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Feb. I.

Chara Aer of Mrs. Hanway.-Bishops of London and Norwich. 105 Jaw.giver, who, in the mist of punishe is considered, as I am informed it is, in ment, preserves the life, and improves his diocese : and, if not, it is certainly in the morals, of the offender.

his Grace's province. I have likewise Yours, &c. AGRICOLA. been informed, that the present Bishop

of Norwich constantly refides in his dioMr. URBAN,

cese, even during the session of Parlia

ment, to which he seldom attends. MR. Pugh, in his Life of Jonas Han

way, has mentioned that gentle It would have been more candid, if man's lifter-in-law, Miss Anne Stowe F. P, had enquired a little more accu(afterwards married to Capt. Hanway), rately about this matter, before he had as retaining her beauty till her death, at sent it for your insertion. For, though the age of fixty ; but he has not in- I greatly respect the memory of that veformed his reader who this lady was. I nerable prelate, Bishop Hough, whose beg leave, through the channel of your character F. P. so highly and juftly exMagazine, to supply this defect. Miss tols, yet there was no occafion to do it Stowe was the daughter of Thomas by reflecting upon the Bishops of the preStowe, Esq; of Newark upon Trent, a sent day, unless they actually deserve ir. gentleman in the commission of the peace I am as much an advocate as F. P. for the county of Nottingham. His fa can be for their constant refidence upon mily was of 'Newton, in Lincolnthire. their respective dioceses; for their keep Mrs. Hanway was indeed beautiful, and ing up a constant and personal intera the best-Ihaped woman I ever saw; but course and connection with all their she was conscious of this, and the orna- clergy, rectors, vicars, and curates, enments of her mind were not splendid.- couraging their labours in the ministry, She died of the small.pox; and when her and rewarding them accordingly. For brother, Mr. Jonas Hanway, visited her surely the parochial ministers of every in her last illness, the spoke with the denomination, when they regularly and moft feeling regret of the loss of that faithfully discharge the duties of their beauty which he had retained till so late sacred function, deserve every regard and a period. The following lines were attention from their superiors both in written by a clergyman of Lincolnshire : church and state, for their great and “Ye fair, who would the palm of beauty gain, · public utility to the cause of religion and

virtue. Ye practise smiles, and roll your eyes in vain: Vanquish'd, each blooming nymph must quit

I am likewise an advocate for the the field,

clergy being promoted to the Epifcopal And ev'n the fairest of the fair-ones yield Bench at rather an earlier period of life To Hanway's charms, who thines, at sixty- than F. P. seems to approve; that, in Another Venus risen from the sea *.” (three, their full strength both of body and Yours, &c. PROCULUS. mind, they may exert their zeal, and

extend their watchfulness and care, over Mr. URBAN, Feb. 8. every part of their

diocese, and may live IF (F I am not mistaken in the person who to see the good effects of their pastoral

figos himfelf F. P. in your last Mag. influence, both in the clergy and laity P. 27, it is the same who was so unfor. over whom they preside. tupate, some time ago, as to i isert fome As Dr. Maddox has been so many errors relative to a stone coffin found a. years dead, and had, no doubt, his good mong the ruins of Reading abbey. I qualities, as well as his failings, and as apprehend he is again in an error, when there are some alive very nearly connec, he alerts, that "the peculiar merit of ted with him, it would have been more Icfiding constantly on his diocese cannot candid, if F. P. had spared the mention be given to any one Bishop of the pre- of his name in the light in which he insent day;" Whenever the Bishops are troduces it. Personal refcclions should released from their attendance in Parlia. be avoided as illiberal: and, “ de more ment, I should hope that this merit may

tuis nil nifi bonum."

M. A. be given to several of the Episcopal Beach. But it' mav be given constantly

Mr. URIAN

Feb. 6. Por ahe Bishop of London and to the Theketch herewith fent you, of the

modern Market

may serve as an agreeable contrast to the * Alluding to Miss Stowe's marrying scenes of antiquity your Miscellany very Capt. Hanway, who made his fortune in the frequently exhibics. [See Plate Il.] le service.

Yours, &c. CANTIANUS. GENT. MAG. February, 1788.

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Mr. URBAN, St. Jago de la Vega. Under a (pout when it breaks, therefore As

we always endeavour to fhun it, by advanced in your former volumes keeping at a distance, if possibly we (LI. 559. LIII. 1025. LV. 594), have can. But, for want of wind to carry patience with me, while, at this disance us away, we are often in great fear and of time, I review some of thole nauti. danger, for it is usually calm uber! cal accounts which are given us as Spouls are at work, except only just p:oofs of a contrary opinion. And

wbere they are. Therefore men at 1ca, Captain Dainier's spout mihin ten • whien they see a spout coining, and leagues of the Celebes, being pretty de. • know nor how avoid it, do rom:fcripriee, and moreover the strongest of 6 times fire hot out of their great guns Mr. Franklin's cxtrits, I shall take ' into it, to give it air or vent, that for it. liim as the first spec men. I bave not may break; but I did never hear that an original copy of the Ciptaa's Veive it pruved to be of any benefit.' ages ; but as I take limun tiom. Dr. Then telling us of another story at Franklin's own extrats (v. 2767, I fecond-hand (the steward of a Guineathall suppose myself fate froin mirepre- mian, John Canby), he thus concludes septacions.

this extract: • A spout,' he says, 'is a + mall raza • We are usually much afraid of them. !ged piece or part of a cloud banging yet this was the only damage that I down about a yard, seemingly, frum ibe ever heard done by them. They feein blackest part tbercot. Commoniy ic terrible enough, the rather becaule.

hangs down hoping from thence, or they come upon you while your lie be• sometimes appearing with a small bend. calmed, like a log in the sea, and cannot ing or elbow in ibe middle. I neus get out of the way. But though I

jaw any perpendicularly down. It is I have seen and beer beset by them often, • Imall at ibc lower end, leeming to ' yet the fright was always the greatest • bigger than one's arın, but ill tuller of the haun.' Dampier, vol. I. p. 451. · cowards the cinud jrum wbence il pro, Now from this a:count we have a "ceeds.

fpour's firt rife, from a small ragged • When the surface of the lea begins portion of a cloud, hanging dowowards to work, you shall fee water, tor a from the blackejt part of the parent mals • bout one hundred paces in circumfe, the cloud from whencs ir proceeds • rence, foam, and move gently round, and every thing, hoch aloft and below,

till tbe wbirling motion increajes; and in such serene quieu le, that the clouds then it flies upwards in a pillar, about are without motion, and the flip like a • one hundred paces in coinpals at the log in the waier. The rise therefore, • bottom, but grariually letfening up, according to Dampier, is not from the • wards, to the finallners of the spout it. sea, nor from any whirlwind either *self, through which the riling tua. however a light driving air might as a

water fetmas to be converra into the consequence follow. iclouds. This vijoly appears, .by ibo The projective or feping form he next

clowds increasing in bulk and blacknes, describes them to have, he is pretty righe • Then you thall prei nulv see the cloud in: and they are sometimes folvending

drive along, Ibough before it jeened 10 as to form an arcli, bow.like, which z be without any izolior. The (pont allo suppole, he means by the ollow in the keeping the aine course with the cloud, midine. And which appearance alone and Itill fucking up the water as it gives were almost fufficieni, without havinga, along i and ibey make a wind as they any other concurring circumstance, to

Thus it continues for half an convince ao uoprejudiced mind, that such bour, inore or less, until the fucking is a Ipout cannot be a riling onc, --unleft ic • {peni, and then breaking, off, all cle is supposed to rulh forth, like a pro. olvater which was below the spout, or jeciile dismiled with exưseine power from

pendulous piece of cloud, falls down its agent; which, however it inay agree

again into the sca, making a great noile with the notion of puision, cau hy no • with its falling and cialhing motion in means carry any likedalo io a rising in the sea.

vacuo. But, that (pouts are never pero • It is very dangerous for a flip to be pendicular, or to appearance for an in

ference which nearly pretents ilíclf by * Vol. IV.p.595, 1. 24. r. ' a bylaitokis, &c.' this gentleman, who, having been lo

+ The (talick partage, through all the many, had never been such --would folloring extracts, are those wbrinda parti be to us a conclufion too rah: for sularly I mean to coalider.

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Dr. Lindsay on Dr. Franklin's Dofline of Water-spouts. 107 this will answer no description whatever. this sultry, zone are constantly experiIf whirlwinds and vacuums, in fark encing, either to our good, or our fuck. calms, are the causes of 1 pours, and that less fortunes. But if a cloud is charged, spouts rise,-then will they most cer and hangs in the way of bafiling airs tainly appear agreeable to thar figure from different, perhaps oppodie quara given by Dr. Stewart, and from him by ters, perhaps within, perlaps without Dr. Franklin, perfectly perpendicular, the cloud, pushing and queezing it, as jet-d'eau like and fo surely so, that I it were a sponge, into a narrower commuch question if a fhor from a great pass; it may give way, not only in one gun, or any cross accident, was to let in heavy pour, but in leveral at once of a air, or set such a column as theirs out of lighter fall. And this a lo is the caule the plumii, ic wou'd oversee the whole why spouts fro:n the fame cloud appear navigation, and the towering fabric cum to have different rakes or arches-ho. ble iplash, like a boy's house of cards, sides this principal one, which, from the As to the other idea, a falling (pout; the laws of perspective, will always exist, Nopings never can be uniform, because vize that all being fuen in different they must hang as the varying ftuation points, and from one place or thip's of the atmosphere will form them : deck, none can be seen in an equal point more or les so, as the reigning breeze of view. But, as already ob'erved, all has strength, as it is high in the air, or above must be gentle, to give the effects low on the horizon. And, besides thele, we feel, and, accordingly, hardly an inthe laws of perspective will give them itarce is to be met with of anything different casts to the curve or perpendi- violent or hurrying, amongst the heavy cular, as the eye may he fituated which clouds, during the continuance of a observes them- of which more anon. water-spout, till, growing specificaily

Befules, fee not (while the atmo: lighter by the valt discharge of Auid, sphere otherways may enjoy a profound they gradually seek upwards for a lighter calm) why an overcharged cloud may atmosphere, and tometimes gain allo a not, troin some internal cause, unper- motion onwards; which last motion, to ceired, and even unknown by us, burnt the eye, will always be the most discerninto a (pout. And, if Father Beccaria's ible. And we may here remark, once electrical hypothesis shall have any hare for all, that these motions must be rehere, vize that electric fire gathers the gulated by the discharge from the cloud. vapours together, forms clouds with The motion upwards may be so slow as them, and afterwards diffolves them not to attract the eye's notice; but such ioto rain ; I see not why such a fall may

a motion must be, and inult take place not be, truly speaking, perpendiculari early on the discharge. That the moThis, I believe, however, is seldom the tion onwards must take its rise also iny cafe ; for though they happen in calms, now degrees, and is not perhaps often they are feldo:n seen in 'ftark calms. very cilcernible till a confiderable time Sometimes there are light airs' below, after the beginning of the fall. And railed by, and according to, the violent that, if that driving of the cloud for agitacion of the rebounding waters, halt an hour, more or less, as forne obbat always fo above, created also hy chat servers have mentioned, is with any consudden change which must fo expediti. fiderable velocity or rake, there must ously be made in both the figure and

arrive at that time some extraneous denfity of the cloud-making a wind as brecze to add to the natural light air. tbey go, in Dampier's phralc-trom all Nor is it unlikely :-for nothing is so which arife those little rakes, slopes, and commonly oblerved with us, in fultry bendings, which that mariner very pro- weather, as the long penpated leaves of periy describes them to have. Indeed our lofty palm-trees to have a rustling this very gentle breeze, or Auttering air, motion in one tree, when perhaps ali is, in my opinion, the very accoucheur near it, and as high as it, remain in foof the Ipout, if I may lo express myself. lemn quiet. So that, until fome motion A cloud. fully charged, and equally onward is thus gained or met with, nocharged every where, in a perfect calm, thing can hinder a spout appearing in' will, it the air is unable to support the perfect perpendicular--and there are allo weight, give way every where into a ge- lituations in which spouts, which have peral rain. Again, a cloud so charged great rakes and bendings, must yet apwith weight, in an evenly and smart gale pear to hang in perpendicular, although will be broken, dispersed, and driven Capt. Dampier might never perhaps have away, without perhaps the fall of a fin- 1o leea them, gle diop: both c. which we inhabiting

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