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Summary of Proceedings in the present Seffion of Parliament. 229
maging the impeachment. On the other The House went into a committee on hand it was contended, that as Mr. the land-rax bill.
Francis and Mr. Hastings, after a polie Mr. Rose informed the committee, tical opposition, had been engaged in a that hitherto regulations relative to this personal quarrel, it would not be for the tax had been established by law in fome dignity of Parliament to countenance an counties, which were not law in others; opinion that private resentment could and that, while they accelerated the col- possibly be admitted to have any thare ia letion of the tax in the former, the a prosecution commenced and supported want of them delayed it in the latter, on public grounds, and for public purIn some counties the collector was au: poses. thorised to levy a distress immediately, if After much debate, the House divi. the assessment was not paid ; while in ded on the motion, when there appeared, others he was obliged to go through the For it 62- Against it 122-Majority 60. circuitous, and consequently dilatory, Adjourned. process of sending informations to fu
Wednesday, Dec. 12. perior officers, and waiting for their Ald. Watson presented a petition from warrants. He proposed, therefore, that the distillers of London, stating, that the a clause should be inserted, for putting disillers in Scotland had, by misrepreall the counties in the kingdom on the senting the situation of their trade, profame footing, so that the collector in cured from the legislature certain exevery county hould be enabled to levy emptions, which gave them great advana ditiress inmediately, if the tax was not tages over the disillers in London. The paid. Having moved this clause, Scotch distillers had stated, that the mill
Mr. Ald. Sawbridge opposed it, on or machine which they used turned but the ground of its being an innovation of once in the same space of time that the an oppressive kind.
English mill turned three times; buc Mr. Rose contended, that it was not this, it now appeared, was so far from an innovation, but an extension of an old being the truth, that the Scotch maregulation; and, that it was not op-chine turned fix times while the Enge preffive in its nature, might be reason. lish was curning once: and this impoßiably inferred from the counties already tion not only considerably injured the subject to it not complaining of it as a trade in England, but was a fraud upon grievance.
the revenue. The motion paffed without further After some conversation, the petitioa opposition; and the House was resumed. was ordered to be taken into confidera.
The report from the committee of tion on the ist of February nex:. fupply on the army and ordnance elia Mr. Ald. Sawbridge made another atmates was then brought up, and read the tempt to get the petition from the elecfirft and second time.
tors of Queenborough received, though An opposition was made to the refo- it had been rejected on Monday. It was lution respecting the force destined for altered so that no objection could lic the plantations, because the number of against it in point of order, on the score men designed to serve in the West In- of its having been once rejected during dies was not specified.
the session. He moved for leave to bring In reply, it was stated, that the number could not be easily ascercained, on Mr. Dundas admitted, that a charge account of the fluctuating state of that against a branch of the executive goservice, arising from the nature of the vernment for squandering the public mio. climate. All the resolutions were, ney, by employing it as an engine of however, agreed to, without a division. corrupt influence, 'most certainly re
Mr. Fox then moved, that Mr. Fran- quired attention and investigation, but cis should be added to the committee he objected to this perition, because it appointed to take into confideration the was improper to encourage private indianswer of Mr. Hastings to the impeach. viduals to complain of abuses in gos ment brought against him by the House vernment; for, it they were to counts. of Commons.
nanced, there would be such a deluge of This motion occasioned a debate. In petitions of a similar nature, excited by fupport of the motion it was urged, that party, that the whole time of the House the knowledge which that gentleman had would be taken up in enquiring inta of the revenues and government of Ine them. Charges for abuses of power dia, eminently qualified him for mu would come vuore properly from Mer:.
bers of that Hour:, whose peculiar duty might answer for his misdeeds. The exit was to point them out, either for re teption of his jurifdiélio, his attempting dress cr punishment, than from any to eitablith that jurisiction by force, his other description of men.
accepting of a place during pleasure from Mr. Marpam and Mr. Fox contended, the Governor General, and his going that it was the right of the subject to peo abou: win liim ja a haceful and dila tition parliament; and chat right implied graceful inanner, taking affiuatis, wele a duty in parliament to receive the peri ainorg the charges which he had to bring Lions. The perions best qualified to against him. He had been sent out by bring charges were thote who belt koew the appointment of the Crown, that, by how to subltantiate them; and therefore being independent of the Company, he persons out of the houle, who were in might be the less templed to conrive at that predicament, were inuch fitter for the tvrannical procedi:gs of its servants; Bringing Tuch complaints than members, and confequentiv inore at libuity to prowho could be made acquainted with them tect the lielpless natives from the rapacity only at second hand.
of their rulers. But, unmindful of his Mr. Pilt admitted, that the subjcêt dutv!o the Crown, to his country, and had a right to petition parliament on to those natives whole guardian he ought every subject on which it could give or to have been, he accepted of a place from procure redress, provided the petition the Governor General, with a great falary, was couched in relpeciful language. In and during pieafure, though the act of this reípect no obj Etion lay against parl, had ltrictly declared that he should the petition then under contideration ; hold nothing under the Company. From and therefore, though it was rather ex that moment he had ceased to be a check traordinary that the petitioners had not upon their servants, and a shield to the complained sooner of an influence which oppretied natives : on the contrary, he they said had existed for 30 years, he became, to the degradation of the power was of opinion it ought to be received.
he represented, of the country whence he The petition was accordingly read, caine, of the prolillion to wrich he bcand ordered to le upon the cable. longer, the tent of the Governor Gene.
Sir Gilbert E!!:0! then rose to bring the ral, and a fanction to his oppreffons: his impeachment oi Sir Ejjah Impey before pliancy could go any length, even to the Houle; whom he aliured, that he was robbery and maraer, -- Hlc laid it would
on this occation actuated by any give him much greater pleasure if he personal malevolence towards that gen, could at this moment, with propriety, tleman, whom he had never icen; and move for the thanks of the house to Sir that bothing bad ever happened between E. Impey, for the upright discharge of them or their friends which could raise bis duty in India. Such a motion would in his breat the kali refentment againit be highly gratit ing to his own natural lim. A, a prou that he will not undern dispunition, if he had any grounds for it. take the disagreeable office of an accu But, as he had not, he should be culpable fer from paily motives, le fherved that in a great crgiee if, through mistaken the inquiry into that geactian's conduct ccndcrness for a person who did not dehad commenced long before the party ferve pity, he thould endeavour to Screen with which he was at present connected crimes of suc!r edilmily from punisha liad existence; and long before the Riglit ment. It would allo we cruelty in the Hon. Gent. now at the head of the I:
extreme to millions ci poor Afiaticks Distry, was of age fumcient to have a feat
whom he had plundered and oppretled, in Parliament. He next obferver, thai and whole posterity would be exposed to this was not the fi:it tine the house had funilar grievances, dould parliament fut. heard of Sir Elijah Impty as a perlon ac fer Sir E. Impy to go unpunished. To cuted. He had been appointed in the those poor Indians, our fellow subjects, year 1774 to prefide ont't the Supreme ive owed protection and juttice; and in Court of Judicature in Bengai, and the order to obtain that for them to which next year complaints had been sent home they are fu juftly entitled, he would now against him, 'In 1776 thcle complaints raile his voice, and impeach Sir E. Iin. allumed the form of iegular accusations ; pey of high crimes and misdemeanors; and, bis conduct going on progreslively he impeached him of palpable robbery ; from bad to worfc, the House of Com- he impeached him of sociiberaie murder, moas had been obliged, after many grave in the extcution of Nundcomar, whom deliberations and long inqunies, to ada he had put to death, not for the purpose dreis "the throne to recall wim, thai se of punishing the crimes of tilat unfortu
summary of rioteenings in me prejar l'un ve
231 Kate man, hui in orrler to conceal those ever to be observed as a check upon the of another (Mr. Hastings), and to shield Board of ordoance, that an account of him from justice.
the application and expenditure of all He then delivered in the charges, which sums of money voted for that service were fix in number, and, being very yo
should be laid before the house every selluminous, were reai only pro forma. fion of parliament. This rule, however, The house orderd that they should be bad not been compli:d with. He would printed for the use of the members, and therefore move, that an account of the on Monday next referred to a com expenditure of all iurins of money, voted mittee of the whole house.
the last four years for the ordnance, A new wiitwa ordered to be issued inould be forti; with laid letore the house. for the election of a member for Bletch. Another point, on which it was his inteninglev, in the room of John Nichols, tron to make a motion, was the agreeEsq; who had accepted of the Chillern ment for the purchafe of the powder kundreds. Adjurned.
mills of Waldham Abbey ; the price of Thurjitay, December 13.
this purchase was fixed at ten thousand This dat the house was so thin, that pounds : but his objection was not to the there was hare is a sufficient number of price; it was to the inconvenience that memlers present to enable the Speaker would refult to the public from a monoto take the chall.
poly in the articie, that he objected; and After a short buting, in which private to the patronage that would follow the business only was traníacted, it adjourn- purchate, and the spirit of jobbing, to ed to
which it would open a door. Monday, December 17.
There was another matter that called John Robinson, Elq; having vacated for the serious consideration of parliahis car for Harwich, bv his acceptance ment, which he would take the liberty of the place of Surveyor General ot bis of explaining. Soon after the war, when M.jetty's foretis, a new writ was or there was an idea of reducing a part of dered for the election of a member for the royal regiment of artillery, the nothat borough,
ble duke, who was then, and is now, at The house aitended his Majesty at the the head of the ordnance, proposed an bar of the House of Peers, to hear the expedient in the room of such a reduce royal afsent given to the land and malt tion, which, though it would prevent the
On the return of the house, cifbanding of any men from that regi. Mr. Ald. Wotton moved, that four m-ni, would be an improvement to the gentlemen, whoni he named, should be service, and effect a saving of between Ordered to attend the house on the ift of 12,000!. and 15,000l. a year. Feb, next, to give evidence in the cale ble duke was left at liberty to adopt his of the petition from the London disille expedient, and the public had now a right
to enquire whether or not it had produce Mr. Sheridan observed, that as the ed" the promised laving. The plan, acordnance estimates had been hurried cording to the paper in his hand, was ihrough the house lali w-ek after a long tiis; a certain number of men from the debate upon the proposed augmentation regiment of artillery were to be employof the army, gentlemen had not had time ed in the laboratory as military artificers, ful.s to consider them, and till !efs to at is. 60. a day, in the room of those ardebate them. He hoped, therefore, that tificers who received 35. a day, for their though those estimates had pailed the labour. For his own part, he disliked house, it would not be thought that he the principle of the plan, from an idea was agitating unnecessarily, and without that it would be injurious to the service an object, a question of so much moment by poiling the folliers without furnithas the adminiftration of the ordnance de- ing the laboratory with good workmen ; partment of the executive government. for it was not to be fupposed that artific He then held in his hand a paper figned cers of merit would enlift at half the by the present Master General of the wages which they received without beordnance, which had luggeited to him a ing subjected to military law: thus the number of motions that he inrended to evil confequences of the plan would be, fubmit to the confideration of the house. that we should have foldiers without disa This paper had been laid upon the table cipline, and artificers without skill. This fome few years ago, and was now re- subject, which at all times deserved incorded in the journals. In this paper it quiry, called for it Bill more at a time was laid down as a rule which ought when the noble dulc had obtained the
Sanction of the Crown for raising a corps cause he saw it was moved for with a feof military artificers, which could not be rious view; when he voted against it last wanted had the above plan proved suc- Monday, it was because the motion was.' cessful. A motion had been made last made in so ludicrous a inander, that he week for the production of the warrant thought the Gent. (Mr. Courtenay) digi under which the corps of 600 artificers nut with that it lhould be carried. With was to be raised; the motion had indeed respect to the motion relative to the ex. been rejected, but he hoped that minis. pences of the fortifications in the W. ters would see the impropriety of perse. Indies, he mult object to it, because in vering in a resolution to with-hold it. truth no accurate estimate had as yet
There was also another circumstance been made of them, but he believed they which he would take the liberty to men would amount to between 180,oool, and tion, that is, the new fortifications in the 200,000), W. Indies, which he thought the house This motion Mr. Sheridan begged ought not to countenance, unless proper leave to withdraw, as he found that the estimates of the probable expence were estimate which it called for did not exist. previously laid upon the table. After these All the others passed without oppofiobservations, he made seven motions to tion. the following effect.
Sir Gilbert Elliot, refuming the subThat an estimate be laid before the ject of Sir E. Impey's impeachment, obę house of the expence of erecting new for- Terved, that, after what he had said in tifications in the W. Indies, togother opening this business to the house, is with the particular sum intended to be would not be necessary to say much at expended in each island for that purpose, present upon the subject. He should and the number of troops necessary to only remark, therefore, that he had the man them.
best authority to support the several Also an account of the sums voted for charges. His authorities were, the mathe ordnance department during the last jority of the Supreme Council at Bengal, four years.
and of the Court of Directors, together That a copy of the agreement for the with two acts of parliament, and the impurchase of the powder-mills at Walo peachment of Warren Hallings for his cham Abbey, be laid betore the house.
conduct at Benares. Upon the whole, That an account of the men employed he trusted that gentlemen would agree in the royal powder-mills at Feversham, with him that there were in the charges, with an account of the quantity of pow- if not matter of evidence, allegations tur. der manufactured chere during the last ficiently grave and important to justify year, be laid before the house.
the house in setting on foot an inquiry That a copy of the king's warrant, and into the grounds of these charges. * He the Master General's instructions for concluded by moving, that they should raising a new corps of 600 military arti- be referred to a committee of the whole sicers, be laid before the house,
house on the 4th of February next. That an account be laid before the
Mr. Pill iaid, he approved of the house of the number of inen belonging mode of proceeding proposed by the to the royal regiment of artillery em Hon. Baronet; for though he might ployed in the laboratory at Woolwich. think that the charges were of a nature
And, lahly, an account of the expen- fufficiently heavy to warrant inquiry,fibe ces of the works saised, and to be railed, house might not know it; it was there, at Fort Cumberland.
fore much more proper that the investic Mr. Pilt said, that most of these mo- gation should be made by the house at tions were, in his opinion, unobjection- large, than by a private committee. He able. He would readily consent to that should on this account vote for the mowhich related to Fort Cumberland, as it tion; defiring, however, that it might would produce a complete refutation of not be understood, that those who bould all that had been reported relative to the vote for the present question were pledg. works at that place. The purchale of ed to find the criminality alledged in the mills at Waltham he approved of, as every charge. it would afford an opportunity of mak. The Speaker then put the question on ing experiments in the manufacture of Sir Gilbert's motion, which was carried our gunpowder, which had been found, without oppotition ; after which the during the Jalt war, greatly inferior in house adjourned to Thursday the 31st of Arengih to that of the enemy. The pro- jaouary, 1788. duction of the king's warrant for railing
(To be continued.) the boo men he would vote for now, beo
« with care.
Review of New Publications,
233 37. Letters to and from the late Samuel Johu- “ for supposing that he is afraid you
fon, LL.D. To wli:b are dded, Some “ should print his Letters, which, howPoems never before printed. Published from "ever private, a profeised author writes rbe Original MSS. in ber Pollifion, by Heiter
No, Sir; in his haltiert Lynch Piozzi. In 19. Volumes. 8vo. “ sketches Reynolds always paints for L
ITTLE did Johnsoo imagine, when “ eternity, and looks to their being scen
he first took up his pen in our vo 6 hereafter. Depend upon it, Sir, that lumes, how many pages of this and every “ if ever vou should be able to sketch other publication of the times would be “ like Reynolds, or to write common filled with him, and his writings of dif. " letters like this man, you and the pub• ferent forts, inmediately after his death. “lick will become acquainted.” The monicd man inquires whether his deceafed neighbour cut up weil; chat talked of fuch'a publication as this.
Thus, perhaps, would Johnson have is, died rich. We book-makers of the Mrs. Piozzi, in her Preface, ivhich is present day ought to acknowledge that elegantly characteristic and female, talks johnsoo cut up well, and died as rich
thus : a Jew.
« None but domestic and familiar events Thee two volumes by Mrs. Piozzi,
can be expecled from a private correspondcontaining, principally, Letters from
ence; no reflections but such as they excite Johnson, will forin by no means the
can be found there; yet whoever tuins Way poorelt treat which the publick have disgusted by the insipidity with which this, had in confequence of Johnson's death. and I fuppofe every correspondence mit na.
We cannot fay that we think there is turally and almost neceflarily begin—willhere any thing unjustifiable, as fume feem to be likely to lose some genuine pleasure, and imagine, in fuch a publication as this. fome ufeful knowledge of what our heroic Johnson himfelf would bave anlivered Milton was bimself contented to respect, 25 those who think it unjurifiable, in forme
* That which b fore thee livs in daily life.' such way as this, perhaps :
And, thould I be charged with otruding “ No, Sir; I cannotice any harm in trifles on the publick, I miglt reply, that the “ the business. Do the Letters deduct meanett animals preserver! in amber become
of value to those who form collections of na. “from the man's good fame! Do they tural history; that the fou found in Morite prove him to be in any relpect lets a
Bulca serve as proofs of sucrod writ; and man of virtue, or more a fool? No
that the cart-wheel stuck in the rock of Tir " Sir. Then where is the harmı? He
voluis now found useful in computing the rom " has written to worn en as wise men tation of the earth." " write when they write to women, and For our own parts, we shall always " he has written to children as wile men
cry out, with Pope ard Piozzi, " write when they write to children.
« Pretty in ainber to ubíerve," &c. " Sir, a laurel has its finall branches as well as its large ones. Sir, when
Nor will we ever, with the poet, in the you come to be a great man, you will conclusion of the pallage, vonder how “ know that such trifies as these go to
“ the devil they got there." “ make up a great man's fame. And If we may be allowed io tefcend from
grcat men are never ignorant what the cabinet of natural history, and take " will probably become of such trifles. a turn in the garden, we will tay, that “ In these latter ages of printing, the fince this great over-shadowing laure! “ odds have always been, that good or was originally plansed in our garden, " bad judgement will give them to the when only a little flip, we conceive we “publick. It is a tax which great men
have now good right to cut Nips ouse pay for fame. Nor is it hard upon felves from any of the branches we "thema; fince every thing happens to please, and plant them about our oiva "them with their cyes open. He who grounds. “ has written volumes, and volumes The Gentleman's Magazine would “ which the publick have approved, if lule deserve the countenance with "' he do not always think of the publick which the publick has honoured it for “ when he writes a letter even to a little more than half a century, if it did not s! Miss, at least must be sensible of the risk feel proud of having formerly afforded " he runs that the letter will, some time fwhinion an opportunity of making hims or other, be made public. He, in Mort, felf known.
who has penncd volumes to be print. This being the case, we shall, with "ed, will not thank you, charitable sir, lels scruple, aford our readers gratilicaGENT. MAG, Marcb, 1758.