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are the beft editions, or magnificently bound, o me, that the could not conceive how from another species of luxury; but this is people had the patience to make a book. pardonable in people who are rich enough Well, Madam, laid I, you will find that D hey a good book, though it may be a you yourself have made a book, and that a ody one; otherwise they would resemble pretty large one, and a better than those te aan who spent so much money on that are most in eftcem ; here it is. I then 124, that he had nothing left to buy pic. put into her hands the four volumes in 4:0. taes for them.

There, faid I, Madam, are what we prize When a library is small, we should know more than the Letters of Madame de Sevigné, the books that compose it the dispofition and perhaps more than the Essays of Moa

the proprietor ; it would be ridiculous to tagne. fad in that of a magiftrate, nothing but Montagne learned Latin by note without poetry and romances; or in that of a soldier, a mafter, at least without rudiments. I have 20 copy of Polybius, or of Cæsar's Com- seen the time when scholars at the Jesuits Teataria.

College, were obliged to ipeak Latin to the Serious studies require a total abstraction cooks and valets of the college, when they froa domeftic solicitude, and from anxious wanted the most common neceffaries. Las concern for the future ; on this account, the tin, spoken in this way, mutt needs be ponaftic life is the most proper for study, wretched : it is what we call kitchen Latin : because they who devote themselves to it are hut such as it is, it gives one scme practice aways fecure against want, both at the pre- in the speaking of Latin, and it is uleful to feat moment, and when they become unable those who, travelling in Germany, Hunga. to labour. Hence we must conclude, that ry, Bohemia, and Poland, are oliged to if monafteries were abolished, learning and have recourse to Latin to make themleves the means of acquiring it would suffer much. understood. It is needless to think of learnkis faid, indeed, that there are many orders ing to speak Greek, but it is necessary to un& Monks that neither study nor teach, but to derstand the grammar, and to be maller of thus we muft reply, that measures should be the Greek roots; it is incredible of what ute fallen upon to make them useful rather than these roots are, in explaining the etymology 9 annihilate them.

of the terms of art and science; nay, two It is a peculiar gratification to the man of thirds of the words in common use in the realing and study to have a person with French language are derived either immediwhom he may argue and reason ou what he ately or remotely from the Greek. bas read. Scire tuum nihil eft nifi te fcire There are some didactic hooks so tedious kee feiat alter ; but it is riecessary to choole and disagreeable, though sufficiently learned, those with whom we wish to reason on what that one may juftly call them antidotes to we know and have read; for if unluckily ftudy, as fome ill-tempered and ugly women we should fall into the hands of those conceito have been called antidotes to love. Young ed, censorious, and unwearied difputants, people ought to be spared the tediousness of that are but too common in the world, it such books, and others should be put into would have been better for us never to have their hands that will excite their curiosity and reasoned at all. In this unfortunate case, engage their attention. To intereft his readwe muft keep to ourselves what we have er is the great art in every author. It ought read.

to be the aim and object of him who writes Foréed studies fatigue and tire us, but on the sciences and history, as well as of the when they are voluntary and free, we pursue author of plays and romances. But to crethem as it were without perceiving. I knew ate an intereft is not all; he muft support it a lady who, having for a long time had a to the end. Hoc opus, hic labor est. Style connection with a certain person, had been too is a necessary article, but justness of accustomed to write to him almost every day, thought and precition of expresfion are the even when they lived together in the fame essential requisites. town, giving him an account of her time, There are two ways of cultivating the her reading, and her very thoughts. The memory: one is the getting by heart large gentleman died, and his heirs had the polite passages of poetry, whole orations, pages of ness to return the lady her letters. These, figures, &c. With a memory of this kind, as she had a friendhip to me, me allowed we often perform astonishing feats, but they me to read and to carry away. I read them are in general useless; the other I call the with the greateft imaginable pleasure; they memory of Judgment: by this we retain the abounded in wit, in reflections, and thoughts sense and arrangement of things: if this is equally clegant and juft. I collected them to- not the true kind of memory, it is certainly gether, arranged them according to their a good kind, it is the kind by which we gain dates, and bound them up in four 4to vo- moft knowledge. It is applicable alike to lumes. Some time after, being with the lady, what we have seen, and what we have read, I made her repeat what she had often observed and it fatigues us less than the first, for we Bent. Mag. Feb. 1788,

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remember

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remember every thing without effort, and gef all aliments reduced to so litule bulk, i without perceiving it.

there is a necessity to have a well-organize Men of great genius have no occafion for head, in order to retain the principles of a reading in order to conceive grand and beau: the fciencesa titul ideas, or io form bold and useful designs. The English do not trouble themselve Yet reading is of use in regulating their ideas, with style, and less with method; but thei and in thewing them by the example of those thoughts are bold and strong: accuftomed to to whom the lame bave occurred, what in rise above prejudices in matters of govern: conveniences those who have followed them ment and politics, they treat all subjedls witł with too much ardow and precipitation have equal freedom. Their pleasantries are nei. exposed themselves to. It has been said long ther delicate nor elegant their satire is vioago, that history is experience anticipat- lent, but sometimes full of humour. We ed, and this experience is at least ne. know Swift, one of their molt ingenious and cellary for those who may be led astray by wittieft authors. He has been pretty well their ideas, and who may conceive too bold translated into French; and in general it is designs.

easier to render the pleasantries of the English The epistolary lyle is most necessary for into other languages, than to translate those women.' Those who wish to write well in of the Italians into French, or ours into any this way, need not take much trouble in or other language: for the English turn more der to succeed. They must even take care on the thought, and they delcribe with much the not to lose that easy turn of expression, that energy; while the Italians play upon the ** fmooth, sprightly, and often voluptuous style words, and the French run round and round which is na:ural io them.

about their object, trific and play with it like to I return to the subject of Memory, to speak a cat with a moule ; consequently it is very of those who want this faculty altogether. difficult to catch the spirit of their pleasanThere are people who are obliged, in aid of tries, or to tranflate them. Nothing can be visit the little memory. they have, to make memo more agreeable to read than the papers of the randur.s of every thing they have to do. A Spectator, and if the English had much of certain intçndant at Tours, who lived at the this fort, we could not be too eager in bebeginning of this century, wasfamous for his coming acquainted with them. But I foresee, agenda : his friends, used to steal his tables that a great deal of wretched imitations of when they could lay hold of them, and read that excellent work will be translated into our them behind his chair. One day the follow. tengue, which will establish among us a new ing memorandum was found written: “I talte in literature ; that the French, wlio can have come to the resolution of Thaving myself never check the effects of their enthufialm, hence forward, for my servants are rascals will be anglicised, and that we will lose that alnıof flea mo." 'A little lower: “I somewhat of our graces in acquiring part of have resolved never again, in swearing, to the boldness of their ideas, and of their we the word mordicu; it is a vulgar ex. freedom of thinking and writing. Voltaire preffion, not suitable to the dignity of a ma says, that whoever thinks strongly, will gistrate or intendant ; morbleu is better. It express himself strongly: this is true, but was not, however, this gentleman who was

we may carry this frenzth of thought the author of the following, but a man who too far, and become harsh and disgusting went often froin Paris to Lyons: “ Mein in our ideas as well as in style. To get married as I pass through Nevers." Notwithstanding the ill I have been saying

A Contraft.
of Agenda, I make use of the practice fome-
innes, and find it very uleful, but I take care

Handsome French Woman, befules the
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ease of her manners, has cominonly a not to write down my relolutions, or the look of cheerfulnets and great vivacity. She rules of my conduct.

appears willing to be acquainted with men, I have read in an eloge of the Abbé de and seems to expect that men Nould address Louvois, that he was alucated according to her. the intentions of his father, who was then The manners of an English Woman is not oil.powerful, nothing being neglected that so devoid of restraint, and a stranger, espe. could make him an accomplished man. The cially if a foreigner, may observe a look mnoft learned perions were employed in in which borders on disdain on her countenance. vinting methods for teaching him every Even among the loveliest features, fomething in a little time. He was fed, says his thing of a lulky air always appears, while Panegyrist, wiih the elixir and quintessence their beauty allures. This in some degree o the sciences, like the rich and delicate who checks thai freedom of addrels which you live on the extra as, the juices, and, citerces might use to a French Woman, and interesis of animals and vegetables. The compari your vanity more, by giving an idea of the ton is just and elegant, but as there is a necef: difficulties you have to conqucr. fiy to have a good domacin, in order to die

of

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Of Modern Comedy.

scarcely believe that he has not made a mira

take. He finds the distress of cragedy under WHAT kind of entertainment which the the deceitful title of comedy. He is dejected

English call Farce is the ancient come- and disappointed; and, indeed, has right dy, as it appears in Plautus and Arifto to complain of a feat served up different phanes; and ferious comedy is indeed almost from the bill of fare. a contradiction in terms. Terence's come I argue from the just displeasure of a specčies are confeffedly too serious. The lan- tator so disappointed, that sentimental comeguage is elegant, the fentiments beautiful; dy should be diftinguished by some name apbut the comic force is not fufficiently apparent priated to its nature. I have read several senand striking.

timental comedies which exhibited beautiful To recreate, by exciting laughter, and to language, and were on many accounts very inftruct by exhibiting foibles and faults as pleasing in the closet, though they did not exohjects of ridicule, is the final cause of co- cite laughter on the stage. Terence is certainmedy. I know that philosophical critics, or ly the model of sentimental comedy ; but his rather logicians and metaphysicians, give imitators ought to remember, that the best very fubtile definitions of comedy; but I am of judges, among whom was Julius Cæfar, inclined to view it rather in a popular light, disapproved his want of wit and humour. as it appears to a crowded theatre, er is pe The pleasurewhich witand humour arecaparased by the common reader, than as it con- hle of affording the human mind is exquisite, templated in the schools of fpiderlike meta- and was intended by a benign Providence to physicians. If I were to appeal to an audi- mitigate the ills of life

. It is, therefore deetice afsembled at Covent Garden or Drury fireable, that comedy should preserve her Lane theatres, I believe they would cordially genuine excellence, and not lose the power agree with me, that a truly excellent comedy of exciting mirth by being confounded with is that which causes them to thike their fides a serious and pathetic species of composition. moft frequently with the drollery of its scenes, There are reftraints under which the comic and the wit and humour of its conversation. muse ought to be confined. She has usually

A perplexed and involved plot is disagreea- tranfgreffed the bounds of decency and nature. ble to the majority: It employs their atten. Her fallies have transported her to eccentricition in a painful complication of events, ties which judgment must condemn, though while it ought to be eafily and pleafantly the gaiety of thoughtlefs meriment may leem anused by the dialogue. The greater part to have approvett, by joining in the laughter of an audience assemble at a theatre after the which they excited in a theatre. Indeed the toils of the day to be innocently amused. ancients are more culpable than the moThey are not desirous of that laborious ex- derns in this refpect ; for where is the mo• ercise of the memory and understanding dern who in obscene and filthy ideas can be which is sometimes necessary to comprehend compared with Plautus and 'Ariltophanes ? the plot of a modern comedy. I think it The excellent Collier did great service to fowould be an improvement in the dramatic ciety, by fatirizing the indecencies of the line, if the plots of plays were more remar. English ftage in the last age; and indecency kable for fimplicity ; but many comedies are is certainly

not the fault of the present comedy. in the greatest esteem which are singularly The fault of the present comedy is rather perplexed in their fory.

an infipidity. The language is usually eleSentimental comedies have been greatly ant, and the plot well laid, but the comic admired; and it seems to argue a great de- force is not often sufficient to command unilicacy of taste and purity of morals when a verfal laughter, independently of the grimace whose people are delighted with them. But and theatrical tricks of the actot. It is, as I it may be laid of them with great truth, that have more than once already hinted, much they encroach on the province of tragedy. more like Terence than Plautus. To say A sentimental comedy endeavours to excite this, is to pay it a greater compliment than emotions of pity; and cannot this purpose perhaps it deserves; for Plautus has ne. be more effectually accomplished by tragedy? ver been estimated at the same valute with

Let us suppose a person incending to amuse Terence. Plautus has oringled many coarte his evening by the fight of a Playo At one jokes, and many indecent allufions with his theatre a comedy is to be exhibited, at ane- wit, which cannot but lower his merit, and ther, a tragedy. He debates the point with tefen the praise which would otherwise be himself to which he fall go, and finds that liberally testowed upon him. his mind is in a disposition to be diverted with If a writer should arise with all the drolleludicrous representation. He refolves there- ry and humour of Plaatus and Aristophant", fore to see the comedy. Unacquainted with yet without their ribaldry, I think he would More piece, he enters the theane in expectati- find universal approbation. We have many on of mirth; but the comedians, after a 'excellent comedies in the Englife language, great deal of delicate, rehned, and ferious but they are most of them disgraced by in

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The morals of a people. muft of neceffity Now true as all this is, I never think my be much corrupted by the profligacy of comic self impowered to excommunicate thereup writers, for they have the laugh in their fa- on either the post-chaise or its driver v ur, which with the herd of mankind is a nor do I take it into my head to swear b: far more convincing proof of excellence than the living G-, I would rather go a foot tel any argument. The pulpit menaces invain, thousand times or that I will be damn when the stage points its batteries againft it. if ever I get into another --but I take the Vicchas many advocates on her side within our matter coolly before me, and consider, tha own bosoms, and when she finds wit and ri- fome tag, or rag, or jag, or bolt, or bnckle dicule called in as her auxiliaries, the no lon- or buckle's tongue, will ever be wanting, ger hides her head in shame, but walks in or want altering, travel where I will lo the broad sunshine, and haughtily triumphs I never chaff, but take the good and the over the modefty of virtue.

bad as they fall in my road, and get on:Preaching and moralizing with severity Do so, my lad! said'I ; he had lof five miwould be out of place in a comedy: They nutes already, in alighting in order to get a would lose much of their dignity and beauty luncheon of black bread, which he had by appearing in a garb of levity : but a me. crammed in the chaise pocket, and was redium might surely be found to direct the co. mounted and going leisurely on, to relish it mic writer, so as that his comedies hould the better - -Get on, my lad, said I briskneither on the one hand become dull morali- ly - but in the most persuasive tone imaties, nor, on the other, corrupting farces. ginable, for I jingled a four and twenty sous

The best purpofe of comedy is to render piece against the glass, taking care to hold vice ridiculous ; but it has been too often em- ihe flat lide towards him, as he looked back: suloyed in rendering viriue fo. The French the dog grinn’d intelligence from his right comedy is far purer than the English. Let it car to his left, and behind his footy muzzle no longer be laid with truth; for our grofs discovered such a pearly row of teeth, that taste is a proof that we are really inferior in Sovereignty would have pawned her jewels true politeness, as well as external grace, to for them.our rival neighbours,

What mafticators!
Juft heaven!

What bread!
Explanation of the Eightb Plate of Trifram and so as he finished the laft mouthful of ile
Sbandy.

we entered the town of Mantreuil. HEN the precipitancy of a man's fafter than the vehicle he rides in-woe be to

piled from the most approved Authorities, truth! and woe be to the vehicle and its tack

and illustrated with the Arms of each noble ling i let'em be made of what stuff you will)

Family, elegantly engraved. upon which he breathes forth the disappoint: (Continued from Page 4, of our Magazine ment of his foul!

for January, 1788. · As I never give general characters cither of

Hamilton, Viscount Bogne. men or things in choler, “the most halte, the

THE right upon the affair, the time it happened : the second, third, fourth, and fifth time, I of Stackallen, and a lieutenant in the navy, confined it respectively to those times, and born the 24th of March 1724, fucceeded accordingly blamed only the second, third, his brother Frederick, the late and third vir fourth, and fifth poft-boy for it without count, the second of January 1772 ; but did carrying my reflections further, but the not take his seat in the House of Peers tin event continuing to befall me from the fifth, April 1776, owing to a claim of a natural to the sixth, leventh, eighth, ninth, and son of the late lord to the title, which was tenth time, and without one exception, I tried both in England and Ireland, and dethen could not avoid making a national re terinined in favour of the present viscount. flection of it, which I do in these words ; His lord lip married miss Jane Bury, daugh

That something is always wrong in a ter of William Bury, of Shannon-Grove, French postchaise upon first letting out. in the county of Limerick, Esq; (by his wife

Or the proposition may stand thus, Jane, daughter to John Moort, created, 22d

A French poftilion has always to alight be. O&ober 1715, lord Tullamore) by whom fore he has got three hundred yards out of he has issue, viz. town.

itt Son, Guftavus, born 20th December, What's wrong now !--Diable !-a rope's 1749, old Nile, married April 1ft, 1773, to broke! a knot has flipt! --a faple's Miis Martha Somerville, only daughter of drawn a bolt's to whittle ! a tag, the late Sir Quail Somerville, of Brownsa rag, a jag, a ftrap, a buckle, or a buckl's town, county of Meath, bart. by whom ho tor.gwe, want altering.

kas iluc.

W wines heures creacionin as olnetyman's a new and correa Peerage of Ireland, com

8

-"He PST CHAISE.

{ he had crammed into the Chaise pocket.”

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