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and the Northern nations were of this work, which are overbalanced Christian till the eleventh; it seems ra. by numerous laudable qualities. The ther ignorance than incredulity to deny text and various readings are given that they present a faithful lyftem of with great care and accuracy; the Notes Scandinavian mythology.
and Gloffary afford valuable learning in To return, for a moment, to Sæmund: the Icelandic language; and it is printafter a long and laborious life he died, ed in an elegant manner. according to the best authorities, in Let us now give some hints on the 1133. The Life of him, here given, is various poems of this collection. written by the celebrated Arnas Mag 1. Valitorudni[mal. Odin goes to see næus, who clofes it vith fume curious the giant Vafthrudnis, in order to iry remarks on the Eddas.
bis wisdom, which was much celebraied. Proceeding to the work itself, the They converse together on cosinagony, poems now published amount to thir- the end of the world, the late of mea teen in number. The omillion of the after death, and various natural causes. three published by - Refenius mus frike This is one of the most valuable pieces every reader as a great defeet; so inuch in the collection, and is ably illustrated. su, that the title of Edda, given to this 2. Grimnis Mal. Odin, in this long volume, seems improper, because the piece of 53 stanzas, gives an account of Voluspa, in particular, che most import- the habitations of the gods, and different ant poem of all the old Edda, and con.
other parts of mythology. This poem taining the sum of its mythology, is is more often quoted in the later Edda omiteed; so that this volunię does not than any of the reft, except the Voluspa. (as it ought) contain the Edda, or My. But we were surprised to find a stanza thology, complete, to far as could be concerning Thor's Palace in the lates recovered. The Editor seems in this to Edda, (fab. XIII. edit. Goranlon, XIX. have aĉied as though he had published edit. Rejen.) which is not to be found a portrait without eyes, or built a house in this edition of the Grimnis, nor any without windows. This defect was moft
note accounting for the defect. unnecelary; for the pamphlets of Re 3. För Skirnis. Skiner's journey to senius are not only extremely scarce, conciliate Gerda's love to Freyer. This but not very accurate; and the publica- is quite confonant to the later Edda, tion of this Edda, without its three first, Fab. XIX. Gor. and most important, poems, merely be 4. Harbarz Lioth. Odin and Thor cause they had been printed latt cen call each other names, like Homer's iury, must ineet with universal dilap- gods. probation. It is said, that the Volura, 5. Hymis Quida. Thor goes, in HyHaavamal, and Odin's Magic, are to be mer's boat, to kill the serpent Midgard: published separate, with large illuftra- copied in the protè Edda, Fab. XXIV. ijons; bui, if so, they never can com Gor. plete this work, which stands as the first 6. Ægisdrecka. In this fingular piece volume, and is unintelligible without Lok telis all the gods their faults, like the Voluspa. - To fiuith our ceulures, another Momus. and our own pain in making them, it 7. Tbryms Quida. Thor recovers his must be further observed, that the pre- hammer, ditguiled as Freya. fatory matter is very defective. A tor
8. Hrafnu Galdr Odins. mal comparison between the Rhythmic wanting beginning and end, and obicure and Prosaic Edda ought to have been to excess. It appears to concern Iduna given, pointing out the particular palo and the apples of immortality; but is iages of the former upon which cach wanting in good copies; and leems not fable of the latter is founded, and the to oclong to the Edda. like. The nature of the verse, and its
9. Vegiams Quida. Odin's journey to antiquity, should have been illuftrated. Hell, to finely translated by Gray, and Alliteration feems as exacily oblerved from which the English ceader may form as in Icelandic poetry of the twelfth an idea of this Edda. Gray's translacentury. How is this to be accounted tion wants the five first stanzas, here for? To each poem ar argument published, and neceffary to understand ought to have been prefixed, with re the occafion. ferences to the later Edda; whereas 10. Alvis Mal. Thor questions a only the first has an argument, and is dwarf on the panies which various obevery way the best illustrated in the jects bear among the gods, Vans, whyle volume. So much for the faults Dwarts, Giants, &c. ;-a curious fpeci
Review of New Publications.
139 men of Scaldic institutions in fynony- than any other Northern production. mous words.
Arnas Magnæus, in his Life of Sæ. 11. Fiol Svinns Mal. Suipdag, an il- mund, thinks the later Edda not older luftrious youth, returning from a jour- than the fourteenth century; but his ney, tries the wit of Fiolluid, who arguments are inconclusive, as he makes guarded his mistress, by various quero no allowance for interpolations, and nons. This is a mere ftring of riddles, judges from MSS. of this Edda actually and can neither belong to the Mytho then tranloubcd Nor does it clearly logic nor It istoric part of the Edda, as appear that the Scalda, from which he the Editor allows.
judges, and the Edda, were written by 12. Hindiu Lioth, al. Voluspa hin one person. The quefiion requires the Skamma. This pocm, called The Little greatest critical acumen, and Icelandic Voluspa, contains the gcocatogy of one learning, to decide. Ortar, detailed in a singular antique inanner. If it belongs to the Edda at 13. BIULIOTHECA TOPOGRAPHICA BRIT all, it must belong to the Historic part,
NO XLIII. Containing, the and has no bohinels here.
Hi.ories of Aiton Flamvile and Burbach, 13. Appendix, Soler Lioth. A cu. including ib: Hamlets of Sketchley and rious moral poem, elegantly written by Smockington, and the Granges of Leicester a Christian scald, but fingularly mingled
and Horeiton, in the Counties of Leiccster with Paganisin. It confe Hedly does not
and Warwick. With a lorge Appendix to belong to the Edda.
Ib. Hiftory of Hinckley. By John Nichols,
F.S.A. Edinb. Perth; and Printer to The Gloffary is extremely large, and
ibe Society of Antiquaries, London. 460. full, as necessary in explaining the oldest remains of the Scandinavian tongue, have followed upon some family me
THE important consequences that and must be useful in tracing the ety. morials, interwoven in the History of mology of the English.
The learned Society for publishing Hinckley, which formed one of the ear. Danıth MSS. deferve great praise for lieft Numbers of this useful Collection the propriety and exactness of their edi. of British Topography, have infpirited tions. They propose fpeediiy to publith the Compiler to pursue this dry walk, the Hiftoric Part of the Old Edda ; with pleature to himself, and informa. which, if we judge from that of the later tion to the publick. He has made the Edda, relates to Hrolf Krak, Froder
most of the small townships hcre deFridleif, and especially Sigurd Fofneri
fcribed ; and, if he has done nothing cida, old Danith kings and heroes. ic elte, he has fet a pattern to future com is much to be withed that they would
pilers, and extends his vicis to as full publish a correct edition of Sorro's
an History of the COUNTY of LeiEdda, from the bett MSS.; for thote of CESTER as the want of perfection in, Refenius aud Goranson are very bad.
or accets to, the collections of Sir Tho. The variations are great; and it seems
mas Cave will permit. What pity such uncertain if the work be in dialogue or
collections should be neglected, and
that the drudgery of forming them a not ; for the tivo firt chapters leem interpolated. The third chapter of the second time tould reinain to be
over again! Prologue, as given by Kefenius, concerning the Alä and Troy, Odin's fight from Pompey, &c. is clearly not by 14. BIBLIOTHECA TOPOGRAPHICA BRr
TANNICA, No XLIV. Containing, An Hij. Snorro, as it is quite contradictory to
corical Account of ib: Parish of Odell, in his history and the Edda itseif, The
the Counly of Bedford; wberein particular dialogue of Gangler with three perfons,
Attention is paid so ebe Queries propojed by who, however, all make one Odin, be
ibe Editors of Bibliotheca Topographical jog merely different names for that god, Britannica. Communicated by Oliver St. as appears from the Scalda, seems abi
John Cooper, Vicar of Puddington and furd, and an interpolation of some ig Thurleigh. norant hand. The fame and importe IT gives us pleasure to see this third ance of the Edda call for full illuftra- instance of attention paid by Mr. Coo. tion of its obscurities; and it is hoped per to the interesting queries abovethe Danish SEVIRI will gratify the re mentioned, which are such a proper public of letters with a full account of basis for a general topographical history the different MSS. of Snorro's Edda, of Great Britain.
Too inuch praise their contents, and variations, as that cannot be given to the Editor of the work is more universally attended to Bibliotheca Topographica Britannica,
which has made a progress beyond our restoration of the right incumbent to moit fanguine expectations. We can this living, Dr. C. got the vicarage of only express a wish, that Mr. Cooper Croydon of the Chancellor, and never may in like manner pervade a circuit paid the money whicb be promijed 10 ibe round him, and provoke the neighbour- friend who procured it for bim, and ecing clergy to a History of Bedfordshire. tered into litigation with his parithioners
for eithes. After repeared petitions and 15. BIBLIOTHECA TOPOGRAPHICA BRI- complaints against him, for tivo years,
TANNICA. NO XI.V. Gniaining, An An the parishioners offered to raise a iuffi. pendix [by Mr. Pridulen) so the Histories of cient income for another incumbeni, Reculver and Herne; and Observations, by and the Chancellor to provide him anMr. Denne, on : be Ar:biepifcopal Paluce or other living, if he would surrender, Mayfield in Suffex. 410.
which he refused to do, and died pare THIS little miscellany contains many
“ fon of Croydon” 1702. This Care particulars and drawings of Reculver
was first printed in 1675. and its neighbourhood, not noticed in
Letters from Dr. Ducarel, concernthe former accounts; fome, also, relat. ing to Canterbury, and the discovery of ing his Collections for the Holiors of the remains of the Archbishops Ilip and LIII. p. 773; and Additions and Core
Croydon, before reviewed in our vol. Wittlesey, in new paring the nave of
rection's in it. the church; Observations on the words
List of the Manerial Houses formerly Cbrifome and Chrifomer, which, in the
belonging to the fee of Carterbury, by pallages from Shakspeare and Davenant: Mr. Denne, with Anecdotes and Traní. Icem to mean innocent babe, or babe
actions in each. newly baptised, consequently not many
Account of Trinity Hospital, founded days old, or within the month. But the difficulty of applying the term to an old by Archbp. Abbot, 1619, in his native
town of Guilford, with a plate; of Almon is not solved, unless we should read
bury House, from Aubrey, with a plate. it, “oulde Arnold s chrisomer;" i. e.
A Map of Surrey, from Aubrey. his child, instead of himself; which
Brief Notes on Battersea, by Mr. is at least as warrantable an alteration
Theobald. as that of " Achrysomer," in a privative
Account of Cbelbam, Nurfield, and sense, for a child not christened at all. This number concludes with a collec: E. Stcele's MSS. with Vie:vs of the
Taisfield parishes, from Aubrey, and tion of epitaphs and notes at Herne, Bid
two latter churches. denden, Rolvenden, and Stapleburst.
These miscellaneous gleanings will 16. BIBL10 THECA TOPOGRAPHICA BRI
in fome degree obviate the complaint of TANXICA. NO XLVI. Containing, 1. Tbe
Dr. Ducarel, 30 years ago, that our Local Case of ibe Inb ,bitants of Croydon, 1673; Antiquities were too much neglected. wirb an Appendix eo tbe Hiftory of cha! Town, 2. A Li/l of the Manerial Houses 19. A summary View of the Slave Trade, and wbieb formerly belenged to ibe Sec of Can of tbe probable Cons quences of its Abolition. terbury. 3. A Description of Trinity Hof THIS is another of those little mapitai, Guilford; and of Albury House,
nuals circulated by the Humane Society Vib, 4. brief Notes on Battersea, Chell.
instituted with the laudable design of ham, Nutnell, and Tatsfield, in ive County
“ preaching deliverance to the capuves, of Surrey. 485.
" to set at liberty them that are bruited, THE inhabitants of Croydon made
“to preach the acceptable year of the heavy complaints against their vicar, Dr. Wm. Cleaver, who obtained, in Jary of a century* pince the yoke of a Popil
“ Lord.” May this year, ibe anniverthe times of the Rebellion, the fequefier. Tyrant was broken tom ihe neik of Bried living of Athron, co. Northampton,
• break afunder the bands of the where he behavçd in a manner yery unlike a clergieman, committing great
poor Africans, and catt away their
6 cords from us!” extortion, opprefson, pulling down his
The Consequences of the abolition of parfonage-house, and selling the mate
this inbuman traffic, as here extracted fials, and doing many unjustifiable acts from a Latin prize dillertation at Cainfor money, belides his insufficiency in
bridge, 1765, by T Clarkson, are, the preaching printed fermons, and nonlente, anid Leing drunk, kecping a wo One may fay, of two centuries, when we man as his wife, and refusing to baptile recoilect the wonderfui dispersion of the Spair bild of a vible beliezer. Upon the nuh armala, 1505. Brit.
Review of New Publications. cellation of war, crimes, oppression of to the reflection of such as do underprinces and kidnappers, a ruinous and stand that language, we proceed to folhazardous trade, destructive of leamen, low Mr. K. Step by flep. partial to the French settlemenis, &c. He sets out with a new translation of
the Lord's Prayer, principally, inderd, 13. The Abolition of ibe Slave Trade confidered in one word, the heavens, plurally, for
in a Relgious Point of liew: A Sermon beaven, fingularly, understanding it of prestbed before the Corgioration of tbe City of the many heavens wherein dwe leth the Oxford, ar St. Martin's Church, on Sunday Father Almighty, and manifefteth his February 3, 1788. By Wiliam Agutter, glory, one of which is prepared for good M. H. of St. Mary Magdalen College.
Mr. K. is not content with a poA warm address to the passions of the fitive allurance that we have fuch a reCitizens of Oxford, that they may come forwarder with a perition to Parliament of the precise (pre
treat in propeat, but fets out in search than the University are inclined to do,
“ Cælum non aniinum mutant qui if ve believe their Repretentative. The
"" trans mare currunt." filer University's petition has been pre: This our heaven, our future mansion, fen*ed by the Premier, and, with all is the - SUN. The Incas of Peru, it others hitherto presented, is ordered 10
feems, claimed a lineal descent from lie on the table.
this luminary, as their father; but Chris
tians, who are funs of God, are to take 19. Mufels of Criticism; tending to illuftrate up their eternal residence in this planet. jome few Pallages in the Holy Scriptures upon We cannot follnw.our author through Pbilosopbical Principles, and an enlarged Viewu
his chain of philosophical and chemical of Things. By Edward King, El. 410.
reasoning; but mult beg leave to differ IN this extraordinary volume we are from him in his illustrations of his at a loss whether to admire most, the
grand position, as we conceive all the extraordinary title, the extraordinary descriptions of divine glory in Scripture, dedication, or the extraordinary view of however borrowed froin the most fplenthings contained in it. It is dedicated did allusions, to be very inadequate reto the present Bihop of London, though presentations, and by no means intendJess known to the author than other ex. ed to lead us to that luminary as a cellent persons on his Lordbip's Bench. fountain or mansion of giory or happi" But the very truth is, there theets were neis. However, in order to qualify it
begun to be written immediately after, for this purpose, our ingenious author " and almost folely in consequence of a has thought proper to divest it of its "' very aesultory conversation the summer suppoled fiery properties. Surely Mr. “ before laft, in which bis Lord thip ex. K: need not be under any apprehenfion “pressed a wish, that some few oblerva- for our Lord's veracity in his promises "tions then made on the true render- about the future glory, power, and existe
ing of the Greek text of some partsence of the Saints, without placing them “ of Scripture should be further pre in the fun and fixed stars. For, if the
served, and be communicated to the present heavens and earth are to be an“publick."
nihilated, and give place to a new heaThe reader will naturally be surprised ven and a new earth, which is the exat feeing to much authority paid to the press language of Scripture, we can GREEK verfion of the FIEBREW versig. have no ground for expectation of being For, after all the authority that Dr. translated to any planet which we now Oven has given to that version, he does behold, or which future Herschels, not venture to deduce conclusions of with all the eyes of Argus or Lynceus, high import from the reading of any one may find out for us in the present fyslingle verse in any one particular copy tem. And as the heavens and earth of the LXX. Without pretending to will be as new in themselves, as they an acquaintance with the Hebrew lan will be new to our conceptions, so alto guage ourselves, we cannot help think. 'will our bodies undergo a change, ing it a counteracting Dr. Kennicot's which we can have no conception of, laudable and ftupendous undertaking, in order to be fitted for them. To these of collaring its various copies, not to apply to it, in the firft instance, for a cor
not approve of the LXX version, he is at rect understanding and translating of
“ liberty to make a better and more rational the Old Testament. But leaving this
~ one from the Hebrew, if he can;" and,
p. 545, he persists in doubting the correctMr. K, says, P. 90, “ If any one does
neis of the Hebrew text.
glorious immortal bodies we, for our fenger, John Baptist, the forerunner of parts, really know not how to apply our Christ, was a real Angel born in the Hepb, author's favourite term, Consolidation * ; who lived on earth, antecedently, as a term, we conceive, applicable only to Elijah, and will come a third time bematerial subjects, certainly not tranf- fore Christ, at the general resurrection. ferrable but emblematically to immate. This he infers from Matt. xviii. 9–13, rial ones. If the phrase of the “ righ- and particularly from Mart. xi. 14; but “ teous Thining forth as the jun,” and in this last text it is hard to say, why even our Lord's transfiguration, are o meddwr içxeo!zo thould not be translated not allegorical, and intended to convey as by us at present, who was for 10 as strong an idca of their future glorious come, or “ venturus era! ;” and why ftate as our present words and ideas are Malachi iv. 4, 5, is to be extended to a capable of, will our author make, in p: third coining of Elias. As to the con82, every one of them personify tbe fun? formity of person between Elias and the And is not our Father in beaven an om. Baptist, if we are to adhere uniformly nipresert deity as much throughout the to the LXX, the description of Elias, 2 vast expanse of heaven as in every fixed Kings i. 8, must be applied to his body, fiar? In our poor judgement the image and not to his cloaths; for in this fcose is fublimity itself. In his 566ch Jacob, Gen. xxvii, 11, was are ozous. page Mr. King says, “the servants of All the rest of the comparison is the ex«God Thall be placed either in the sun ertion of a fine imagination. The text in “ or in some other world of blijs."
Joho means, that a man was born under In Section 11. Mr. K. proceeds to a divine commillion. examine and illustrate the Mosaic account of the Creation. He conceives of Christ to Nathanael, John i. 51, ex
Section V. is a comment on the words that the earth was now " <?x? reduced plaining the communication between to a confused mass. It was generally, our heaven, the sun, and earth, to take before, supposed, that the earth, which place at a certain period; though neiev agxn originally was chaotic, was now, ther Nathanael nor Philip, the üpsis to when Moles begins his recital, made whom it was addressed, did see it. In thapely, and beautifully adorned. Mr. this comment Mr. K. supposes the Angel K. goes on to thew that, after the sepa- who appeared to Gideon communicated ration of the subtil Aaid of tire or heat, additional Arength to him by looking the first element on earth, the atmo.
at him; and that this is implied by sing fpherical air was formed, which the LXX, he says, express to much more
15 Xus cov TATTH. We rather think happily by the terın sezowua, than our jo, as in St. Paul, the divine strength
Tauty means thy present strength; and tranflation by firmament, which, in our conceprion, is a word of like-import.
would be made perfect in his weaknels;
nor is this inconsistent with Hebre:vs xi. Moles gives the name of heaven to this firmament. Mr. K. lay's, only becaule
34; or, perhaps, Mr. K. had in his heaven is feen through it. He is of opi- mind the itrength with which Minerva nion, the sun was formcd before he inspired Diomed in Homer. light; and that on the fourth day the sun
Section VI is occupied with observa(ihe greater light, illuminator, or lumi. tions on the second coming of Chrifi, as nary, or efficient cause of light,) was only
foretold by himself, which it füprofes rendered visible, while the moon (the to refer to three diftinét events, the Deleller luminary), as well as the fars, ftruction of Jerufàlem, Chrilt's Second were then created. --What our traplla: Coming properly so called with his rion renders afier its kind, applied to
holy Angels, and the Destruction of
this Earth: the time of the two first are trees and plants, as botanifis do genus positively determined by our author, but and species, Mr. K. refers to a pattern that of the third declared to be too dir. of thele things in some pre-existing
tant to be known by any man. 'These world, as man was created after the the likeness of pre-existing spirits.
three events are implied in the question Jo Scation Ill. Mr. K. offers a new
put to him by the disciples, Mati. xxiv. fran!lation of 1 John iv. 2, 3, whoso ber 3, and his as distinct answers. lieverb that Jelus is tbe Christ come in
Seclion VII. is a new translation of flesh, and the contrary.
the parable of the Unjust Steward. Mr. 13 Scētion IV. Mr. K. conjectures K. supposes it addressed to unbelievers, t the A7706, by us translated Mer
and particularly to che publicans and
linness, the stribes and pharisees, all See, particularly, p.81.