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the landscape, the humming bird is tlie most delightful to look upon, and the most inoffensive. Of this charming little animal, there are six or seven varieties, from the size of a small wren, down to that of an humble-bee. A European would not readily suppose that their existed any birds so very small, and yet so completely furnished with a bill, feathers, wings, and intestines, exactly resembling those oi the largest kind.
2. Birds not so big as the end of one's little finger, would probably be supposed mere creatures of imagmation, were they not seen in infinite punibers, and as frequent as buiterHies in a summer's day, sporting in the fields of America, ofroin flower to flower, and extracting sweets with their little bills.
3. The smallest humming-bird is about the size of a hazel nut. The feathers on its wings and tail are black; but those on its body, and under its wings, are of a greenish brown, with a fue red cast or gloss, which no silk or vel. vet can imitate, It has a siiall crest on its head, green at the bottom, and as it were gilded at the top; and which sparkles in die sun like a little star in tlie middle of its forchead. The bill is black, straighi, slender, and of the Icngth of a small pin.
4. It is inconceivable how much these birds add to tlie high finishing and beauiy of a rich luxurjant western laridscape. As soon as the sun is risen, tio humming birds, of different kinds, are seen fluitering about the flowers, witlis out ever lighting upoa them. Their wings are in so rapid niocion, that it is impossible to discern their colours, excopt by their glittering.
5. They are never siill, but continually in motion, visiting flower after flower, and extracting its honey as if with a kiss. For this purpose, they are furnished with a forky tongue, that enters the cup of the flower, and extracts its nectared tribute. Upon this alone they subsist. The rapid motion of thcir wings occasions a humming sound, froni whence they have their name; for whaiever divides the air swifily, must produce a murmur.
6. The nests of these birds are also very curious. They are suspended in the air, ai the print of the twigs of air orange, a pomegranate, or a citron true; sometimos eveninhouscs, if a small and convenient twig is found for the pud
pose. The female is the architect, while the male goes in qucst of materials; such as cotton, fine moss, and the fibres of vegetables. Of these materials, a nest is composed, about the size of a hen's egg cut in two; it is admirably contrived, and warmly lined with cotton.
7. There are never more than two eggs found in a nest; hese are about the size of small peas, and as white as snow, with here and there a yellow speck. The inale and the femade sit upon the nest by turns; but the female takes to herself the greatest share. She seldoin quiis the best, except a few minutes in the morning and evening, when the dow is upon the flowers, and their honey in perfection.
8. During the short interval, the male takes her place. The time of incubation continues twelve days: at the end of which the young ones appear much about the size of a blue-bottle fly. They are at first balc; by degrees they are covered with down; and, at last, feathers succeed, but less beautiful at first than those of the old ones.
9. Father Labat, in his account of the mission to Ameri. ca, says, "that his companion found the nest of a humming.bird, in a shed near the dwelling-house; and took it in, at a time when the young ones were about fifteen or twenty days old. He placed them in a cage at his chamber window, to be amused by their sportive flutterings : but he was much surprised to see the old ones, whicli came. and fed their brood regularly every hour in the day. By this means they themselves grew so tame, that they scidom quitted the chamber; and, witliout any constraint, camc to live with thcir young ones. .
10. “ All four frequently perched upon their master's hand, chirping as if they lrad been at liberty abroad. He fed them with a very fine clear paste, macc of wine, biscuit, and sugar. They thrusttlicir tongues into this paste, till they were satisfied, and then fluttered and chirped about the room. I never belield any thing more agrceable,” continues he, “than tliis lovely little family, whicii had possession of my companior.'s chamber, and flew in and out just as they thought proper; but were ever aftcitive to the voice of their master, when he called thein.
11. 6 In this manner they lived with him above six months : but a time when he expected to sce a new colony formed, ke unfortunately forgot to tie up their cage to
the ceiling at night, to preserve them from the rats, and he found in the morning, to his grcat mortification, that they were all devoured.”.
. : GOLDSMITH. SECTION III.
The horse. 1. Of all quadrupeds, the horse appears to be the most beautiful. His fine size, the glossy smothness of his skin, the graceful ease of his motions, and the exact symmetry of his shape, entitle him to this distinction.
2. To have an idea of this noble animal in his native simplicity, we are not to look for him in the pastures, or the stai les, to which be has been consigned by man; but in those wild and extensive plains, where he was originally produced, where he ranges without control, and riots in all the variety of luxurious Dature. In this state of happy iiidependence, he disdains the assistance of man, which tends only to servitude.
3. In those boundless tracts whether of Africa or New Spain, where he runs at liberty, he seems no way incoinmoded with the inconveniences to which he is subject in Europe. The continual verdure of the field supplies his wants; and the climate that never knows a winter suits bois constitution, which naturally seems adapted to heat.
4. In those countries, the lorscs are often scen feeding in droves of five or six hundred. As they do not carry on war against any other race of animals, they are satisfied tu remain entirely upon the defensive. Tliey have always che among their number that stands as sentinel, to give notice of any approaching danger; and this office they tako by turns.
5. If a man approaches tliem while they are feeding by day, their sentinel walks up boldly towards him, as if to examine his strength, or to intimidate him from proceed. ing; but as the man approaches withio pistol-shot, thc sen. tinci ihen thinks it high time to alarm his fellows. This he does by a loud kind of snorting; upon which they all take the signal, and fly off with the speed of the wind; tlicir faithful sentinel bringing up the rear.
6. But of all countries in the world, where the horse - runs wild, Arabia produces the most beautiful brced, the
most generuus, swift, and persevering. They are found, though not in great number's, in the deserts of that country; and the natives use every stratagem to take thein. in
7. The usual manner in which the Arabians try the swiftness of these animals, is by hunting the ostrich. The horse is the only aninial whose speed is comparable to that of this creature, which is found in the sandy plains, that abound in those countries. The instant the ostrich perceives itself aimed at, it makes to the mountains, while the horseman pursues with all the swiftness possible, and endeavours to cut off its retreat. The chase then continues along the plain, wike the ostrich makes use of both legs and wings to assist its motion.
8. A horse of the first speed is able to outrun it: so that the poor animal is then obliged to have recourse to art to elude the hunter, by frequently turning. At length, finding all escape liopeless, it hides its head wherever it can, and tamely suffers itself to be taken. If the horse, in a trial of this kind, shows great speed, and is not readily tired, his character is fixed, and he is held in high estima. tion.
9. Thc horses of the Arabians form the principal riches of many of their tribes, who use them both in the chase, and in their expeditions for plunder. They never carry heavy burdens, and are seldom employed on long journeys. They are su tractable and familiar, that they will run from the fields to the call of their masters. The Arab, his wife, and children, often lie in the same tent with the mare arid foal; which, instead of injuring them, suffer the children to rest on their bodies and necks, and seein afraidi, even to move lest they should hurt thein.
10. They never beat or correct their horses, but treat them with kindness, and even affection, The following anecdote of the c.nipassion and attachment shown by a puor Arabian lo one of these animals, will be interesting to every reader --The whole property of this Ara' consisted of a very fine beautiful mare. This animal tlie French consul at Said offered to purchase, with an intention to send her to the king, Louis the Fourteenth.
11. The Arab pressed by want, hesitated a long time, but at length consented, on condition of receiving a very considerable sum of money, which he named. The con.
sul wrote to France for permission to close the bargaina and having obtained it, sent the information to the Arab? The man, so poor as to possess only a few rags to cover. his body, arrived with his magnificent courser. He disInounted, but appeared to be greatly agitated by contend. ing emotions.
12. Looking first at the gold, and then at his mare, he hcaved a deep sigh and exclaimed; « To whom is it, I am going to surrender thee? To Europeans? who wiil tie thee close; who will beat thee; who will render thee miserable! Rtturn with me, my beauty, my jewel, and rejoice the hearts of my children!" As he pronounced the last words, he sprung upon her back; and, in a few m nents, was out of sight.
. The Ouran-Outang. 1. The ape called the Quran-Outang, approaches in external appearance nearer to the human form, than any other brute; and from this circumstance, it has sometimes obtained the appellation of “ Man of the Woods." This animal is of different sizes, from three to seven feet. In gencral, its stature is less than that of a man; but its strength and agility are much greater.
2. Travellers who have seen various kinds of these ani mals, in their native solitudes, give surprising relations of their force, their swiftness, their address, and their feroci.. ty. They are found in many parts of Africa, in the EastIndies, in Maclagascar, and Borneo. In the last of these places, the people of quality course them as we do the stag, and ihis sort of hunting is one of the favouritc amusements of the king himself.
3. The skin of the Quran-Qutang is hairy, his eyes are sunk in his head, his countenance is stern, and all his lindaments, though resembling those of man, are harsh and blackened by the sun. He sleeps under trees, and builds a hut to protect himself agairst the sun and the rains. When the negroes have left a fire in the woods, he comes near, and warms himself by the blaze. He has not, however, sense and skill sufficient to keep the flames alive by feeding it with sucl.,