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signatures. To the friend from whom I received them they were communicated by the late Earl of Orford.

Yours, &c.


LETTER I. The Bishop of Salisbury (Hoadly] to Sir Robert Walpole. SIR,

Salisbury, July 14, 1733. I beg leave to let you know that I had, about ten days ago, a letter from my Ld. Barrington, dated from Berwick; the principal contents of which I must just mention to you, and then shall (as I ought) leave it entirely to you to consider what is proper on your part. He says that he has met with a reception and encouragement beyond his highest expece tations; that Col. Lyddel is secure; that Ld. Polwarth's interest is in a very hazardous way by the acknowledgment of his own friends; that Gen. Sabine has given up his pretensions, and that there is not the least room for a fourth candidate ; that there are about 20 votes depending upon

the Government, with inclinations to him, but fears insinuated into them of losing their bread if they vote for him; that it would be of the greatest service to him to have that difficulty removed, and so many votes added to his interest. He quotes you as saying, a little while ago, that “ you did not oppose him, but was only for the old members ;” and hopes from thence that, Gen. Sabine having desisted, you may grant him this favour. Nay, he goes on to hope that Col. Lyddel would favour him with some of those votes which he unnecessarily keeps now as single votes, if he thought that Lord B.'s election would be more acceptable to you than Lord Polwarth's, who may get advantage by that conduct in the Colonel. I shall make my letter as long as his if I should go on much farther. I shall only add, that he is so weak as to think that I have an interest powerful enough to do~I know not what. For my own part, I could not avoid representing the case to you as he has represented it to me; and cannot think it right to beg any thing of you but that you will be as favourable as you yourself thing it reasonable to be. I find he is in, and must now go through, and that he has a number of good friends there. I forgot to say, that he cites her Majesty's saying, that it would be hard to oppose him; which I remember something of at the time when the affair of the Dissenters was composed at London by his assistance at last, amongst others. But no more of this, When I had last the honour of seeing you, I forgot to make an apology for my troubling you a little while ago with two letters, about the Jewel-office and the Garter affair. You, who have nothing to do with those matters, might wonder at it, if you were not informed that the Duke of Grafton, who came to me upon that subject, and was going into Suffolk, told me he came directly from you; and that I must give an account of whatever I found necessary to you in his absence.

I think fit just to say, that Sir Ed. Desbouverie's interest has been carefully and successfully managed in this City since the last election, and (as I am informed) is now so strong that there is indeed no talk amongst any persons of the old members.

I beg pardon for this long interruption; and am, with a great and sincere regard, Sir, your most faithful humble servant,


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From the same Bishop.

Aug. 8, 1734, HEARING from all hands the desperate condition in which the Bishop of Winchester is (if not already dead,) I flatter myself you will not take it amiss that I express to you, upon this occasion, my entire dependence upon those kind words you have often said to me upon this subject. When I last had the honour 10 see you at Chelsea, the reception I met with was so exceedingly obliging, and your voluntary expressions, upon the supposition of that vacancy, were so hearty and so strong (even assuring me that my success was really as certain as if I were in possession,) that it would, I think, be perfectly stupid as to myself, and highly ungrateful to you, if I could sit silent in so critical a time, and not suffer myself to express to you the sense I have of the kind professions I have been favoured with, and my full persuasion of the truth and honour of the person who made them. This is the end of my interrupting you, Sir, at this tinenot to torinent so great a friend with impertinent solicitations, but to thank him for his having so generously prevented all solicitations-not to plague him with pretentions and titles to favour, slender in themselves, and perhaps magnified only by the fondness of self-love ; but to acknowledge my own happiness in that better claim which his own mouth and kindest professions have given me. Sir, it would be the highest indignity towards you if I did not, upon this occasion, repose myself without uneasiness or doubt upon you. Give me leave only to add one word that, as your bringing this affair to an end, in the manner in which you are used to do kindnesses to those you are wil. ling to oblige, is all that remains for me to wish; so, when it is done, I trust that you will not be unthanked by all the world; and I am sure, for myself, I shall study, through my life, to shew myself in an uncommon manner, and

upon all possible occasions, Sir, your most faithful and obedient servant,


A word from you will find me in Grosvenor-street after Saturday next.

From Dr. Butler to Sir Robert Walpole, on being nominated

Bishop of Bristol, on the former recommendation of
Queen Caroline.

Stanhope, Aug. the 28th, 1738. I RECEIVED yesterday from your own hand (an honour which I ought very particularly to acknowledge) the information that the King had nominated me to the Bishoprick of Bristol. I most truly think myself very highly obliged to his Majesty, as much, all things considered, as any subject in his dominions ; for, I know no greater obligation than to find the Queen's condescending goodness and kind intentions towards me transferred to his Majesty. Nor is it possible while I live to be without the most grateful sense of his favour to me, whether the effects of it be greater or less; for, this must in some measure depend upon accidents. Indeed, the Bishoprick of Bristol is not able either to the condition of my fortune, or the circumstances of my preferment; nor, as I should have thought, answerable to the recommendation with which I was honoured. But you will excuse me, Sir, if I think of this last with greater sensibility than the conduct of affairs will admit of.

But, without entering farther into any detail, I desire, Sir, you will please to let his Majesty know, that I humbly accept of this instance of his favour with the utmost possible gratitude.

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I beg leave also, Sir, to return you my humble thanks for your good offices upon this and all occasions; and for your very obliging expressions of regard to, Sir, your most obedient, most faithful, and most humble servant,


By means of my distance from Durham, I had not yours, Sir, till yesterday ; so that this is the first post I could answer it.



Marlborough-house, Jan. 3, 1734. As I am very unfortunately, from a lameness which I despair of ever getting the better of, prevented from paying my duty in person to his Majesty, I must beg leave to desire you to lay before him a matter, which, I think, of some consequence to his Majesty's Great Park, at Windsor.

The keepers of it inform me that, by his Majesty's directions, a great quantity of red deer are already sent thither, and many more are every day expected. I imagine that his Majesty cannot be fully apprized of the detriment this will be to the Park in general, where there was at least a hundred red deer from Old Windsor wood before this augmentation. For, though the Park is large, yet the great quantity of woods and roads take up a great part of it, and the greatest part of the land is extremely bad; so that, of course, the fallow deer must suffer; many of them will be starved and die ; and scarce any will remain fit to be served in pursuance of his Majesty's warrants.

remember the old Marquis of Wharton made a present to the Duke of Marlborough of all his red deer, which was to prevent the mischief they did in his lordship's own park. And when the Duke of Marlborough found they did so much mischief at Blenheim, he presented them to the late king, to put into his Majesty's forests.

There are a great many red deer in Windsor forest; and I have been told, that Baptist Nunn takes care of them at Swinley rails, where, I suppose, there are few or no fallow deer to be prejudiced by the red deer.

The hay, necessary to fodder the deer in Windsor Park in the winter, is made from certain meadows inclosed with a fence, but not strong or high enough to keep out the red deer, which will easily leap over, and totally destroy the grass that should be preserved for hay for the fallow deer.

I believe I need not inform you, Sir, that I get nothing by being Ranger of that Park but a very pretty place to live in, which I have made so with a great sum of money of my own. I do indeed sometimes keep a few runts for my own table; not so many cows for milk as some of the underkeepers have; some horses that do the business of the Park; and some few have a running for past services, not to knock them on the head because they can do no more. But need not say more upon this head, being persuaded that you do me the justice to believe that I despise any pitiful advantages that many have made who have been rangers of parks. And, if I were to lay before his Majesty my bills of the annual expence I am obliged to on account of this Park, I am persuaded he would be convinced of the truth of what I have said.

Besides this, you will be pleased to remember, that near three years allowance for this Park, in his late Majesty's reign, are still due to me, and likewise the expence

I was at for repairs in the Park, which of yourself you told Mr. Withers it was reasonable I should be paid. And he told me you directed him to pay me, though to this hour I never had it. These accidents, the taxes, and fees belonging to the allowance, make it not desirable but for the reasons given.

I am far from urging this with any view to my own interest: the only motive that engages me to lay this before his Majesty is to do my duty; and that I may be sure of not being reproached, when the consequences are seen, for not having represented these matters in time.

It is this that has laid me under a necessity of being troubleso:ne to you in this particular; and of assuring you that I am, Sir, your very humble servant,

S. MARLBOROUGH. 1799, Feb.

XCV. The Rev. Dr. Stephen Hales to Nathaniel Booth, Esq.

afterwards Lord Delamer. DEAR SIR,

Teddington, Feb. 12, 1741. I was not without hopes, that the first account I saw of my niece's* death in the newspapers might be groundless,

* Mrs. Vere Tyndale, sister to Mr. Booth.

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