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House in Edinburgh where Mary Queen of Scots was confined. 313 ing brought to Craigmiller's lodgings, three diftin&t causes. ist, The close who was then Provost of the town, a connection which in early times sublified strong guard was placed upon her, and between Scotland and France, and, of The was left to her rest, without so much course, the adoption of the French mode as any of her maids being allowed to of building. 2dly, The desire (in tuwait upon her; all which the bore with bulent times) to be under the protection a patience and fortitude of mind become of the cattle. And 3dly, the fingular ing a Christian Queen : only as she was situation of the old town, which, being carried along the streets, the could not built on the ridge of a hill, gave oppor. refrain from thedding abundance of tunity of making the backs of the houses tears, caused by the vile and scurrilous ten or twelve stories high, although the reproaches of the mob.

fronts of them towards the street appear The next morning, when she looked to be only fix or seven. out of her window, the first object that Fig. 2, in the same plate, is an ancient presented to ber fight was a banner, seal of block tin, found in making the fully displayed, and fixed foregainst her South Bridge at Edinburgh, A.D 1786, window, whereon was painted her dead and is in the possession of James Brown, husband King Henry, lying under the esq; architect. It is fuppofed to be the Thade of a tree, with the young Prince arms of Arnot, and is a specimen of the upon his knees, with these words pro. seals used for writings, impressions of ceeding out of his mouth, Judge and which were directed to be given in to revenge my cause, O Lord! Upon the the sheriff-clerks of the different coun-, viewing of this The burst into tears; and ties in Scotland, by act of Parliament in calling upon the people who were gaz- the time of Queen Mary. ing upon her in the streets, the said, Fig. 3, is a white cornelian seal, found, Good people, either satisfy your cruelty in 1772, to the South of Lundie-house, and hatred by taking away my miserable Fifethire, in the field renowned for the life, or relieve me from the ban.ts of battle fought between the Scots, comsuch inhuman and miserable traitors, – inanded by Conftantine their King, and This being spoken and accompanied the Danes, led by their King Humba with all the moving circumstances of the and his brother Habba, in the ninth cena brightest Majesty that ever sun shined tury. The feal, if dropped at that batupon in the greatest misery, it was no tle, is supposed to have been the spoil wonder that their hearts were melted of the Roman provinces, and could not into compassion : so running immedi. be the workmanship of either of those ately to arms, they had certainly see her nations. This feal is in the possession ar liberty, had not the rebels softened of Lady Rachael Drummond. their tempers by telling them, that they

Yours, &c.

O. R. were going to convey her to her palace of Holyrood-houle, where she was to have her liberty as much as ever. To. Mr. URBAN, St. Alban's, April 9. wards the evening the was conveyed to 03

BSERVING in your valuable Maher palace, accompanied by the accla- : gazine for March, p. 225, a copy mations of a mob : but the rebel Lords of an original letter of the Protector immediately met in council, to consider Cromwell; it has induced me to subwhat was further to be done; and it was mit one from the original in my puso agreed to amongst them, that she fnould fellion, which if you think worthy a be sent prisoner to the castle of Loch- place, you will oblige, levin, to remain chere during her life,

Yours, &c.

T.C. and that the royal authority Thould be For Colonell Cox *, Captaine of the Militia established in the person of her son t.”

troope in our county of Hertford, Thele. It mav not be amiss here to say fome. For our special service. thing respecting the peculiar species of

To be left with the Poft M'r of architecture formerly used in Edin

St. Alban's to be speedily sent. burgh. It seems to have arisen from S'r,

BY our last letters to you, we ac* Sir Simon Pretton, of Craigmiller, was quainted you what danger the commonLord Provost of Edinburgh A.D. 1567.

+ See Makenzie's Lives of the Scotch * Colonel Cox then lived at Beumont's, Writers, vol. III. p. 294-Spotswood's Hila a farm Little more tban a mile from St. Ala tory--and Crawford's Memoirs.

g’s. CENT. MAG. April, 1783.


party, who were designing new insurrec O first rank among all the Christian 314 Letter of Oliver Cromwell.-Lincoln Charitable Assembly. wealth was then in, from the old cavalier Mr. URBAN, Lincoln, Marcb 2.

HARITY obtains the tions within us, whilst their head and master was contriving to invade us from abroad, virtues; and the fervent manner with and thereupon desir'd your care and vigi- which it is every where recommended lancy for preserving the peace, and appre- and enforced,' eminently distinguishes liending all dangerous perfons. Our intele Christianity above every other religion. are more allur'd of their resolutions to put rality of mankind are more miftaken,

But there is nothing in which the gene. in execution their designs aforesaid within a very short tyme, being mich encouraged than the true essence of this virtue. from fome late actings of some turbulent Charity does not consist in the mere dis. aud unquiet spirits, as well in this town as, tribution of alms, or indiscriminate reelsewhere, and who, to frustrate and ren lief of every supplicant. It is to be eftis der vayne and frutlelle all those good hopes mated from the heart. A truly charitaof settlement which we had conceived from ble person will regard all his fellowthe proceedings of Parliament before their

creatures with an eye of love and ten. adjournment in June last, framed a trea

derness; their distreses will always find fonable petition to the House of Commons,

a ready tear, and their wants a supply by the name of the Parliament of the Commonwealth of England, defigning thereby proportionable to his circumftances and not only the overthrow of the late petition

situation in life. Yet his philanthropy and advice of the Parliament, but of all that

will not prevent him from making the hath been done these seven years, hoping proper distinctions in the objects of his thereby to bring all things into confufion; charity, or from selecting, among a and were in a very tumultuous manner pro- number, a few worthy persons, who curing subscriptions thereunto, giving out, are more peculiarly deserving of his asthat they were encouraged in it by some filance. And there are in the neighmembers of the House of Commons: and bourhood of every one persons of this I be truth is, the debates that have been in description. The hapleis orphan-the that House since their last meeting have had widow linking under poverty and sorrow; their tendencie to the itiring up and che- oppressed by a number of children, de. thing in fourteen vaies but debated whether prived of the only comfort that could

render the afflictions of life tolerable to they should own the government of these nations, as it is contayned in the petition her, and which enhanced all the joys of and advice w'ch the Parliament, at their

it-ihe man who has seen better days, former fitting, had invited us to accept of, but whom unforefeen accidents have and had sworn us unto, and they them

reduced to indigence-to fuch does true selves also haveing taken an oath upon it charity open her arms with the warmest before they went into the house. And wee, and most sincere exprellions of love and judging these things to have in them very protection. dangerous consequences to the peace of this The wisdom of the Legislature has nation, and to the loosening all the bonds of taken care that every parith shall pro. government, and being hopeleffe of obtain

vide for its own poor. To relieve the ing supplies of monies, for a fuering the casual itinerant beggar is, therefore, tó exigencies of the nation, from flich men as

counteract the intentions of the Legislaare not satisfied with the foundation we

ture, and, in many instances, to prostand upon, we thought it of abfolute neceffity to diffolve this present Parliament,

mote vice, and encourage idleness. Bewhich I have done this day, and to give you pass before our eyes are not the most

sides, the distreiles which every day notice thereof, that you, with your troupe, may be most vigilant for the suppretting of deplorable in themselves. “ The comany disturbance which may arise from any mon fupplicant (as an elegant author party whatsoever. And if you can hearc of has obferved) submits, without a blush, any persons who have been active to pro to solicit alms of all he meets; and, mote the aforesaid treasonable petition, that from having been always involved in you apprehend them, and give an account poverty, his idças of happiness are acthereof to us forthwith. And wee doe fur

commodated to his state of penury. But ther let you know, that we are sensible of there are others who feel a more delicate your want of pay for yourselse and troope ; ani doe allure you, thal effectual care thall forcing them into the world to seek re

difress, and, instead of their misfortunes be taken therein, and that without delay; dreis, the recollection of their past hapo .and I rest, your loveing friend, H'bireball, fabr.

pier lot drives them into folitary retiree

OLIVA P. 46 1697

ment, there to lament their unhappy fate."


Lincoln Charitable Asembly.Justices of the Peace. 315 There is an institution at Lincoln our, of those who apply to have their which I do not remember to have met names inserted in the commision, in a with at any other place, calculated to very few years it will be found difficult relieve private aflictions of this nature. to prevail on men of fortune and abiliA lady' and gentleman, who wish to re ties to act, and run the risk of attending lieve some widow in distress, or some quarter fellions. You may observe, I person of reduced circumstances, make have united fortune and abilities as tivo what is called a charitable assembly for indispensable requisites ; for I am so un. them. They fix upon an evening, and, fathionable as to think, that these united in their own names, send cards of invi. are absolutely necessary towards forming tation round the town,

requesting the a respectable bench of justices. Without favour of your company at the chari- the first, contempt, without the latter, table assembly for the relief of ---,” error and oppression take place. After tea, the master and mistress of the The little property I have is in two ceremonies hand about plates to the remote parts of England. In the first, company, when every one gives what the neighbouring justice is a well-mean he pleases above a foilling. These ing man, with some share of parochial meetings are very well attended by all knowledge. But, alas! all his good the people of the first fashion, and very qualities are rendered useless by paffions confiderable sums are sometimes collect ungovernably furious, a fantastic whimed. The rest of the evening is spent in sical wife, and a penchant for friedly dancing and card-playing. Thus the enforcing the game-laws. If any one happiness of a distressed individual is is so injudicious as to venture to disa. insured, to the amusement and gratifi- gree with him in opinion, if his wife cation of those who contribute to it. happens, by her strange fancies, to exThe utility of these institutions, besides cite the mirth or notice of his neighthe innocent pleasure they promote, is bours, or if a longing woman presumes, obvious and striking; and it is a pity in spite of the statute, to taste hare's that they are not more generally a Aeth, neither prudence nor pity can dopted.

prevent the most violent rage, and the Your Magazine, Mr. Urban, from most inveterate revenge. Without any its respectability, and very extensive juttice in the neighbourhood of property circulation, has appeared to me the pro or importance fufficient to withiland bis perest vehicle for recommending these outrages, he is degenerated into that institutions to the public notice ; and I worst of all despots, a judicial tyrant. Thould feel a peculiar fatisfaction if, In the other parish, the principal jur. from the inhabitants of any other town tice is a good-natured fox-hunter, who taking this hint, I thould be the remote spends his days on horseback, and his cause of alleviating the misfortunes of a evenings in eating and drinking. He refellow-creature. Yours, &c. J. C. gularly attends the jultice-meeting; and,

when business begins pouring in, he Mr. URBANA

opens as follows, first taking out his I

HAVE read with pleasure the letier watch: "Well, Gentlemen, you are

(vol. LVII. pr. 9. 105) concerning better acquainted with Burn and Black, incorporated boroughs, in which that ftone than I am; you will recollect that subject is treated with the fagacity of dinner is to be ready at four.” He then an Antiquary, and the temper of a phio retires to an adjoining room, which he lofopher. The cursory reflection on devotes to a more pleasing amusement justices of the peace, with which the with the landlord's daughter-his bum. letter cloles, caught my eye; and I am ble brethren are too well-bred to break heartily forry that your correspondert, in on his pleasures. Thus, though fainstead of tagging it on to the end of a turally a good kind of man, he gives up r letter, had not reserved it for the sub. his neighbours to pertifoggers and halta ject of a future one. Indeed, Sir, these gentlemen, who torture the laws to base worthy gentlemen merit his notice. It purposes of perry quarrels, low prejuis pollible they may afford matter for pa- dice, and mercenary cabal. negyric, for censure they certainly do.

But this is a subject your correspondIf his Majesty's lieutenants of cuun ent Bradwardin is so much better quae ties are not more attentive to the birib, lified to discuss, that I willingly reiige parentage, and education, as well as my half-finished outline for his matterly lives, forlunes, cbaraders, and bebavia hand to fill up. LENIS ET ACER.

March 31.


March 11.

Go on as you have done, Mr. Urban; I

HAVE been long a reader and ad you cannot do better. If you thackle

miser o your Magazine, and, having your correspondents, you cruth the received much pleasure and instruction spirit of your Miscellany. from it, am bound in gratitude to give In perusing Agricola's reply to Cana reftimony in favour of it, by way of dide (p. 104), I derived much fatisfacaniwer to Mr. J. Berington's leiter, and tion from the objections made by Agriyour vote fubjained, p. 124.

cola to the ill-judged proportion for I have always attended to your selec- private executions, which, if adopted, tion of matter with attention, and have would prove a source of many evils, and cer observed you to do with all the a lab to the conftitution of this counjudgemen', impartiality, fpirit, and trv. To evince the dangerous tendency candour, fuitable to your undertaking, of the idea, I take leave to observe, that in regard to every religion, political the public execution of the fontence party, art, science, circumtiance, &c. passed by law on capital convicts is a &c.' The consequence is, that I place check on the royal prerogative, in some so much confidence in you, as to be measure necessary towards the preservafully of opinion, that your examination tion of our rights. To give an instance of the pieces offered for insertion is a explanatory of my affertion, I suppose it fufficient obstruction to the admission of peilible that, were private executions to all improper ones, without having re be established, the executive power course to the rigid restrictions propofed might collufively grant lite in return for by Mr. B.; restrictions which would parliamentary intereft. Even one folideprive you of your female, your noble, tary vote, in a hard contest, might lave and your youthful correspondents. The from jutiice a murderer. Within the feminine writer declines public notice ; confined walls of a prison, deceptive exthe peer likes not to disclose his title ; ecutions might be conducted without and ihe youth is unwilling to expose the difficulty. The exposure of criminals' first fallies of his genius to the levere bodies might be easily evaded uuder criticisms of his elders. Writers of va

many plausible pretences, for people ricus other descriptions would allo cease would not be very, peremptory, in recommunicating with you; among whom quiring to fee objects fo unpleasant. would be myself. My meanings will The Crown cannot make such an innalways stand the strictest test of moral proper use of its pardoning power pube investigation ; yet I chuse not to pro- licly; but it might act in the private claim my name any more than I should manner alluded to with impunity; and my religion, though I have not the sha we cannot be too watchful in guarding dow of a reaton for being ashamed of against the extension of arbitrary power; either; I only am not defiious of parti. it is far more easy to keep our ground, cularising myfelf. When you reject than to recover it ivhen loft. Agricola's my letters, i lubinit to your superior objections are sufficient; yet mine is to judgement contentedly; when you in- be added to them. sert them, I feel mytelf obliged. I only Ereunetes, p. 130, docs my remarks insist on impartiality and exact copying. on his Efray much honour: they deThe part of Mr. B's plan, which he full serve not all the epithets he bestoivs on adheres to, would, in one refpeél, an them; yet that of candid is just, if my fwer extremely well to hiin, who foru- pen coincided with iny intention. I am ples not exposing his name, as it would much gratified in finding that my fentigenerally fecure to him an undisputed ments on each subject are approved by field of battle; for, however erroneous Ereunetes, whole principles and knows and controvertible his affertions and ledge I hold in much eitcem. I think opinions might be, they could not be attempts might be made in both cales opposed by any person, how able foever, for procuring redsels, or at lealt reliet; who was not willing to become a public for though the present systems are powe disputant: hence Mr. B. would often erfully lupported, yet the excellent have the fatisfaction of enjoying imagi- maxim of the late goou and wife fubn nary triumphs. But, on the other Jebb thould be always kept in view, hand, he would lie under the disadvan- viz. " that no effort is ever lost en. tage of feldom receiving an{ivers to his tirely.” enquiries; for if your readers could not As I do it with deference, I hope Mr. gratify him without publishing their H. Croft will excuse my faying, that I wames, few of them would do it at all.

am not latished of Miller's competency 3

Impropriety of Material Representations of the Deity. 317 to filling the botanic head to Mr. C's can conceive of God himself, as our in new Dictionary (p. 92), unless Profef- tellect conceives of him, in no other for Martyn is inserting in Miller's work manner than as of a mind uncontrouled an account of all the trees, plants, &c. and free, exempt from all perishable that have been introduced into England mixture, perceiving and actuating all fince it was last amended by its original things, and itfelf endued with eternal author. We poflefs many trees, &c. activity,” Tuscul. Quæst. lib. I. xxvii. that Miller never heard of, and there The pallage is a noble one, and truly are others that were known in his time, worthy of its great author. But here, but onnitted by him. If Mr. C. does Mr. Urban, a difficulty occurs. For not enumerate as many of them as have how are we to reconcile such ideas as received Engliíh names, his Dictionary these among the heathen with the uniwill be imperfect; and to prevent thai, versal prevalence of idolatry and polythis liberty is taken by,

theisım : how was it that they, who had Yours, &s, BRADWARDIN. fuch fubiime, and, as far as they go,

just notions of the Godhead, did not see Mr. URBAN,

Marcb 18. the infallible inference from them, that ΤΗ HE account which your agreeable it was the extreme of folly to make any

and worthy correspondent, Mr. material resemblance of the Deity, and Greene, has given of the piece of sculp the height of impiety to pay religious ture preserved in his Mufeum, I make no worship to Jupiter, to Apollo, and such question may be the true one, namely, that a herd of divinities? Being in pofsetsion it was “ meant for a representation of the of the premises, did it require a great Bietled Trinity*;" but I should not have tretch of intellects to deduce from them been forry if he had not told us fo. We their necessary and evident conclusion? might then, perhaps, by a very harm It is not usually so; whence was it in less mistake, have supposed that the fi this cale? Have we here, as we seem to gure, crowned with the papal tiara, ivas have, one of those riddles, those incondesigned for one of the Roman pontifs, fiftencies in the province of reason, of embracing an image of Christ, whose which Revelation alone enables us to vicar on earth the sovereign pontif give a satisfactory account, by informstyles hiinself But, considered as what ing us what human nature once was, was intended to reprefent the Almighty,

and what it now is? In the truths rethough we are sensible of its fucility, I tained, or the discoveries inade, by unam not sure that it is altogether inno affifted reason, we see a glimpse of those cent to exhibit it. This at least is cer

talents which man originally possessed, tain, that the attempt to make a like when he came forth from the hands of nets of the Deity, by any visible form,

his Creator, formed in the divine image. is at once absurd and profane. It is ab

At the same time, in the deplorable igfurd, because He who is a spirit, “whom norance and more deplorable errors of no man hath leen nor can see t," can

the wiseft of the heathen, we have a not poilibly be pourtrayed by the fimili- ítriking and melancholy proof of what tude of any thing created.

man is at present, depraved, polluted, fane, because it derogates from the bo blind, groping " amid the blaze of nour and majesty of God, and tonds to noon,” when truth thines around him increale that propenfity which there with brightest fplendour. feems to be in the human mind to think Put whence is it that these things are of the Supreme Being under fome defia to us so evident, that, did not inconnite form, or circumfcribed by some tesible facts thew the contrary, we could 1pace; to whom indeed, as reigning in fcarcely believe there ever was a time Heaven, where his glory is displayed, in civilized life when they were unour prayers are to be addressed, but of known or obscure? has realon in thesc whoin, nevertheless, we should always latter days acquired fresh powers ? and conceive as being present every where, do we reaily furpass ihe ages of antiand “ filling all in all,” Ephel. 1. 23. quity in abilities and wildom? or is this

The spirituality of the Deity is one of rather the accompliament of that which thote truths which the light of nature was promited ? “I will put my law in suggested to the heathen; and they their inward parts, and write it in their fometimes speak with great dignity on

hearts; and they thall ail know me, the lubject. For,” says Cicero, “

from the least of them unto the greatest

of them, Jer. xxxi. 33, 34. The great Jan. Mag. p. 3. ti Tim. viş 16. leading truths respecting pure and fpi

It is pro


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