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Jan. 4.

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Www "06 48"*un uomo in roor. 42 attended upon by those who love and hour's importance to the poor man's regard him. There may be forne dana heart," is Turely fo natural that it canger of linking even a stout leare by the pot deserve much censure. The evenforcible feparation of hufhand and wite, ing chat at a neighbour's door, the Sunpareots and children, in times of fick dar's church.yard politics, the holiday Diefs and diftrefs; nor would one surely, festivities, the rustic games, and athletic with them to be entirely indifferont to exercises, are as welcome to the laeach other.

bourer, as the Opera-house and Almack's The poor man, poor as he is, loves to to the Lord; and who will say, that the cherith some idea of properly.--co say, pleasures of the former are not as well say house, my garden, my furniture ; and earned as those of the latter? Without when his whole domestic establishment these sweeteners, what would be the bitgoes to wreck on a removal to a work. ter cup of a poor man's life! What is house, he is weak enough to grieve a the life of him who is compelled to sufJittle at the loss of things that by use tain a tasteless and melancholy being were become precious to him. He does within the bacred precincts of a work not like to conlider himself only as a house, where the names of freedom, lodges or a guest, though in a much property, and chearfulness, are finer manfion than his owo-he does not known

PHILANDER. wear with fatisfa£tion cloaths, though warm, that belong to the community, and

Mr. URBAN, not to bimkelf. And are not chele re OU will much oblige-me by insertspectable prejudices?

The poor man is comforted under his the following thort account of an intaot poverty by thinking himself fret. This musician, Sophia Hoffman. This child, freedom of his, God knows, is circuin- when only nine months old, discovered scribed by such a number of imperious lo violent an attachinent to musical necessities, that it is reduced to little in sounds, that, if taken out of a rooin effect; but, he pleates himself in ima- where any person was playing on an in.. gining that he polleifes it; and that he strument, it was frequentiv impossible to may go out or come in, work or play, at appeale her, but by bringing her back, his own option. He likes to be the The nearer Nie was carried to the perjudge of his own wants, and to provide former, the more delighted the appeared for them ifcer his own manner. He to be, and would often clap her little even chufes to have the determination hands together in accurate time. Her whether he shall boil or bake his Sun- father, who is a very industrious and inday's dinner. Then he cannot be easy genious musician, applied himielf to the under confinement, abhors the thought of cultivation of these favourable fymp being under lock and key, and thinks no He taught her by a very fingular man deferves a prison who has not com process the names of the notes, and their mitted a crime. To be a cypher in the lituation on thc harpsichord ; and to luca state, and therefore a fave, according to cessful were his initructions, in aid of the idea of some political theorists, does her natural genius, that in less than 12 not hurt him at ail; but he has a mor. months, being then not more than a tal dislike to arbitrary rule exercised year and three quarters old, she could, over all his a&tions. And is it in Eng, with tolerable correctness, play a march, land that one would wish to extinguish a letfon, and two or three fongs, besides these feelings !

a few bars of many other tunes which Laitly, the poor man places some of the had accidentally hearii At the time bis comfort (otcen, it mult be acknow. I first saw her, which was in Norember ledged, too much of it) in social and con last, she was two years and four months vivial enjoyments. The bare mention of old, and had been under her father's thesc, in a poor man, strikes many with unition about a year and a half. She the idea of great criminality, and the played a iellon of Scanitz, a gavot, the air appellation of drunken and idle are libe- of Malbrouk, La Belle Catherine, a Gerrally beftowed with great indignation. nian march, and cany other tunes, with To get drunk, and squander at an ale- surpriting correctness, and, considering houle what ought to maintain his fami. the weakness and diminutive fize of her ly, is undoubredly very wrong in a poor fingers, ic is really unaccountable hown man; but that, after a hard day's or de contrived to manage very diftant inweek's labour, he thould love to relax a tervals, and to scramble through difficult kittle in that place which affords“ an pallages without interrupting the time, GENT. MAG: January, 1788.




or deranging the connection of the har- hibition of talents which nature has, it mony. I observed, shat, if the struck a is hoped, endowed him with for nobler wrong note, she did not luffer it to pass, purpotes, is still left to rely on precabur immediately corrected herself. When rious bounty for his support. If we she had played for about ten minutes, consider his origin, and his unsettled the seemed inclined to quit the instru. course of living, his powers must appear ment; but, on my desiring her to play very wonderful. Ac seven years of age Malbrouk again, the readily complied, he became his own instructor in the meand, to my astonishment, transposed the chanical part of music, and so well has whole, without the least helitation or he succeeded, that, now, in his thir.. defect, into another key than that in teenth year, he has almost finithed an which she had first played it. Her fa- Oratorio, which is said to contain such ther cold me, that he had often beard marks of invention, and such sublime her do the same by many other tunes combinations of harmony, as promises, when he has been left alone at the one day to give us, what we yet want, harpfchord. Of this I had a proof soon an original English style. Independent, after ; for, while I was converfing with indeed, of his favourite art, he poslefies. Mr. Hoffman at the other end of the an active and vigorous mind, which, une room, the transposed “God save the der proper cultivation, may hereafter King" from the key of G. into the key display a combination of talents, sarely, of E. 4. and then into the key of D. if ever, found in a musician. The Her whole ftuck of tunes, I'lelieve, newspapers have lately been boasting of contified of about fixty or seventy, be a laudable propenlity, among the rich fies many which she could play by frag. and noble of the present day, to mufcal

patronage; will none of these step forIt was with a good deal of trouble ward to rescue the name of Crorch from that she could be picvailed on to fong : our already too copious catalogue of but, having once begun, the continued deserted genius? voluntarily, at intervals, to accompany But to resume the little heroine of my " How Sweet in the Woodlands,' narrative. SOPHIA HOFFMAN is cer. 5. Dans votre lit," and two or three o. taioly more indebted to the persevering ther fongs, with her voice. When the ingenuity of her father, than to any eftouches a note which is very much out fort of her own natural talents, for chole of rune, she sometimes ftops, and extraordinary powers which the displays lauglis; het, I have reason to think, her at lo carly an age; at the fajne time it car is not so infallibly sensible of such

ought to be obterved, that, had nature defeéts as Crotch's is reported to be : afforded a lefs favourable foil, tbe leeds for if the dissonant note be itruck by of instruction could scarcely yet bave irfelf, or, indeed, if it do not occur in taken root, much less have produced one of her own tunes, she does not seem such promising fruits froin an infant to be aware of it, or to be affected by it. miod. She appears to be perfectly well A gentleman, I remember, told me, acquainted wiidi musical notation, for, if that haviog put his finger one day on an you thew her any tune which she can organ which was out of lune,

in a room

play, the knows it at the filt glance, where Crotch was fitting, the boy, then and will fiop, her father tells me, at a only three years old, turn:d away with wrongly pointed nore. The foregoing looks of great unealiness, and cried very remarks are hallily made, after a first rehemently when his brother attempted visit. I mean, when I go to London, to to bring him back to the inftrument study her more accurately; and will take He added, that his car was to exquisie an opportunity of giving you more par• as to enable him, when even an uofil. ticular information on à subject well ful person pressed down nine or ten of worthy not only of public aitenuion, but the ke;s together, to name every note

of public patronage.

B. A. which coinposes the found with great rapidity and accuracy. It would be in.


Fax. 13. juflice to neg.ceted genius, were I to


HE foliowing letter was writien in lose this opportunity of reminding the the year 1695 by Anthony Windpublic, of what they leem to be igno for, ela. great grandson of Sir Anthony rant, that William Crorch is ftill living, Windfor, knt. brother of the firft Ba and at Cambridge; and that this extine ron of Bradenham, created by Henry ordinary boy, after maintaining a mo. Vill. Of Sir William Pelhall I know ther and brother for more than nine no more, than that he was 4th fon of years out of a life of ewelve, by the ex Sir Jubn Pelhall, bart. born 1601, and


Remarkable Original Letter of Anthony Windsor, Eją. 43 knighted - Car. I. 1625; and that he dealt with; for this, I assure you, is married a lady of large fortune. The the Secretary s own hand;" giving him anecdote mentioned in the letter is cue a loose feet of paper out of several rious, and not uninteresting. By in others. Sir W. read it carefully, and, serting it in your Magazine, you will I remember, told us of the club that oblige your constant reader,

the substance of it was, “that the Vi. STAFFORDIENSIS. nistry thould by no means be ever in. “ Being now in the 75th year of my duced to take off the penal laws; but age, and thinking it proper to leave you that when they perceived that, by their fome memoirs of the transactions of my connivance and forbearing to put them time, I shall, in the first place, fet 10 execution, the Papists began to be down, as a key to all the rest, a re too popular and agreeable, both to the's markable passage that happened fome neighbours in the country, and to their time before the restoration of the late friends and relations at court, as by K. Charles II. In the time of Oliver's their moral and charitable ivay of living ufurpation, the reputed delinquents and they would not fail to do, and even ro recusants were neceffitated to endeavour be thought by them to deserve the pris to make their compositions as well as vileges and freedom of other fubjeétis, they could; and, for that purpose, to and not the severity of perfecurion attend upon the several committees, merely for their conscience ; then, to both at London, and in the country, as obviate and allay this good opinion of their different circumstances required, their relations and neighbours, the Mi. and make what interest they could for nitry must be sure to fix odious the mitigation of the high impofitions design upon them, which would never laid upon them. On this troublesome fail to be belieyed by the generality of occasion, Sir William Pelhall, a gen. the common people, and then they tleman of my acquaintance, who had night put the penal laws in execution been cotemporary student, and fellow. to what degree they thould think necera reveller, with the great Brauthaw, at sary against them, and the people would Gray's-ino, and by that means had think them kind and favourable to let contra&ted a great friend thip with him, them live. But they must never permit found himleit obliged to apply to him or fuffer themselves to be prevailed with for atlistance. Many years had inter, to take off the penal laws, but referve vened since they had lived together; them as a bridle to keep the Papists out but yer, upon Sir Williain's firit ad of all public employ in their country, dress to Bradshaw, he allured min of and to depress then whenever they the continuance of his friendihip, and thould think it neceffary, or find then that he would confirm it by any favours grow more numerous or in greater fahe could do humor any of his friends. vour and eftcem with their neighbours.” And I have heard Sir William attirm it This, Sir, I renember very well, was to the gentlemen tris friends, at the the fubstance of what Sir W. told us he club or ineering then held in Hen-and- had read in that paper. And I give chickens Court, 'near St.' Dunstan's you this account of it the rather, be. church, in Fleet.ftreet (where Sic Wm. caute as I heard him speak it, and ata conftantiy reforied], that he had expe• teft it as a matter of fact and a real rienced his favour both - as io himnidlf truth, fu I have often rcllected upon it, and others, and that ke gave him the finding our inodern itate-minifters purfreedom of accels to him at any time fuing the laid mechod exactly," &c. &c. fince upon his occasions. And'I rea The writer then proceeds 10 coin para member he told us that he had waited the conduct of Ministry under Cha''Il. upon him once at his clotet in, or near with the infiructions of Cecil, and thews to, the councit-chamber; and being a remarkable conformity between both.

there alone, Bradthaw, after his free Wha, that person was, to whom the a• and familiar way; alked lum,“ Sir W. bove letter is addretsed, I know not;

what do you think I am doing su Sir nor of Mr. Windsor can I furnith any W. answered, he could guess no other other particulars than what I have mene wire than that he was buly about the tioned. * affairs of his grear employ.". Sir (faid :- Bradshaw), I am itudying politics.

Mr. URBAN, They have made me prelident of their N the Court of Aliftants' parlour of council; and I am reading Mr. Secre the Fishmongers' Coinpaoy, at their tary Cecil's inftru&ions' letë them; and, hall in I names-street, ale cight capital pray you, fec tow you Papilts are to be paintings of sith, of which the follow

Dec. 14.

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ing are the descriptions. They were

Number V. cleaned in 1981 by Mr. Spiridiona Ro. 1 A salmon, from November to Jule. ma, and are the only capital paintings 2 A lamper eel, April. belonging to the Company. B. W. 3 A plaice, most months.

4 A bass, March. Names of tbe Fish, and ibeir besi Seafons. $ The allis, March. Number ,1.

Ő A red lump, December and Janújary. I A codlin, Novemb. Decemb. January.

7 A guard-fith, May. 2 A Scutch lobiter, October.

8 A pilchard, April and October, 3 A barbel, September.

9. A breani, February. 4 A jack pike, in most months.

TO A giver smelt, March. 5 A maid, all the year.

11 A sea tench, March. 6 A grey mullctt, Odtober,

12 A Willis, March. 7 A sole, all the year.

Number VI. 8 A red gurnet, September and O&tober.

1 A river trout, from February to Auguft. . The gold and silver eel, all the year.

2 A thorn-back, ail the year. 1. The large river founder, March, Au

3 A black lobster, jue. guft, December, January.

4 A (meer dab, August, II A tench, November and December. S A Glver eel, most months. 12 A small roach, January and September.

6 A Kingston, March. 13 A small dace, January and September.

7 A homeling, September. 14 A green smelt, September.

8 A river coney-fith, December, 15 A gndgeon, most months.

9 A sea perch, February, 16 A lumprey, September.

TO A bleak, most months. Y? A dab, Octob. Novemb. Decemb. Tan. VI A grig, most months. 18 A small river founder, most months.

Number VII. A horfe mackerel, Septeniber.

I A Iturgeon, most months. 120 A common mackerel, September. 2 A salmon trour, from Feb. to Auguft. :: A Fevershym oyiter, from Oct. to Jan.

3 A beautiful large mackerel, May, June. Numbnr II.

4 A fire faw, April. I A turbot, March, and most months. 5 A pope, most months. 2 A haddock, October, Novemb. Decemb. 6 A reci prawne, molt months. 3 Sea crab, March, April, May.

7 A white prawne, May. 4 A green river carp, January.

8 A brown shrimp or bunting, May, Dec. 5 A lea cray fish, November, April, May.

A river crab, May. 6 A wluiting, October, Novemb. Decemb. 10 A fhadd, May. 7 A perch, October.

11 A periwinckle, May and Junc.” 8 A herring, May, June, September.

Number VIII. 9 A Scotch haddock, November.

I A Joanna Doree, Auguft. 10 A thrinip, all the year.

2 A Icate, most months. NI A cockle, Decemb. January, February. 3 A river cray.tish, most months. 12 A Colchester oyiter, from Octob. to Feb. 4 A red mullet, May, June, July. Number III.

5 A Brill, September. 1 A cod, Novemb. Decemb. Jan. Feb. 6 A sea eel or congre, most months. 2 A ling, November and Deccinber.

7 A ruff, August. 3 A river pike, most months.

8 A grey gurnet, gurnard gurney, Sept. 4 A sea flounder, Dec. Jan. Feb. March. 9 Post, or miller's thumb, November. 5 A weaver, December.

10 A right anchovie, the begigning of July. 6 A pouting, November and December.

P.S. The Joiners' Company, whose 7 A char, December, Jan. Feb. March.

-hall is also in Thames-street, have a 8 A scolop, in mackerel season. 9 A green Welfleet oyster, Nov. Dec. Jan. their Court of Alliftants' Parlour of :

capital painting over the chimney of 10 A muscle, December. 11 A sprat, November, Decemb. January.

former Court of Asliftants, small whole Number IV. lengths.

B. W. 1 A hallibut, January, February, March 2 A golden pond carp, most months.


Jan. 7) 3 A grailing or Hunber, January. H

AVING already told you that I 4 A golden smelt, January.

had done with Philalethes and his S Achub, February.

fubjcct (and I agree with him that it 6 A loach, most months.

may be as well for me that I have; for, 7 Large dace, Eebruary.

like the disputant he defends, he will 8 Large roach, February.

have the last word), you need not fear 9. A cole lith, January.

that I am going to enter into contro10 A grey lump, January.

verly with him again. I am only fearNI A Melton oyster, Novem. Decem. Jorn. 12 A shitc Wcci, Yosem. Deteiri jibd.

iul that my filence might Icad him to



: J. E's Farewell to Philalethes. - Parliamentary Debates. 45 exult in the fuppofition, that he has the strength of his cause, if I were dirbeen able to find one at least whole len pored to oblige him by confefling mye timents are at variance with the doc Telf one of the number he has to protrines to which he fubfcribes.

duce, whole sentiments and profeffioas I did not expect the proof he was are at variance in the extreme. But, called upon to produce, because I did not feeling myself quite inclined to sanot think so ill of the order he lo wan crifice my fincerity to my politeness, tonly afperfed, as to suppose he had the fall rather beg lesve to request the insmallest foundation for the bold and in terest of Philalethes with these great decent affertion, that “the sentiments characters into whole confidence he is of a very large body of the ableft and admitted, "ibe ables and wifes among - wisest among the clergy are at variance ibe clergy" (logie ac least or whom are in the extreme with the establilhed no doubt the rulers and patrons of the furms, and that the number is every church), to procurt me the opportunity day increasing.” But I own to you, of fubfcribing again to the articles í Mr. Urban, that I thought myself fee have frequentiy had occasion to affent cure from the lealt suspicion of being to; and which I Thail think myfélf one of the number, even if my vanity greatly indebted to the friendihip of had led me to fuppofe Philalethes would Philalethes if he can obtain ine the ocwith to allow me a place in such re. cafion once more to fubicribe. In that Ipectable company. From the contempt cale you too, Mr. Urban, Thall come ja in which he holds me, I could add but for a Thare of the grateful acknowledgelitele to the honour of his triumph, or ments of your obliged,

j. E.

SUMMARY OF THE PROCEEDINGS IN PARLIAMENT, Sess. V. Debates in the Fifth Seffion of Parliament. France, our natural enemy; a circum.

Tuesday, November 27. fance of the most critical and alarming TH

HE Speaker having returned from nature to this kingdom, as the Dutch,

the House of Peers, and taken his from their firength and local situation, seat in the chair, ftated, that, agreeably if thrown into the scale of a potent rival to act of Parliament, he had illued bis nation, would give it a preponderancy writs, during the recess, for the elec- dangerous to us in the extreme. Where tion of members to represent the bo. then could be found terms to exprtis roughs of Caloe, New Windfor, and our gratitude to the Sovereign and MiDartmouth, vacated by death. The nistry, whose wisdom and fiimness had following members then took the oaths averted this danger? The King of at the table: Edward Bastard, esq Earl Prullia, led by a conformity of interefts, Gower, Jof. Jekyll, eiq. Reg. Poole had avowed his intention to allilt the Carew, eiq. Jol. Grant, ciq. Ld. Fred. Stadtholder, even at the time that Campbell, William Wemyss, esq. Sir France had declared herself determined Charles Gould, and Lord Mornington. to support his rebellious enemies. At

The bill to prevent clandestine out this crisis, the spirit and alacrity of our lawries having been read thort; measures gave independance to our old

The Speaker produced a copy of the and natural ally, while our moderation King's Speech (ice p. 1058 of the pre- wisely preserved the peace of Europe. ceding volume); which being read, He pointed out the advantages of the

The Hon. Dudley Rider, member for treaty with Helle Callcl. The proximity Tiverton, rose to move the address. of that country to Holland vould en. He was happy, he said, that on the pre- abic its troops to act with the most powe fent occasion he had only to give a de- erful effect: nor was this the only becail of fa&ts, of which the best eulogium nefit attached to the menfuie; by the would be a plain representation. He fubftitution of these fubfidiaries for iben described, in animated terms, the Englih forces, a confiderable number lare situation of the United Provinces, of our most useful felloivo fubjects would in which a-desperate faction had nearly be kept to the labouts of the loom and obliterated every trace of civil govern- the field. The pallage in the speech, ment. This fačtion, it was fuperfluous, which recominends that our distanc from the nucoriety of the fact, to say, pollelsions Tould be put into an adewas hostile to Great Britain in the same quale posture of Jetence," deferved proportion that it attached to much prasle. It, un ex station, any



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