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COMMITTEE ON THE JUDICIARY

HENRY J. HYDE, Illinois, Chairman CARLOS J. MOORHEAD, California

JOHN CONYERS, JR., Michigan F. JAMES SENSENBRENNER, JR.,

PATRICIA SCHROEDER, Colorado Wisconsin

BARNEY FRANK, Massachusetts BILL McCOLLUM, Florida

CHARLES E. SCHUMER, New York GEORGE W. GEKAS, Pennsylvania

HOWARD L. BERMAN, California HOWARD COBLE, North Carolina

RICK BOUCHER, Virginia LAMAR S. SMITH, Texas

JOHN BRYANT, Texas STEVEN SCHIFF, New Mexico

JACK REED, Rhode Island ELTON GALLEGLY, California

JERROLD NADLER, New York CHARLES T. CANADY, Florida

ROBERT C. SCOTT, Virginia BOB INGLIS, South Carolina

MELVIN L. WATT, North Carolina BOB GOODLATTE, Virginia

XAVIER BECERRA, California STEPHEN E. BUYER, Indiana

ZOE LOFGREN, California MARTIN R. HOKE, Ohio

SHEILA JACKSON LEE, Texas SONNY BONO, California

MAXINE WATERS, California
FRED HEINEMAN, North Carolina
ED BRYANT, Tennessee
STEVE CHABOT, Ohio
MICHAEL PATRICK FLANAGAN, Illinois
BOB BARR, Georgia

ALAN F. COFFEY, JR., General Counsel/Staff Director

JULIAN EPSTEIN, Minority Staff Director

SUBCOMMITTEE ON THE CONSTITUTION

CHARLES T. CANADY, Florida, Chairman HENRY J. HYDE, Illinois

BARNEY FRANK, Massachusetts BOB INGLIS, South Carolina

MELVIN L. WATT, North Carolina MICHAEL PATRICK FLANAGAN, Illinois JOHN CONYERS, JR., Michigan F. JAMES SENSENBRENNER, JR.,

PATRICIA SCHROEDER, Colorado Wisconsin

MAXINE WATERS, California
MARTIN R. HOKE, Ohio
LAMAR S. SMITH, Texas
BOB GOODLATTE, Virginia

KATHRYN A. HAZEEM, Counsel
KERI D. HARRISON, Assistant Counsel

JOHN H. LADD, Assistant Counsel
ROBERT RABEN, Minority Counsel

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CIVIL RIGHTS COMMISSION

WEDNESDAY, JULY 24, 1996

HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES,
SUBCOMMITTEE ON THE CONSTITUTION,
COMMITTEE ON THE JUDICIARY,

Washington, DC. The subcommittee met, pursuant to notice, at 10:15 a.m., in room 2237, Rayburn House Office Building, Hon. Charles T. Canady (chairman of the subcommittee) presiding.

Present: Representatives Charles T. Canady, Bob Inglis, F. James Sensenbrenner, Jr., Bob Goodlatte, Barney Frank, Melvin L. Watt, John Conyers, Jr., and Maxine Waters.

Also present: Kathryn A. Hazeem, chief counsel; William L. McGrath, counsel; Jacquelene McKee, paralegal; Mark Carroll, staff assistant; and Robert Raben, minority counsel.

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OPENING STATEMENT OF CHAIRMAN CANADY Mr. CANADY. The subcommittee will be in order.

The U.S. Commission on Civil Rights was first established in 1957 as an independent factfinding agency of the Federal Government. The Commission's current authorization expires on September 30 of this year.

In recent years Congress has been reluctant to authorize the Commission for an extended period of time. The Commission's last authorization was for a period of 2 years. Then subcommittee Chairman Don Edwards had initially sought a 1-year reauthorization and settled on 2 years in a compromise with the Senate.

In October 1995, the subcommittee held an oversight hearing to investigate disturbing activities at the Commission. First, the Commission failed to comply with the requirements of its authorizing statute that it submit to Congress at least one report monitoring Federal civil rights enforcement. That report was not approved by the Commissioners until January 1996, well past the end of the 1995 fiscal year.

This is, I believe, clear evidence of mismanagement, especially in light of the fact that the Commission received an additional $1.2 million in funding during the 1995 fiscal year.

Second, three Commissioners were not given a proper opportunity to vote on an official Commission report, an especially serious circumstance where the Commission is mandated by Congress to investigate denials of the right to vote.

And third, the Commission used its subpoena authority in a manner that chilled the first amendment protected activities of in

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