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Frify Ramifications on 11'indows how produced. E. of Eglintoun. 123

Tobacco. All vulcam verin, I tarda pora k Qu. II. Whether the nitrous partidi gratam, ka famala mara, che Baubo reparo cles, with which the air is impregnated, tera, quirara.

have such a tendency ? Or, Olfactus. Son lo the god Vulcan, and Tel.

Qu. III. Whether it proceeds from lus, kin to the father of mirth, called Bacchus.

any other caute, diltin&t from either of Tobacco. Vicardock, p bloptube, pajoune théle? tiaromagas,

I Thould be obliged to any of your Pago dagoe, Acholinf, Caroetat? Prolas. of us. Genius of all swaggeiers, pro

correipondents for an elucidation of i

Pet. ini. 19, 20 felled enemy to physicians, sweet ointment for four teeth, firm knot of good fellowshi;',

A New CORRESPONDENT. adamant of company, switt wind to spread the wings of time, hated of none but those


Feb. 18. that know him nok, and of the great deferts: The family of EGLINTOUN has

with bim can farfake him.

cordi; but the following paragraphs, Ptartaftes. It seems these last words were combined, will point out a fingularity very fignificant. I promise you a god of in one of them not generally known. great denomination, he may be my Lord

Yesterday a couple were married at St. Tappes for his large titles.

Bride's church, the woman co years of age,

and the man 70; the former a person of Mr. URBAN,

Feb. 16.

quality in England, and the latter an Earl of HE mind of man is an a&tive prin- Scotland.” Protestant Mercury, Wednesday,

ciple; its prominent features are an Dec, 7, 1698. infatiable thirst after knowledge, and an “ Al-xander, Earl of Eglinton, Viscount ardent defire of happiness. To grauify Montgomery, Baron of Ardrolian and Kila chefe inclinations, the natural and moral roming, widower, 2011 Dame Katherine world are laid open to its view, which Kaye, widow.” St. Bride's Marr. Regilter, afford an infinite and plealng variety of Dec. 6, 1648. objects, on which it may exercise its Alexander, Sth Earl of Eylintoun, powers, and which seem principally in- was one of the Privy Council to King tended by the Deity for the range of its William ; and died in 1901. thoughts and contemplations. But, at

HISTORIOGRAPHILUS. the same time, it must be acknowledged that those powers are contiacted,' and


Feb. 6. its faculties often embarratics in the WHI

WHEN I proposed mv scheme for investigation of truth, Day even of the the hgnature of real names, my moft fainiliar objects.

with was to improve your Miscellany. I confess myself, Mr. Urban, unable It is the opinion, it seems, of some of satisfactorily to account for the pi:00 your correlpondents (p. 3, 122), that it menon exhibited on our glats windows would have a contrary etleet, and your in a froky morning, namely, the land own icnument rather coincides with [cape scenery, with those beautiful ra theirs. It becomes me, therefore, to misications and vegetable appearances withdraw iny plav; but I cannot lurwhich Nature produces in preference render the conviction I feel, that it almoli to any other. The crticts are would really anliver the delign I had in regular, the caule, therefore, is doubt. View, and that none of the evils would de's the laine. Give me leave then, ensue from its adoption which your cortrough the medium of your excellent refpondents appreisend. Whit oljico Niulcellany, to which I am already very in any man con base to the Jucmuch indebied, to fubmit the following tion of his paine niiet his views Queries to your learned and ingenious honourable, and the iugot nichts ata leaders; and, at the same time, tu ex tention, I know not. But it is a maipreis the obligations I thall be under to tvr of feeling, I believe, wherein we any of them, who will be so obliging as cannot preferibe to one another. Surto 'favour me with their thoughts upon rendering iny pian, as I do for the pres ihr lubjuet.

fent, give me !cave to oifer a 'lingle Qu, i. Whether the volatile paits of number of it to your confideration, plants, which coolanıly periphe, and which is, that no anonymous repoy be adSeria which theic lonti iegions of the milieu to tbufe wło sign ibeir rial names. limfjolere are replete, may 106 ailiit The utility of this artangement muti, I Leicering irinciple la scoming thcle tinoti, be uniscolallv adinted

lihat fall I lay in the Liver go


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Truth? He is very angry. I did not the mouldering hand of time. Other mean to irritate him, but to check the agents conspired to effect our diffolution. wanton perulance of his pen. He came with what ardour hould not an Antiforward unprɔvoked. The subject has quary then view the old stock, and surno general interest in it, and it should vey the broken lineaments, which por expire with the year; otherwise he may the lapse of years, nor the hammer of know, that to remove his difficulties perfecution, have been able utterly to would not be the labour of five minutes. deface ! At all events, what concern The miltiess whom he vainly fancies tu has science, or its pursuits, with modes allure is really in my interest. Trutb of faith? Mistaking their own paffions has its Champions, Error its bullies. for the suggestions of religion, men Inadvertently, he has engaged under a have too long perverted the best intewrong standard, it seems. His temper rests of reason. It is now pretended of mind, and the scurrility of his that we see through a juster medium. tongue, are not, at least, at all adapted May our actions prove it! to the imposing name he has assumed.

JOSEPH BERINGTON. The spirit of persecution dies away on the great continent of Europe, and the Mr. URBAN,

Feb. 8. inquifiorial office has ordered search to be made in the inlands for support. The In addition to the reasons which were

urged in your last Magazine against Lover of Trutb knows the Spanish lan- compelling your correspondents to fign guage, and he can read the tales of Rin their real names, it may be observed, badeneira with pleasure. The circum- that, unless you are well acquainted Itance will give him interest; and let with the writing of all your corresponde him not fear but he will easily begro. ents, and forbid any communication selyted 10 the Popery he has described, from new ones, you will never be able which even now is to congenial with all to distinguish between true and tiEtitious his feelings. Ignorance, he observes, is signatures, and must, consequently, be its leading principle.

subject to very frequent impofition. Mr. Urban, it is really wonderful By such impofition, I presume, you that, in a country where the civil con were induced to publih (vol. LVII. p. ftitution, and all the modes of educa- 1164) a pretended ancient account of rion, seem to have an obvious tendency Yarmouth, which vcrý obscurely alluded to enlarge the mind, there should still to the disputes by which at present the be found in it fo disproportionate a mea town is unfortunately divided. The fure of illiberality and intolerance. The assumed fignature of a person, whose obfervation, I know, is juft. The Abbé intellects are frequently deranged, gare Mann, for instance, whose probity is an appearance of credibility to the acrcfpecicd, and whole abilities are ad count; and by that appearance, Mr. mired, no sooner gives his name to your Urban, you must have been deceived, Miscellany, than more than one corre for the account itself was a very impes• fpondent,' because he is a Catholic, fect imitation of an old manuscript. deems it honourable to insult him. Are With the exposure of this impoinion, Protestants to treated by the friends to I am induced to send you the account literature, even at the foot of the papal of an unfortunate woman in this town, chair : Where they go they are re whole mind is constantly. occupied by fpected; nor is there a periodical Meet, the idea that she is Queen of England, or a literary society in Europe, that will and that the power and artifices of her not thankiully receive their communi- enemies deprive her of the throne. She cations *. Only the narrow-minded carries in her pocket an old feal, and a and the vulgar, I know, are capable of scroll of paper, which the theivs as her the conduct I censure. But why, in great feal and her title. At church England particularly, are such charac. (where she generally attends), when the rers to be found? I submit the problem King or Queen is mentioned, the calls to your correspondents. We Englith out « no George,” or, “no Charlotte," Catholics are certainly a society to and mutters a fort of protest against the which respect is due. Like the ruins usurpation of her and her husband's of the noble edifices which our ancestors righis. She bears an equal anui pathy once pofitiled, we also have survived to the word “ society,” for, whenever

* lias Mr. B. or any ot!er serious gentle. it occurs in the fermon, the fails not to man of the same or any other principles in exclaim, “no society," and again mur. religion, reaton to think differently of the ters a few words. 'Her fears are freGentleman's Magazine? EDIT.

quently excited for the Catholic Church,


Extraordinary Mad-woman.--Egg laid by a Cock Macaw. 125 and, upon this fubje&, the applies to thy matter, Captain Williams, for many the Clergy, some of whom the threatens years; and I am as confident the bird with punishment, and to others the very laid the egg, and that it was a cockliberally promises Bishopricks. Her bird, as the evidence of eyes can alcerNobles confint of a few of the inhabitants tain any fact. The rev. Mr. Cooper of the town, and, with the true fpirit Williams, the fon of my decealed and of a Warrick, the makes and unmakes worthy friend, has jult lent me the egg Lords whenever she is pleased or of. from Gloucester. It is paited upon a fended. Under the influence of her piece of paper, and is about the lize of prevailing idea, and her alarms about a bantom egg, but rather of a larger the Church and State, she has fome- oval; and the following is copied tivin times walked to Norwich, to make her the paper on which is sticks, and which complaints to the Bishop; and fome. is of my friend's own hand-writing, times the has walked to London, and which I now re nember to have foun found her way to the Treatury. In one more than twenty years tince : of these excursions the applied to Lord “ This igg was laid by a Macaw bcNorth, who is said to have ansivered longing to join Williams, of Plantini, her with great quickness and pleasantry esq. in the county of Esex, the 28th (and the introduction of this anecdote is day of October, 1745, diter the bird a great motive for my sending you this had been thirty years in Colaod. It account), “that the next cart-load of was formerly the property of Sir Charles money which ihould come into the Wager.” town was intended for her.” By this Now, Sir, if there are any contemanswer his Lordship might free himself poraries of Sir Charles Wave livin', 11 from her importunity, and cafe her ap- is probable they may le ne nderuae ond prehensions for the moment; buc bier allo, for he was the moit plenud in expectations were foon destroyed, and plumage I ever beheld. the now thinks that the money has been I bave too much respect for such a fent, and that her rebellious Nobility specimen of contra Nature to part wil have with-held it from her.

it while I can keep it; but, when my She is supported by an, allowance own shell breaks, it shall go to the Brie from the town; and, though she dif- tish Museum.

P. T. dains the gift of charity, and will not

P.S. I think he lived several years involve herself in debt, she will some- after laying the egs and lying wiibibe times accept relief (in a regal style) as a maids. Benevolence from her Subjects. Of the respect due to her imaginary rank LETTERS to the PEOPLE OF GREAT He is extremely tenacious; and, if the BRITAIN, on the Cultivation of their be not addressed with the title of Ma NATIONAL HISTORY. jesty, is very highly offended. Upon Mihi quidlern nulli eruditi videntur, quibus the subject of her injured rights, and noftra ignota funt. Coro de Fa. and the danger of the Church, her whole attention seems engaged; yet the

LETTER I. is perfeétly quiet and inoffentive. In Respected Countryinen, other respects the is by no means irra. T was once my fortune to have a rional, nor is there any thing in her dispute, in a fiage-coach, with the dress or appearance (except when is Master of a College in one of our Use agitated by contradiction or alarmed by versities; which, after much julling fear) to indicate the distraction of her and joitling, ended, like moit olier mind. So nice and infcrutable are the difputes, in fetting is both do'va at our causes which separate sense and made respective hones. The subject of this

GARIENUS. debate was an observation of the land

Mifter, that every fcience had lott atMr. URBAN, Bath, Feb. 5. tained all the perfection to which manI

you a more particular account of the mult, of course, only contain a repetiCock Macaw which laıd an egs in the tion of what was already knwl and year 1755, and which I mentioned in

An opinion, to eally contato your Magazine published for the month. able from conftant experience and facts, I say the Cock Macaw, for no female needs no strong arguments to overturn of any species of bird was ever so beau. ir. Against a person capable of aile tifully be-feathered. I was intimately vancing an ablurdity, the weaheli ara acquainted with the bird, and its wor


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gument is always the strongest, as being Great, does not encourage them. For, best adapted to his understanding. l, if the publick was to go somewhat into therefore, confined myself chiefly to that line of reading, the books would this fyllogism:

sell, and pay for themselves. But the Authors, printers, book sellers, fup G' at ought to lead the way, by pubport themselves, and their families, lithing fuch works at their own expence, chiefly by publishing new books. as the Princes of the blood do in France

They are confeffedly of great use and Denmark; and Nobles have done to fociety.

in Germany, Italy, and Spain. The Your argument goes to abolish patronage of poets and men of genius these profetlicns.

has now ceased in most countries; and It is therefore injurious to society. is unnecesary, as their works, if good, I have sivce thought that the opinion rcivard themitelves, if bad, deserve no of this disputant was too general in encouragement. But the patronage of Great Britain; and particularly with learning, whose productions are seldom, regard to one moft important branch of if ever, popular, thoug! of the highest literature, our National History. From ufe and importance to the glory of the the utier neglcât thewn, for pear a cen nation, is continued in molt countries, tury, in publishing monuments, or il. as the chief fame of the great. The Jutirations, of the History of Great publication of any ancient English hisBritain and Ireland, while all the other torian, with illustrations, would not at countries of Europe are eager in this present pay for the printing. Nobody pursuit, one would imagine inat our li- reads such books. The ftudy is too terari were agreed in opinion, that all masculine for our trilling times; and all was done for our history that could be fly at the flowers of science, and neydone, and that further labour was only let the fruits. Yet books of Natural crambe recocia. It is truly surprizing Philosophy and Mathematicks, though that our booksellers, who deferve grear ftudies more fevere, are greedily read. praise for their spirit in literary under. This mystery, that in Britain alone takings, do not enter into this.' Withe National History thould be the only sciout their allifiance, where should we ence neglected, certainly merits explahave been in other respects! To their nation; and, in a future letter, shall be enterprize we are indebted for Biogra- attempted to be explained. prias, Sitems of Geography, Encyclope In order to excite fome attention to dias, Diellonaries. In France and Italy this subject, a leries of letters on it is such works were projected, and carried intended to be given in the Gentleman's into execution, by the Literati, lup: Magazine, as in that useful Repohtory ported by the pauonage of kings and they may fall into a greater number of nobles; and the looksellers knew no. hands than if printed in a separate vothing of the matter till the manufcripts luine, tecing that the subject is so much were put into their hands. Here, on neglected. The epiftolary nature dif. the contrary, the book leller's projected penses with severe method ; but it will the works, and engaged the authors. be beft to follow some little order. It They are, in fact, the tole patrons of is proposed, therefore, I. To fhew that literature in ihis countıy; and to their a neglect of our history does exift, and spuit he must have recouric for the is peculiar to us; and to produce an expubiication and illustration of our hifto- ample or two of such, neglect. li. To muat documents, thould ihe greal, as point out where the negieet chiefly lies, utual, fand aloof.

III. To examine the caufes of this neg. But it is to be hoped that our Great lect. IV. To liint at the remedies. will return to their formei tafte for true Joseph Scaliger obferved, two centuglory; that the characiers of jockey and ries ago, in the Scaligerana, that no gambler will one day not be thought country abounds in tine inanuscripts abfoluilly necellary to complete a no more than England, and that no coun. bieman and a genleman; but that the try thews such neglect of them. Were folid patronage of literature may be ad our historical MSS. alone properly pub. mited to claim fome attention. Many lilled, the press might groan with them are the literary works, which, though for half a century, io the emolument of of the night it impostance to this coun our printers and bookteliers : that is, if iry, cannot be underiaken without pa Government were to appoint a society for trovare, as the public tafie, which ge- publishing luch documeurs; if the Great nuially follows the paironage of the were 10 contribute; or if, as in molt


given of it.


Original Letter on the Salmon Fishery in the Tweed.

127 foreign countries, every gentleman were quainted with the yearly expences neto look on such works as necessary even cessarily attending each individual fithin a small library, and regard the hif- ing water, moderately computes the tory of the nation as the most interesting whole charges at soool. which together knowledge of every native. This make 10,4001. Now, the number of knowledge never can be acquired but salmon to pay thefe annual rents and by perusal of the original writers. The charges cannot be less than twenty systems and prejudices of modern histo times that sum, viz. 208,000, exclus rians are notorious. The history of five of the gilfes and trout. Greece and Rome all seek for in the The gilles are the falmon fry, and fountains: and why should not the his. therefore of the fame species : for, by tory of Great Britain obtain even great

the best-informed people, this is an ad. er attention from every native? As the mitted fact, that they return from the ftudy of our history has declined, true sea well-grown salmon. patriotism has declined; and to attempt

In the latter end of the year, the sale its revival may, it is hoped, be regarded mon make as far up the river as pofii. as a service both to patriotism and to li- ble, in order to fpawn; and, when they terature. In the next letter, as a pro. meet with a place suitable, the be and per foundation for the rest, it shall be foe conjun&tly' form a hole in the fand or shewn that a neglect of our history ex- gravel, about 18 inches deep, wherein ists, and a surprizing instance thall be they cast their sperm together, and care


fully cover it over with the same mate

rials, where it continues till the spring, AN ORIGINAL LETTER TO J. C. if not disturbed by the winter's foods. ESQ. LONDON, ON THE SALMON

One of the two roes of the fe-fille FISHERY ON THE TWEED.

will, at this season, be sometimes twelve Dear Sir, Berwick, 08. 30, 1761.

inches in length, and fix in circumfe. HE favour of yours, of the gth

rence. As to the fize of the milt of the

be-fib, I cannot say. inftant, gives me the more plea

About the latter end of March, or sure, as it presents me with an opportuz beginning of April, the young fry thew nity of the wing with how much respect themselves alive, very small at fun, but I thall employ my small abilities in an. sivering your enquiries on our Salmɔn gradually arrive at the hize of about four Fishery.

inches in length, and are then termed

here fmowtes, Qu. 1. What number of fish may the imelts; though they certainly have no

or rather, properly, river Tweed produce yearly?

Answ. The produce of this river is affinity, in shape or hue, to that delia variable, being seldom two years alike, dish of Tweed falmon at your London

cate morsel with which you decorate a and for many seasons together unpro- tables. This young fry haften to tea ductive, or the rents ill paid, while ano. ther time, for many subsequent seasons, beginning of May, the river seems to

with no small expedition. About the the salmon are remarkably plenty. To obtain an account of the number of sale idea of their pumbers. If a land-Avod

be all alive. You cannot conceive any mon caught in the river Tweed in one

then happens, they are swept away to Fear, with tolerable accuracy, I have, by the affistance of a well-informed fea more effectually, as, after it, scarce person, collected a rental of every fipa. ang are to be feen. rate fishery in the river for about 14 of them take the river again; they are

Near the middle of June, the earliest miles from its mouth (in all about 41}, then, in this second stage, cailed gilles, the rents amounting to about 5,400l. and are about 12, 14, or 16 inches long. annually *. The same person also, thoroughly ac

Thus they increase in numbers and size till about the middle of July, which is,

as we call it, the middle of gilfe-time, a * This rental was taken in the year 1761, Iince which time most of the leases have been period much looked-for by the induttria

ous and laborious poor. renewed at an advanced rent. In one in. stance, at the mouth of the Tweed, the fact

The method of nihing for salmon is is well known; the lease, which expired by a ner of confiderable length, which only a few years ago, was, with avidity, fe. the fisherman coils up on the square cured at more than double its old rent, in the ftern of a flat-bottonied boat, dine or proportion, if I mistake mut, of three to le ten feet long, and lour feet wide. The en and a half.

net is loaded, to link at boitum, and


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