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pain. This may possibly be accounted for, in a Myness for two or three days together. by the difference in the texture of the surface Though they were both fo far estranged of the skin, as the manner of the electrical from the lambent fiame of love, yet their fluid's coming from a glass tube is different disagreement frequently exhibited a convicwhen its surface is altered by being rubbed tion of their honefty, by a reconciliation with different substances, as has been lately which juft ferved to blow up the dormant taken notice of in a letter to the Royal So. embers of affection, though still they were ciety.

continually manifesting the difference of their These are the principal observations, the tempers. They were both hastily passionate Thort time I resided at Surinam, allowed me - he was sometimes surlily ill-natured, an opportunity of making relating to this ex. while she was too apt to conceive what he traordinary animal.

never intended. They were both fensible of An Elay on Matrimonial Quarrels; Includ. their folly, yet they ftill perfifted in their

obsinacy - if he was desirous of traning Edmond and Rosella. A Story.

quillity, he grew turbulent. The vanity "AMILY divisions frequently spring of pedigree, and the oftentation of fortune

from very immaterial accidents, which were often bandied backwards and forwards gather strength by reputation, till they are --this uihered in indecency from his tongue, augmented in so formidable a manner as to and left her abandoned to a misguided pasifweep before them all the domestic virtues, 00. and abolith all the amiable tenderness for Reiterated quarrels aggravated their im. which woman was originally intended by prudence-he frequently swore-the railed the Divine Creator - I have been a frequent --and blow's ensueil - She felt the effecls of spectator of such scenes of intelicity--- where his violence- he bore the marks of her fury. I was in most expectation of finding the ce When their paffion abated, he sat pensively; leftial feeds of connubial happiness Hourilh- venting the guthing sorrows from her eyes, ing in exquisite beauty, there have I been he grew mollified, and after innumerable cathe most difappointed.' Inftead of beholding reflies, recomposed her agitated Ipirits--the a paradise, I have found nothing but a gar- quarrel renewed their tenderness—they gentden of noxious weeds, which occafion me ly upbraided themselves, confessed their folto send you the following story. It may be ly, resolved to oppole the excurlions of palof utility to fociety, as by holding up the fion, and for fome time lived with all the mirror to the view of inadvertency, it may appearance of a durable felicity. But when affright her by known deformity.

pallion has once got the head, reason vainEdmond and Rotetta have been married ly attempts to guide the reins. Though upwards of three years - they were equally Edmond and Rofetta, on the repetition of matched both in respect of fortune and age, every quarrel, became sensible of their smothe one being sufficiently affluent for the pur- thered affection, yet they never endeavoured chate, and the other for the enjoyment of to light np the extinguished lamp of Hymen. the pleasures of life. For some time after They continued their intemperate rallies, the celebration of their nuptials they enter- and were at last lo habituated to such an ig. tained a reciprocal affection - The was all nominious cuftoin, as to give an unbounded fondness, he all indulgence ; but their inti- loofe to their passion before company, till macy instead of increaling, diminished their they are now become the derision of all their mutual regard - her beauty, the more it acquaintance. was familiar to his eyes, grew the less at - As I have a regard for Edmond, I have. tractive to his heart ; and his conversation taken an opportunity of explicating with grew the less engaging, the more the partook him upon his indiscretion - he acknowof the natural levity of her sex. He renew. ledges his imprudence, professes the strong. ed his Bacchanalian acquaintance the est affection for his wife, and folemnly found more pleasure in discharging her vi. avows his fidelity to the nuptial bed Ro. fits than her domestic offices. In fine, both fetta is also fenlible of ler erroneous behavi. became disintentionally indifferent their our, esteems her husband, and wears the meals were irregular -- their conversation throne of chaftity on her brow--They are little ; till at last their affection seemed equally conscious of their fault, are equally dwindled away, to nothing but ceremonial sorry for it, and seem equally desirous of complaisance.

correcting it ; but they are so absolutely deNature was soon more predominant than voted to the storms of passion, as to be the ties of gentility, or the rules of decency. equally incapable of executing those falutaTheir tempers were perpetually bursting ry resolutions, which they are thoroughly from the formality of relerve -- trivial fénsible can alone give pleasure to the bridal accidents gave' alternate uneasiness to bed, happiness to the prime of life, and one or the other, which were pru sive comfort to the declention of age. of such disputes as often terminated in What a melancholy reflecting is this, that

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two perfons, once united by the filken hand accidentally dropped, was luckily found by of love, should so disown its empire for the one who conveyed it to the queen. The gratification of some ridiculous humour, is fight of it, and the recollection of the hard moft aftonishing !—That two persons, who fate of fome of her predecessors, threw her could fo easily enjoy the beatitudes of life, into a violent disorder, which confined her fhould so voluntarily banish themselves from to her bed. The king hearing of her illthe flowery road of happiness is amazing : nefs, made her a very kind and seasonable but their conduct serves only to evince this vifit; spoke to her all the kind things ima. golden maxim 6 That Reason is the best ginable ; and sent her Dr. Wendy, one of gift of Nature," for without her facred in his phyficians, to advise for her health. The Auence monarchs in their palaces are less doctor foon guesled, from outward fymphappy than pealants in their cottages. toms, the real cause of the queen's indilpoli

For the insertion of this, I will remain, tion ; and well knowing her fingular praMr. Editor,

dence, and relying on her fidelity, he ven. Your obliged Servant.

[ured to open the lecret to her. The king COMMENTATOR. being at that time fomewhat out of order,

the doctor advised her hy all means to go and The Life of Queen Catherine Parr.

chear him up, and recruit her drooping fpiATHERINE PARR was born abont rits; no: doubting but that by her good fenfe C

the beginning of the reign of King and prudent management she mighi avert the Henry VIII. She was the eller of the two impending danger. The queen took his addaughters of Sir Thomas Part, of Kendall, vice, and soon after made his majesty a viby dame Maud his wife ; who gave her a fit, attended only by ber fifter the lady Her. literal education as the most valuable addition bert, and the lady Lane. She found him could make to her other accomplifhments ; sitting and talking with fome gentlemen of and her attainments in literature fully an. - his chamber. The king seemed pleased with twcred his expectations, infomuch that the her visit ; and breakmg off his discourse with soon becane juftly celebrated for her learn. his attendants, he began of his own acing and good tenie, which the employed to cord to confer with her about matters of redie bes purposes through every ftage of her ligion ; seeming, as it were, defirous to be nie.

resolved by the queen of certain doubts whah Her first husband was John Nevil, Lord he then offered io her. The quer n mitanus J.atymer. After his decease, the perfections perceiving the drift of his discourse, answer: of dier brydy and inind so powerfuily attracted ed with great humility and fubmiflion:The artitions of King Henry, that he was “ Your majesty doth know right well, ndimuauried to him at Hampton Court, July ther I myfelf am ignorant, what great im. 12, 1043:

perfection and weakness by our first creatiShe always took a peculiar pleasure in on, is allotted to us women, to be ordained reading the sacred writings, and in searching and appointed as inferior and subject unto after divine. truths. She feems indeed to man as our head; from which bead all our have been piously disposed from her infancy, directions ought to proceed; and that as as appears from a book of her own corpo. God made man in his own shape and like fing, as will be hercatter mentioned ; but the nefs, w'aereby he being indued with more religious duties she so carefully practised in special gifts of perfection, might rather be her youth, were according to the blind devo. tirred to the contemplation of heavenly fins of that age; and the errors she then things, and to the earneft endeavour to obey imbited, the not only retracted afterwards, his commandments: even to allo made he but was very frienuous in advancing the re woman of mail, of whom, and by whoni, formation, and encouraging the proteftant the is to be governed, commanded and dicause. Those good designs fhe pursued, rected. Whale womanly weakness and na. as far as the mutaisle and perverse difpofition tural imperfections ought to be tolerated, of an arbitrary prince, and the iniquity of the aided, and borne withal, so that by his wiltimes would admit ; and even farther than fic dom, fuch things as be wanting in her ougat could do, without exposing herlelf to the ut to be fupplied. moft danger. For though berendeavours were “ Since therefore that God hath appointmanaged with great pradence, and as much ed such a material difference between man fecrecy as the nature of the thing would ad- and woman, and your majesty bein; so ex. mit of; yet they were maliciouiy observed cellent in gifts and ornaments of wisdom, and hy Stephen Gardiner, bishop of Winchester, la limple poor woman, fo much interior in who, with chancellor Wriothesley and all relpects of nature unto you ; how then others, conipired against her so artfully, cometh it now to pais that your majesty in zliat, having drawn up articles, they got a furh disuse causes of religion, will seem to warrant fiered with the king's own hand, reglemy judgment; which, when I have to commit to the tower; which being uttered, and said all I can, yet muft and

by us."

will refer my judgment, in this and all other and commanded him instantly to be gone cases, to your majesty's wisdom, as my only from his presence. On his departure, the anchor, Supreme head, and governor here on king returned to the queen, who perceiving tarth, next under God to lean unto? him to be greatly moved, uled all her eco

“ Not fo, by St. Mary, (replied the king) quence to soften his displeasure, intreating you are become a doctor, Kate, to instruct his majesty, if his fault was not too great, to us (as we take it), and not to be instructed pardon him for her fake.

“Ah! poor foul, (replied the king) thou “ If your majesty takes it so (says the little knoweit how evil he deserveth this qneen), then hath your majesty very much grace at thy hands. Of my word, sweetmistaken me, who have ever been of the opi- heart, he hath been toward chee an arrant 'nion, to think it very unseemly and prepof- knave, and so let him go.” terous, for the woman to take upon her the Thus remarkably did Providence interoffice of instructor or teacher to her lord and pose for her safety, and happily delivered husband, but rather to learn of her husband, her from this imminent danger ; and which and be taught by him. And where I have, the passed fafely through the remaining part with your majesty's leave, presumed hereto. of this tempestuous reign. fore to discourse with your majesty, in which She was convinced that the principles of I have sometimes seemed to diffent from you, religion in which he had been bred, were I did it not so much to maintain my opinion, not founded on holy writ: yet she would not as to minister discourse, not only to the end trust wholly to her own reason to be her that your majesty might with less grief pass guide in an affair of such importance ; for over this painful time of your infirmity, by The kept several eminent divines constantly this kind of engagement, which I fancied with her, to solve her doubts, and instruct might afford you fome relief; but also that I, her in the true religion, in quality of chaphearing your majesty's learned arguments, lains. With these she had frequent confere might from thence gain to myself great ad- ences in private concerning the reformation, vantage. And I allure your majesty, I have and the abúses crept into the church : but not missed any part of my desired end in that particularly in Lent she had a sermon preachbehalf, always referring myself in all such ed to her in her chamber, at which the la. matters unto your majesty, as by ordinance dies and gentlewomen of her privy-chamber of nature it is convenient for me to do." and others were present. She was likewise

“ And is it even so, swectheart, (said the very asliduous in studying books of divinity, king) and tended your arguments to no and especially the scriptures. Being thus worle end? Then are we now perfect friends qualified, she began to commit some of her again, as ever we were before." And as own thoughts to writing. Her first compohe sat in his chair, embracing her in his lition seems to have been that intitled, Queen arms, and faluting her, he said, that it did Carberine Parr's Lamentation of a Sinner, him more good at that time to hear those bewailing ibe Ignorance of ber blind Life. words from her own mouth, than if he had London, 1548, and 1563. This discourse heard prefent news of an hundred thousand was found among her papers after her death, pounds fallen to him. Upon which, it being and was published by secretary Cecil, who then late at night, he gave her leave to de- prefixed to it a preface of his own writing. part, and in her absence spoke highly in her She also composed many psalms, prayers, commendation.

and pious discourses. These books being The day, and almost the hour, appointed exceeding scarce, the reader will find an acfor sending the queen to the tower being count given of them by Mr. Strype. And as come, the king took a walk into his garden, the very well knew how far learning was with only two gentlemen of the bed cham- subservient to the promoting of piety and ber, and sent for the queen ; who instantly virtue among the people, so The used her ut. came to wait on him, attended by lady Her: moft endeavours for the establishment and bert, lady Lane, and another lady, who improvement of it. For, as Mr. Strype obwere all to be apprehended with the queen. ferves, when the act was made, that all colThe king seemed in high spirits, and enter. leges, chantries, and free chapels should be tained them with all the gaiety imaginable. at the king's disposal, the university of Cam. But in the midst of their mirth, the lord bridge was under terrible apprehenfions, and chancellor approached his presence, with well knowing the queen's great affection to forty of the king's guards at his heels. The learning, they addressed their letters to her, king looked upon him with a very stern by Dr. Smith, (afterwards Sir Thomas countenance, and walking a small diftance Smith, fecretary of state to king Edward) from the queen, called the chancellor to intreating her majesty to intercede with the him, who, upon his knees, spoke softly to king for their colleges; which he effectually his majefty. The king, in a rage, called performed. him knave, arrant knave, beast, and fool, This thews the great influence she had over Gent. Mag. Nov. 1788.

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the king, and the good use she made of it; of her chaplains, and afterwards Bishop of she deserved his favour, for she seems to have Norwich. made it her principal care to be obsequious to his will

. And as it was her fortune to hare Curious Observations respekting tbe Condar. with him in the latter part of his life, which NF remote countries, to which few was attended with almost continual indifpofitions ; lo his ill health joined such fierceness travellers have had acceis, can never fail of of manners to his former intractable dilpofi- atsording pleasure ; especially to those who tion, as rendered it a task extremely difticult are fond of contemplating the works of naeven for his prime favourites to make them- ture. People who are separated from other felves agreeable to them, and retain his nations, and confined to one spot, where the efteem; yet such were the amiable qualities same scenes are incessantly preliented to their of this queen, that by a moft obliging ten- eyes, become, in a manner, infenfible of derness, and an engaging turn of conversa-, the wonderful objects with which our giobe tion, the not only preserved his affection, .abounds; and their curiosity can only be under all his pains and sickness, but greatly awakened by remarkable and extraordinary contributed to the alleviation of them, which observations. Of this kind are the follows fixed her so intirely in his good graces, that ing respecting the condor. after the bihop of Winchester had failed in I his monftrous and singular bird is found his scheme, none of her enemies durst make in Peru, on the coasts of Chili, in the any attempts against her.

mountains of Quitto, in the Cordilleras, Her great zeal for the reformation, and and other parts of South America. The carnest desire to have the scriptures under- dinance from the tip of one of its wings to 1tood by the common people, induced her the tip of the other, when extended, is geto employ several learned persons to translate nerally 15 feet. Its claws resemble those of Erasmus's paraphrase on the New Testa- domeitic fowis rather than thole of birds of ment into English, at her owu expence. She prey; but its bill is strong enough to tear up engaged the lady Mary (afterwards queen) the belly of an ox. It frequenis the mcuain translating the paraphrafe on St. John, and tains, as its constitution seems to reque; wrote to her an cpifle in Latin for that pur. for it would foon languish and droop, were pole.

it to remain in the low lands ; it however King Henry dying January 28, 1546-7, comes down from the mountains in the time when she had been his-wife three years, fix of rain, or when the cold is severe. The months, and five days ; Mhe was married not strength and voraciousness of these birds are long after to Sir Thomas Seymour, lord ad. so great, that we are allured they sometimes miral of England, and uncle to king Ed- carry off and devour children of iwelve yeari ward VI.

of age. This perhaps may be a little exag, This unhappy marriage raised her a new gerated; but it is certain that they orten scene of troubles ; for between the matchless leize lambs, and carry them away with the pride and impericulness of her filter-in-law greatest facility. the duchess of Somerlet, and the boundless The Indians have devifed various strataambition and other bad qualities of the ad- gems to surprise them, and to stop their tamiral, such furious animofities ensued, as vages. Sometimes they place traps for then proved the destruction of both families ; near some carrion ; others kill some useless which necesarily involved her in such trou- animal, and rub its fleth with certain noxious bles and perplexities, as to put a final stop herbs, in order to poison them; after whick to her studies, and to all temporal enjoy. they bury the flesh, until it becomes a little

corrupted, and until the eMluvia of the She lived, however, but a short time herbs be entirely evaporated, for these birds with the admiral; fol, after being delivered would not approach, did they in the least of a daughter, the died in childbed, in Sep-{mell them. They then take the animal tember 1584, art without fufpicion of poi- from the earth, and leave it exposed to the fon, as several of our writers observe. And open air. The condors come in great numindeed she herlelt apprehended some unfair bers to feed upon it; but they are foon indealings, and on her death bed severely re- toxicated, and become giddy; they fall proached the admiral for his unkind usage. motionless on the ground, and while they

Where she died, or in what place interred, are in this state, which continues for fome (strange and it may seem) we cannot find time, the Indians have leisure to attack and None of our hillorians who mention her kill them. Mr. Condamine relates another death, take notice of these particulars ; not method used to defroy these animals, so even the industrious Mr. Strype; but to die fructive to the flocks. They expose, as make some amends, he has obliged the world a bait, the figure of a child, made of a with a Latin epitaph, iu praise of her, in- kind of earth, remarkably viscous and gluBusibed to her memory hy Ür. Parkhurli, one tinous; upon this they dart down, with in

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credible force, and entangle their talons in Torn, some years ago, from the follies, such a manner, that they cannot extricate infatuation, and heedlessness of youth, as them. The condors have so much strength, well as from all the pleasures of study and that, with a single blow of their wings, friendship, I crolled the ocean, and landed they sometimes knock down a man who at at St Domingo. Fortune, which had just tempts to seize them. They even parry, in exiled me from all that was dear to my heart, some measure, with the assailants, and pre- now appeared, as it were, disposed to make sent one wing to ward off the blows which me some compensation, by introducing me are aimed at them ; so that it is with great to one of thole uncommon men, in whom difficulty they can be either taken or killed. the virtues are not less conspicuous than ge

nius, and who ever command unsolicited adThe History of Okano. The Frogment of a miration and respect. Notwithstarding the

Voyage 10 St. Domingo. [From the Frencb of the Mercure de France.]

disparity of our years, this excellent man

instantly gave me the most cordial welcome. -HE Caribs, so numerous in the Ame. The climate had subjected me to that cruel

rican islands when Columbus discover. 'change, to which all are exposed who ar. ed the new world, have been almost entirely rive at the torrid zone. My generous friend, extirpated. The feeble remains of these therefore, prevailed upon me to leave Cape people, which are still scattered in the West Francois, for change of air, and to endeaIndian Illes, are either degenerated or nearly vour to perfect my recovery at his plantatiextinct. The inhuman conquerors who began this depopulation, have thought proper Here I had liberty to indulge in that folito paint them with the most unfavourable tude, and in those reveries, of which I had colours ; but in thus traducing these poor been ever fond. With a volume of Ho. people, in order to lessen the horror which mer, of Racine, or of Fenelon in my hand, their destruction must excite, they have not I wandered often along the plantations of been able to conceal from us, how much sugar-canes, to visit the banks of a fine rithe manners of these unfortunate Indians ver, which almost surrounds my friend's exwere distinguished by gentleness and infan- tenfive esiate. I then followed a majestic tine fimplicity. When we contemplate walk of bamboos, that extended to the mouth them, even in the blackened pictures of the of the river. A small meadow, partly shadSpanish hiftorians, we fhall find a striking ed by a forest of logwood and mangoeresemblance between these Caribs and the trees, presented in this fpot an enchanting islanders of the South Sea, which the cele- landscape. On the other side of the river, brated Captain Cook and M. de Bougainville are the downs that separate the Limba from have exhibited in such interelting views, Port Margot ; and, beyond these, is an imSucn, indeed, is the man of nature ; mild, mense extent of ocean, where the eye is artless, and intent only upon enjoyment. amused by the vessels constantly passing in The fertile foil, the happy climate which he all directions. inhabits, afford in profufion without the While I was admiring this magnificent flightest labour, whatever can contribute to prospect, and my soul, borne, as it were his felicity; and the primitive goodness of beyond the waves, followed the distant vefhis heart is undegraded by the factitious paf. fels, or flew towards my country and my fions of civilized nations, or by the wants of friends, I perceived a naked man often cross thofe savage tribes that dwell in less favour- the more at forne distance from me, cast his ed countries. Love is the only passion to net into the sea, and return, laden with fish, which he is senGble with more than ordinary to a little grove of mangoes. I took him, animation ; that alone which can disturb for some time, to be one of the mongrel the tranquillity of his soul.

inhabitants of the island, a fisherman in the The Caribs, not withstanding their natu• neighbourhood. But, at laft, his industry ral apathy, experienced the excefies of this in this solitary spot excited my curiosity ; irrelillible pation; and as they obeyed its and, one day, 'I followed him as he was reimpulle with greater impetuofity, and bet. turning to his asylum. Here fome leaves of ter understood its delights than those nati. the palm-tree formed a little hovel fufficions do whom other cares engage, they felt ent to thelter him from the violent rains. also with more impatience, perhaps, the A hammock, made of a kind of hemp that restraints of opposition and impediment. spontaneously grows here, was suspended Thule peaceful beings would then so far on two trees ; and many calabalhes of differforget their natural character, as to yield to ent fizes, admirably carved, were all the the horrid dictates of revenge and cruelty. utensils he had *. Of this the following narrative is an instance,

1 perceived, which may give us, moreover, some idea of

N 0 T E. the character of a people, whose history will,

The fruit of the calabath tree is seldom probably, ever remain unknown.

eaten ; but the shell, when dried, is convert-.

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