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tors. These are succeeded by two persons on horseback, in orange-coloured gowns, with a mace-bearer dressed in crimson on each side of them. After them march two others on horseback, with black bonnets on their heads, and gold chains round their necks, supported also on their right and left by a mace-bearer, dressed in a sanguine-coloured habit.
Then Sir Thomas Wriothesly, Garter King at Arms, bareheaded, and in the tabard of his order, mounted on a pyebald borse, richly trapped and caparisoned, supported on his left-hand by a sergeant at arms, mounted on a black horse, and followed by
Sir Thomas Grey, Marquis of Dorset, bare-headed, carrying in its sheath the sword of state upright, dressed in a gown of cloth of gold, over which hangs the collar of the garter, and mounted on a beautiful dun horse, richly trapped and caparisoned; by his side run two milk-wbite greyhounds, with collars round their necks. [Why these animals should be introduced thus conspicuously in such a solemn piece, connoisseurs seem at a loss to ascertain. We, therefore, beg leave to hazard a conjecture, that, agreeably to the fantastic humour of the times, it was in allusion to the family name of the marquis whom they accompanied.)
The Marquis of Dorset is followed by six yeomen of the guard on foot, their partisans on their shoulders, in scarlet habits, guarded and laced with blue velvet, and on their breasts and backs the union rose, ensigned with the crown royal, embroidered in gold.
Then come two of the king's pages on foot, the one bare-headed, the other bonneted, both dressed in crimson, embroidered on the back with the union rose between a greyhound and a dragon. Their breeches and sleeves are Jarge, slashed, and puffed with fine cambric, and their stockings and shoes are white.
The King's Majesty, mounted on a stately white courser, most richly caparisoned, all the trappings, reins, stirrups, &c. being covered with wrought gold, highly embossed. The king has on his head a black velvet hat, with a white feather on the upper side of the brim, and under it a broad lacing of rubies, emeralds, &c. intermixed with pearl. His garment is cloth of gold, plaited, over a jacket of rose-coloured velvet. His collar* is composed of rubies
* This inestimable great collar of ballast rubies, as it was called, was sold beyond the seas by the Duke of Buckinghain and Lord Holland, by order of King Charles I. See Rymer's Fædera, vol. xviii. p. 236. It had long been a heir-!vom of the crown of England,
and pearls, set alternately; and on his breast is a rich jewel of St. George, suspended by a ribbon of the order. His boots are of yellow leather, and in his right-hand is a small whip.
Parallel with the king, on the left, rides Cardinal Wolsey, dressed in a gown of violet-coloured velvet, and mounted on a stately mule, with trappings, headstall, reins, and a broad breast-plate of black velvet, embroidered with gold. His page, having a cardinal's red hat embroidered on the breast of his doublet, walks before him bare-headed. On each side of the king are two other pages, all in the same Jivery, with nine yeomen of the guard, on the right and left, three in a rank, bearing their partisans shouldered.
The king is immediately followed by four of his principal nobles, riding a-breast; that on his right is Charles Brandon, Duke of Suffolk, in the collar of the garter, mounted on a white horse. Next to him, on his left, is Henry Bourchier, Earl of Essex, Earl-Marshal pro tempore, dressed in his collar, and bearing a silyer rod tipped with enamel, the badge of his office. Next to him is an elderly person, with a longish face, and a forked beard, wearing also the collar of the order. The outermost person, towards the left, has only a gold chain hanging down from his shoulders. These, perhaps, may be George Neyille, Lord Abergavenny, Knight of the Garter, (and then advanced in years,) and George Talbot, Earl of Shrewsbury, Lord Steward, who, as Hall says, both “ rode with the king." They are followed by two other rows of noblemen, four in a row. In the first row is one with a long lank visage, and a forked beard of great length. On his bonnet are a string of pearls, and a white feather. His doublet is scarlet, and the sleeves of his jacket are white linen cloth. One of those in the second row is certainly Fisher, Bishop of Rochester. On their right-hand march six more ranks of yeomen of the guard.
All the principal figures above-mentioned, and, probably, many others now unknown, are portraits painted from the life that of King Henry in particular is a striking likeness, highly finished, and in no way inferior to the celebrated head painted by Holbein, now at Kensington. And those of Dorset, Suffolk, Essex, and Wolsey, strongly resemble their portraits now remaining.
The numerous ranks that follow are composed of the nobility and royal attendants on horseback, succeeded by a large party of billmen, demi-lances, and others, who form a continued line of march from the back of the parish church of Guines, through the market place, &c,
Near the foot of the castle-bridge is a large group of spectators, and among them a respectable grey-headed man, with a very long white beard, dressed in a' scarlet uni. form faced with gold, and having the letters H. R. em. broidered on his breast. Both his hands (his bonnet is in his right) are held up with pleasure and astonishment. This figure, being highly finished, and singularly dressed, was probably some old servant of the crown, well known and respected at the time.
In the back-ground of the middle part of the picture, is seen the place of interview, represented as a spacious circular plain, on the summit of an elevation, between the town of Guines and the road from thence to the vale of Ardern or Ardres. It is marked out by white* camp colours, and surrounded by several demi-lance men, and other guards and attendants, of both nations, on horseback. Within its area is a circular line of round tents and square pavilions, placed alternately, and communicating with each other. Their coverings and curtains are painted green and white, the favourite colours of the house of Tudor. In their centre is pitched a large single tent, covered with cloth of gold, flowered with red, and lined with blue velvet, powdered with fleurs de lys. On its top stands a gold or gilt figure of St. George and the dragon. The curtains are thrown back, and discover the two monarchs embracing one another : being drawn somewhat larger than the surrounding figures, and highly finished, the resemblance of each is perfectly well expressed. Before the front of this tent stand several attendants, and also the masters of the horse to the two kings, each holding his sovereign's courser ; that of King Henry is white, and that of Francis is dun.
According to the scale of the picture, this plain is exactly half a mile from Guines (the distance assigned by Wolsey in his regulations,) just before the entrance into the vale of Ardres ; in which, part of that village is shewn, and the whole chorography of the country is minutely observed.
At the top of the picture, towards the left, is a slight view of the town of Ardres, from whence Francis and his train issued; and the whole valley between that and the place of interview is filled with French soldiery, completely armed, Lower down, and nearer to Guînes than the place of interview, is a group of tents, covered with linen cloth, some paned green and white, and others red and white, to accommodate such of the English as could not be lodged within that town. Between these tents and the temporary palace, stands a large pavilion, consisting of one long and two round tents, all covered with cloth of gold, flowered with black. On the finiall of each of the round tents is a vane, charged with the arms of France and England quara terly. In this pavilion, Henry and Catharine frequently entertained at dinner the French king and queen, and their principal nobility. At a small distance from it is a view of the culinary offices set up on the plain, consisting of a large group of ovens, at which several bakers are busied ; and two spacious tents, whose fronts being thrown open, discover the one to be intended for boiling, and the other for roasting, in which offices several cooks are employed. From these kitchens fourteen yeomen of the guard, each carrying a covered dish, are going towards the royal pavilion, preceded by the Lord Steward (Earl of Shrewsbury,) bearing his white staff, and attended by a gentleman wearing a sash.
* For the reason of these colours being white, or French, see Hall, vol, Ixxix.
Near to the ovens, is a cabaret, at the door of which several persons are drinking; and not far from thence is a lady carried in a horse-litter, covered with crimson velvet embroidered with gold, preceded by a groom, and followed by two other ladies and a man-servant. She turns her face out of the window, and seems talking to a page, behind whom is another lady masked and on horseback,
with a female attendant. These ladies seem persons of great dige nity; she in the litter may be one of the queens going incognito to view the offices.
Beneath these, and in a line with the palace, is an open circular tent of white cloth, embroidered with blue tracery, over which are an union rose and a Aeur de lys. Its curtains thrown open discover a magnificent sideboard of plate, and a table spread, at the upper end of which sits an elderly gentleman, on one side is a lady, and at the lower end another gentleman, partaking of a repast, which is served up by several attendants. This, probably, was the tent of the Lord Steward. Behind this, and in the adjacent fields, are pitched several others, for the use of sutlers, covered with green and white, and red and white, linen cloth.
In the back-ground, and at the extremity on the lefthand side, appear the lists or camp set apart for ihe justs and tournaments. On the left is a scaffold, or long gallery, for the royal personages and their attendants; and the whole, except the entrance, is fenced with a rail and barrier, guarded by demi-lance men and others on horseback, completely armed. French soldiers, in a blue and yellow uniform, with a salamander, the badge of Francis I. embroidered on it, keep the entrance on one hand ; and the English yeomen, with their partisans, on the other. Close to the gallery-end, on a rise at the left, stands a large artificial tree of honour; its trunk is wrapped round with red velvet, embroidered with gold, and on its branches hang the shields of arms of the two challengers, and of their respective aids, the tables of the challenges, the several answers, &c. This tree, thirty-four feet in height, spreading 129 feet, and from bough to bough forty-three feet, historians say, was composed of the raspberry, the badge of Francis, and of the hawthorn, Henry's badge, artificially twined and twisted together.
the gallery stand the two kings, Francis on the right, and Henry on the left; with their queens, and attendant ladies. A carpet of cloth of gold covers the front before the kings; and rich tapestry, the rail before the queens. Within the area are two combatants, armed cap-a-pee, mounted on horses richly based and barbed, and tilting against each other; near them is a herald picking up the pieces of a broken spear, his perquisite.
Near to the lists are a few tents for the use of the combatants.
The remaining upper part of the back-ground gives a most correct and faithful view of the adjacent country, with a variety of figures, farm-houses, mills, cottages, woods, cattle, sheep, fowls, &c. all of them highly finished. To introduce such a variety of subjects, the horizon is remarkably high.
Towards the top of the picture is a dragon, flying in the air, and hovering over the English cavalcade; which some conceive to be a memorial of a firework in that form exhibited during the interview-[but we rather think, that, as it seems attendant on King Henry, the painter bad in view one of his supporters, which, at the beginning of his reign, was a red dragon; and if our former conjecture of the greyhounds should not be admitted, those animals, perhaps, might be intended for the other, his left supporter (in right of his mother) being, at the saine time, a greyhound argent ; and in this very piece, as before observed, the king's pages have on their backs a greyhound and a dragon.)
The picture here described, which is five feet six inches high, by eleven feet three inches in breadth, has been generally ascribed to Hans Holbein, but without foundation, as he did not arrive in England till ncar six years after the