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Penalty on certain she. riffs, by name, for not producing their accounts to the assembly
How arrears to be collected.
be taken of sheriffs by the county courts.
Penalty for failure.
Expenses of transporting Sir William Berkeley's provision to be paid.
WHEREAS by an order att the last session of this present Grand Assembly the last year's sherriffs were respectively injoyned to appeare and produce their accounts at this present sessions, wherein some have failed, To the great detriment of the present affaires, Be it therefore enacted by the authoritie of this present Grand Assembly, That all such sherriffs as have not accordingly in conformitie to the said order produced their accompts (vizt.) Mr. Philip Taylor, Mr Tho: Lambert, Mr. Robert Davis shall be fined for their delinquencie therein 1000 lb. of tobaccoe a peece, to be disposed of by the next Grand Assembly, And whereas most of the said sherriffs have charged themselves in their severall accompts with most of the levies and officers' flees for that present year though vnreserved by them, Be it therefore further enacted that the sherriffs for the last year shall have full power and authoritie to receive all the aforesaid arrears, And in case of non-payment to make distresse vpon the goods and estates of all such as have and shall make default, And that the said sherriffs shall be responsible for all leavies and fees comitted to their charge of collection.
It is alsoe further enacted by the authoritie aforesaid that the comissioners of the severall counties respectively shall vppon publication hereof ever hereafter before the admission of any of the said sherriffs into their offices take such security as they shall think fitt and sufficient of the said severall sherriff's respectively for the performance of their places, especially for the receiving and discharginge of all publick duties, King's rents, and officers' fees comitted to their charge of collection, And if the said comissioners respectively shall neglect the same, then they soe neglecting to be liable and responsible for the same, or any part of the same soe neglected.
Be it also enacted by the authoritie aforesaid, That all charges and disbursments which have accrewed by the receiving and transporting of Sir. Wm. Berkeley's provision be presented to the comissioners of the severall countie courts, who are hereby inabled and re
quired to make particular leavies in the said severall counties where such charges have been expended for the payment thereof to those who have expended the
BE it further enacted by the authoritie aforesaid, That all charges and fees accrewing by reason of King's prisoners shall be defrayed and discharged by the countie, wherein such prisoner or prisoners shall be apprehended, if the said prisoner or prisoners shall be convict of their accusation, or be vnable to make payment themselves, But if such prisoner or prisoners shall be cleared by proclamation that then they shall be liable to the said charges and flees themselves, and this act to continue in force vntil the next Assembly.
WHEREAS severall accompts have been presented to this Grand Assembly of charges and disbursments expended vpon marches against our salvage enemies, for payment of which expenses haveing relation to particular counties, to assess the publique were inconvenient and injurious, Be it therefore enacted by this present Grand Assembly, That all charges and disbursments for the cure of hurt men or horses or for boats lost and damnified, boats hire, provision or ammunition imployed in the publique service or any other charge thereby accrewing, shall be presented to the severall countie courts, where they that have expended any such charge did then reside, And the comissioners of the severall countie courts respectively are to allow what they conceive reasonable, And to raise particular leavies in the said severall counties for satisfaction thereof, to be made to the disbursers, and this act to continue in force vntil the next assembly.
charges to be paid by the
where prisoner apprehended, if convicted; if not, the prisoner to pay.
Expenses of against the Indians to be
paid by the
where expenses incurr
WHEREAS by the late reducement of the inha- Inhabitants bitants into great familys divers inconveniencies have permitted to
disperse and form distinct settleinents; except in places of danger, where there
must be at least 10 men.
Heads of families liable for taxes of members of their families.
Who deemed the head where they make a joint crop.
happened, Be it enacted by the authoritie of this present Grand Assembly, that all persons soe reduced and plaeed may remove and dispose of themselves for their best advantage and convenience, Ouly in places of danger it shall not be lawful for any to seat or inhabitt without ten sufficient men at the least, and arms and ammunition accordingly, The said places of danger to be considered, and the parties licensed by the Leifts. and their deputies.
WHEREAS the several! sherriffs are injoyned & to be injoyned by themselves and their sureties to be liable and responsible for all publique collections comitted to their charge, The receiving whereof will be troublesom by reason of scarcity of tobacco, Be it therefore enacted by this present Grand Assembly, That the masters of the severali familys within the collony shall be responsible for all the publique duties, tithes and charges, due from all persons in their familys, And shail detaine and keep in their hands and custody the cropps and shares of all ffreemen within their familys vntil satisfaction be made of all such publique duties, tithes and charges, And it shall be understood where they make a joynt cropp, that he which hath the comand shall be adjudged the master of the family.
Additional levy, for defraying the
expenses of Sir William Berkeley's voyage, and for powder
BE it enacted by the authoritie of this present Grand Assembly that for the defraying of the charges of Sir William Berkeley's voyage, And toward satisfaction for the powder to be bought, that there be levied eighteen pound of tobaccoe per poll for all tithable persons to be presently collected by the severall sherriffs, And to be bought. deposited with the comissioners of each county court,
to be by them reserved vntil the next Grand Assembly, And the severall comissioners are required to take care thereof.
FFOR the repressing of the excessive rates exacted by ordnary keepers, Be it enacted by this present Grand Assembly, That none shall keep an ordinary or victualling house without the approbation of the court of the county where such ordinary shall be kept, And licensed from the Governour, And no inholder, ordinary keeper or victualler soe approved and licensed shall charge, exact, take or receive above the quantity of teno pounds of tobaccoe for a meales diett, ffor which they shall affoard sufficient, good and wholesom diett, And that no ordinary keeper or victualler be per- Tavern rates mitted att all to sell or vtter any wine, wines or strong payable in liquor but strong beer only which they shall affoard and tobacco only sell at the rate of 8lh. tobacco per gallon and no more, And smaller rateably, And that according to order of the first of August, 1643, noe debts made for wines or strong waters shall be pleadable or recoverable in any court of justice within the collony.
WHEREAS in the late expeditions against the Indians, diverse men were hurt and maymed and disabled from provideing for their necessary maintenance and subsistance, Be it therefore enacted by the authoritie of this present Grand Assembly, That all hurt or maymed men be releived and provided for by the severall counties, where such men reside or inhabitt.
FFOR defraying of the publique charges of Pomunckye and Cheychohominy march, It is enacted by this Grand Assembly, that six pound of tobacco per poll be leavied for every tithable person within the severall counties following (vizt.) James Citty six hundred eighty-seaven persons to pay 4122 pounds of tobaccoe to such persons as shall be appointed to receive the same, by Capt. Wm. Clayborne, Esq. In Yorke county, six hundred and nine persons to pay 3654 pounds of tobaccoe, to Capt. Townesend 420lb. of tobaccoe, to Wm. Smoote 600 pounds of tobaccoe, To Capt. Clai
Ordinary keepers to be approved by courts and licensed by
Those wounded in the late expeditions against the Indians to be support
ed by their county.
Public levy to defray the pomunky & Chickahominy expeditions
borne 2634 pound of tobaccoe, Warwicke county 328 tithable persons to pay 1968 pound tobacco, To Capt. Claiborne 278 pound of tobaccoe, To Mr. Pryor 200 pound of tobaccoe, To To Hen: Lee 346 pound of tobaccoe, And to Mr. Bennett 1144 pounds of tobacco. Elizabeth Cittie countye 341 tithable persons to pay 2046 pound of tobaccoe to Mr. Bennett, Northampton countie 346 tithables to pay 2076 pound of tobaccoe to Capt. Claiborne. Lower Norfolke two hundred ninetie six tithable persons to pay one thousand seaven hundred seaventy-six pound of tobaccoe to Mr. Bennett, And the Isle of Weight countie 463 tithable persons to pay two thousand eight hundred and eighteen pounds of tobaccoe to Mr. Bennett, All which sumes are to be leavied by each sherriffe in their severall counties, And by them paid as avovesaid.
HOLDEN ATT JAMES CITTYE THE 17TH OF FEBRU
from which the acts of this session were printed, is now in the library of Congress at Washington.
The MS. [From a MS. received from Edmund Randolph, Esq. which was once the property of Sir John Randolph, who transmitted it to his son Peyton Randolph, Esq. after whose death it was purchased, with his library, by Thomas Jefferson, Esq. from whom is was borrowed by Edmund Randolph, Esq.]
PRESENT RICHARD KEMPE, Esquire, Governour, &c.