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to be.

on the island. The public curiosity be Mr. URBAN,

Mar. 1. ing excited vefpecting birine bele hands Y Or Rumorrefpondenter

of Aitor who of Defoe, to arrange, and form them has made mention of a stone coffin into a regular narrative.

These papers

found among the ruins of Reading Abmust have been drawn up after he left bey, will much oblige a constant.rcader Juan Fernandes, as he had no means of of your Miscellany if he will favour him recording his transacions there, Capt. with an account when and where it was Cooke remarks, as an extraordinary found, as I do not recollect any circum. circumstance, that he had contrived to stance mentioned by any of your corre. keep an account of the days of the week fpondents of the finding such a stone and month; but this might be donc, as coffin. If M. A. refers to what has Defoe makes Robinson Crusoe do, by been published respecting the furnile cutting notches in a post, or many other that a leaden coffin there found was the methods. From this account of Selkirk, coffin of Henry the First, that matter Defoe took the idea of writing a more underwent much difcullion, and was extensive work, the romance of Robin- left in a state of doubt. Whether a. son Crusoe, and very dishonefly de- correspondent, who suggests his opinion frauded the original proprietor of his to you respecting a matter hardly pollia share of the profits. conclude this ble to prove, may be pronounced unfore story with Selkirk's obfervation to Sir tunate, or otherwise, is with me a mal. R. Steele, only remarking, that it is a ter of question. To be unfortunate is proof how apt we mortals are to imagine, to be unprosperous, or wanting luck. thar happiness is to be found in any fi- I rather apprehend M. A. means to tuation except that in which we happen say, the gentleman who transmitted to

To use his own words, “I am you that account was not infallible; nor now (says he) worth eight hundred did he pretend to be fo, or to be privipounds, but shall never be to happy as leged from crror, or incapa!»le of mila whe: I was not worth a farthing. take in a point which no man has yet

I beg leave to inform your corre ascertained to a demonstration. I would spendent D. R. P. 31, that, from repeat- not contend with M. A. upon the detie ed experiments, I know his opinion to nition or true meaning of the word be well founded, that a musket, or even “ unfortunate," as applied to that war. a pistol Hot, will “as surely enter a rative; but I must contend that M. A.'s tree as a nail may be driven into it by a memory is very fallible when he prohammer.” I have seen a pittol ball nounces that discussion to have respected fired into an oak tree; and it penctrated a ftone-coffio. SAMUEL JOHNSON. hear an inch into the solid wood. Yours, &c. H. D. Mr. URBAN,

IN your Magazine for February last, Mr. URBAN, Dublin, Feb. 25. N the course of a late conversation p. 142, your readers are told, that "Mr. quence and information in this king. iv. 3,” or rather 2 and 3. I trust, I dom, he allured me, that Mr. Benjamin thall give no displeasure either to Mr. Holloway, of Middleton Stony, atlured King, your Reviewer, or Readers, by him, some time ago, that he knew for informing them, if you, Sir, will permit Cact, that the celebrated romance of me to do it, that, upwards of twenty • Robinson Crusoe" was really written years ago, the same tranNation was by the E of Oxford, when confined in the given to that passage (Every Spirit ibal Tower of London; that his Lordship confefferb that Jejus is the Chrifi come in gave the manuscript to Daniel Defoe, the Aeth, &c.) by a now-decealed Clerwho frequently visited him during his gyman of acknowledged abilities in confinement; and that Defoe, having af- fcriptural learning, in a series of Serterwards added the second volume, pub. mons delivered on the three first ver les lithed the whole as his own production. of the fourth chapter of St. John's

This anecdote I would not venture to Epifle, and accompanied, with such send to your valuable Magazine, if I realous as made it appear the true sense did not think my information good, and of the rule there laid down by the imagine it might be acceptable to your Apottle. I think it but jutuice to say. numerous readers, norivichlanding the this; but at the same tiine defire it may work has heretofore been generally ato not be thought that I mean to cast any tributed to the latter. W.W.


Mar. 2.

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Feb. 4.

Defeription of a curious new-invented Stove.

209 reflection on Mr. King. This tranlla- gentle heat, and much curiosity was extion gives fo clear a sense io the patrage cited respecting the means by which it that it is not extraordinary it should was produced. Fire was not doubted, occur to more than one among the although no fire was visible; and, as number of those who study the Scrip- there was not any appearance of chimtures in the original.

E. D. ney or funnel, it was conjectured that In p. 142, col. 2, Matt. “ xviii.” the smoke was confumed within the hould, I suppose, be "xvii. 9-13." domes, with which each of these tém

ples were severally crowned;, or, that Description of a

INVENTED the element was supplied from some maStove, with a defrending Flue. terial which could undergo combustion (See plate II.)

without emitting that noxious vapour. Mr. URBAN,

These stoves, however, were heated by
MONGST the utilities of the
A Mentleman's Magazine

, the

a common fire of sea-coal, from which

the smoke passed downwards. But, it affords of circulating information on though the Bank fove was much ada inventions and improvements may be mired for the ingenuity of the contrive enumerated.

ance, complaints were foon made, that Amidft the lighter tracts of a daily the warmth emitted from the surface of paper, such explanations would seldom cast iron was unwholefome; that the obtain notice, or, at best, the notice air of the room was not exchanged and only of a minute; and yet it will not be purified as by a common fire; that difdenied that articles of this kind may orders in the lungs, in short, a new dila furnish amusement, and that there order, an iron cough, was occafioned by should somewhere exist a repository in them; and it is probable the charge is which such as are useful may be pre not altogether unfounded. served.

THE STOVE, which the annexed The untractable nature of smoke oc- plate represents, is free from the objeca casions a kind of annoyance, which may tions whicit have been urged against the be ranked amongst the real discomforis former. of life; the disgust, and even the terror, By referring to the plate (fi: 1), the with which it is considered, cannot be reader will fce the form of a love with denied, whilft we remember that, of the

two open fire places placed on two faces two great disturbers of domestic felicity, of a triangle-to which a third might our proverb gives it even the foremost be added where it might be neceffaryrank,

from each of these the fmoke readily A smoky chimney and a colling wife. passes through an aperture in the back

into a flue, which descends perpendicuWhether the order ought to be inverted larly about seven feet, then horizontally or not, I leave to be debated by those through a brick Aue led over an arch, who have experience in both ; my pre- in order to leave a paffage or thorough:

sent purpose is to shew, that smoke is fare in the cellar beneath, and, from : far more ductile and manageable than thence, ascends through a it has commonly been supposed to be. chimney to the top of the house. The

A proof of the decay of religion in fires constantly burn well; and it is inour days--would it were the only one deed curious, and to most obicrrers is the complaining of coldness in our surprising, to see the smoke, Aime, and churches, and of the efforts hitherto to sparks, run downwards as readiiy as render them warm and comfortable. water, or any Auid could do. As a fire placed against any one five of a be necessary to observe, and will ierve large building could have but a partial to explain the principle of this contiveffect,mand as the building of chimnies ance, that, at the time the 11: 6.3 are in the area mult utterly confound the lighted in tne stoves, a handful of favor symmetry of any structure,Germanitoves ings should be put into the chimney were introduced, few of which have through the fmall iron door (marked answered the intended purpolc in any b); these being lighted, the smoke tolerable degree.-The improvements afcending from them will expel the at. of the Bank of England presented a no. mospherical air from the Baft; which velty of the stove kind. In the centre having caused a kind of vacuim thereof the hall, and of each of the principal in, the air from the horizontal and deoffices, an edifice of Co-iron fupplied a fcending flues rushes to fill the space, GINT. MAC. March, 1788.


COID mon

It may

and is followed by that from the room Virgin Mary, and hitherto supposed to wherein the stoves are placed, pafling have been situate at a place called Nouthrough the apertures in the fire-places; thun; and what the initial letter of the so that a sufficient current or draft being name of the place really is being the obiained, the smoke is led to pass down- sole matter in doubt, and which can be wards, coutrary to its natural tendency, determined only by an accurate inspecas liquids will rise and pass upwards tion of the original feal; it becomes, through a siphon, and from the same therefore, incumbent upon the pofTeilor caufe. I cannot dismiss the subject of it to communicate such information without observing, that an attention to as may clear up that doubt, and which, the principle may lead to more effe&tual it is hoped, the following remarks will remedies for the smoking of common not fail to do. cbimnies, and that, by means of this im On looking back to vol. LVI. p. 1107, provement, churches, and other public where your correspondent W. & D. Buildings, may be supplied with plea. fupposes that the initial letter might not fant and wholesome warmth; that the be N but B, and the small joining architect, ihus relieved from the neces- strokes in the center and bottom parts fity of providing fire-places and chime of the B might have been so much worn nies on the leveral hides of a building, in fo old a leal as to have escaped the will often be enabled to make a more observation of the delineator, I was inconvenient appropriation of the leveral duced to take off a very fair impression parts to the uses intended, and may of the seal; and upon accurately exa: sometimes find himself more at liberty mining it, and comparing luch initial to pursue the suggestions of his imagić letter of the name of the place with the nation in the nobler objects of his art, B in the word BEATE of the inscripthe attainment of graceful fimplicity, tion, the first letter of the former apand the display of unincumbered 1pace. pears evidently to be a B, the Itrokes Yours, &c.

G. ai the top and bottom, and a small one N. B. One of these stoves is placed in the center, of the B, and also a roin the Phoenix Fire office, Lombardo tundity at the top and bottom of it, beftreet, where it answers in every the ing yet visible. most perfect degree.

The inscription upon the seal (see Explanation of Plate II.

pl. II. fig. 4) undoubtedly is S'HOSPIFig. 1. A, the base or foundaticn. TALIS TEATL MARIE DE BOVTHVN, B, fction of the floor.

and carries with it the highest probabiC, circular hearth.

lity of having once belonged to one of D, the sub-plinth or bed-stone. the two hospitals in the suburbs of the E, thc Itove with two fire-places. city of York, which bose the name of dddd, vents for warm air.

Boutham, both being dedicated to St. EG, the course of the flue and chimney. Mary according to Tanner. b, an iron door; for the use of which

Yours, &c. A. B. see the description annexed.

Fig. 2. The base plate, of caft-iron. Mr. URBAN, Utfoxeter, Feb. 21. a a, the alhes.pits.

I a bb, the flues, separated from each remains of a brass, or mixed metal, other.

vefiel, which was brought to me on the cocl, holes for the passage of air 14th of February lait, and was found from the cellar; which, after becoming by a labourer the day before, in digging heated in the cavities of the stove, is upon a common belonging to the parish discharged at the several parts marked of Uttoxcter in Stafford thire, which had d d d d.

pever before been cultivated, and which Fig. 3. The bed-stone.

is now inclosing in consequence of an ii, the aperture for the flues.

act of parliament, for the purpose of k,'four holes to admit air from the aiding the poors rates, which are very cellar into the cavitous parts of the fove. high bere. (See pl. II. fig. 5).

The common where the verrel was Mr. URBAN, Leeds, March 2. found is called the High Wood : there

S many ingenious conjectures have is a very remarkable eminence upon it, lately, offered, respecting the true read. fupposed to be a tumulus, and is apon ing of the monaftic kval which has be the very bighest part of the common, longed to an hospital dedicated to the and is conspicuous at many milus dil


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