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ed il death stopped it, and dissolved a fen- were then abufing Mr, England in terms of timental union a proof on his part if not the grelleft language, though Rochfort bad of love, at least of gratitude.

been under very many peculiar obligations After three years confinement, O'Kelly to bia-The gentleman returning to him and his fair one were liberated from prison, company repeated what he had heard, upon and they both immediately let down in pure which England privately departed, and fint of plans which they had laid while in du- tering the coffee-room, fszed cach of his

calumniatars lay the heads, which he knockCharlotte took a house in King's-place, ed together, and afterwards beat both till or rather a temple for the celebration of the they took asylum under the tables. For orgies of Venus ; and O'Kelly, who had this affanie he was indicted, and pleading beën irrested in the Eleet. with the title of guilty, the court of King's Bench on hearceunt, get acquainted with the customers, ing the affidavit of mitigation of judgment who in return for their voluptuous enjoy. read, fined the defendant one filling: TAGNtS nade him a complete matter of horse Kelly, by his fuecesses on tbe turf, having flesh, and let him into all the arts arising acquired a very confiderable fortning, purfron a kaowledge of the turf. One of chased the seat formerly belonging to the thera permitted him to become a purchaser duke of Chandlos, called Cannons, fituatd. & a half quarter of the celebrated horse in the county of Middk sex, near Stanmore ; Echipre, (bred by the late duke of Cumber and here, after a very port posicion, lle land), of which in a short time he became was ferized by a violent

of the gouts fole proprietor, and on the turf as a racer, which doctor Warren with all his fkill could and in the stable as a stallion, this animal not expel from his stomach, and lic has raised for his proprietor not only feveral died at about the Gxty-seventh year of his thousand pounds, but the swifteft cátile that age. ever appeared at Newmarket.

as to his disposition of mind, it wamed In 1760 Mr. Kelly accepted an enligney nothing but earl; cultivation ; for though in the Westminster regiment of militia, and the habits of his life, being a professed by degrees rofe to the dignity of lieutenant- gamester, cannot be commended, yet his colonel; and from the above date to 1777, intentions were good, and expanded as his experienced many difficulties in supporting fortune increased. He was charitalile withhis ftud: but Charlotte being forccessful in out oftentation, and prosperity did not inlier avocation, purchased a fmall estate at fate him with pride ; for he called lis relaClap-hill, near Epfam, where she built a tions from ohlcurity and penury, supported house, of which the constituted the count them in case and plenty, and at his death oftencible master, and here he kept his ftud left them independent. and here he saw the best and the wordt com.

A fort Account of the Life and Writings of pany--but here he would never permit any

the late Frederick Pilon. fpecies of play to go forward, or even matches for the courle to be made. The anecdote of our hera’s miftaking his Melin Pilen was born in the city of Cork,

in the kingdom of Ireland, and it belchamber at an imn in York, though periras intended by his parents that he hould haps universally known, must not escape follow the profilion of physic, of course notice. Millaking his chamber he got his juvenile education was clasical and libeinto that of a lady-he got into ber bed. ral. He went at an early time of life to The lady started, fereamed, and alarmed the Edinburgh, where he made some progress house. The count would have retreated, in bis ftudies ; but his finances being inade. but was prevented by a croud who had quate to support him as a gentlemad in the reacked the door and prevented it, and if it exercife of an avocation, in which many had not heon for the entreaties of the lady, have wanted bread until they had no tertia he would probably have fallen a facrifice to to eat it, and having formed an intimacy fannels and ill founded resentmeni.

with several players, le commenced actor The business however did not end here, but though master of a good voice, could The lady's relations commetel an action never fucceed in that line. againf O'Kelly, and he was terrified into Having written a dramatic tride or two the difbufement of five bundred pounds. for his theatrical friends, he resolved on com,

Scarcely had he gor free froin this scrape mencing writer for the stage, and was rewhen areither prefenteel itself. A party ha- markably fortunate in adapting temporary ving dined at a coffee-houfe, nader the Pio fubjects to the scenic art ; among which azza in Covent Garsien, of which the well class of his writings, we find the following known Dick England, made one, a gentle recorded in the Biographia Dramatica, viz. man of the conpany came into the pub The Invaficn, or a Trip to Brighthelmstone; lic room, where O'Kelly and Mr. Kochfort, the Lirerpool Prive ishe Humination, or fries Aot at a duel at Warley common, the Glazier's Conspiracy : the Deaf Lover:

the Siege of Gibraltar ; and the Humours of in him an imprudent, action : his conftitu. an Elečiion. Besides which, he wrote dia- tion was inuch impaired, and rapidly declinJogues and fongs to some of the beft fpeaking ed from that event. pantomines that have appeared at Coyent As a writer, Pilon was not either original Garden theatre fmce Mr. Harris has become or elegant; but many of his characters are manager.

natural, though drawn rather too broad, and If the picces we have mentioned do not approaching too nearly to caricature, . He display much ingenuity or invention, or af. knew but little of fashionable life, of course ford any considerabie share of satisfaction to his style wanted the polish of polite manners; the auditor or reader, it should be remem- and as his humour was too strong, fo his bered that all of them are evidently the pro- wit was too coarse. ductions of haste, intended merely to take In dress he was always remarkably neglithe advantage of some temporary public gent, paying very little attention to his perevents, which would not allow of opportu- lon, but always solicitous to indulge his pa. nity for the corrections of leisure or judg. late, being fond of good eating and drink. ment, and therefore entitled to every kind. ing. of indulgence.

Besides his dramas and pantomimes, he Notwithstanding the success of these pie- wrote several prologues and epilogues, two: ces, which had drawn considerable fums ir -, or three burlettas for Sadler's Wells and to the treasury of the theatre of Corent- other places, and extended Stephens's LecGarden, where they had all appeared, an tures on Heads. Mr. Pilon's age has not opera called the Fair American, written hy been ascertained ; but it is suppoled he died Pilon, was refused by the manager ; in con- at about forty. fequence of which, it was presented to Dru

A Sentimental fragment. ry-Lane, accepted and perforined, but not with so much success as it merited, the music HE tear of the morning hangs on not having been approved

, The performance of this opera was ulti- rose. In the day of my joy, my cheek was mately productive of great inconveniences, likened to the blushing beauty of that lovely and, indeed, misfortunes to its author. flower ; and though it has long since lost its. The composer fued him for a specific and criinfon, it still retains a partial fimilitude-, considerable fum : he would make no ale for the tear is on it. But, alas ! 'no cheering jowances for its failure, and the trifling pro- fun exliales my sorrow; and the crystal that fit-Pilon had received was inadequate even Role forth in the morning from my eye-lids to ray the costs of the fuit.

holls its place in the midnight hour. This business forced Pilon to retire, and Thus answered Elvira. I went on-And in his retirement he wrote his last comedy is love, faid I, the canker-worm that has called He would be a Soldier, the perfor- preyed on thy beauty! Does that tortumance of which has been so recent, it would ring passion make thee led the ceaseless ve fuperfluous to attempt a critique upon it tear? here.

No, replied Elvira, love gave me all its The profits of this piece were not equal choicest blessings : during five years I rioted to what in general may be supposed from its on its pleasures, and this world was a heavery considerable run. He had the profits of ven to me. William, it is true, is no more; three nights, it is true; but these profits but he died in the field of honour'; he is are only over and above a hundred guineas, recorded with those heroes who fought and relained by the manager for house-expences; fell for their country-I bathed his woundsand it is a melancholy truth, that on the his last words blessed me and his expiring nights of an author's benefit

the public too of- figh was breathed forth in my bolom ren defest him. Besides, Pilon was indebro I wept the briny tears of honest forrow; ed to the manager for money he advanced, but I had my confolation-my William lovand a part of his emoluments were of course ed none but me, and he Nill lived in the dctained on that account.

Llefied image which he left me of himself. His old persecutor the composer now re. It was my duty, and it soon became my commenced his law-suit, ani poor Pilon fole delight, to point out to the darling boy was obliged to retire into France, where the path in which his fire had trod, and to as plying again to his genius and industry, instil into his expanding mind an emulation he produced another comedy, said to be cal. of paternal virtue. led the Ward of Chancery, but which he His young breast felt the glowing flame, did not live to finish completely.

and he was wont to weep when I led him to While he was in France, his friends in the grave which glory had dug for his fa. Ingland brought his affairs tu an acommo ther. dauicn; in confequence of which he return. But he too is taken from me-he fleeps ity and soon attei tsarried This was Lencath this turf which I adorn with flowers.

Hae by fancy feeds my forrow, and this od érine of affection I fall daily visit

diorriages, Birtha, Deaids, Sus. of Bır. vezy nature conduct me to my husband

1786 45259 %11288 161827 49.361 ind as child.


210037 157607 33126 Landales of the late King of Prusia. When this lift, 1786, is compared to tho's A , i

LTHOUGH the late King did not live of the preceding years, 1784 and 1985, teat period would nevertheless afford meam for those years, we find, that the number i materials for a detail as comprehensive of births and deaths in 1786, although a a ay of the preceding years, if my time scarcity then prevailed, is nearly equal to and other circumstances allowed or required those of the preceding years, the number of

enlarging upon them: but the interior births being even greater. I may make still gestrement of his kingdom having always a more advantageous comparison of the probeen consistent and uniform, I hall only duce of the national Prusian manufactures, obese, chat the administration of Frederic which, during the year 1986, amounted to L. vas, during the last year of his reign, al- thirty-four millions of crowns, whilft in the mit the fame it had been during the preced: course of 1985 the same objects only arole ise years of peace. He had begun and to thirty millions, of which I have also gicempieted those of public utility, ven the public a particular accoun. This

which I announced in my former treatise large increase proceeded from the linen ma| upon the True Wealth of Nations, as pro- nufactures yielding two millions, and the jeded and agreed to. He had taken from woollen manufacture more than they did

is treabury three millions of crowns, which in 1785 ; and that the tobacco raised and ke dedicated to objects of the same tendency, manufactured in this country, which was also enumerated in that treatise ; and he estimated at cne million, really amounted een went ftill greater lengths, as was al- in that, as in many former years, to nearly ways his practice when times and circum- two million and a half of crowns. I might fances required it. The rainy season, du- repeat the observation I formerly made, ring Spring 1786, having caused great inun- that those thirty-four millions do not condations of the Viftula, the Oder, and the flitute the total of the Prussian produce and Vartha, the King, at his own expence, manufactures, but that many important armate the dykes and banks upon those rivers ticles, such as wood, corn, salt, hemp, and be repaired, and advanced near half a a large proportion of the mineral productimilion of crowns, as well to indemnify the ons may be added to them. unfortunate sufferers by those inundations, Having already es aufted in my former as to put them in a condition again to culti- dissertations upon population and the real Fate their lands. My most tender feelings wealth of a kingdom what I might have now ac awakenee, when I recollect that this faid of the amazing progress and improve. great Prince, having learnt that large tracts ment which the late King made in the inteto of land had been entirely covered with land nal adminiftration of his dominions, I shall by the overflowing of the Oder, ordered his confine myself to a few observations, which minifters to advance whatever sums were re. I propose to make in order to prove that quisite for freeing and recovering those lands Frederic II. persevered in carrying on the and putting them in their foriner ftare, by same system of government with indefatigaremoving the hills of fand which rendered ble application and equal success, during the them useless; and that it was physically im- last leven months of his life, not withitanda practicable. The produce of the harvest in ing he then laboured under a painful and 1785 and 1786 having fallen greatly short in mortal disease. Je is also in my power, and the northern kingdoms, the King instantly it is my duty to do that great King the same took such prudent measures to prevent corn degree of jonice, with respect to the part he from tilrg to too high a price in his domi- took in the great fyltem of politics, allceting aions, that his subjects, and his military Europe in general, ane! Prullia in particular. magazines, not withftanding what was taken In spite of the hopek si state of his liesitii, out of the last for fubfiftence, and for low- be continued his uiuial atten:ion and unreing the ground, were supplied at the ordi- mitting application to business. From fonds vary rate ; and that we were even enabled to leven every morning he read over the dirto export considerable quantjies of corn to patches from his mirüfters at forvign courts." Sweden and Denmark, froin Memel, Ko- to which he inunediately dicksted answers. ningiberg, Datzick, and Elbing. Thus He also each morning conferred with his ca. the population and manufactures of the binet ministers upon great political concerns. Pruflan territories suficred nothing froin In this manner ne continued his labours du these years of scarcity, as generally hap- ring these seven months of the year 1786, in pened elsewhere. In the whole coun- persecting and strengthening the Germanis 'ries subject to the King, we had in the union, his laat great work. Nor was he an cune of 1-85,


unconcerned spectator of the troubles and the chair, where he fat night and day, ant diffentions in Holland, but prepared to act being able to lge in bed ; and although we therein as circumstances might require. He were fensible lie endured the most cruel pain, at ihe saine time maintained the principles yet he never discovered the smalleft fymphe had laid down, and the rights of his fub. ion of distress, or of any uneasy fooling; jects, against the claims and exactions of but preserving always the appearance of fe. the city of Dantzick. He likewise carried rene tranquillity, without mentioning his on a regular correspondence with his officers own situation or the approach of death ; in the judicial departments, and his minift- talked to us in the most agreeable and eaty ery of finance: and he alors, without the manner of the occurrences of the times, advice or aslikance of either general officer and of literature, of ancient and modern or minifter, managed and directed every history, and particularly of the improvement thing relating to the detail of the army, of his country, and the culture of gardens, himielf dictating his orders to his secretarits, which he took pleasure in promoting. ke and aids de camp. I will remember, that was his regular and uniform daily practice a few day before his death he recapitulated to read each morning and evening the difall the manteuvres which his troops were to patches from his minifters at foreign courts, practife at the approaching review in Silelia, and the civil and military reports of his mipointing out with accuracy the most minute nisters and generals. He was also attended cirrumtance or variation that 'miglit arise at four or five o'clock every morning, -as from local situation. He at the fame time businefs required, by his three fecretaries of called General A nhølt to Potfuam, and gave the cabinet, one after the other ; to some of hiin instructions as to the military arrange. whom he dictated answers to the dispatches mients in the raihing free hätrations, to be firom each of his minifters abroad, which, muted from one nation to anotler, in the by his orders were conmunicated to me ; event of war, dr. By his orilers, the Counts and to the two others, this directions and an Haym and Werder, Minilters of State, and swers to his ministers of state and gercral the Privy Counsellor Schutz, 'from Pomera- officers, upon the business of the army, the nia, alio attended lim at Potsdam, with finance, or judicial proceedings; likewife whom he settled and an'anged the new plans anfwers to an infinite number of letters and of cultivation, improvement, and manu- peritions from individuals ; all in a man..r factures, which he intended to eftablish in iu circumstantial and judicious, especially the different provinces, in the courte of the where different matters were mixed anil comyear 1787. And above all, what be 'had binell, that the secretaries had only to adri nioft at heart, to have ww villages raised at the address, dates, and other requisite forhis espence in thofe Hittricts where the-faritis malities. ' After this bafimels was concluded, were tod' extenfive, and the population frorn about 7 or 8 o'clock he called Lt. Gen. de that cause too limited. He allo took fin y Rohdich, commandant of Potfdam, and lur pleasure in the prufecution of an under- afterwards his aids de camp, to receive vertaking for improring the breed of our flocks, tal orders for the daily duty of the garrison : by procuring from Spain three hundred rams and it was not until he had thus gone through andewes. As there threep were to pass by all the functions of a king, that he law for Potsdam foine few days before his death, he a few minutes his furgeon, and sometimes expected them with impatience, and oriler- his phyfician, in order to consult them coned a few of them to lve brouylit 'to Sans cerning his difeafe. At eleven the society :I Pouci, to pay him, as he said, 'a visit. I reo have mentioned-again met in his apartment, late thefe particulars, which may perhaps and he spent the time in conversation with us appear too minute, becaufe they display, in till twelve, when tre 'retired, and he dined the strongest light, the berrevolent character alone. After dinner he signed all the difof this great Prinse, 'who ftetiously attenil putches and letters which he had dictated in ed to every possible oliject, wirere the good the morning, and which his secretaries had of his people was concerned. I can too af- chien prepared. We were again called at five, fert, with ihe greatest conndence and know- and continued with himn till eight, when we ledere of the facls, all I have faid, because went to fup: whitft'he pasted the remainder ! palied the five last weeks of his life with of the evening in 'hearing from his reader Hierric II at his palace of Sans Souci, the works of Cicero, Piutarch, and other from the oth of ly, when he required my airthors of antiquity, or in rea ling what new attendancé, to the sgth of Anguill, the day dispatches had been received, and taking the of his death. I can all. folemnly declarc, few moments of fiecp that his illness permcther rith the Counts Schwerin, De mitted. This course of life he continued Goriz, Luchesini, and De Pinto, wlio hail invariably to the 1sth of August, on which he occafion to fee the king three or four hours ftill dictated and hgned dispatches, fo well diprery'lay, that although swelled and anilich gefted and arranged, that they would have ed with ihe droply' to ruch a degree that he done honour to the most experienced minifter. could not move himf:If without artisance in


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Portuguese Vasages to the East Indies.

prevented by Alburquerque's gaining the

bridge, who then entered the city through MowVarices Foyages and Transallions of Pacheco, ers of bulleto, arrows and darts. Avoiding the Liberquerque, and oibir Portuguese Advin- mined in the broad street, he gained the

1molque, and, at laft, with great Naughter of [Continued from Page 14.)

the enemy, got poffefion of the city, have

ing with him in this &ion, only for Portu- . THE "IIE frit of July the fileet anchored in the guese, and 200. Malabars. In nine days

port of Malacca, and terrified the peo- time, all the Moors were killed or driven out je on shore with the noise of warlike inftru• of that great city, which was peopled again setts and cannon.' The next day a Moor hy strangers and some Malabars, to whom one from the king to tell the viceroy, that leave was granted. Among them came Utiif he came for merchandise it was ready. muti Raja, that powerful native of Java, The mellenger was received with great state whose son was likely to have killed Sequeyra. mi courtesy. The answer was, that the The soldiers had three days liberty to plunder. merchandise fouglit for was some Portuguese There were found 3000 pieces of great eanlet there by Sequeyra, and that having got- non, out of 8000 that King Mohammed reten them, he would let the king know his lied upon, who with the reft retired so Bin

Being terrified with this tam (Bintang) where he and Prince Aladin elver, it was agreed to buy off the danger, fortified themselves, but Alburquerque fendby tegloring the Portuguese and paying a sum ing thither 400 of his men, along with 400 of morey; but Prince Aladin, his brother of Utimuti Raja's, and 300 belonging to the E-kaw, the king of Pahang, hindered the merchants of Pegu; they put the prince to king from so doing. Thereupon Alburquer. Aights and took seven elephants with coftly Pee begaa" fome military execution, which trappings. Mohammed, now wandered in obliged the king to restore the captives, and the woods with his fon, whofe obftinacy he Send ethier inessages, to which the viceroy blamed, and they fell at variance and parted. returned for an answer, that he offered him -Alburquerque inftantly built a fort at Maface upori condition he permitted him in lacca, (which for its beauty he called Har. Hantly to raise a fort there and repaid the mosa) and a church. He also coined money, charge of his and Sequeyra's coming to that, as he had done at Goa, of different species, port; fince his falsehood had been the cause and scattered some among the people, by of all the damage sustained, and that he muft which, and other such splendid actions, he inftantly return an answer, whether he chose, gaineri the hearts of the strangers, and repeace or wir. The king delired an accom- cured this most important place. Alburquermodation, but his son and brother-in-law que, knowing it is fometimes convenient to opposed it.

trust an enemy, gave the command of the The viceroy landed his men on the 24th of men in the city to Utimuti-Raja, but disco. July

: The hottest of the dispute was about vering that he correfponded with Prince gaining the bridge ; which was defended by Aladin, on pretence of rettoring him, but in the prince, and the king of Pahang ; King reality to set up himself; he, luis fon, and Mohammed came there allo himself

, on a son-in-law, were apprehended; and, after fatge elephant, with two more carrying cafe conviction, publicly executed on the scaffold ties on their backs; from whence flew thow. they had crected for Sequeyra. This was els of darts ; but the bealts being wounded, the first public execution ordered by the Por. fied; and trampling down their own men, tuguese in India. Two other princes went marle way for the rest of the Portuguese to about by artifice to poffefs Malacca, hút did join those at the bridge, where Alburquerque not succeed. Alburquerque received here fortified himself: however, his men being feveral embaffies, particularly one from the faint tho' heat and want of food, towards nighe king of Siam, who rejoiced to see his quarheretired with them to the lips, wheretendied rel revenged. He also fent ambasadors to of wounds by poisoned arrows; the enemy's Siam and Pegu, with two persons to discover loss was not owned, The king of Pahang the islands of Molucca and Banna. Then went away on pretence of bringing a recruil, leaving good men in the fort, and 'ten Trips bat returned no more.

Mean while, King to guard the sea, he returned towards Cochla; Mohammed was búfied in undermining the in his way, his ship, on the coast of Sumatra, fireets

, and covering them with poisoned truck upon a 'rock. While lie was on this thorns; being industrious allo to secure the expedition, Goa was besieged by; 20,000 bridge, Alburquerque sent to Antonio de of Adel Chan's men, 'encouraged ly fome Abreu in a vellel well manned, to gain it: he natives within 5 hut the viceroy arriving with passed through the wers of bullets, and though several fiects at the same time, from different Jesperately wounded, would not be brought parts, the fiege was raised.' Hereupon the of. Then floats of wild-fire were driven king of Calicut concluded a peace, witi, libera along the river to burn his thip, which was ty to build a fort; and thule of Norlin?,

1 Gen:. Mag. Feb. 1788.


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