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We cannot help, however, observing upon numerous and evident excellencies, that, in the enumeration of their differë though attended with some imperfecent compounds it might have been a tions, than to point the severity of his considerable improvement, had they cenfures against inconsiderable defects. been arranged agreeable to the laws of This golden rule in Criticism seems to elective attractions, rather than to an have been overlooked by the author of alphabetical arrangement. If the dif- a critique on Mr. Symmons's Sermons ferent acids had been arranged alpha- in a late Review *. The merit which betically, their various compounds under the Sermons cannot be denied to poseach head might have been so placed fess he attempts to "damn with faiut that the first mentioned substance might “ praile;” and the faults which they have been known to have the power of may be thought to have be exaggerates decompounding all thole below it; and and dwells upon, and censures with a so on respectively.

very disproportioned feverity. The Our limits will not permit us to enter Sermons and the Criticism are before into the new theoretical opinions re the publick; and whoever, of ability specting the formation of the Sulphuric and judgement, will take the trouble io Acid, or the ideas respecting Hydrogan compare them, will find aburdant Caloric, &c. &c. : for these we must proofs of my allertions. refer our readers to the work itself, pre Give me leave, Mr. Urban, in your nising, that we do not apprehend the impartial pages, to supply the omition, chemists on this side of the water will by giving a jufter character of the merits implicitly adopt all the opinions even of of these Sermons. Their merits are, in. a Lavoisier or a Fourcroy.

deed, great.

The profesional Critic There is much ingenuity displayed allows, that the author poffisies "abiliin the new system of chemical charac “ ties and learning; that the Sermons ters by Mellicurs Hallentratz and Adel, “ contain just remarks, clear and pointwhich puts us very much in mind of the " ed explanations of different partages elegané nealuess and fierplicity of the “ of the Scriptures, with a manly and late Dr. Byrom's Stenography. We “ rational picty: and that in many of cannot help subscribing to their utility, o them the divisions are peculiarly because, by the use of these characters, "happy.” I add, that the Sermons we think it possible for chemilis of dif- discover a vigour and comprehenhon of ferent countries, strangers to each other's understanding, a clearnets and precision language, to communicate chemical of ideas and language, and a happy seideas, and even reciprocally to make lection of the leading and distinguithing themselves masters of each other's pro- thoughts and circun ttances belonging blems and combinations.

to the subjcét, which always mark and Dr. St John, in a well-written Pre- difcriminate the map of genius. These, face to the work before us, takes notice with a waim, but in general weli.go. of a very curious phenomenon respectverned, imagination, and a style every ing the pu:refaction of human bodies; where nervous and dignified,-at time, which we think lufficiently important to animated and figurative in a high decommunicate to our readers in a future gree, and, excepting in a very few innumber, as we imagine the knowledge Itances, correctly just, are the excelleoof it cannot be too generally conveyed, cies of these discourtes They do ho fome very singular and melancholy acci nour to the author, and deserve high dents froin dillection having lately hap- praise. pened in this country, provably from a It were easy to give extracts, which similar cause.

would fully justify the above chara&ter;

but at this time I must confine myself 105. Sermons ly Mr. Symmons; (reviewed in within more moderate bounds. Give a Lerris from a Correspondeni.)

me leave only to refer the attention of " Ubi plura nitent in carmine, non ego the learned to the tighth and ninch ler " PAUCIS offendar maculis." HOR.

mons, as decisive fpecimens of the cha. TO encourage rising merit, and to racter given. call forth buient excellence to the obser. In them will be found the excellence vation ut the publick, is unquestionably of compolition and style, which I have the more agreeable and the more noble attributed to the author. Let the Ser. part of ihe duty of a critic. He who is

mons be read and examined. Let ihe truly entitled to that respectable name will naturally be more inclined to dwell Critical Review for February, 1788.

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Review of New Publications,

527 author be followed with attention in the recourse to the volume, and they will extensive rjew he has taken of the find, on the whole, that LESS, in jusJewish dispensation, in the remarks he TICE, could not have been said. has advanced on the wisdom of its

AUDI ALTERAM PARTEM. plan, its suitableness to the state of ideas and manners prevalent in that

106. Observations on a Design for improving

ibe Navigarion of tbe River Severn, in be early and unimproved age, and its far

Counsies of Salop, Stafford, Worcester, and ther introductory subferviency to a more Gloucester. 8vo. perfect dispensation ;, and the judicious

THE writer sets out with higher enreader will not hesitate to pronounce, comiums on the improvements of turnthat the selection and arrangement of pike roads and navigable canals in this the objects, as well as the extent of the kingdom than we think ourselves war. views, do honour to the author's un.

ranted to bestow, reflecting, as we do, derstanding.

that these fupposed improvements, in. Let him proceed to the historical pico stead of introducing plenty, cheapness, ture, which is given in the beginning &c. Sic. have conduced to draw the of the ninth discourse, of the state of provisions and the people from their the enlightened part of the heathen distant retreats, the haunts of fimplicity world, in its arts and sciences, in its and innocence, to an overgrown capital, morals and religion ; and he will eviinto whose debaucheries and miseries dently perceive the hand of a master; they are plunged. both in justness of the resemblance and in the vividness of the colours. Let both with the Severn, had been planned

The uniting Trent and, Mersey, and him then attend the author in his com

every since 1766, but only the first juncparative view of the two dispensations, tion completely carried into execution ; with respect to their spirituality, their for though an intercourle has been mildness and holiness. Let him hear opened betiveen Liverpool, Hull, and the objections of infidels, of Hume and Brittol, the latter is fill imperfect. A Gibbon, produced in their full force; bill brought into parliament for that and let him weigh the judicious and purpose, in 1786, was thrown out;, a spirited answers of the preacher, full of second,' fince framed, has been warmly good feofe and discriminating know, opposed at Gloucester and Shrewsbury. jedge; and he will be highly pleased to the arguments of the latter town with so able an advocate for Chriftia- this pamphlet is intended as an answer. nity. Let him, finally, follow him to the conclufion, and read that divine al., 107. The Question of Wool truly Aated; ir legory under which he has represented which ibe } Es are excmined for and against true religion, from the beginning to its ibe Bill now depending in Parliament. present state, with the animated and very IN this case of the wool-growers pathetic address to Christians, to vindiversus the wool-manufacturers, the aucate the honour of Christianity by a pure thor of this tract appears in the former life and conversation; and, as before character, to vindicate his brethren he has admired the vigourous under- against the exportation of our wool to standing, the comprehensive mind, and France, by a statement of facls. On nervous, animated style of the writer, this head, see our yol. LII. p. 137. he will now be apt, it he has any plety, to feel the fire of his devotion kindling 108. A Speech on the Worl Bill, which might

bave been spoken in th. House of Commons on in his heart, and the earn finess of his

Thursday, May 1, 1788, on ibe Question of exhortation animating his practice.

adjow ning sbe Confideration to ibas Day If the reader of judgement should

Three Months. proceed, with equal care, to the perusal

THIS orator takes the other side of the of the others, he will, in the conclution, question, and opposes the bill for prohia allow and maintain with me, that these biting exportation with bold affertions, Sermons are juftly entitled to high rank

The bill has passed both Houses, in among the pulpit compositions of the favour of this fide, viz. the wool-manypresent age.

facturers, who are supposed to be effer. Being afraid, Mr. Urban, that I have

tial to the support of the wool-growers. trespassed too much on your patience, I shall conclude with intreating one fa- 109. Observations upon ibe Bill presented to Para vour of your readers : that if, on the liament for preventing the Expormation of Wool. perusal of the present letter, they lhould A proposal to employ 10 riding offi. be apt to fufpect that the writer has car cers within 15 miles of the sea, to cirried his prailes loo high, let them have


culate concise abstracts of the law, and “ can enjoy the protection of a Monarch offer encouragement to informers. He " whose patronage of the liberal arts hao proposes an additional tax on the oil “ made his reign an illustrious æra in used in manufacturing the wool, to an. “ the annals of literature ; at a time fwer the expence of their salaries, which “ when two of the sciences have had he estimates at 6oool. This may do in “ advantages, hitherto unknown in this the closet of a speculator; but placemen country, held out to them in the elare too much out of fashion at present. “ tablishment of a medical school, and

“ the foundation of an observatory for 110. Transaktions of the Royal Irish Academy,

“ astronomical purposes; and at a time 1787. 4re.

“ when every qualification, natural and MANY and various have been the " acquired, occurred io pointing out a attempts to form a literary society in

“ prendent, whose zeal for the interests Ireland. Mr. Wm. Molyneux, the

“ of Ireland could only be equalled by friend and correspondent of Mr. Locke,

“ his zeal for the interefts of learning. established, in 1683, a philofophical so

" Animated by such encouragement, ciety, on the plan of the Royal Society

“ the Irish nation are called on to exert of London, which ended in the contua

" themselves. The Academy, in this fions of 1688. It appears, from the

“ volume, with most respe&ful defer. Spalding Society's Minutes, that such ence, presents the first fruits of its la. an one subfifted in 1707. Their plan

" bours to the publick: whether the seems to have been resumed, without

“ beginning now made shall be reliasuccess, in the beginning of the present

quilhed with disgrace, or this Society century, when the Earl of Pembroke,

“ be taught to aspire to hopes of vigour then lord-lieutenant, presided over a

" and continuance, is a question which philosophical fociety in Dublin College.

" those who have abilities to promote Under the guidance and patronage of

“ the advancement of literature Should Sir Lucius O'Brien, Bart. a physico

“ be informed is left, with all its impor. historical society was formed in 1740,

“ tant confequences, for their exer. to collect matcrials for the History of

“tions to determine.-To embolden Ireland, on the plan of Camden's Bri

“ their diffidence, the nature of these jannia ; of which the Histories of seve “ publications holds out all the advao. ral Counties were published as speci

tages of mutual example; while the mens. This society, who appointed an

great national benefit to be derived antiquarian committee in 1972, cealed

" from this inftitution must stamp their about 14 or 15 years ago, for want of

“ indolence a crime of no less magni. matter for their inquiries. Mr. Co

“tude than treason againft the welfare nyngham collected about seven persons

“ of Ireland. They are called on by afterwards into another society, whom

every tie which can have a laudable he wished to illustrate the drawings he

“ influence on the heart of man; by the was then making at a great expence :

hopes of success, and the infamy of but this also was diffolved after publish

“ deteat; by the solicitations of a natu• ing four 8vo volumes of “Collectanea

“ ral instinct, which will not suffer their “ Hibernica." In 1982 the Royal Irish

“ faculties to rest without exertion; and Academy was instituted, whosé Trans by the authoritative voice of Rcafon actions are now published with all that

“ and Experience, which pronounce caution which characterises the fifter

“ such exertions falutary; by emula. Society of London : for at the head of “ tion; by philanthropy; by honeft the volume " the Academy desire it to

“ pride; by a glorious view of the digo “ be understood, that, as a body, they

“ nity of their country, and the dignity “ are not answerable for any opinion, re

" of human nature. To such a call, “ presentation of facts, or train of rea.

“ Irishmen cannot be inartentive; the “ Toning, which may appear in the fol

“ God of Truth will look propitious “ lowing papers. The authors of the on their labours; and a ray from “ feveral essays are alone responsible for

“ Heaven will light them to success." “ their contents."--This Academy

Preface, by the Rev. Robert Burrowed, professes to unite, in one plan, the A.M. fellow of Trinity College, Dublin, "ihree compariments * of Science, Po. and M.R.I. A. " lite Literature, and Antiquities. It

Under the head of Science we have, “ has been instituted at a time when it

I. An Account of the Observatory

belonging to Trinity College, Dublin. Rather, departments. By the Rev. H. Vilher, D.D. fenior


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Review of New Publications.

529 Fellow, &c. ;--vith plan and elevation By the Earl of Charlemont, President deligned and drawn by him, engraved R I. A. by ). Ford,

The poem is called Dirtamondi (a 11. Account of Parhelia seen Sept. corruption for Dilta 1209.17), by Fazio 24, 1753, at Cook' By the delli 'Uberti, a Florentine nobleman, Rev. J. A. Hamilton, DD,

nearly con-emporary with Danie. The III. Obfervations on the Lunar E. author, after travelling over England clipse, March 18, 1783; communicated and Scotland, comes to Ireland, which by Dr. Ulher.

he describes as eminent for its ferges, IV. A fynthetical Demonftration of or fuys : the Rule for the Quadrieure of fumple Sinilimente passamo in Irlanda' Curves, per £qual ones terminorum Nu La qual fra noi e degna di tama 7]["0","!! 115.

By the Rev. Dr. Y uns, Per le nobile fare che ci manda; Bet of Trinity College.

and the "Dizi onnaire della Crusca' V tion of a ne portable Bar quotes an old Florentine account book

The Rev. A. N'Guire. for a picce of Irish fay for Andrew's

ans or Pemphigus. By wife. 'Irish friezes, cloth, and woollen SI it ini, M.D.

also occur in Madox and Rymer, in the Vintne Extration of Cubic and time of Henry III. and Richard II.; orhei Roots; communicated by Dr. proofs of a prior antiquity to the Eng! Young.

lith woollen manufacture. VIII, History of an Ovarium where. III. An Inquiry concerning the Oriin were found Teeth, Hair, and Bones. ginal of the Scots in Britain. By the By Dr. Cleghorn. Drawn by J. Bal. Bishop of Killaioe. Jard; engraved by J. Mannin and M. His Lord ship supposes the Northern Wall.

parts of Ireland originally peopled from The article of Polite Literature con the adjacent parts of Caledonia, as the fits of,

Scotish antiquaries aflcrt; and that the 1. An Effay on Sublimity of Writing. Irish might have been the children, raBy the Rev. Dr. Richard Stalk, Fellow ther than the parents, of the ancient of Trinity College. (A Supplement to Caledonians, before the invation and . Longinus and Mr. Burke.)

settlement of the Milesian dignasty; 11. 111. Elay on the style of Dr. but that an Irish colony, under Riuda, Samuel Johnson. By the Rev. Mr. called Dalriadans, and by Bede, DalBurrowes.

rheudini, migrated into Scotland about IV. Thoughts on Lyric Peetry. By the year 150, and were completely esWilliam Prerion. To which is fub- tablished there about the year 396; foon joined, an Irregular Ode to the Moon. after which they chose, for their inde“ By the same.”

pendent monarch, Fergus II. fecond lon In the class of Antiquities we have, of Earca, by Muirdeach, King of Ire

1. An Account of an ancient Inscrip- land, who gave him the famous Liab tion, in Oshan Characters, on the Se- fail, or stone of deftiny, now in Westpulchral Monument of an Irish Chief; minster Abbey. discovered by Mr. Theophilus O'Fla. IV. Ancient Gaelic Poems respecting nagan, Student of Trinity College. the race of the Frians, collected in the

This famous inscription was first dif- Highlands of Scotland. By Dr. Young. covered by this antiquary in 1784, who These are the fragments which Mr. presented a memorial on it to Mr. Val- M'Pherson and Mr. M'Arthur, minita lancey, 1784, and shewed it to Mr. E. ter of Muil, call furious Irish or Erfe Burton, who difcribed it to the Right songs; from which the former railed his Hon. Wm. Burion Cunninghame, in fanciful luperstructure on lo narrow a 1785. It is engraved in the XIVih bortom, noi distinguilhing the Erfe from number of the Coliellanea Hibernica, the Irish, and in this volume. Mr. O'F. has an V. Account of a Greek MS. of St. appointment of 2ocl. per annum, out of Marchew's Gospel, in Trinity College the revenues of the Academy, for trans- Library. By the Rev. Mr. Barret, Fellating ancient Irish MSS. and other an low of that College. tiquarian discoveries.

This MS. is written over three others, II. The Antiquity of the Woollen viz. St. Chryfottom on the prichthood, Manufactures in Ireland proved from tivo fragments of Isaiah, and Tome ora. a Paisage of an ancient Florentine Poet, rions of Gregory Nazianzen. Iesakes GENT. MAG. June, 1738.



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up 64 pages, of which 59 contain parts Peg could no longer brook. The spirit wanting in the Alexandrian. The cha- which made her apply to the common racters are equal in lize to those in guardian of their foriuncs to remove Montfaucon's Tpecimen of the old Cæ. this distinction, and to put her upon the frrean Genesis, and bear a great resemo fame footing with her brother, is a spiblance to the Alexandrian, which it rit which we cannot condemn, and resembles in orthography, and in the which perhaps we feel ourselves inclinplacing the chapters both in the margin ed to applaud; but why has it not ex. and top of the page, and in other parti- erted itself with uniformity? The culars, and is judged to precede the end Transactions of the Royal Society of of the 4th century. A specimen of it Edinburgh, though undoubtedly pubis engraved.

lished for the bonour of Scotland, appear VI. An Account of a Number of to be the properly of an English book. small Silver Coins found in an Urn in feller. The volume bears, indeed, on Queen's County, near Ballylinam, 1786. its title-page, to have been printed for By Mr. Beauford.

the bookjeller 10 ibe Royal Society. But Mr. B. refers them to some of the cannot help believing, that his kings and chiefs of Ireland, between name has been made use of, merely the ycars 862 and 870, the work of a to lull the angry passions of the Caledo. Danilh artist, and inscribed with Latin nian patriots; and that Mr. Cadell, by letters of the middle ages, Runic cha- whom, we are informed, the book is racters, and those called by the Irish sold in London, is really its proprietor Oyhan Croabb; with a plate of 12 coins and publisher. and an alphabet.

Of Mr. **** we do not remember VII. An ancient Urn dug up in a to have beard before; and when we cell of flag stones, in Wicklow, 1785. enquired about him at some of our broBy Thomas Green, Efq.

ther reviewers, natives of the city of A List of the Society is subjoined. Edinburgh, we were told that, although

he is a very good man, it was by no 11. Transactions of the Royal Society of means surprising that he had not atEilinburgh. Vol. l. 480.

tracted our notice, as he never gave, HOW far two Societies in this king, and boasts that he never gave, a single dom, incorporated by royal charter for filling for literary property; that his similar purposes, may promote the in naine is to be found on the title-page

of terests of science and of literature, time but one book, a Collection of Hymas, only can discover; but it can hardly be published, some years ago, by the Geo questioned, that the Royal Society of neral Affembly of the Church of Scot. Edinburgh owes its origin to that na land; and that to every Scotchmani! tional partiality for which, if the Scotch appeared very strange, that be should have been fometimes prailed, they have have been employed, rather than Elbeen more frequentiy, and perhaps more LIOT or CREECH, or some other obfejuhly, blamed.

tric practitioner of name, to usher into During the course of the p:cfint cen- the world this child of Caledonia. Si tury ricre bas anfin, on the other side milar reflections occurred to ourselves. of the Tuced, a number of writers de The name of Mr. Creech stands be! tervedly famed in the republic of keters; enrolled with the other names of the and filter Peg, 11, in the last age had, Scotith literati; and Mr. Elliot has, ni aniong her literary domeftics, only a late years, been almost the sole pubfew fanatical divinas and a few perplex. tither of the works of Scorilh authors, od lawyers, can now boast of her hilto which he has, no doubt, purchased at riins, her poets, hei critics, her philofo. their full value. The national spuit phers, and, above all, of her physicians. must, therefore, have been greatly deOf late ycars, indeed, the has even pre- profied, we had almost said, funk into fumed to rcpresent the Icarned inen in ineanness, when it was resolved that her family as fuperior, both in number the Transactions of the Royal Society and in murit, to those in the family of of Edinburgh should nut be disposed of hier brother, Job, Buli; and the renown, to one of tbefe book tellers, rather than which John derives frun eliat fociety given to a bookieller of London. If the which has fo long held iss meetings interits of science, or the honour of the within the manor of Briloch's March, apo kingdom, required a focicy to be repolls to have been a diftinction which corporated by royal charter in Scotland,


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