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In the analysis of words, as a general rule, the prefixes,
n, no, not, un, negatives;
a, e, y, a (for an), be, en, and for, interims;

a, be, em, en, for, fore, gain, off, on, out, to, un (an or on), under, up, with, relatives, are Anglo-Saxon, or of Teutonic origin.

From Latin and French are
in, i, il, im, ir, n, ne, non, negatives.

Ad, a, ac, af, ag, al, am, an, ap, ar, as, at, with force of to addition; ab, abs, a, from; ambi, amb, about; ante, ant, before; circum, cis, con, co, cog, col, com, cor, coun, with ; contra, contro, counter; de, dis, di, dif; en, ex, e, ec, ef; extra; in, il, im, ir, en, em, indi, ind, infra, inter, intra, intro, enter, juxta ; ob, obs, oc, of, op, os; per, post, pre, præ, præter, pro, pur; re, red, retro; se, sans, sine, suc, suf, sug, sum, sup, sub, subter, super, supra, sur; trans, tran, tra; ultra, ult, ulter, outr.

From Greek are a, an, apo, aph, amphi, ana, an, anti, ant, anth; cata, cat, cath ; dia, dea, de; en, em, endo, ento, epi, ep, eph, ex, ec; hyper, hypo; meta, meth; para, par, pa, peri, pros; syn, sy, syl, sym.

Examining the definitions, with the dictionary, of a few words having the same prefix, will fix the force of it securely in the pupil's memory.

SUFFIXES. OF Nouns, — r, ar, er, or, ster, en, ess, et, let, kin, ling, ock, th, t, ing, head, hood, ness, dom, ship, son, burn, are from the mother-tongue.

Latin and French : an, ean, ian, ine, ant, ent, or, er, eer, ary, at, ate, ee, ine; ix, cle, cule, ule, age, ry, sion, TION, ure, ture, cy, ty, ande, ence, ancy, ency, ment, escence, ory.

Greek: ic, iac, ician, is, ism, cy, sy, ty.

OF ADJECTIVES AND ADVERBS, — er, or, est, st, en, ch, ern, ese, esque, ful, ing, y, ish, less, ly, some, ward, n, s, ce, st, xt, ways, wise, are our own.

Latin and French: ble, able, ible, ic, fic, ceous, cious, tious, id, al, il, ite, le, eel, nal, an, ain, ean, ian, ane, ene, ine, end, cund, ant, ent, ar, ary, ory, t, ate, ete, ive, lent, ose, ous, ple, plex, se, a, tim.

Greek: ac, ic, id, oid, gen.

OF VERBS. — Those in ate, esce, fy, ise, ish, are from French and Latin; ize, from the Greek; en, er, are Anglo-Saxon.

Besides the derivatives formed by the use of one or more prefixes or suffixes, or both, there is no limit to the number of compounds from two or more simples. Indeed, so simple is its syntax, and so limited its inflections, that, without danger of ambiguity or obscurity in the meaning intended, the English language readily adopts all names, transforms them into all necessary parts of speech, retaining all the elegance, and softening all the harshness of its borrowed elements, with so much ease and rapidity, that the capacity of its vocabulary, now numbering about a hundred and fifteen thousand words, seems limited only by the objects of sense and the thoughts and deeds of men. By discovery and invention, words fall into disuse, or become obsolete in one or more senses, and receive a new signification. New, words are made by change of spelling, by addition, transposition, or dropping of let

ters.

Notwithstanding the rapid increase, in the whole number of words, of the words in actual use, the greater per cent are AngloSaxon: of Shakspeare and the New Testament, about ninety per cent; of Milton and Pope, about eighty; Webster and Junius, seventy-five. Of the whole number of words, it has been estimated that about sixty per cent are really Anglo-Saxon in origin; thirty per cent, Latin and French ; five, Greek; and five, miscellaneous.

SOURCES OF ENGLISH LITERATURE.

THE geometer solves a few only of the infinite variety of problems involving the general principles and methods of reasoning he has learned; and yet he may with truth be accounted skillful in his science. The architect would miserably waste his time examining every ant-hill and log-cabin in the land for fear the number and builders of them would be unknown to him; though architecture, in its broadest sense, might include every structure built by man or other animal. In almost any one branch of the modern sciences, facts have accumulated to such an extent as to render an accurate knowledge of them, and of the circumstances of their discovery, utterly beyond the ability of any single mind profitably to retain. The literature of the English language, in the broadest sense, may be said to include all manuscripts and books written in English; yet a comparatively few of them, and of their authors, can be profitably known by the student. It is impossible for him, to say nothing of the past, to read a tithe of what is written at the present time. He should not attempt this; his immediate want being a critical knowledge of the rules applicable to all styles, and the productions of a few anthors who are admitted to be masters, each of his own style. Believing the study and imitation of the styles of a few authors to be of so much more importance to the young student, we would not, for purposes of general education, burden him with learning carefully the history of English literature, leading him from the bardic mummery of the Druid priests, through the monkish chronicles of the Saxon and semi-Saxon periods, along the theological and metaphysical dark ages, down to the period of the revival of learning; all which, undoubtedly, would be entertaining and instructive to him, but can be easily and profitably deferred to subsequent leisure. The printing-establishment of the indefatigable Caxton and that of “The London Times," or of a modern publishing-house, are eminently typical of the literature of the fifteenth century and that of the nineteenth. Besides translations of the best works of foreign authors, the principal sources of modern English literature are, —

1. Poetry, of which the principal kinds are the epic, lyric, and didactic. The proper epic is illustrated in “Paradise Lost;" the burlesque, in “Hudibras.” Under the epic is classed, by some, the dramatic, and, indeed, all poetry not didactic, lyric, or elegiac. Of the lyric are the ode, song, and sacred lyrics, psalm and hymn. With the elegiac proper is classed the sonnet. According to the subject, poetry is historical, narrative, descriptive, pastoral, satirical or humorous, and didactic; having one or several of these elements. It is not more difficult to find prose that is poetical than to find poetry that is prosaic; since neither rhymes nor measures are alone essential to poetry. It is impossible to predict of modern poetry, or, indeed, of modern literature, what will be permanent; time alone can do that: but of this we can be assured, that scattered through it all are the elements of heroic poetry and lofty prose infinitely more numerous than when the present great masterpieces were executed; that noble thoughts and deeds, marvelous workings of man and nature, far excel in number and magnitude the imaginary exploits of chivalrous knight, or even of heathen demi-god. The facts of modern science, the revelations of the telescope, microscope, and the spectroscope, excel in grandeur and beauty the most poetical fancies of ancient or modern poet.

2. Fiction, historical, political, romantic, allegorical, mythical, and legendary. Indeed, here the field is boundless, and must be entered upon with a faithful guide. During the period of school, none of it should be read by the pupil, except under the direction of the teacher.

3. Histories, biographies, memoirs, essays, criticisms, lectures, orations, speeches, sermons, debates, and dissertations.

4. Periodicals, — newspapers, magazines, reviews, and encyclopædias.

5. Dramatic writings, – tragedy, comedy, farce, opera, and whatever may be written for the stage.

INDEX OF AUTHORS.

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PAGE.

PAGE.
ABBOTT, Jacob........................ 200 Bellenden, John....................

624
Abercrombie, John.................... 379 Benedict ...........

627
Addison, Joseph ...................... 506 Bentham, Jeremy .................. 378
Ainsworth, William H.................
.. 226 Bentley, Richard ....................

...... 548
Akenside, Mark....................... 470 Berkeley, George ..................
Alcuin ................................

Bethune, George W.................

190
Aldhelm ...
628 Bible, the ...

.. 563
Alfric ............ ..........

Blackstone, Sir William.............
Alison, Sir Archibald

Blair, Hugh .........

.... 471
Arbuthnot, John ......

Blair, Robert. ..........
Arnold, Matthew.....

Blessington, Countess of ......... 398
Arnold, Thomas .....
344 Blind Harry........

.. 626
Ascham, Roger ...........

622 Bloomfield, Robert ............... .... 414
Audubon, John James .............. 201 Borrow, George. ............... ...... 344
Austen, Jane.......................... 398 Boswell, James .......................

... 471
Aytoun, William E.................... Bowles, William L....

.. 414
Bowring, Sir John ....

344
Bacon, Francis (Viscount St. Alban's), 559 Boyle, Robert .......

... 558
Bacon, Leonard ....................... 190 | Brewster. Sir David.

....... 346
Bailey, Philip James .............

....... 264
Brontë, Charlotte .....

...... 226
Baillie, Joanna....

Brooks, Maria ....

...... 103
Bale, John .......

4 Brooks, Shirley......
Bancroft, George...

202 Brough, Robert B............
Banin, John........

226 Brougham (Lord) Henry .............. 378
Barbour, John .........
626 Brown, Charles Brockden...........

201
Barclay, Alexander ................ 623 Brown, Frances.....................

265
Barclay, Robert.......................

Brown, Thomas.......................
Barham, Richard....................

Browne, Sir Thomas ................
Barnes, Albert.....................

Browne, William................... .. 622
Barrow, Isaac. .....................

Browning, Elizabeth Barrett ........
Barry, Gerald............ .......... 627 Bruce, Michael.

.... 414
Baxter, Richard.....

Brunton, Mary........

... 398
Bayley, Thomas Haynes ...........
.... 26 Bryant, William Cullen .........

40
Beattie, James .......

Brydges, Sir Egerton ......... .. 378
Beaumont, Francis ............ 622 Buchanan, George .......

. 622
Beckett, à, Gilbert Abbott.

Buckingham, Joseph T.......
Beckford, William .......
398 Buckland, William ........

... 346
Beddoes, Thomas Lovell ........ 266 Buckle, Henry Thomas...... .... 343
Bede........................

Bunyan, John.........
Beecher, Henry Ward............. . 104 Burke, Edmund ............

................. 415
635

... 414

624

226

266

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378
558

251

.... 191

628

.... 558

399

..... 398

413

226 Dani

471

PAGE.

PAGE.
Burnet, Gilbert ...

548 Cowley, Abraham. .........
Burnet, Thomas .........

548 Cowper, William......
Burney, Frances .........

Coxe, William .............

.... 397
Burns, Robert ........

407 Crabbe, George .............
Burton, John Hill....

Cranmer, Thomas.....
Burton, Robert.......

Crashaw, Richard.....

63
Bushnell, Horace......
190 Croker, John Wilson..........

378
Butler, Samuel................

543 Croly, George. ..................
Byron (Lord), George Gordon . ...... Crowe, Catharine ...

Cudworth, Ralph. ..................... 558
Cædmon .......

628 Cumberland, Richard. ................. 415
Camden, William....

Cunningham, Allan ................ .... 414
Campbell (Lord).....

Curtis, George William ...............
Campbell, Thomas
Carew, Thomas...

Dalrymple, David..........

....... 397
Carey, Henry C....

Dana, Richard H...

..... 103
Carleton, William....

Daniel, Samuel....
Carlyle, Thomas .....
347 Darwin, Erasmus .........

... 471
Cavendish, George .....

Davenant, Sir William.

... 538
Caxton, William ...................... 624 Davis, John Francis......

... 344
Chalmers, George ..................... 397 Davy, Sir Humphry...................

... 378
Chalmers, Thomas .................... 345

345 Defoe, Daniel ........
Chamberlayne, William............... 558 Dekker, Thomas ...................
Chambers, Robert..................... 344 Denham, Sir John.............

558
Channing, William Ellery .......... 189 Dennie, Joseph ............

191
Chatterton, Thomas.......

De Quincey, Thomas.......

... 361
Chaucer, Geoffrey......
625 Dickens, Charles..

.... 203
Cheever, George B....
190 Dillon, Wentworth....

... 547
Cheke, Sir John.......

624 Disraeli, Benjamin .............. ... 225
Child, Lydia Maria............
200 Disraeli, Isaac .............

... 378
Churchill, Charles.......

471 Doddridge, Philip......... .... 471
Clare, John ...........................

265 | Douglas, Gawin. ................
Clarke, Adam. ........................ 379 Drayton, Michael .....................
Clarke, Samuel....

520 Drummond, William..................
Clarke, Sarah Jane.................. 103 Dryden, John ...................... 521
Cobbett, William .............. 378 Dunbar, William.................

... 6:23
Coleridge, Derwent ...........

265 Dunstan .....

...... 623
Coleridge, Hartley ............ 265 Dyer, John ...........

...... 520
Coleridge, Samuel Taylor .........
Coleridge, Sara ......

Edgeworth, Maria............

... 398
Collins, Wilkie....

Edwards, Jonathan ...

.... 189
Collins, William ...
... 470 Eliot, George

... 226
Colman, George. ...................... 415 | Elliott, Edene

.. 415 Elliott, Ebenezer.............
Colman, George, the Younger......... 415 Ellis, Sarah .......

.... 346
Combe, George... .................... 378
.. 378 Elyot, Sir Thomas ..............

...... 624
Combe, William....................... 378 Emerson, Ralph Waldo ......... ...... 131
Congreve, William .................... 648 Erigena (John Scotus) ..........

628
Cook, Eliza .........

Evelyn, John.......................

558
Cooke, Wingrove ..................... Everett, Alexander H.................
Cooper, Anthony Ashley (Earl of Everett, Edward ......................

Shaftesbury) .........
Cooper, James Fenimore, .......... Fabyan, Robert ............

.. 624
Cotton, Charles ....................... 558 Falconer, William..................... 471
Coverdale, Miles ...................... 624 Faraday, Michael ..................... 346

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