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child, more of them are raised. Thence the swift progress of population among us, unparalleled in Europe !--In fine, I am glad you are married, and congratulate you most cordially upon it. You are now in the way of becoming a useful citizen, and you have escaped the unnatural state of celibacy for life, the fate of many here who never intended it, but who, having too long postponed the change of their condition, find at length that it is too late to think of it, and so live all their lives in a situation that greatly lessens a man's value.--An odd volume of a set of books, you know, is not worth its proportion of the set: and what think

you of the odd half of a pair of scissars ? —it cannot well cut any thing-it may possibly serve to scrape a trencher.

Pray make my compliments and best wishes acceptable to your bride. I am old and heavy, or I should, ere this, have presented them in person. I shall make but small use of the old man's privilege, that of giving advice to younger friends.—Treat your wife always with respect; it will procure respect to you, not from her only, but from all that observe it.' Never use a slighting expression to her, even in jest ; for slights in jest, after frequent bandyings, are apt to end in angry earnest.—Be studious in your profession, and you will be learned. Be industrious and frugal, and you will be rich. Be sober and temperate, and you will be healthy. Be in general virtuous, and you will be happy, at least you will, by such conduct, stand the best chance for such consequences. I pray God to bless you both! being ever your truly affectionate friend. 1789, May.

B. F,

LXXII. Bishop Sherlock to Dr. R. Grey.


Temple, June 27, 1749. I CAME this morning out of the country, and am here only for two or three days, in my way to Tunbridge.

I have published a new edition of the book of Prophecy, and have added the new Dissertation I mentioned to you. I will order my bookseller to send you a complete copy. As to the particular texts from Genesis and the Psalms, I had rather have seen them under your naine than my own; but you will judge how necessary a part they are of the new Dissertation, which I had promised, and was expected. I have

borrowed from you a reference to Boerhaave, which you will find at the bottom of one of the pages.

Before August is quite spent, I hope to be at Fulham, and nobody will be more welcome there than yourself. I find there is a very old, bad house; I must repair a great deal of it, and, l'am afraid, rebuild some part. It is late for me to be so employed, but somebody will be the better for it. I write with difficulty ; I wish you can read.

I am, Sir, your very affectionate brother and humble servant, 1790, July.


LXXIII. From General Wolfe.

MR. URBAN, THE following is an authentic copy of a letter written by Gen. Wolfe, which was communicated to me some time since by a friend of mine, who took it from the original. As it contains much useful instruction for those (especially the junior part) in the military line, who form a very considerable and honourable part of the community, I hope it may

be found of use to this class of readers, and a matter of curiosity to those whom it may not so intimately concern.



Devizes, Sunday, 18th July, 1756. “You cannot find me a more agreeable employment than to serve or oblige you; and I wish with all my heart, that my inclinations and abilities were of equal force. I do not recollect what it was I recommended to Mr. Cornwallis's nephew; it might be the Count de Turpin's book, which is certainly worth looking into, as it contains a good deal of plain practice.

Your brother, no doubt, is master of the Latin and French languages, and has some knowledge of the mathematics; without this last he can never become acquainted with the attack and defence of places; and I would advise him by all means to give up a year or two of his time, now while he is young (if he has not already done it), to the study of the mathematics, because it will greatly facilitate his progress in military matters. As to the books that are fittest for his pur ..

pose, he may begin with the King of Prussia's Regulations for his horse and foot, where the economy and good order of an army in the lower branches is extremely well establish. ed. Then there are the “ Memoirs of the Marquis de Santa Cruz, Feuquiere, and Montecuculi;” Tollard's “Commentaries upon Polybius :" the “Projet de Tactique;" «

“L'Attaque et la Defence des Places, par le Marechal de Vauban;" “ Les Memoires de Goulon;""L'Ingenieur de Campagne."Le Sieur Renie, forall that concerns artillery. Of the ancients, Vegetius, Cæsar, Thucydides, Xenophon's “ Life of Cyrus,” and the “ Retreat of the Ten Thousand Greeks." I do not mention Polybius, because the Commentaries and the History naturally go together. Of latter days, Davila, Guicciardini, Strada, the « Memoirs of the Duke de Sully." There is abundance of military knowledge to be picked out of the Lives of Gustavus Adolphus, and Charles the XIIth, King of Sweden, and of Zisca, the Bohemian; and if a tolerable account could be got of the exploits of Scanderbeg, it would be inestimable, for he exceeds all the officers, ancient and modern, in the conduct of a small defensive army: I met with him in the Turkish History, but no where else. The Life of Sue. tonius too contains many fine things in this way. There is a book lately published that I have heard commended, “ Art de la Guerre Pratique;" I suppose it is collected from all the best authors that treat of war; and there is a little volume, intituled, “Traité de la Petite Guerre,” that your brother should take in his pocket when he goes upon out-duties and detachments. The Marechal de Puysegur's book is in esteem. I believe Mr. Townsend will think this catalogue long enough; and, if he has patience to read, and desire to apply (as I am persuaded he has), the knowledge contained in them, there is wherewithal to make him a considerable person in his profession, and of course very useful and service. able to his country. In general, the lives of all the great commanders, of all good histories of warlike nations, will be very instructive, and lead him naturally to imitate what he must necessarily approve

of. “In these days of scarcity, and in these unlucky times, it is much to be wished that all our young soldiers of birth and education would follow your brother's steps; and, as they will have their turn to command, that they would try to make themselves fit for that important trust; without it, we must sink under the supreme abilities and indefatigable industry of our restless neighbours.

“You have drawn a longer letter upon yourself than VOL. III.


perhaps you expected; but I could hardly make it shorter without doing wrong to a good author.

“ In what a strange manner have we conducted our affairs in the Mediterranean ! quelle belle occasion manquée! I am, with perfect esteem, dear Sir,

Your most humble servant, 1791, March.


LXXIV. Dr. Kennicott to Mr. Daddor

REV. AND HON. SIR, Wadh. Coll. Mar. 30, 1744. GRATITUDE to benefactors is the great Law of Nature, and lest I should violate what was ever sacred, I presume to lay the following before you.

There are, Sir, in the world, gentlemen who confine their regards to self or the circle of their own acquaintance; and there are (happy experience convinces me) who command their influence to enlarge and exert itself on persons remotely situate both by fortune and habitation. To you, Sir, belongs the honour of this encomium, to me the pleasure of the obligation; and as I am now first at leisure in the place whi. ther your goodness has transplanted me, I lay this acknowledgement before you, as one of the movers in this system of exalted generosity; for, when I consider myself as surrounded with benefactors, there seems a bright resemblance of the new-exploded system of Ptolemy, in which, Sir, (you know) the heavenly bodies revolved around the central earth, which was thus rendered completely blest by the contribution of their chearing and benign influences.

And now, Sir, the sentiments of duty rise so warm within me, that every expression of thanks seems faint, and I am lost in endeavours after a suitable acknowledgement of my obligations.

But I know, Sir, whom I am now addressing; I know those who most deserve can least bear praise, and that your good. ness is so great, as even to reject the very thanks of the grateful; like the sun in its splendour, which forbids the eye

that offers to admire it. That Heaven may reward yourself and Mrs. Daddo with its best favours, and console you under your parental sorrows, is my daily and fervent prayer; and I shall esteem it

one of the great honours of my life to be favoured at your leisure with any commands or advices you shall condescend to bestow on, Řev. Sir, your dutiful and obliged servant,


To the Rev. Mr. Daddo,* in Tiverton, Devon.

1791, March.

LXXV. From Bp. Horne, a letter of Consolation.


North of Ireland, March 21. I WAS much gratified by reading in your Obituary, your very just character of that most respectable and learned man, the late Bp. of Norwich. I had the happiness of being acquainted with his lordship, and while I live I shall consider the friendship he honoured me with as a blessing. Never did I know a more exalted character! How should I mourn his death, were I not sure, that to him death has opened the gates of everlasting felicity.

I shall make no apology for sending you a copy of a letter from his lordship to a particular friend of mine (who has obligingly given me leave to transmit it) upon the death of her father. His friendship for the worthy character, whose death he so pathetically laments, displays at once the tenderness of his feelings, and the goodness of his heart. I must add, from my own knowledge of this excellent man, that his lordship's portrait of him, though painted by the hand of friendship, was a just resemblance.

ANNA. The Dean of Canterburyt to Miss


Canterbury, Nov. 11. “ LITTLE did I thiak a letter from would afflict my

* Mr. William Daddo was, for many years, master of Tiverton school, where Kennicott received the rudiments of his classical education. Mr. Daddo having acquired a considerable fortune from the emoluments his school, quitted Tiverton, and retired to Bow-hill House, in the neighbourhood of Exeter, and there died many years ago, leaving a daughter and only child, who afterwards was married to the Rev. Mr. Terry. † His lordship was at that time Dean of Canterbury.

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