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in correâiness as he has done within the quence, and that he has done go dithou compass of these last eight years, we may nour to his great master, who, though venture to predict that in a very fort no clergyman, wrote many sermons, and time he will have no superior:- This many essays superior to sermons. volume contains sermons on the follow, We cannot dismiss this article withing important subjects-Christ the only out taking notice of a very singular opis foundation of his church-zeal-re- nion, which our author has endeavoured more-baptifm-the Lord's fupper, to support by arguments equally fagular. prayer-puricy-ihe cross of Christ-ja- “ Baptism," says he, “in its original cob and Elau-Lot's wife-the unspeak- “ intention, seems to be a family ordi. able giit-religious deception--the sin nance. This I think is probable from unto death-faith-obedience-hope “ the infances of Cornelius, Lydia, joy-death-judgment--hell, and hea “ Stephenes, the Jailer, &c. where bapven.

“ tisin was privately dispersed to their As a specimen of the author's ftyle,“ respective housholds: and I think it and that our readers may judge for “ fill farther probable from this circumthemfelves and not trust to our opinion, “ ftance, that in the whole Bible I find uc fubmit to their criticism the follow not one inttance of baptism being disjug extract from the first sermon: pensed to any person in any mixed afe

“ Deeply concerned, as we are, for the “ sembly of Christians met for the purhonour of these doctrines (the doctrines of " poses of public worlhip."-By lach Christ), we dread not the scrutiny of the reasoning as this our author should infer molt penetrating talents, oor the quick- that the Lord's fupper is likewise a fa. fighted eye of the most accomplished philo- mily ordinance, and indeed that it is no sopher. Ignorance, prejudice, and depraved duty incumbent on Christians to meet dipositions, only alarm us.. These are the in large assemblies for the public worpuisoned arrows which corrupt the prority of thip of God; for in the whole Bible we our religion, and wound the vitals of our faith. We doubt not that the doctrines of find not one instance of a parib churcle Jerus, fairly interpreted, will ever meet

or of a dijenting meeting boufe erected with the fullest approbation of cliltivated rea

for the accommodacion of the Apostles son, and lead candour and science to offer in- and their converts, who were glad to cence at their thrine. Hence our fears arise,

“ break bread from house to house, not from the abilities and learning, but from and for fear of the Jews to worship God the vanity or guilt of our opposers.

in an upper room, which we have no rea. “ The conceited infidel, presuming that fun to suppose capable of containing a every truth is discoverable by the researches “ very mixed assembly of Christians of hurnan reason, may deny the experiency It is therefore with great weakness and of divine revelation. The audacious villain, great impertinence that our author fube throwing off the restraints of modefty and mits to the consideration of the candid, virtue, may affect to fncer at a religion which

“ whether the modern practice of baptis. forbids his crimes, and threatens his impeni

“ ing children publicly in the church is tence with everlasting destruction. The crafty hypocrite, an vious to conceal liis real

“ not a deviation from the domestic na. character under the mask of artificial forms just the same propriety lubmit to the

“ ture of this inftitution." Hemight with may be afraid of those doctrines which condemn his hypocrity. And the faming en- consideration of the candid, whether it thusiast, giddy with the transports of a warm be not a deviation from the original state imagination, may depise the cool and feally of the preachers of the Gospel, for å instructions of truth and fuperness. But the clergyman to be protected, in the difexistence of God, the supremacy of provi- charge of the duties of his function, by dence, the redemption of the world, the ne the civil magistrate; or to design himcetlicy of virtue, and the immortality of man, felf, on the iitie-page of a book, one of are ductrines equally superior to the specious be cbaplains to bis Royal Higbness ibe cuvils of scepticism, the artful sophistry of Prince of Wales! St. Paul preached vice, the hallow artifices of hypocrisy, and before Felix, but he has no where dethe Aattering delusions of enthufalm.”

signed himself one of the governor's From this patiagę, not selecled with

chaplains. care, but taken at random, few of our Teaders can be at a loss to say upon what model Dr. Lamont has formed his style; 54: An E. Jay on the malignene ulcerated Sore

Throat; containing Reflections on its Causes and if their opinion agree with ours, and farzt. Efteris in 1737. Wub a remarka they will readily acknowledge that he able Cafe, accompanied with large Pierple has chaica the best model for pulpit elo. Spois all over be Eedy, a Moriançasten of


Review of Na Publications,

245 be Leg, &c. &c. By William Rowley, fitions, which the Doctor considers M.D. Member of the Univerfity of Oxford, exceptionable practices, and one Royal College of Pbysicians, &c. To wbicb 'other the cause of the disorder proving are added, Animadversions on tbe present fatal. Bleeding, vomiting, bliftering, Defects in treating, ibe Disorder, improved sweating with James's powder, &c. diand successful Marbods of Cure, and an Ac- luting liquors, infignificant remedies, count of a new Species of temporary Mado checking purgings by opium, waiting refs, &c.

some days before giving the bark, the AS putrid diseases have lately proved not cleaning the throat, or admitting faral, and scarcely even now ceased their fresh air, its purification, &c. are all influence, it is a duty we owe the pub. censored, with great appearance of lick to give the earliest intelligence of found reasoning and experience. this Ellay, which commences with some In purfuing his remarks, he reasons general observations on the state of the on each proposition separately; and conatmospheric air at the latter end of the cludes with attempting to prove, thac year 1787, in which the previous heavy the fatalicy of the disorder has been ow. and continued summer rains are confi- ing to the non-admiflion of the bark fidered as producing putrid malignant early, to the injudicious administration diseases, by contaminating the air with of saline remedies, antimonial diaphoputrefactive particles. The infection is retics, volatiles, &c.; or a-much worse supposed to continue from the commu- practice of truking to what has been nication of the putrid particles of the nominated Nature. malignant sore throat, issuing in respi. Here the Doctor arms himself with ration, &c. to the bed-cloaths, or from Thield and buckler, marches forth fword one person to another, long after the in hand, spirits up his battalions, and original causes in the air have diffipated. combats Nature with so much energy Thus has the disorder spread rapidly, and spirit as to exclude her government and extended its baneful effects through from all the regions of medicine. different parts of England.

After introducing Nature, as acting The case, which is called remarka. very absurdly on most occasions, either ble, was of a patient labouring under as a directress of human affairs, or the malignant ulcerated sore throat, ac mcdicine in particular, he concludes, companied with purple spots all over from long observation, from reiterated the body, and a partial mortification of “ and cool reflection on these subjects, the leg.

“ it is affirmed, that diseases can never • The author proceeds very methodi. “ be worse managed than when left cally; delineates the symptoms; ac “chiefly to Nature ; nor can there be counts for their causes and effects; and greater reason for a luccelsful expecrepresents the treatment which cured “ tation in their events than if ikilfully the patient in a very coufpicuous view. “ and judiciously treated by Art from

The intentions are, to inculcate the " their commencement.” necetlity of deeply reasoning on causes, In this examination of what Nature effccts, and remedies, and never to de: directs, the author proves, amongit sert a discale, however desperate. But other things, ibat Nature prompts the limits of this publication do not drunkards to call clamorously for more permit us to follow the writer through liquor; infants to drink gin or fpirits ; the whole of his reafonings; we muit, favage nations to eat one another. And therefore, refer the reader to the publi. be concludes, in one part, “the word 'cation it felf.

“ Nature, in medicine, seems an apoThe Ild part comprehends a short logy for every thing inexplicable, and view of the authors who have written * contains as much meaning as the ocon the malignant ulcerated sore throat; “ cult qualities of Aristotle, the Aiin which the writer aflerts, that, con. “ chæus of Van Helmont, or the vis trary to the opinion of Dr. Fothergill, conservatrix et medicatrix Nature of the disease was well known, though oot “ Stahl and many modern physicians.” * well treated, by the ancients.

The drift of these obscrvations is, to After animadverting with great frec. inculcate the neceßlity of proceeding de dom, though with candour and reason- cidedly in the cure of acute diseases, by iog, on the writings of Fothergill, Hux. frufting very little to Nature, who, the bam, Pringle, and a great many others, author endeavours to prove, is neither [ome of whom are now living, the cris capable of alarming patients of danger, tms are reduced to fourteen propo. pointing out the medical indications,


por discovering the beft remedies. But given, from the first appearance of zhe the word has been used as a cloak for disease, according to the author, with ignorance, and ought to be excluded constant fuocels. by every scientific or reasoning phy A short view of a new species of mad. fician. :

ness, and its remedies, concludes the We must confefs, there is much rea- Efray, which may perhaps, in some fon in what the Doctor advances; but measure, account for fome late instances perhaps he has been too sharp upon an of suicide. Camphor and bark are re. old phrase, which, to use his own commended, &c. words, “ has ever been used as a sub In every part of this performance “ fitute for real knowledge."

there appear many original remarks. The author makes a difiinction be. Medicine is seemingly speaking a new between Beason and Nature, to counte. language, founded, according to the nance his attack. “ Nature and Reason author, not in chimerical hypotheses, “ muft not be confounded; the former. but in anatomical and physical re" is an internal ftimulator of man, in- fearches and experiments, joined with a clining him to various dangers and much practical knowledge, on the force “ misfortunes; the latter is a practical and power of diseases, and the most "fyftem, founded on the experience adequate and rational remedies for their « and refleciion of the most ingenious removal. " and Atudious men, for ages, the pro On reviewing the whole, we perceive “ tector and preferver, as far as human the work to be well arranged ; its rea. * industry extends, of either health, fonings are acute and scientific; the "eale, or happinets."

language frequently nervous and ani. The whole of this IId part is replete mated, but perhaps, in fome instances, with decp phyfiological and medical rather too levere on the doctrines of Feasoning: in which, we must obseive, other medical writers. There runs, the Doctor displays a very intimate ac. through the Eflay, a spirit of philan quaintance with all the newest disco. thropy, which does honour to the au, series in the art lie profeties; and.cvery thor's heart. If the pamphlet be read where endeavours to asign matives for with attention, it will, according to our Dis different methods of practice. In opinion, convey fubjccts of importance the Introduction likewise, the author to every impartial medical judge: there intimates he practifed ph vsic, in various may appear some blemishes; but these branches, for above thirty years; has are amply compensated by many new travelled into most countries, and viewo doctrines, that are likely to prove beed all the hospitals in Europe : on neficial to society in general. which opportunities for obtaining knowledge he founda his pretensions to ani. 55. A Sermon by Mr. Watson, of Middleton madvert freely on feveral medical pre

Tyas, Yorkshire. judices; but with what success ise re FROM this Sermon, which was quests the profesional judges to de: preached in 1763, a correspondent has

The author, in this part, afo selected the following extracts, as pecu• fiis, that campboraled oil is a certain liarly applicable to the prefent interetipreventive of t'enerzał inicion, The Illd part thew's the most im- Trade.

ing subject of conversation, the Slave pred manner of fuccetsfully creating

" It has been remarked that the Christian the ulcerated fore throat.

" religion, in spite of the extent of the empire The specific tymptoms, causes, ef « and influence of the climate, has hindered fetis, reinedies, and the methods of

“ deipotic power from being established in prevention), are briefly explained. “ Æthiopia, and has carried into the heart

Towards the conclusion is a recapitu. “of Africa the laws and manners of Eu lation of all the exceptionable practices

What blefied fruits then may formerly adopted by many ingenious not we expect from it, when transplated into plivlicians, arranged under different America from an illand, where it is profetied Clailes; the neceilary remedies of the in greater purity than in any other part of improved cure follow in their regular the world? For the planting it as a public order. This arrangement must greatly religion, has always and invariably been at.

tended with many great and fubftantial bles. contribuie to public benefit: at view is feen what is injurious or salue fings, even of the temporal kind; in Protesto

ant countries, with an increase of public li. brious; rhe utility of both must appear obvious; the walks and vitriolic acid are

* L'Esprit des Loix, l. 24. C. zi



rope *.”


- Review and Catalogue of New Publications,

247 perty, liberal science, and generons and free considered as men, but as a species of beings fentiments of the common privileges of our of a middle nature between men and brutes, fellow creatures ; and in Popish countries, to whom we do no injury, though we treat with a civility of manners, the cultivation of them as beasts of burden. And the proofs of the useful arts, and the extension of foreign it usually pointed out are taken from the commerce

features, complexions, and manners, of the iShall we meanly think these blessings are negroes, and inhabitants of the Cape ; and appropriated to ourselves, exclusive of any from some still more distinguishing marks on other people who are made of one blood the Savages in the North. with us? Or Tall we be afraid to open their “ But as no instances have been produced eyes, that they may fee, from the benevolent of a want of capacity in these poor creatures, principles of the Gofpel, that they and we to acquire such arts as make them useful to are the children of one common Father, those who, as it were without the feelings whose providence is employed equally to dif- of men, can reconcile themselves to this unpense his blessings, both in this world, and chriftian traffick, have we not good grounds the world to come, to all the families of the to believe, they might also be taught such darth?

principles, as would make them equally use. “ A suspicion of this fort would certainly ful to the state ;-and under proper inftrucfall upon us, should such numbers, to whom tions he taught industry and fidelity upon reawe have the faire topportunities of dispensing son and principle, in tije very fame labours, these blessings, remain in a state of ignorance, and without those thocking severities, whichi, and Navery. Nor can we ever give a rea- while they are treated as abject flaves, bring fon, why the heathens were wrong in buying so great misery upon themselves, and so great and selling Naves in a market, and the Chrif- and just a scandal upon their proprietors tians right, except we can derive some apo. But perhaps we are unwilling to supporo logy from the means that are used under the " these creatures to be men, left," as the dietates of Christianity, to better their con fame writer observes," allowing them to be dition both in a tempoval and spiritaal sense. men, a suspicion may arise, that we ouro

«The state of Navery,” as an excellent po “ selves are not Christians ** litical writer hath faid, “is in its own nature « Whether this is not a subject worthy the "bad : it is neither useful to the master nor attention of the legislature of a nation, equally “ to the Nave; not to the Nave, because he distinguished for its humanity and its arms, “ can do nothing through a motive of virtue; may perhaps at some time be thought to de“ not to the master, because, by having an serve a more serious and circumstantial ene “ unlimited authority over his Naves, he in- quiry, than has hitherto been bestowed upon « sensibly accustoms himself to the want of it. And what hopes we might reasonably « all moral virtues, and from thence grows form of the success of such an enquiry, let the « fierce, hasty, severe, voluptuous, and present unulertaking + fpeak, which is calcu* cruel *.”

lated to civilize a people, not much their su? “ We Mall be told perhaps that such is the periors in manners and understanding, howoriginal difference amongst mankind, that ever different in features and complexion."there are some of them who can hardly be * L'Esprit des Loix, l. 15. C. 5. * L'Esprit des Loix, l. 13. C. I.

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Stockdale INDEX INDICATORIU S. A COUNTRY RECTOR will readily per- vols. 8vo, the best work yet published on ceive, by reading the line aloud, tiat the that subject " blunder he peaks of might eally frappen ly X. Y. Z. f.ays, “R. R. E. (LVII. 1049) diclating to an amanuentis. It tellally did proposes an equal land-tax. As Dr. Burn, happen by a somewhat similar procets of the towards the beginning of his Hiltory of press, as our Printer will personally explain Westmoreland,' has given some reasons why to him if this be not sufficiently satisfactory. he thinks an equal land-tax would be a very

To the same channel of information we unjus thing; it might not, perhaps, be ime refer PHILOMU SOS for a reason why the proper for R. R. E. to examine those reasons, larrer part of his letter is omitted.

in order to sew they are of no force, or to P. H. may be affured that there are weiglaty confess he has not before been fully informed reasons for not doing what he wishes. upon the fubject.”

A CHRISTIAN PHILOSOPHER's query Some Cambro-British correspondents have would cerainly give much offence to many. long expected the “ British Archäology,"

The letter, in p. 94, of “the learned and proposed some time since to be published by ingenious author of the Preface,” will fatisfy the Rev. Mr. Jeffreys of Waltall. They hope P. s. ubo laid ingeniously conjectured the the author is not dead. As British literature initials to fignify sniclie ergo al que officri. wants a champion, the loss would be great.

SCENT thall be communicated as directed, A new Cox RESPONDENT alks for an ex®

F.. F. asks “ if there be any w.y of mak- planation of 1 Pet. iii. 19, 20. ing red-ink with more body thin the com M. O. N.-K. H.-B. S.... cl.-R.C. mon, und yet to write with ease. And if W.O-S. J.-T. C.-P. T. on Marine any one can furnih an account of Thomas Shells-ALKMOND-LENIS ET ACIRInne, M. A. W wrote the “Crical Eilay BRADWARDIN--ANICUOGLOTIANUS on Ancient Scorish History, London, 1729, 2 AMERUS-CANDIDE, in our next, if poffible.

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