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Particulars of the Seizure of the Princess of Orange. 403 tulty, but absolutely refused Mt. B's ther, probably, no woman was ever som offer to fend off the exprefs in one of escorted. The officer who conducted our chailes, and to accompany it, in us was, however, polite after his faorder to haften its return. All that we thion. He stayed, at first, with his sivord could obtain of this officer, worthy by drawn in the Princess's chamber; but his rough manners to terve in the Vry some of her Highness's attendanis havCorps, was to permit Mr. B. to write ing observed to him that this was not at some lines to Gen. Van Ryffel, with all proper, he made no difficulty of putwhich he fent a horseman of his com- ting it up again into liis scabbard. He pany.

carried his politeness so far as to offer I next observed, that, as it was but her Royal Highness and her suite wine three leagues from the place where we and beer, and even pipes and tobacco, were to Van Rysel's quarters, it was sitting cross-legged by her side. Her not proper to keep the Princess waiting Highness readily forgave him this want in the middle of the road till the return of respect, plainly teeing that he was of the express, and I desired the officer good kind of bruie, whom chance had to conduct us to some place in the neigh- made, from a thoemaker or a taylor, bourhood, where her Royal Highness captain of the Vry Corps. might be more at her case. To this he After lome hours, ier Highness reconsented, and we prepared for our de- · ceived a visit from the commilioners of parture. Part of the cavalry and the the States of Holland residing at Woervolunteers went behind the carriage, den. Her suite went into the next making such a noise as I suppose high- room; but I must observe, that, during waymen would do upon a good prize. the conversation these gentlemen held I could not observe the lealt discipline with her Highness, they kept the officer or lubordination in this whole troop, of the Vry Corps confantiy in the room, except what was thewn by the lieute. whence I conclude that they considered nant of horse to the officer of the vo her as their prisoner. They begav by lunteers; he never spoke to him but asking her Highness the morive of her with his hat in his hand, and we saw journey, and it the mcant to go to the plainly that he depended on him for lris Hague. She satisfied their enquiries, orders, though the latter was not at all and did noi conceal from them her fura depended on by his miserable troop. They prize at what had happened. They placed themselves behind and before the then made their excules, and endeacarriage just as they thought fit. In this voured to palliate their conduct, conconfusion one of the Princess's coach- cluding with telling her, that they had horses took fright, and I expected every been obliged to keep to their orders, moment they would overset the coach which were extremely strict; that they in one of the dykes on each side of the had dispatched an exp ess to the Stales, road. Mr. B. and I leaped out of the to inform them of what had happened, carriage to affitt, but the Vry Corps had and to get their farther orders; that, the intolence to hinder us. Meanwhile till the return of the express, it was imthe Princess's fervants disengaged the pollible for them to let her proceed on horses from the traces, and we let off, her journey; and that they defired her conducted like prisoners, we knew not to choule Tome neighbouring town to where. On the road, we learnt that pass the night in. They proposed to they were carrying us to a place called her Woerden or Schoonhoven. 'She had the Goverweise Sluys, where we ar at first proposed Gouda, which was rived at seven o'clock in the evening. Dearett; but as they made many diffiThe Princess and her suite were con culties, and were apprehensive of an ducted to the quarters of the commander insurrection, the did not insist on it, in of the Vry Corps, who was ablent. order to prove the fincerity of the are The volunicer officers of the troops thit furances which the had given them. convoyed us carried us all together into She had also thouglit of retuming back the same room, and her Royal High to Leerdam, but the difficulty of getnels's attendants into another adjoining. ting horses made her determine for They placed contine's at all the doors, Schoonhoven, whither two of the comand took the moll ridiculous précaulle mileners accompanied her with an ons, to far as to cause three soldi.r's, cicort of hoile. with their livords drawn, to accompany

It was about midnight when we are one of her Highnets's waiting-maids, rived there. Her Royal Highness wrote wbu liad occalion to go to a place, whi- imicdiately to the Grand Pentiuner and

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the Secretary, and having in vain wait ceding the Conqueft, is a sufficient exed all the 29th for an ansiver from the cuse for our neglect of that period. CerStates of Holland, not only to her let tain it is, that these materials are not ters, but also to the express from the large, being almost contined to the commiflioners, me thought it was most Saxon Chronicles above-mentioned ; adviseable to return to Nimeguen. At while, after the Norman settlement, our four in the morning she quirted Schoon. numerous historians, chiefly of Norman hoven, after having quietly palled 36 race,

or under Norman patronage, hours there without attempting to fur throw a blaze of light around them, mount the obstacles raised to her depar- which renders even minute parts of our ture; because, as her intentions were history conspicuous. But the attachJaudable, she had nothing to reproach ment of thele writers to the Normans herself with, and feared nothing, but made them pass, the more ancient his. was perfectly resigned to all that could tory of England with an invidious par. harpen to her. Her Highness received fupony, while they regale us with every ac Tart from the States ibe answer so incident of Norman times in full dite. long expected, at the moment we were play. This partiality of our original about to cross the Leck; and you know, writers has affected our antiquaries and Sir, that the contents of these letters friftorivgraphers; who, infiead of runwere not such as to induce her Royal' ning counter, as theybught, to this disa Highness to stay any longer in the ter- position, have been drawn into its vorsitory of Holland. During our stay at Yet it is certainly a matter of the Schoonhoven, we heard that the Rhin- easiest conception, and most palpable grave had spread a report that the truth, that the most obscure period of Prince was marching with a body of 10 our history was exactly ihat which reor 12,000 men to his town, and had quired the most illustration. So that fent before a detachment of huffars, un our Antiquaries, who have confoed der prerence of coming to her relief, what little researches they bave made to bu: ihat the inagiftrates had refused the Norman and later periods of our thein entrance, saying, that he would history, have acted in diametrical op.. be answerable for the tranquillity of the position to their duty, both as patriots town. A plealant idea, to make people and as antiquarics. believe that your Serene Highness was Another rcaton for neglecting the marching with an arıny, of which your earlier parts of our history is, the diffic' August Contort formed the advanced culty arising from the heprarchic divi. guard. I have the honour, &c. fion. It is certainly a matter of fome

difficulty to give a clear history of lix Letters to be People of Great Britain, or feven small kiogdoms; but, as the

on tbe Cuisivation of ibeir National Greek proverb bcars, all excellent ibings History.

are dificult; and the greater the difti. L ET TER IV.

culty, there is the more merit in good plan, namely, wherein the neglect sent the same difficulty, in their early of our lyftory chichy lies, it will be history, and generally to a far later pia proper to point out, forfit

, the period of riod than England: but their antiquaour history which has been lcal illus. ries have only been excited, by this rated; and, secondiy, the particular difficulty, to exert the greater accuracy provinces of historical research, which and care, Our heptarchic history is have been least cultivated among us. not only totally neglected ; but our

The period of our buitory which has writers think proper to apologize for been lealt illustrated, Itrikes at once, as their own indolence, by informing us being that preceding the Norman con that it is not worth writing. Mr. Hume, quett. It is indeed a mortifying reflec- tensible of the great carelessness with tion, that Englishmen thould think the which he had sketched this part of Eng. Listory of their own ancestors of no mo. lih bittory, quotes Milton, as saying, ment, in comparison with that of the that the wars of the heptarchic ftati's are Norman princes and their followers, not more important than those of crows who fettled in this country; thouid aod kites. But this is like the rett of seem to think England of no account Mr. Hume's quotations; for Milton, till it became a prey to Norman rava in that patrage, 1pcaks not of heptargers! Pertaps it may be faid, that the chic wars, but of a palery squabble bewant of materials for our history, pita tilcen iwo noblemen of that time. Iako



Letter IV. on the Cultivation of our National History. 405 his own words, p. 183, edit. 1671, 4to, glaring features of our constitution, and of his History of England : “The carried the despotifin of the Stuarts fame day Ethelmund at Kinneresford, along with him through all our history, passing over with the Worcestershire Nor can any problem in mathematics be men, was mec by Wcollian, another more certain than that it is impossible nobleman, with those of Wiltihire, be- either to write or read history properly tween whom happened a great fray, by retrogression. The knowledge of wherin the Wiltshire men overcame, the ancient part is not only neceflary in but both dukes were Nain, no reafon itself, but necessary to understand the of thir quarrel writ’n ; fuch bick- modern. To a philosopher, the anerings to recount, met oft'i

in these cient part the most interesting, from cur writers, what more worth is it than the strong and uncommon views of huto chronicle the wars of kites, or crows, man nature to be found in it. Nay, to flocking and fighting in the air?” The a common reader it must be the most fact is, that the smallest of the heptarinteresting, from the greatness and finchic kingdoms was superior in fize and gularity of its events. In early history power to any one of the heroic king; alone are found those great incidents, doms of Greece, whose bistory we read and total revolutions, which elevate and with so much attention ; and the whole surprize. The modern history of EuGrecian story, till the period of Alex- rope confifts merely of wars which end ander, is not in itself more important or in nothing, and in the filthy chicane of interesting than our heptarchic. The politics, lo disgusting to every ingenugenius of the authors makes all the dif ous mind. Since the eleventh century. ference; and this genius, it is hoped, will the several kingdoms and states of Eu. not always be wanting in ours. Those, rope remain almost the same; and ang who think history becomes important in radical revolutions which have happenproportion to the size of the country ed might be comprized in a few pages. concerned, thould confine themselves to The period of great events begins at Audy the Asiatic empires, and leave the fall of the Roman empire, and lafta real history to those who know its na

till the cleventh cenzury. ture. It is in minute history that we The History of England, excluding find that picture of human fociety which that of the Romans in Britain, falls in. most interefts the philosopher.

10 tivo periods; from the arrival of the It is suspected that a third reason Saxons to the Conquest; and froin the why the period preceding the Conquest, Conquest till now. Each period conby far the most important of our his tains about leven centuries. In Greek tory, is neglected, originates from the or Roman history, either period would writings of an English philosopher, Lord occupy much about the !ame room. Bus Bolingbroke. In his Letters on Hif the proportion in ours is, that the fora tory, this writer considers the early bila mer part fills half a volume; the latter, tory of any country as quite uselels, and seven volumes and a half! In Mezeray, regards the modern part, beginning at the

part af French history preceding the the Emperor Charles V. as alone worth year 1056 fills two volumes and a half; study. This superficial opinion, of a that fucceeding, four volumes and a oncé fashionable author, had perhaps half. This latter proportion is superior great weight with thole who knew not

to ours; and we might at least allot two ehat it is impossible to have any real volumes out of eight for the period preknowledge of the modern history of any ceding the Conqueft. As it is, every country without beginning the study at one may judge that the former period its fountains, in ancient events and of our history must be miserably abridge

One might as well think of ed indeed; and it is much to be withid building a house by beginning at the that some alle writer would give us an garrets. Nay more, the foundation is history of England preceding the Connot only to be begun at the proper quest, at due length. Materials he will place ; but, as every part of the super- find not wanting, if he brings industry Trudure ultimately retts upon the foun to discover and to use chem. dation, this radical part muti be exa

PHILISTOR. mined with far more care and attention than any of the rett. Mr. Hunc began Mr. URBAN, Oxf.

- Coil. Apr. 1S. his history with the Stuarts, and so wrote backwards. The consequence


nel to convey information, I take is, that he has quite mistaken the most the liberty to trouble you with a fesye


Jines, and I do not doubt but the greater In front there was a porch, which had a part of your readers will congratulate large door with a wicket, which opened themselves upon receiving a piece of lite to a court or small square. The prinrary intelligence. A gentleman of this cipal entrance to the house was by an univerfity, alieady well known, at least ancient door in the left wing to a cloito a few, for his affiduity and uncom ster-like paliage with strong perpendi. mon application in claitical learning, bascular open bars, which led to the hall, now some thoughts of compiling an &c. and over the passage was a gallery vniversal index to all the Greek clasics. leading to the best, or what was called This intention he has communicated but the painted chamber, from the cieling to a few; but, as soon as he has hnilhed ornamented wi:h stars. The door in a laborious work which at present em the right wing led to the brewhoule, pors his cime, and which is expected walhhouse, and other offices. The girwith great impatience by bis friends and ders or inain beams of the house were the publick, I make no doubt but he will very large ; and some of them had an znake his defign known, and, by puls. altragal and hollow, clumsily worked Jithing proposals, acquaint the friends of with the chissel and gouge, by way of literature with the meatures which he ornament, small planes not being in use means to pursue, and with the whole at that time; and the gable.ends of the extent of the undertaking. It is unie house and porch were likewise orna. necutary, and indeed it would be in mented with carved Gothic cornices of pertinence, to say any thing concerning oak or chesnut. A fath-window bad The utility of such work, but it must be been added to the parlour in the left wing the laisour not of months, but of years. fronting the church. -I have only to wish, that his plan, Having been many years occupied by whenever it is made public, may meet - poor families, and becoming ruinous, it with the approba:ion of the learned, and was taken down by the present improfind support and encouragement anong priatrix, in the year 1776 ; fince which the friends of literature and merit. I time no other has been erccted. hope the information which I have com The two views here exhibited [Plates municated to you will be received with I. and II. ) were drawn in 1767. pleasure by your readers; and that those Prom the fame publication we shall from whom patronage can be claimed, extract part of a letter from an ingenious cominunications obtained, and encou naturalist to Mr. Thorpe on the lubragement granted, will not hefitate to ject of ihe two thells in our last month's protect and support an undertaking place (lec p. 321.) which nothing but labour and industry

Diriford, 08. 4, 1786. can accomplith, and which ought to be as warmly embraced by the opulent, the ing two kinds of turbines on the other lide

“ If you recollect, I mentioned my find. great, and powerful, as by him whose of the hill farther on the Bettham-road, just wishes are good, but whole influence a

descending from the top. I have ske!ched mong thoulands is small and circum. them here for your inspection. I have not fcribed.


duplicates of both, or would have presented

them to you ; that which I have sent for DESCRIPTION OF THE OLD PAR your acceptance is rather smaller than that SONAGE HOUSE AT BEXLEY IN

which remains with me; the other I may KENT;

get for you one time or other. I have had

several, and have given many away. No From THORPE's CUSTUMALE ROFFENSE.

2. I feldom have seen larger, but many With Two Views, copied by Permifion less; I may say the fame of No 1. The from ibat valuable Work.

months of every one I have met with have

been broken, and the apex not perfect by HE parlonage-house stood opposite T

two or three spires for the moit part. I the upper gaies of the church-yard; and was one of the most ancient edifices compare N° 1. with the curbo terebra of of the kind in this diocese.

It doth not

Linnæus, p. 1239, No 645, which you may

fee a figure of in Lister, Conch. plate 591, appear when it was erected; but, from

N° 56, and in his Conch. Angl. t. 111. f. the form and itule of its architecture, 8; alfo in Penn. Br. Zool. vol. IV. p. 130, was judged to have been in or about the time of Edward IV. It was built

“ N° 2. seems to be figured in List. chiedy with chetnut, and coolilled of Conch. plate 122, No 18, called by him many strong punchins with diagonal buccinum fuicum, nodosis striis distinctum ; picces of in.ber, and plastered betwuca. though in fume parts it taure resembles N

N“ 113:

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