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Jan. 14.

Interesting Question to the Improvers of Wafle Ground.

5 fpirits low; and, after a serious consul at all affect the full-grown sheep, and at tation on his case, they prescribed : and the same time that the dams hould als then being examined by the impatient most universally convey so fatal a dir. plotters of this wicked deed, they pro- order to their young, is to me unacnounced it to be the black rap. This countable; and I should be very glad to was a never-to-be-forgotten roaft for lee it explained by fome more intelligent the two medical students. And, if we person. This newly reclaimed land is may, add to this, that, after the Doctor likewise very unhealthy for all horned had justly established a high reputation catile, generally bringing them into a as a physician, he fent Mrs. Batrie to

violent lax. But it has the contrary efBath for a droply, and that she was feet upon horses, which, I think, arc cured by dropping a child at his door, it sooner freshened and made fat there than may give us a little insight into the upon other land. But as I have some practice of pbyfic, and induce us to say mares with foal, I should be very glad with the Poet,

of some of your correspondents' opinion Better to search in fields for health unbought, about the probable effect upon them; Than fee the Doctor for a nauseous draught. whether or no these young animals will

be liable to the same disorder with the Mr. URBAN,

lambs. Alimpene ing afte ground is a good

I imagine former cultivators of waste deal the taste of the age, I fhall be grounds have experienced the same efmuch obliged to you, 'to insert, in your feets, but I do not know that it was ever useful and entertaining Miscellany, the made known to the publick. Had I ever following account, which may not only seen it, I certainly hould not have be of use to my brother Farmers, but stocked my farın with theep. may likewise be a curious subject of in This land was sown with the best veliigation to the studious in natural common hay seeds that could be prophilosophy.

cured. I have since been informed, that In October 1786, I bought thirty-nine rye-grass, not being of lo luxuriant a cwe-heep of three different persons, and growth, when sown upon land of this let them run all the succeeding winter nature, will not be attended with such upon land just laid down to grass, after pernicious effects. A FARMER. being recovered from a wild Itate. The foil was what is called here a black soil, Mr. URBAN,

Jan. 16. a good deal inclined to the pear earth; FEW people are unacquainted, that in 1785, was very folid, and of good knowledge are only derivative branches confiftence for pasture, the year

follow from a leis number of more comprehening. There were about 100 bushels of sive sciences. And it is an incontestible lime spread upon every acre of it, when truth, that, while we

are ignorant of laid down. The sheep were very healthy the principles of any primitive science all winter ; but, when the lambs came which serves as the bafis to some other into the world in Spring, though large branch of knowledge, we can be only and full-grown, they were almost all ei. fuperficially conversant in that branch of ther dead, or, having no use of their knowledge, of the basis of which we are limbs, grew worse and worse till they by the fuppofirion ignorant. This, Sir, expired, so that only four of them lived leads me to an application of almost to come to the butcher. But the ewes universal excent, and of the last imporwere always well, fattened regularly, cance. There is scarcely any thing in and were all killed for mutton. There which our knowledge is more contined, was only one crop of corn taken off and less clear and satisfactory, than the this new land, which being of a loose general theory of motion, its origin, contexture, the grass upon it grew very continuance, and communication. And Juxuriaotly; and as this sort of grass is since almost all the compass of human generally efieemed very unwholesome knowlexige, at least so far as relates to for facep, I suppose it must have been material obijcers, cortists in the cognizhe cause of this disagreeable effect. zance of motion in some or other of its

The after.grass upon the same fort of varieties, it is evident that the defects of land was this year eat off by the wea this theory must pervade almost every thers, which have likewise fattened and other branch of enquiry, and that our done very well upon it. That this knowlerige of this or that particular let Luxuriant growth of herbage should not or lyllein of motions, luppole a mecha.



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nical engine--an animal organizacion-- dated to the general opinions and taste!", a chemical process--the projection of Monthly Review, for oat. p. 272.bodies--currents, tides, or any natural That such a sentence should be promul. phænomenon-must partake of that oh- gated by those who are generally sup{curity and imperfection which exists in pored to be in the ministry, though not the general doétrinc.

of the establith ment, must be a matter It appears to me, Sir, that men too of astonishment to every lover of conmuch neglect this fundamental concern, fistency. As times, fashions, and other while they are eager in the pursuit of circumstances of weight occur, it may

limited information ; and that doubtless be prudent, nay, expedient, to much labour and genius is fruitlesly em- make some alteration in the phraseology, ployed, in particular lines of study, in and possibly in the mode of 'worship. order to elucidate those motions, or facts, But that doctrines should be accommoabout which persons in those departe dated to opinions and tastes, appears to ments are chiefly employed, which might me rather 'as the sentiments of delcen, more successfully, at least more ratio dant of Loyola, than of a liberal Pronally, be exercised in toiving the gene- teftant, ral question that would not only reflect Neither my abilities nor my leisure a light on their own art, but on the will allow of my descanting further upwhole circle of arts and sciences.

on this subject. Happy thall I think Permit me, therefore, Sir, through a myself, if this slight animadverfion may channel of communication which will induce some able champion to step forth, insure its meeting the view of numerous and vindicate that establith ment, learned and ingenious persons, to pro- which these critics are pleased to carp pole a problem relative to this very im. and nibble every returning month. portant and fundamental point.


Jan. 6.

"HE dream inserted in your last vol. I state this simple problem, Sir, not to the attention of many, will also exhibit présent to your readers a too complicated an obvious contradiction in the sentienquiry. But the investigation of this ments of the editor, since it seems very will doubtless involve a much larger extraordinary that he, who begins his extent of investigation,

lucubration with exploding the fuper. If any of your correspondents will fition of the vulgar relative to fuch hacard a speculation on this very obscure nightly visions, and whole letter is intiand very interesting question,' he will tuled, “ Extieine danger of the popular have my fincere acknowledgements ; and, belief in dreams,” should only make his if I venture to object to any part of exordium the introduction to one of the such speculation, it will be with that can most incontrovertible proofs of such sukour which a love of truth vill inspire, pernatural interpofitions, if the fact was although with the freedom which the as he relates it. For no dreamer, of investigation of it demands.

any age, can produce a more serious If no one should choose to engage in confutation of infidelity on such luba task which has hitherto proved to dif- jects! Nor was ever dream less fatise ficult, I promise, provided you favour factory in its consequence, hoce, though me with the insertion of this, to trans it did indeed aliist in bringing the mur. mit you some of my own thoughts upon derer to juflice, and produced an unthe lubjeet; and am,

common evidence against him to the cre. Yours, &c.

Y. dulous, yet the innocent man loft his

life, as if no such miraculous interpofiMr. URBAN, Hackney, Dec. 15. tion had happened. And therefore this IN N a perioical publication of lome ce dream, like many others on doubtful

lebnty for Oclober last, is the fol. record, can only add to the natural prolowing obfervation. " In order to pre• pentity of the weak, to encourage the feive the refpectability and the influence faith this editor seems to reprobate in of a religious establishment, and sender theory, and to adopt in opinion! For ic productive of these advantages to fun why, as an illustration that the vapours ciety which may scalonably be expected of the night ought to be disregarded in from it,--its doktrines and inititutions the morning, fhould he recount a ftory mult be, irom time to time, accommo fit for the Christmas evening tale of a


Jan. 7.

Female Writers. Dr. Anderson, Dr. Smith, and Mr. Knox. 7 century past, when marvellous narra- can be brought to perfection ; and I tions of ghosts, or dreams of wondrous have often been forry to fee, that men im ort, afforded that amusement which of letters did not seem to think they cards have now entirely exploded :-Or could do justice to Dr. Johnson, unless rather, modern education has expanded they praised his work as poffeffing abjothe mind, and afforded, by the light of lute instead of relative perfection. Ma. geoeral erudition, sense enough to rise ny English words are certainly omitted superior to that superstition which influ- in that work, as Mr. Croft very proenced the unlettered mulcitude of for perly remarks, LVII. 651; and perhaps mer times. It may be observed also, he might have added, that many improper that the dreamer gives no date of the year words have been admitted, which tend when this transaction happened in Ire not only to swell the volume (a circumland,-a kingdom ever replete with mar. stance of small importance indeed), but vellous and barbarous transactions ! D. S. allo to corrupt the language. Dr. John

son was fond of long founding words, Mr. URBAN,

derived from the Latin. This was his ΤΟ O the list of female authors, vol. hobby-horse, and he was at great pains

LVII. p. 884, please to ailed Mrs. !o pick them up with care wherever he Jane Marshall, author of Clarinda Cath could find them, and give them a place cart, Alicia Montague, and the comedy in his work. And as the taste tor coinof Sir Harry Gaylove.

ing new words of this kind was very Brancome describes the unfortunate prevalent about a century ago, many Mary Stewart as potretling, among other writers of that period seem to have acquirements, a fingular ease in poetical thought it intimated a poverty of genius, compofition. If you think the incio ed and want of learning, if they did not Elegy, written by that princess on the crowd their pages with sonorous words death of Francis I. her husband, pose of this kind that had never before been selles a sufficient degree of merit, you used, and which, as being perfectly will, no doubt, give it a place in your useless, never were by others employed Miscellany *. Those who are to judge of afterwards. Such words as these do not, it, ought to recolleet the time when it surely, deserve the name of English was written, and the state of French words, and ought to be excluded from poely at that period. It is transcribed an English Dictionary; or, if admitted from a note in a history of Queen Eli at all, they thould be marked there as zabeth, just published, by Mademoiselle barbarisms only. I had once the curio. de Keralio, and never was before printed. fity to run over the letter D in Johnson's

Does not your correspondpent Pl-t, Dictionary, in search of words of this p. 206, do some injustice to Dr. Ander- class; and there I found some hundreds Ion and Dr. Adam Smith, when he re of words, that neither I myself, nor presents them as having had any dif- any of my literary friends to whom I ference with Mr. Knox? Since I saw howed the list, could recollect ever to that letter, I have looked over the po- have seen in any English writer whatlitical writings of both these gentlemen, ever. It will be of ute to mark such and can find nothing that can authorise words either as obsolete or as barbarisms. that expreffion: nor have I heard that But the radical defect of Johnson's ever either of these authors have thought Dictionary is the imperfect or the erro. the rude illiberalities of Mr. Knox re neous explanation of the meaning of the quired from them any sort of notice words that are there admiited. These whatever. Nor do I suppose they will explanations are in almost every case fo ever degrade their characters so far as to obscure, or so indefinite, as to convey take notice of fcurrilities, which are no accurate idea to the mind of the ig. fufficiently refuted by the whole tenor norant person who consults the Diction of their life and writings.

nary for information. I doubt not but It is with pleasure I received intima. Mr. Croft will apply his chief attention tion of the new English Dictionary un to this very important part of his work. dertaken by Mr. Herbert Croft. No It is not enough that Dr. Johnson has book is more wanted in England than a produced, in his large work, passages good Dictionary of the language ; and from the several authors he quotes es this, I conceive, may be laid without authorities for although it should hapimplying any fevere refle&tion against pen that the word thould bear the same Dr. Johnloa. It is but by now and meaning in the quotation that is given to gradual steps that a work of this nature is in the texi, with the explanation he See it in our Poetry, p. 63.



gives of it (which is not always the rate numbers, that room might be thus cale), ver as our best writers have, on given for farther corrections during many occafions, employed a word in an publication, which corrections improper ferfe, it may often happen that might be inserted into the Appendix, so the reader will thus be lead into great as to render it as coinpleat as possible. perplexity and error. The compiler of In this way, and in this way oply, as I à Dictionary thould understand the lan- apprehend, may we hope to obtain irz guage 1o well, as to be able to give the time a Dictionary of the English lanprecise idea that thould be annexed to

guage, that in point of copiousness, dira each word, and to point out the nice tineness, and accuracy, would exceed differences between that word and on the works of the same kind undertakery thers which in certain circumstances may by the joint labours of the learned Abe synonymous, though on other occa cademicians in other parts of Europe. sions their ineaning is very distinct and

In a Dictionary of this kind it would different. These peculiarities should be be proper to admit all words, whether illustrated by appolite examples, fure they had now grown obsolete, or were nished by the author himself for the oce only provincial or barbarous, putting a casion,--which might be farther corro distinguishing mark, with full explanaborated by paisages selected from our best tions concerning each. The authorities authors. An example of this mode of for each word should also be printed at explaining words occurs, under the arti- full length; and occasionally ihould be cle Dictionary, in the Encyclopedia Brio given examples of the improper use of tannica, published at Edinburgh; to such words even by our most classical which I beg leave here to refer the rea. authors, with the reasons why these der.

were rejected. All this hould be printI am fatisfied, however, that the a. ed in a work by itself, to which refe. bilities of no one man, however intelli

rences should be made in the Dictio. gent he may be, are fufficient to compleat nary, so as to admit of being readily a Dictionary of any language upon that consulted at pleasure. In this way the plan. To supply the omillions, and to bulk of the work would not be so excorrect the errors, of such a work, one

ceedingly cumbersome, as if the full plan, and only one, occurs to me as ef

authorities were printed in the Dictiofectual. Let the person or persons who

nary itself. The authorities could be engage in such an arduous under: occasionally consulted by the curious, taking, when their materials are lo and might be suffered to remain una far colle&ted as to admit of copying touched by those who were perfectly faout the articles for the press, begin the tisfied with the shorter illustrations in work, by publishing gradually as they the Dictionary itlelf. advance onc leaf, or more, as they If you think thele short hints can in can overtake it, in fume Periodical any measure tend towards the perfectMiscellany that is very generally read ing of this great national work, I should by men of letters in Britain (and with

be glad they obtained a place in your out any flattery, Mr. Urban, I know valuable Miscellany. And if further of none so well entitled to that honour elucidations are required, 1 fhall furas your own], giving in that leat their nith you with a particular addrets to me own explanatious full, fimply pointing if called for.

A. B. D. out, by exact references, the writers they would quote as additional authori


Jan. 28. ties, with a general invitation to all ERHAPS, amongst your numerous and persons to transmit to some one, appointed for that purpose, such oblerva favoured with an answer to the following tions as occurred, tending to correct er queries. By i serting them, therefore, in rors or to fupply defects; all of which, your u seful Miscellany, you will confer a when they were evidently right, night particular obligation on B. J. B. be adopted, and fucli as appeared of a

1. Is there any known and cheap compo. doubttul nature, miglit be interted in fition, by wathing over walls therewith, fume future number of the Mifcellany, built with a fost sand-stone, that tenuis to

harden and preserve them froni the injuries accompanied with explanations for the

of leather? farther consideration of the publick. In

2. What are the ingredients of that red this way the work might be gradually composition, much used in Italy for making advancing towards completion; and, at

floors, and is usefulness in respect to durabia proper period, the new work mi,hic Lty ? I have been informed, a principal one hiin tabir mubli led by itself in sepa.

is the blood of cattle

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