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was gentleman uffer of the chamber to King Efq; by whom he had an only fon, Walter Henry VII. but being envied by Sir Hum- who married Anne, eldest daughter to Si phrey Stanley, of Pipe, in Staffordshire, Edward Bagott, ancestor to the present Lor knight of the body to that king, he sent him Bagott, of Great Britain, and he died with a counterfeit letter, in the name pf Randolph out issue: John, the second son, who died Brereton F. fq. Agteffing he would meet zih February, 1738, had one daughter,

Lu him the next morning by five o'clock: being cy, married to Edward Young, Esq; Batt thus allaved out of his house at Inglestre, and King at Arms, and three fons, viz. Walter, going thither, with no other attendants than ereated viscount Chetwynd; Joha, who suc. his on and two servants, he was way.laid ceeded him, and was the second viscount ; at Tixall Heath, by twenty men, feven of and William, of Hafeler, ncar Litchfield, whom were of Sir Humphrey's own family, who was the third viscount. all compleatly armed, who issuing out of a (ift Viscount:) Walter, the eldest son, Meep-cot, and a deep dry pit, furiously af. succeeded his coulin in his estate, and served saulted him, saying that he should die, and for the boroughs of Stafford and Litchfield, accordingly new him ; Sir Humphrey, in in all the parliaments froin the year 1703, to the instant, paffing by, with at least 24 per his death; in the reign of queen Anne, he fons on horseback, under the pretence of was master of the buck hounds, and ranger hunting, a deer. This tragedy is set forth of St. James's park; his majefty, king irthe petition of his widow, Alice, to the George I. was pleased to advance him to the 2399,23. king, wherein the crayes, that Sir Hum- peerage of Ireland, by, privy feal, dated at phrey and his servants, might answer for it, St. James's, 27th May, and by patent, 29th the but what proceedings were had therein doth June 1717, with limitations of the honours not appear.

to the heirs male of the body of his father, Williah,

his fon fucceeded, and was fa- by the 'titles of baron of Rathdowne, in the ther of Sir Thomas Chetwynd, who married county of Dublin, and viscount Chetwynd, Jane, daughter and heir to Sir John Salter, of Bearhaven, in the county of Kerry; he became by whom he had John, bis heir, and a daugh- married Mary, daughter and coheir to John ter, Dorothy, the i fecond wife of Sir Wal- Berkeley, lord viscount Fitzharding, by ter Smith, to whom The was married in the whom he had no issue, and dying 2ift Fe. reign of Edward VI. her fortune being sos!. bruary, 1735, at Ingestre, after a tedious but he being an aged man, and the very illness, was succeeded by his brother, young, the detested him to luch a degree, as ; (ad Viscount.) John, the second visto prevail bnri herself to murder him, for count, who was one of the commissioners of which she suffered death, by being burnt at trade and plantations, receiver-general of a flake, tsth May, the third of Queen the dutchy, of Lancaster, and was amballaMary.

dor to the court of Spain; he had issue two John, the only son, married first Mary, fors and two daughters, the eldest son died daughter and heir to. Lewig Meverell, of Bold soth May, 1741, aged 21, and William Hali, in: Staffordsdire, Esq; by whom he Richard, the second lon, died in 1763, the had Sir, William Chetwynd, of. Grendon, eldest daughter was inarried in August, 1748, who married first Atalanta, daughter and to John Talbot, Efq; brother to William, coheir of Robert Huick, of Stilfted, in Kent, late earl of Talbot, by whom the was mother Efq. Secondly, Catharine, reliet of Stephen to the present John Chet wynd Talbot, creaStanley, Efq; and daughter of Sir Edward' ted 1984, Earl Talbot, in Great Britain; Alon, of 1 ixhall, in Staffordfire, who Francis, the second danghter is unmarried, married, thirdly, Sir Edward Cope; the said and his lordship dying without male iflue, was Sir William died in June, 1612, without succeeded by his brother, islure, and John, his father, married, le (3Viscount,) William, qf Haseler, the condly, Margery, daughter to Robert Mid. third viscount, who was appointed by queen Heniore, of Warwickfire, Esq; by whom, Anne, in 1708, her majeliy's resident at the he had five fons, of whom

çourt of Genod, and a commissioner of the Sir. Walter, the eldest son, was theriff of admiralty, which he resigned in 1727, and the county of Stafford, in 1607, and mar was afterwards appointed master worker of ried, 'tirft Mary, daughter and heir of John his majesty's mint ; he inarried Miss Baker, Molyns, of county of Somerset, Efq; and by whom he had illui, viz. fecondly, to the honourable Lady Catharine in Son, William, the fourth and present Ilafings, elded : daughter to. George the viscount Chetwynd. fourth earl of Huntingdon, and widow of 20 and 3d Thomas and John, both Sir Edward Onton, of Wadiey, in Berk- dcau. Dire, konight, and had two sons, viz.. Wal ift Daughter, Deborah, fempfrels and pr-t his heir, and Johns father to the first vil- laundress to her present majesty, queen Charourt Chetwynd;. Walter, the eldet, mar. Jotta, ini Frammisdaughter to Edward Hafelrig,

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2d and 3d -- Mary and Lucy, both i ft Son, Thomas, was a privy counsellor, dead.

in the reigns of King William and George I.

and was member of parliament for Guid(4th Viscount.) William, the 4th and ford, in Surry, and married Aune, danghpresent lord viscount Chetwynd.

Ver to Alexander Pigott, of Innilhannon, Titles. The right hon. William Chet. county of Cork, 'Eltj; by whom te had Lauwynd, lord count Chet wynd, of Bearha. rence, who was, in 173ş, joint register of ven, in the county of Kerry, and baron of deeds and conveyances in Ireland. Rathdowne, in the county of Dublin.

2d Alan, created lord viscount MidCreation. So created 29th June, 1719, dleton. 3d George I.

3r St. John, a ferjeant at law," au Arms. Saphire, a chevron between three died unmarried. mullets, topaz.

4th Randal, died allo Creft. On a wreath, a goat's head erased, ried. pearl, attired, gold,


William; attorney general of Supporters. Ywo unicorns, pearl, each Jamaica. gorged with a chaplet of red roses, having a 6th Laurence, who was chaplain to chain of the fame reflecting over their the Houk of Commons of England, and died backz.

1740, leaving a daughter, married to BenjaMorto Probitas verus honos. (Hones., min, brother to Allen, lord Bathurft, and a ty is true honour.)

fon, Laurence, who was likewise bred to Seat. Donnybrook, in the county of tne church, and married Jane, daughter to Dublin, two miles from the city.

St. John Brodrick, Esq; and had a fon born Brodrick, Viscount Middleton.

230 April, 1750:

(il Vifcount.) Alan, the fecond fun, beTH THE right hon. Gcorge Broderick lording brought up to the law, and became so

vifcount Middleton, was born ift No. eminent therein, that he was appointed by vember, 1754, and fucceeded his father, King William, solicitof gencral of Ireland, George, the late and third viscount, 22d and by Queen Anne, attorney general, he September, 1765. He represents White was speaker of the House of Cominons. In Church, in the present parliament of Great the first year of King George I. he was made Britain : his lordship married 4th December, lord higả chancellor of Ireland, and by pri1778, to the 'honourable Miss Frances Pel- vy seal, dated at St. James's, zud February, ham, fecond daughter of the right hon. Tho- 1914, and by patent 13th of April," 1715; mas Lord Pelham, and the died 230 June, he was created baron Brodrick, of Middle1783

ton, in the county of Cork, and was five His lordship's family came from Norman- times appointed one of the lords justices of dy to England, fo early as the reign of King Ireland, and was further advanced in the William II. in the person of George de Broe peerage by privy Seal, dated at Hamptonderick, son of Şir Richard, defcended froin court, zist July, and by patent, 15th Aug. Rodolphus, count of Hapsburg, fecond brda 1717, to the dignity of viscount Middleton, ther to Henry, duke of Germany, which in the faid county, he married three wives ; Gcorge, was lineal ancestor to Sir Thomas to his first, Catharine, daughter of Redmond Brodrick, sometimes of Richmond, in the Batry, of Rathcormuck, county of Cork, Efq; county of York, and of Wandefworth, in he had one fon, St. John, who married Surry, and died in 1641, leaving by Cathe. Anne, fifter to Trevor, lord viscount Hilltine, daughter of Sir Oliver Nicholas, five borough, by whom he left four daughters ; fons and three daughters, whereof the two Anne, mártica John Jeffreys, of the county youngest died unmarried ; the others were of Cork, Efg; by whom she had the laté Alan, Thomas, and St. John.

James St. John Jeffreys, of the county Alan, the eldeft, succeeded his father, and of Cork, Esq; Catharine, to Charles died 2gth November, 1680. Sir St. John O'Neil, of Shanes Castle, in the county came into Ireland during the troubles of Antrim, Efq; by whom he had the present 1641, and became feated at Middleton, in right honourable John O'Neil; Mary, marthe coụnty' of Cork : he was captain of a ried to Sir John Redmond Freke, baronet ; company of foot, and was knighted, after Jane, to the reverend Laurence Brodrick, the restoration; he represented the town of before mentioned. Kinsale in parliament ; he married Alice, In 1695, the married, fecondly, Alice, daughter to Sir Alice Clayton, by whom he daughter of Sir Peter Courthorpe, by whom had fix fons and fix daughters, five of whom he had two sons and one danghter, Alice, died young : Catharine, the furvivor was married to the reverend John Castleman : married to Doctor William Whitfield, and the sons were, Alan, the fecond visccunt, died in London, jd May, 1731. The fons" and Courthorpe, who died young ; his lord. were


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ship married his third wife, Anne, daugh The Folly of Pride, exemplified in the Historike tand ber 9770

that of a very poor noble family, and rotati bundred

ter to Sir John Trevor, and

of Cleonara. chael Hill, Esq; father of Trevor lord viscount Hillsborough, by whom he had no ir. AM the only daughter of a half-pay car

tain was succeeded

by his only surviving tune of being of the younger branch, ar fon, was a commiffioner of the customs in Eng: riage, but had no fortune. As they had noz mas de viata de land, and was comptroller of the army ac more children than myself, they spared dead a logo counts, and member of parliament for Mid- pains or cost on my education ; and if metadata were lite hurft; he married 7th May, 1929, lady circumstances were to have been judged bens dod Raudte Mary Capel, youngest daughter to Algernon, the manner in which I was brought up, nera cazar, ike earl of Effex, left issue by her, an only one would have imagined but that I was te si de o wicht fon,

have had soool. at least, to my portion ; but tant no por (3d Viscount.) George, the third and instead of this, I had not the leaft prospecha Tis was a beat late viscount, who was born the ad of O&. of a fix-penny piece from any relation or an ributed to la 1730, and named after his majesty, who friend whatever. My poor father used often vana racho day stood his godfather in person ; he married to comfort himself with saying, that as hiszemy: jopa 2 3th April

, 1752, Albinia, daughter to the Cleonara was nobly born, he was resolved wela sikscina honourable Thomas Townshend, brother of sne. should have an education suitable to her the late lord viscount Townshend, by whom birth. But, alas : when I was about twenhe had issue, viz.

ty-one, in one month I loft both father and uft Son, George, the fourth and present mother, and had nothing to support me but viscount.

my genteel education, and nothing to boast Thomas, a barrifter at law. of but the nobility of my parentage. 3d Henry, a captain and lieutenant.' In this dilemma, I was at a great loss to colonel in the Coldstream regiment of know what to do ; for as I was bred to no guards.

trade, nor inured to any service, I seemed to 4th Charles, married 8th December, be excluded from the two only means left me 1786, to Miss Mary Woodward, daughter to get my bread. While I was revolving to the right reverend the lord bishop of these things in my mind, a maiden aunt of Cloyne.

mine, by my father's lide, who had for masik -- Willian, under fecretary to the ny years bein starving genteelly on a small commissioners for managing East India af- annuity, very kindly invited me to her house. fairs.

She was one of those people who clothed and 6th John, án enfign in the ift regi. fed herself with the thoughts of her nobility; ment of foot guards ;

and as I frequently topk occafion to express And one daughter, Mary.

my desire of getting my own livelihood, (4th Viscount.). George, the 4th and either by binding myself to some genteel bupresent viscount Middleton.

Giness, or by offering to serve some lady as Titles. The right honourable George her maid, the as often flew in a passion, and Brodrick, lord viscount Middleton, and told me that there had not been a trade in her baron Brodrick, of Middleton.

family for these two hundred years; and Creation. Baron Brodrick, of Middle- that,' for 'her part, she had rather see me ton, in the county of Cork, 13th April, ftarve than go to service. I thought this an 1715, ift George J. and viscount Middleton, odd way of reasoning ; for, proud as the of the fame place, 15th August, 1917, seemed to be, she was mean enough to foli.

Arms. Pearl on a chief, emerald, two cit and acces: of private charities, her annufpears, heads erect of the field, their points ity being but fifteen pounds a year. She embrued, proper.

a part

of a house to herself; her parlour Creft. A spear, pearl, embrued, proper, was elegantly furnished, and her beaufet isuing out of a ducal coronet, topaz. adorned with several pieces of old family

Supporters. Two men in compleat ar plate ; and, I verily believe, she would raIT.our, each holding the Spear as the ther have wanted bread, (which, by the bye, creít.

the very often did) than have sold a teaMotto. A cuspide corona. (From a spoon that had the family.arms upon it. But, spear to a crown.)

alas ! how different was that part of her furSeats. Middleton, in the county of Cork, niture which was out of sight : for, while 116 miles from Dublin, and 12 miles from her parlour looked like that of a princess, Cork; and at Pepper Harrow, in the county her bedc' amber resembled that or a beggar. of Surry, England. ller whce conversation was Lothing more


than a genealogy of her family; and all her ton chops, left the preceding day ; but as the thoughts seemed to be taken up in consider faid her grand-papa my Lord ing how the could conceal her poverty, an: was very fond of Malots with roaft mutton, at th time convince the world that the 'De ordered me to fetch forie, and put a halfwas nobly born.

penny into my hand for that purpose ; for In this fplendid distress I spent a twelve- as the knew the alliance of her family for an month, and heartily tired I was of my fitu. hundred years, so she was also particularly tion. For my aunt, though she had too acquainted with their respective tastes, with much pride to let me ferve any body else, which the constantly enteftained me; and, suffered me, nay, often obliged me, to do as I suppost, to prove, that people who maay things, which the lowest maid-ser- were nobly born, were formed of different vants would think beneath them. And kinds of materials from the vulgar, a thing while the kindly entertained me on charity, she herself verily believed. But to go on as the called it, le frequentiy made use of with my story; I went on the errand to the my living with her as an argument to pro- next herb-shop, where the woman, who cure bounties from her friends. This was a had always taken me for a servant, thinking thing I could not bear, and was resolved to I deserved a better place, informed me of an leave her at any rate; but how to do it withe agreeable lady, who wanted a nursery-maid, out injury to myself was the difficulty: for and in a week I got into a very good fainifroin the time I had left the boarding School, ly; nor had I been a month in my nurserys I had contracted no new acquaintance ; for before my lady discharged her own maid, my father, to keep up, as he called it, the and being acquainted with my story, genedignity of his family, dresled, and kept a roully preferred me to attend upon herself. great deal of company abroad ; so that if It was now I began to feel a real joy from the my poor mother and I got the bare necessa- danger I had avoided from my lover, and ries of lifc, we thought

ourselves extrêmely to see that ridiculous creature, my aunt, with happy. But here, I must inform you, that the highest contempt. in endeavouring to avoid this poor, proud, What a change of situation was 'here? well-born lady my aunt, I narrowly escaped from pride, poverty, idleness, naftiness, and an evil of a more dreadful nature; for as ! misery, supported only by the confideration was young, not ugly, and evidently in dis. of being nohly born, to that of being honelltress, a gentleman that lodged opposite 10 ly and usefully employed, kindly treated, us, having, as I afterwards found, fixed on pofleffing every conveniency and comfort me as a prey, took an opportunity, when of life, and nothing to rob me of my happimy aunt was gone a visiting, or rather beg• nes but the thought of being a fervant. ging, seeing me at the door, artfully to be. Alas! what a bugbear has falle pride made gin an acquaintance, which a correspond- fervice to our sex! For my own part, the ence foon improyed into something like a only difference I consider between master and friendship. He extorted complaints from fervant is but the name ; for as to happime, seemingly entered into my distress, pie ness, they are or may be upon a footing. tied me, and protested that he loved me;

It is often said, that one misfortune geneand alas ! I almoft believed him, which Lirally treads upon the heels of another ; but really think, if I know myself, was more ow. I have never heard the same acknowledged jag to my miserable situation, than any mo- of good fortune. But this only fews, that the tive of liking to him : however, as I thought world in general, are more ready to comI could not be more unhappy, I one day plain of what they suffer, than to acknun: resolved, though I own my fear and trem- ledge what they enjoy. I am very ready to bling, to throw myself at once into his pro• fay, I elteern my removal from my aunt intection, and truft to his generosity ; for this to fervice as a happinels ; as I must say the I had promised him, and this I should cer- same of my removal from that happy service, tainly have done, bad I not received a letter to that of marrying a worthy tradesman ; from a friend that very afternoon ta justify who, though he has no nobility of blood to my fears, and convince me, that instead of boast, yet, if honour is justly defined to be a protector, I had only found a betrayer ; honefty of heart, in that excellent quality and, to be honest, for the first moment I he is exceeded by none. I cannot lay more, can hardly say whether I was more pleased than by alluring you I am happy. But to or shocked at the discovery: but here, in the make you laugh, I must inform you, I re. heighth of my milery from this disappoint. ceived a letter full of resentment from ment, an accident of an extraordinary nature my aunt, in which the charges me with difrelieved me from my distress.

honouring her family, by marrying a maderMygood aunt returning about five, disap- man ; and that he was resolved not to take pointed of a dinner where she went, defired any notice of ine-do any thing for me Due to broil the remains of the pound of nius.


or give me a morfel of bread if I was starv- dreadful to the inhabitants of plains, from ing.

being broken by gullies, and sloping on the The great happiness I have found in per edges of precipices : it is, however, passable severance, joined to an opinion of my own by mules, and by the horses of the moun. ahility, is the reason why I would persuade tains. The vale grows fo narrow at last, all parents to educate their children in pro. that it is not above 100 yards wide in some portion to their circumstances ; and to af- places. ) he general feene at last has little fure all those of my fox that labour under wond. The mountains on the south fide the prejudices of education, whose minds finish in a pyramidical rock of micaceous áre poisoned with false pride, that industry fchiftus, which is constantly tumbling into generally meets with success; that in Eng: the plain, from the attacks of the frost, and land service is no lavery; nor is it any dif. the melting of the Inows, the slope to the grace, but rather an honour, to any one, be river being spread with fragments

. Met their birth or education what it will, to be here with pieces of lead ore and manganese.

servant when it becomes necessary for their This ridge, is not, however, the whole ; fupport ; for sure nothing can be shameful there' are two other mountains, quite in á that is honeft.

different situation, and the Deep travel from

one to another, as the pafturage is Mort of Extrasts from a Tour in Catalonia, by Arc' plentiful. I examined the soil of these moun

ibur Young, E84; F. R. S. & c. tain pastures, and found it in general fony; (From Annals of Agriculture.;

what in the west of England would be called

a stone bruth, with some mixcure of loam, July. W land cromote the mountains plants are many of thein untotuched by the


peaty: to Vielle, the first tou'p on the Spanish side. Theep: many ferns, narcillus, violets, &c. The Pyrenees are so great an object of exa- (poterium fanguiforba) and the narrowmination, in whatever light they are confi- leaved plantain (plantago lanceolata) were dered, but especially in that of agriculture, eaten, as may be fuppoled clofe. I looked that it would be adding a great deal top for trefoils, but found scarcely any. It was niuch to the length of this paper to speak of very apparent, that foil and peculiarity of them here ; 1 mall on another occasion be herbage had little to do in rendering thefe particular in describing the husbandry prac- heights proper for sheep. In the northern tised in them, and at present itop no longer parts of Europe, the tops of mountains half than to mention the pafturage of Catalonia the height of thefe, for we were above snow Sheep in them. By a little detour out of our in July, are boys; all are fo, which I have direct road, and by paling Hospital, which seen in our iftande ; or at least, the propor. is the name of a solitary inn, we gained the tion of dry land is very trifling to that which heights, but free from fnow, which the is extremely wet. Here they are in general Spaniards hire of the French for the pastu- very dry, Now a great range of dry land, rage of their flocks. I muft obferve, that a let the plants be what they may, will, in confiderable part of the mountains belong in every country, fuit fheep. The fack is property to the communities of their respec- brought every night to one spat, which is live parishes, and are disposed of by what fituated at the end of the valley on the river we call the veftry; they hire a very confider. I have mentioned, and near the port or paf. able range of many miles. The French moun- fage of Picada. It is a level spot sheltered tains, on which they pasture, are four hours from all winds. The soil is 8 or 9 inches distant from Bagnere de Luchon, and belong deep of old dung, not at all inclofed ; and 10 that tow'n : those hours are more than 20 from the freedom from wood all around it, English miles, and are the most diftant part seems to be chosen "partly for fafety against of the parim.' To arrive at them, we fol- wolves and bears. Near it is a very large lowed the river Pique, which upon the maps fone, or rather rock, fallen from the mounis sometimes called the Neste. The whole tain. This the shepherds have taken for a way it runs in a torrent, and falls in cascades fhelter, and have built a hut against it, their of many stories formed either by large pieces beds are sheep-skins, and their doors so small of rock, or hy trees carried down, and that they crawl in. I faw no place for fire, Itoppert by stones. The current, in process but they have it, fince they dress here the of ages, has worn itself deep glens to pass flesh of their sheep, and in the night some. through, at the bottom of which the tumb- times keep off the bears, by, whirling fire. sing of the water is heard, but can be seen brands ; four of them belonging to the flock Only at breaks in the wood, which hang mentioned above lie here. Viewed their over .id darken the scene. The road, as flock very carefully, and by means of our it is called, pafies generally by the river, but guide and interpreter, made fome enquiries hangs, if I ray use the expreffion, like a of the shepherds, which they answered reaA clf on the mountain fide, and is truly dily, and very civilly. A Spaniard at Ve


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