY OF THE ENGLISH LANGUAGE. *XXXGREEABL Y to the de our shelves, is perhaps the greatest work

tires of the following a by one individual (all things considered) А

mong his correspondents, that has ever appeared in any country. A Mr. CROFT acknow- 'The Efsay, which " Gratitude” mencions

& ledges their favours in and offers, Mr. C. has already marked, ***# this publication. to be transcribed by his allifrants for his

He very much thanks Dictionary. them all. It is his intention to depofit If " Gratitude" do not consider what their communications in some public lic has just been said as praite, Mr. C. is brary, whether he use them or not; ready to subscribe to the following para along with all his MSS. and his philo- sage in Whitaker ; except that Mr. C. logical library.

concludes there were more reasons than D. D. advises kindly, but there have we know, why Johnson was neglected in been good reasons for not publishing yet. the reign, of which Whitaker speaks In the course of the summer it is hoped with more freedom perhaps than even that a volume will be ready, to thew History demands. (what a few pages will not shew) the in (History of Manchester, 4:0. 1775 credible, radical, and incurable defects of book 11. chap. viii, sect. 1, p. 327, 8.) Johnson; the progress made in the new “ I hope that I have executed the whole Dictionary, and the manner in which it “ with such a refpcélfulness to the ge::is carried on.

" tleman (Johnson) whom I mcant par" Gratitude” may be assured, that the "ticularly to encounter, as is peculiarly author of the new Dictionary can never “due to one, whom every friend of virforget what he owes to Johnson. He “ tue muft esteem, and every lover of will praise that mighty man more, in " letters admire ; whose negligencies are fact, than ten Kniglies who write his life. “ merely the disgrace of the reign thac He will say thar, every time he takes up “ left such a writer to struggle with disa Johnson's Dictionary, he is more con “ treties and depend upon booksellers, vinced it delerves to be put into the fire ; " and whole mittakes are the incident but he will also say, that, every time he “ failings of huinanity ; one, of whom I takes it up, he is more astonished to am happy to acknowledge, becauíe it think what the poor, poverty-Aricken, " is doing justice to genius and to bookseller-fold, man has done, and more “ worth, that, for energy of language, and more convinced that the book, which “ vigour of undei standing, and rectitude the new Dictionary shall displace from “ of mind, he ranks equally as the first

March with beauty. Shakspeare's March is but just begun... Bees frequent the male bloom of the willow.- Frogs croak. xo'. Almond-tree and early plum in bloom. Gooseberries in bloom. .- Pear-tree against wall in bloom. Frogs ipawn..., Corinths in bloom.-- Crown imperial in blooin.--, Saxifragiz crathifolia in bloom.--- Blackthom (pruniis fpinufa) in blooin.-s Chartinches (fringillæ colebes) pull off the blottoms of the polyanths, which are beautifully variegated, to eat the parts of fructification.

• scholar

“ fcholar and the first man in the king. guished be a park of disapprobation. “ dom." Were it pollible for the au “ Cantabı." lias Mr. C's thanks; but thor of the Life of Young to insult over Profțliur Martyn has already honoured such a man's failings in the first great him with his 'acquaintance, and giver English Dictionary, executed in such an Mr. C. his father's very curious MSS. of incredibly thort pace of time, Mr. C. a Dictionary on Johnson's plan ; which would study to conlign him to infamy, were certainly put together long before and gibiet his name in the new Dictio- johnson sate down, it is imagined as long nary at ingratitude, or lame ocher (coun- ago as 1744.-" Cantab.” is requested drel- wordt.

to procure the provincialities. Mr. C. Spirie” may send the papers (which collects every thing that may by any will be very acceptable) either to Mr. poflibility come into an English Dictio. Nichols's, or to Mr. Croft, Holywell, barv; though he do not with or intend Oxford, whichever be more convenient. to draw out his plan extenfively enough They shall be faithfully returned. for the lives of ten men. “Spirit” may be allured, that Mr. C.

“ Columbus' fhall find that Mr. C. will follow the example of Hume, and does not forget over how much land che indeed of his ancellor Herbert Croft, English language is spread. America, Bitbop of Hereford, in never answering and American books, will not be nego any attack. Whether Mr. C. be prailed or lected by Mr. C. The American am. abused, truly or untruly, now or here- baffador has taken charge of some letters, afier, for spending his lite upon a Dic which he advised Mr. C. to write, and tionary of his language, the publick will which will, no doubt, produce commubear in mind what was most lolemnly nications from the other Gde of the Alfaid in a lecter by Mr. C. lat November, lantick. which was copied into this Magazine for A Foreigner" will oblige Mr. C. that month. A reference to that letter, hy noting what he mentions, and indeed “ Spirit” may rest assured, will be the by putting down every thing which only answer that ill juilgmg gson-will, Arikes him in learning che English lanhalf-faced partiality, or open envy and guage. Former makers of Dictionaries malice, fhali ever force from the author

for living languages have not enough of the new Dictionary: and be trulis forgotten, that, with regard to the lanthat none of his real friends, by their of: guage, they were natives, and well-inficiousness, will give bim reason to confi- formed ones--they should have pultelied der ihem as bis worji enemies.

the versatility of changiog places, and ** Q will lay Mr. C. under great fould have been able to imagine theinobligations, by bearing him in his mind selves ignorant, unintormex natives, and with regard to such matters as his oblio.

even foreigners taking up the Dictio. ging letter of September mentions. That

nary. No people thall ever see their copy of Skinner unluckily does not ap- language or their customs well explained, piar in the library of Queen's college. corre&tul, or criticilud, bur hy that man

For B. A's improved edit. of his book who is able, whenever he choole, to step Mr.C.will be very thankful. He certainly into the shoes of a foreigner, and to leare means to quote modern bouk: (though those in which he has beco bred and Johnson protefied not to do it), when grown old, and by which to continue ever he thall deem thein neceflary to fa the metaphor which chance las presenta tisfy any of the heads of his analysis of ed) his feet have been fouetz.ed, and Arts and Sciences. The new edition of pinched, and crampeal, and contracted.-Miller's Gardener's Dictionary (upon This correspondent will not be forry to which the world will be glad to know know, that Mr. C. at prefent intends, that Professor Martyn is laboriously em. unless it turn out one of the top-extenfire ployed), will(tor instance) undoubtedly ideas which a determination not to be the be deemed neceffary to fatisfy the head of Quixote of lexicographers may make · Botany, &c. More than B. A. wishes, him give up, to accompany his Englila he will find in the tables, which it is words with a vocabulary of one or more intended to prefix to the Dictionary, of foreign languages, perhaps French and all the books quoted, their editions, &c.; German. with lhort characters, and perhaps marks "A Literary Tradesman" is desired 61, 2, 3), both there and at the quota. to proceed in arranging and deicriling riens, to fav whether the books be fint, the terms of his trade. Mr. C. colleéls lasty or middleinost in point of merit. every thing even of this kind, but froin Every bad word will certaioly be distin. the first quarters, inarking the names on



DiAress of a Clergyman, and Liberality of the Etonians.

93 çach communication now, and meaning be sufficiently wealthy to afford them a to gire them hereafter, fhould he ule liberal education, or to allow them to the particular communication. For this cherish in embryo the plants of koowdetermination, of never accepting any ledge. Without which inftitution, Henthing from friend or affiftant without ry foresaw, that the world, in future meorioning their names, Mr. C. was 0. ages, would be deprived of men of exubliged to Shakspere-Steevens some years berant talents and most extenfive geago. Mr. Wedgewood has promised nius, whole abilities the dark cloud of Nr. C. his terms; and Mr. C. will be obscurity would opprefs and overu helm; obliged even a master chimney as the most beautitul gem, which the sweeper for his. Such communications hands of men have never eradicated from are of the first authority, and, thould the tathomlefs bowels of the earthi, perpeMr. C. not extend his scheme so far, tually lies hid, and trikes not with astonishposterity will find them, and not be furty ment the eye of the spectator. The clergyto find them, in the corner of some publick man I have mentioned was one of those unlibrary, among Mr. C's MSS ; though happy youths who had drustped from the perhaps covered with as inuch duit as lou est class to the pinnacle of the school, the MSS. of the great Junius.

and was then fuperannuated from the "B1,"“ S. A.” “ M. M.” “ Philo College ; a dismiss from the benefits Johnson,

," " " Minthew junior," and“ E of the Founder, which takes place if tymologist," are received, with many they do not procure, or by chance obe thanks. “ Birminghamiensis,” it is hoe tain, a removal to King's college, Camped, will call, in his way through Ox bridge, before they reach such an age. ford.—To those writers in this publica Consequently, all his biopes, which he tion, who have noticed his intended Dec. bad so long cherished in his bofom, w re tionary, it is hardly necellary for Mr. frustrated and detcated; and the garden C. to say he is obliged.

of comfort and happinefs, which had fu Wite men will ice what this bafty long laiu open to his hopes, the genial fcribble is, and will criticize it accordo fruit of which he had so long natura'ly ingly. Mr. Ç. was not willing to be wished to attain, on a sudden was transaccused of ingratitude, until the appear forned to a barren and gloomy wilderance of the account which he means to nels of despair. But it is unnecellary give of the progress he has made in his and indeed Forward in me to enter into work, by those correspondents who pare an explanation of the disappointinent of ticularly desired him to acknowledge the fuperannuated Collegers of Eton, their favours in this useful publication. fince your learned correspondent Mr. F.

If such acknowledgements as these Pigoit, through the channel of your ex- , fould not exhibit fpeciinens of every cerlent lagazine, rol. LVI. p. 448, species of fine writing, it is rather ex. displayed it to us in fuch genuine, higi, cuíeable in a man fomewhat employeel; and pathetic colours; who, urged by or, at worst, there is one comfort, that bounty and noble liberality, pointed out the poor Dictionary-maker is confidered

a plan to raise a fund which inigiit proas niuch too dull an aniinal to be able to vide for thole in such 20 unfortunate write ai ail.

condition, and, much to his hondur, geΕνθασε δη φρουτω τευξεων περικαλλέα νηον, , nerously declared that he should at any Eutyzı araw Trois Xacinto.

time be happy to advance a fun for the Homer's Hymn to Apollo, I. 287. like purpose.

H. C. When the present distress of the cler

gvinan I have abovementiones!, who is Mr. URBAN,

Feb. 22.

poiletled of the scinty income of tortu A ,

rehdes at B-, in the county of a wife and tire children, reached the ears Bucks, was not long since on the foun- of the Etonians, they generously and dation of Eron, the mansion of learning spontaneously raised, oui of their priand scholaltic knowledge, where he had vate purses, a very handsome Bank note, fpent many years indulging with plea which they sent him, hoping that it Lure the expéciation ac length of parti. would in some finall degree contribute to cipating in chote emoluments which the enliven the brow with pinching forrow pious founder Henry VI. hadefablidhed, oppruiled. I have faid thus iar, Mr. for the benefit of those whose attains Urban, left to generous an act should be (withowe luch an institution) would not overwhelmed in obícurity, and at the


Feb. 5.

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