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several letters have appeared in the pub- me, not in the vein of levity which has lic papers, and resolutions have been diftinguisted some of these censurers, entered into by committees; and facts, but in sober seriousness, to ak him this highly coloured and falsely varnished plain question through the channel of by one writer, become authorities when your interesting publication : why he quoted by another.

has fuffered the Greek quotations in his By these means the question is likely edition of Johnson's Works to be printto come before Parliament, as it is now ed fo very inaccurately, that there are before the publick, in such violent and nearly as many faults as there are prejudiced representations, that it is not words? I have now his fixth volume likely to have the proper, or indeed before me. In p. 130, there is one line any, attention paid to it; and a great and a half of Greek, in which are four and good work may fail, from unworthy errata ; in p. 131, fix lines of Greek and unnecessary endeavours to alift it.

quotation ; errata, thirteen. P. 364 is From the conduct of the great instru- yet more grossly faulty. The two lines ment of humane reform beforementi- in p. 145 I will quote for the amuseoned, let the present efforts be directed. ment of your readersHe found inprifonment for debt (a le: Νύμφας δ' εκ θαλάμων, δίαδων υπολαμ gal flavery) productive of the greatest

πόμενάων, misery; and he might have appealed to the publick with such inftances of mi. Hyírcov årà ásu, wodus d'épévavo; óçúper; fery as would have proved its abolition where there are seven,' if not eight, era, a necessary measure, even at the risk of rata, in the spelling and accenting. the commerce and credit of the nation; This is no wanton and arbitrary allegabut he did not attempt to alter what, tion; it is supported on the stubborn perhaps, the late of society makes inca evidence of fact.

PHILOMUSOS. vitable : content with what was practicable, he made no idle efforts, and fuc.

Mr. URBAN,

March 20. fefs and reformation quickly followed You have favoured the publick. (p;

Whatever may be his sentiments up- the celebrated Athenian Stuart, which on this important question, his diligence has given great fatisfaction to his nu. 20 acquire truth, and his cool dilpalli- merous friends and acquaintance; but onate conduct, cannot be too much or there are a few mistakes in it, that too strongly recummended to all who ought to be corrected, to prevent future with well to this good cause, let them biographers from being led aftray, hould be either the champions of abolition or they happen to consult, as they certainly rcform. To hear all parties without will, the account given by your correprejudice or violence, and to seck dili* fpondent. H. A. lets out with informgenuly før truth, are the only methods ing us, that Mr. Stuart was the son of of knowing what may be expected from a mariner ; but he does not tell us what Parliament; and to ask right is the country, nor what year gave birth to 1urest step to infure success.

this ingenious man. who became The subject is worthy the attention acquainted with him soon after his re- . of your valuable Miscellany; and if the turn from Greece, have often heard him well-meant advice, now offered, is mention that he was born in London in thought proper for insertion, it would 1713; that his parents lived in Creed. give me pleature to see it followed by lane, Ludgate-ftreet; that his father the sentiments of your correspondents, was of Scotland, and his mother from lufficiently to form a constant article in Wales. Though poor, they were hoyour monthly arrangement. For my nett and worthy people, and gave their own pare, I will, if it is desired, enter fon the best education in their power. into a detail of the question, as far as Your correspondent mentions, that my ability extends, and will be happy Mr. S. made himself known to Mellrs. by recominending a cool investigation, Dawkins and Bouverie at Rome; but I or by furnishing particulars to ferve the believe this is a miñake. Mr. S. told caute of rational and practicable reform. me that he fit met with those gentle. Yours, &c.

GUSTAVUS. merr at Athens; and I believe it was

there that he received the first proofs of M5. URBAN,

March 6. regard from the generous-fpuited and I Hawkins and his antagonists, allow encourage a brother in scientific investie

gation,

puifuit.

Further Particulars of the late Athenian Stuart.

217 gation, who poilelled equal arlour with wards the latter end of the year 1787; himself, but with very uncual means, and poor Mr. S's health was observed for profecuting those enquiries, in which id decline very rapidly from that time. both were engaged, with fo much limi Mr. S's eldest fun is ftill living; a lauty of disposition, and eagerness of fine hoy, about loven years old, and is

at Mr. Barney's boarding Ichool at Your correspon.lent, I think, makes Hammerlinith. In the fame village also romenon of Mr. Riveti, ho " are placed, at Miis Scritt's, Mr. S's clo Mr. Stuart's companion at Athens, and daughters, the c'ditt of whom is about who was jointiy solearned will him 112 cight years of a'e. It is harry for compiling and palbathing that great there that they are to pinperly fituctes; work, " The datiquities," 8:c. of and it is fill more apps for them this which the first volume only has yet they are also underte careful eve of a made its appearance. I am ippy, bo'g's prident and attitate mother, lo ever, in the opportunity of containing whom this facer tuiliniony of respect to you thit report, that the ficond vra is due, that, notitilianding the difpeTime has been left by Mr. S. 10 3 taze rity of years beilleen her and Mr. S. nearly ready for publication, an i that fic made his lo!lex gay; as comfo:table the Dilitanti Society propose to give it and happy as the alliduity and senderto the publick very soon; under berter ness of an affectionate wife can posibly quépices it could not appear.

ronder those of a fond and truly dometMr. Revel was, by profession, an ticatert liulisand. architra, and it was froin him that Thus you fee, Mr. Urban, that the Mr, S. hili nghe his ideas of that loi. he: o of our tale was not to far advanced ence, in wirich (quitting ine pancer's in yk?:s as iic is made to have been by art) he afterwards made lo confpicuous the account of your correspondent. Aca figure. It was at Rome that vleilis. cording 10 H. A. he must have been 81 Stuart and Revert first became acquaint- or 82 ; but, as a collateral proof of the ed, and from whence they travelled to account which I have now given, I can gether to Athens, for the purpose of in- refer any enquirer to the plate on his vestigating the remains of ancient gran. collin, which I fa deposited in the deur ftill to be found in the ruins of vault of the church of St. Martin in that celebrated metropolis of the most the Fields, on which he is said to have polished of the Crecian starts.

died, Feb. 2, 1788, in the 76th year of Your correspondent makes Mr. Ş. his age. Considerably older than he was at the And now, Sir, with your good leave, time of his death. He appears, likce a word or two, in conclusion, concernwife, to have been very ill-informed ing an illiberal paragraph which lately with respect to the circumitances of his appeared in a news-paper, reflecting, matrimonial engagements, for he was very unjustly, on the ingenious and twice married, though H. A. mentions learncol Athenian, for spending much only one connection of that kind. It of his time in ale houses with low comwas (as nearly as I can recolle&t) about pany, &c. The perfon who ivrote that the year 1760 when Mr. S. was tirtt paragraph was not in the secret of Mr. married: his choice then full upon his S's true character. He was a great hubouickeeper, a very good woman, by mourist in the most agreeable sense of whom he had a ton, who died at the the word; an attentive obferrer of men age of four or five years. His fecond and manners; and having learned that wife, now his widow, was a Mifs Black there were clubs of artists, &c. held at fone, whole father was a farmer in certain porter-houses in his neighboure Kent; and to this very young lady he hood, belonging to which were some was united when he was about the age odů geniuses, men of an original turn of of fixiy-feven. By her he had four thinking and conversation, he would, children ; one of wborn, a boy, was the occafionally, when his evenings were very “ image and fuperfcription" of not otherwise engaged, refort for variehimself, both in body and mind; he ty to such places, in order to finoke his manifested a most attonithing turn for darling pipe, and listen to their curious drawing, even before he was three debates, &c. there places he was years old ; and would imitare, with pen received with much respect by the com: . or pencil, every thing he saw lying on pany, who thought theinfeives highly his father's table. This child (his fa honoured by his pretence : and often, ther's darling) died of the linall-pox to. on the next day, would be entertain his GENT. MAG•March, 1783.

friends

friends of the bigher orders with his plea- give King John two robes of a good sant details of what usually passed at green colour for his interest with the such droll assemblies. And where, Mr. Flemish merchants to recover a debt ; Urban, was the harm of all this? Dean and, if he did not deliver the robes at Swift and Hogarth often did the fame; Candlemas, he was to deliver four pair and, to the ideas which they acquired of like robes at Lent. The second on such occasions, the world is indebted clause of this fine or obligation News for many of those admirable strokes of these green robes (roba) were fo valu. humuur which have distinguished the able, there was some difficulty in propen of the one and the pencil of the curing them in a given time. Mr. other. Yours, &c. A. H. Madox, and Mr. Hume implicitly fol.

lowing him, ftates, that Andrew NeStri&tures on Mr. Harmer's Observac velun was to give three Flemish caps; tions. (Continued from p. 115.)

but the record savs,"

cappas pluviales

de Flandria,” which nay have been Obr. STRETCHING TO Hit the band, caps of a particular conftrution or ma95

clearly means holding them up, terial, rain-proof. or out, in a posture of prayer.

the suitor could get was no such inconObf. 96. Seiring idol ibresholds and fiderable thing, when we reflect in how posts, may mean, introducing their high demand that him was among our thrines, aliars, and other marks of idol forefathers. So late as the reign of Henry worship, into the temple and fanctuary V. we find, in Rymer, X. 175, a specific of the true God.

power was granted to tivo perfons to buy, Obf. 97. True it is that David kept take, and provide, all the live lampreys Goliah's armour in his tent at the time they could, in or out of the Seine, beo he brought his head to Jerusalem ;

but

tween Rouen and Harfleur; and to two this is not presumptive evidence that be others the like power between Lillebon presented his sword afterwards to the and Harfleur ; 'so that it should seein Tabernacle at all, or when he was in

Henry V. was not afraid of the ill ef. circumstances to do it with the requisite fect of eating this fish, which coft Henmagnificence. The letter of Queen Ca

ry I. his life. The three mewed or therine about the piece of James IV's trained hawks (aufiuri mutarii), in an coat, to be dispiayed in the banners of

age when hawking was in high vogue, Henry VIII. in France, is a ridiculous

and carrying a hawk on the fift was a misapprehenfion of the words of her mark of nobility, would be no inhgniMajesty's letter. “ Sending you for ficant addition to the ten marks to obyour baner's a king's cote,” means only tain the king's favour. Ten hawks are a trophy, or token of the victory, for

joined with ten horfes, and one fore which purpose lhe would have sent hawk with one horse, in other instances. James's dead body, but our Englisbe mens Surely the being excused going to con: harts would nni suffer it. Here again duet the King of Scotland to the King much criticisin is thrown away on of England, in John's roign, was well the English word cloth, without rello bought off by ten bulls and ten cows ! ing us what the original word means.

Many a good woman would give 200 The LXX render it ikalov, and the

hens to have access to ber bufand wbo Vulgate, pallium, which means more was in confinement. The words of the than a common covering, perhaps the record are, “ eo quod poffit jacere una scabbard, or a wrapper, or it may be the nolle cuin domino suo Hugone de Ne. tunic or mantle of Goliah himself—if vill.” (Madox, 326). Mr. Hume prehe wore one.

fumes he was in confinement. Elias the Obľ 100. Great stress is here laid on dean fined in 100 marks that his milthe apparent triviality of the presents tress (amica), his sons, and servants, given by the monarch of Ireland to the might be bailed to answer in the king's King of Ulster, that with fhips, cups, courts." (Madox, 342), Many women horfes, swords, robes, coas of mail, paid fines to be excused marriage, or 10 mantles, knives, and greyhounds, should be at liberty. to marry whom they be joined leeks and swans eggs. The pleased. Ridiculous as this may seem laughability of thele unequal presents at first sight, the least knowledge of our arises from a falle comparison of an ancient customs shows the reason of it; cient with modern times. But let us that, being in ward to the king, they fee what were the ridiculous things could not marry without his leave, and which were said to be presented to the frequently were disposed of by him to King of England. Hugh Oifel was to partners whom they would not have

cholen

Striclures on Mr. Harmer's Observations. 219 choren of their own free will. A little at- fupposing that Jephtha's daughter and tention to the manaers of different ages • her companions went up and down the and nations will remove all despicable mountains bewailing her hard fate with ideas. The different value of articles and music, any more than Ms. Biddulph in money in the 16th and 18th centurics saying music is used in other places in will thew, that rol. given to Q. Elizabeth times of mirth, and not in times of was not so trilling a present even from a mourning? what then are dead marche', bilhop, and that too annually; or liveetand other musical compositions at fumeats and orange-flowers from her phy- nerals? The music and dancing at the fician, or a rich cake or pie from her Ghinnah murder, p. 393, may be deema master-cook. Great ftress has been laid ed tragic and vengeful : but pipers on her Majesty's pocketing an agate. were hired to mourn the sacking of Jo. handled knife and fork after dinner, at tapata, p. 397; nor is it worth con, a house where the was visiting. The tending whether rightly translated minftory is quoted from the beginning of strels, Matt. ix. 23. Compare Obs. 109 : the Sidney papers. I suspect it is that Mourning the absent dead is a custom all told by Rowland White there, p. 376, over the world. Thar, after the Lord Keeper had given Obf. 103, applies to a Grecian, not a nosegay of jewels to the amount of an Oriental custom. The mourning of 4001. and other things, to grace his Israel at tbe doors of their tents, Numb. Lordihip the more " The of berself took xi, 10, expressed a general discontent, from him a falt, spoone, and a forcke of in as public a manner as poisible, by fair agate.” I confess the words do not coming out of their tents. Strike me in so dishonourable a sense as

Obs. 106. The habit of Ezekiel, in is here put upon them. To gratify him contradistinction to mourning, was, astill more, the, without much prilling, mong other things, to bind the tire of nok at his band a fait, &c. At worit, bis head upon bim; which the LXX. we can only suppose she begged them.

tranllare plaiting bis bair ; To TPXW 16 % Mr. Hume's reficetion on the

praca rice of our kings in taking presently circumligala fit: not a word, of please

συμπεπλεγμενου; the Vulgate corona rua Jensible

, is, iri my humble opinion, juł ingly adjusted, but only dressed. In our the reverfe ; for it is not peculiar to version, the fire of the head means the barbarous Eastern princes to fell their dressing of the hair. And thus, weargood offices, and intrude themselves ing the hair is opposed to Job's Maving

it off. Mr. Harmer seems to have into every business, that they may have

been milled by the pointing of the LXX; an opportunity of extorting money." Every prince, in Europe or Asia, who

ox belongs to the first member of the has an exchequer, has a fimilar mode fentence, not to the second, for then it of filling it by fines, reliefs, and other would extend to the putting on the shoes. established receipts. No kings on earth

The comparison of Egyptian and were fonder of free-gifts than the StuPerhian sculls is in Herodorus. Til. c. iz. arts; and the only difference between

Obr. 108 Math. xi. 17, only means frec-gifts or subsidies and taxes is, that to express the perverseness of the Jews, the former depended more on the will

who acted just the contrary to what of the fovereign, while the latter are they ought to have done, just like perimposed by the representative body, and sons, ar funerals or festivals, not makfrequently not more equally. Neither ing the proper plaintive or chearful reis Mr. Hume justified in calling the

turn co chose who led or challenged Extern princes barbarous. The Ro. them. mans, in their pride of conqueft, be Obr. 109. St. Paul's words, 1 Cor. stowed that odious cpithet, as the Chi. xiv. 7, want no explanation from allus nese do now, on all the reft of the fion to particular cufiom; they only world. But let nut Britons, who were

mean, in general, that, if any inftruformerly of that number, bellow is now

ment is played upon, out of time, it on any part of the world.

can produce no effect. Obl. 101. In Norden's Voyage up I may possibly continue these Aricthe Nile, nobodody was alhamed of tures on the second volume. But if, taking the bachjb, or present, which after all that has been taid in the outlet was a perpetual subject of importunity. of them latt month, any undue severity Is it clear that presents are not made by thould feem to bave been ulcd in theni, Vifirors in Europe ?

the writer of them would rather derd Obs, 102. Hare ire in authority for than proceed. HIERUCKITICUS.

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which will be in a few minutes, dire&tly Εκ Διος ανθρωποι γινωσκομεν, αλλ' είι πολλα Itop it well, and replace it to others, Kerzuolui Twiave an exito atlona swoit till the fermentation ceases. The elecZiui. Arati Phænom. v. 768.

trical pistol *, fira dried and warmed, is " The Deity hith not yet trught us every

charged by holding it for three or four

minutes fi mly upon the nose of one of thing ; much still continues bidden; “ which, '25 it pieases him, he will here

these filled bot.le-, and then let it be

corked uglit. If this air be made a6 arter disclose."

broar, much of is no'íeme fmeli is Mr. URBAN,

avoindext; and, if carefully secured, it

feenan will kerp for months. account of the following ligular

The wonderful properties exhibited by experiinent in any writer on electricity,

electricity will doubles induce future nor can find, wiilin the reach of my proficients in natural philosophy to be enquiry, that it haili bean periormed be. her confident than Vieir predeceffure. foie, I fend the particulars. It mould

They will be reived in tier reasoning pot, however, be concealed, that Mr.

on caules, and disident in their solution Brydone seems to have irad it in his

of etfiets, when it is confidered with power to have done the tame, when he

what entire fatisfaction to the authors let fire to spirits of wine by a method faitems have in all a.ts been brought nearly similar.

forward explaining the various operaDuring a frost this winter, I prevailed toas of nature, though at the time they on a young lady to stand on an ioluia

Wire tuially ignorant eren of the exitting ftool, and comin her Giter's hair

tence of one of its most powerful anel briskly; bs which means, in ten minutes, aétive agents Pluw stadiily did each of so much elcétric Auid was collected, that them, from Aristo:le to Lucretius, from on applying the electrical pittol, charged

Scneca to Boerhaave, persuade bimself with inflammable air, só ncar

that he hail compierely accounted for the naked arm of the lady who combed as

Atroke and found of thunder! and in to draw a spark, it was inliaorly fired

what contempt are:hile delufiuns holden off, to the altonithment of the attending tince the great Franklin fucceeded in his conpany.

Promethean shefc! How would NewSince this extraordinary phenomenon ton bimiclt lave contraced his brow, on may add to the ans ufements of many who being thrown lightning inclosed in a Lego are confined within by the feverity of den plei! froit, I suljoin, for those who are un

It is highly probable, that, had no acquainted with electricity', the fucceedfuch fubfiance as amber been discorcredi, ing infiructions. Whicre columns of

electricity would have full remained glass cannot be procureit, an insulating wholly unknown; and it may rcafonaitool may be easily construcied, by fas- bly be fuppofce, that many such attentening tour tall quart bottles, as legs, on

dant diels conttarely hover around us, a board.

This tiool, placed on a quire though we do not at prelent puifels an of brown paper, will inlulate suifici

art jo potent as to call them into apently. The head of hair must be strong,

pearance, or to cominand them. The and perfetly clean; and whoever lianus

wide-extending prospect which hath o. on the stoul should take great care not

pned to us in our days, alone fully jui. to touch, either with their hands or

titit's our all discerning band, when he cloths, any thing but the hair which

1ays, is comoed. The perion whose hair is

There are more things in heaven and corih, combed should lland on the Avor, that

Iloratio, fresh supplies of elcétric matier niay be

Than are dreunt of in your philofophy. obtained from it.

T. H. W. To make the gas, or inflammable air, the lame as that by which balloons al

Mr. URBAN, cond, take a few ounces of the filings of

TH iron, if of cast-iron they are preferable ;

HE bas relief over the door of the

house of the Medical Society in puur on them a small quantity of oil of Bult-cuurt, which you have engraved in vilniul luiphureous acid) fomewhat di. luted wili water; immediately inveit

your last month's Miscellany, is taken

from a design of Gravelot's, engraved by a in emp.v bottle closely over the mouth o the other, to receive the inflammable

* Sold by the mathematical instrumentaid as it rics. When this boule is filled, makers. 7

Four

March 4.

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