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table and increasing reserve for the evening of the article was too good for those who had our days. Not to tire you, Sir, it is about no judgment. two years since that we retired from buliness. Thus, Sir, you see, that ruin stares this Our daughter, who was brought up by her imprudent man in the face. Nor is this all: mother in a notable way, taking a liking to I have heard too that my daughter is likeour shop-man, whose friends could do fome, wife become an excellent horsewoman, and thing for him, we retired, after seeing the takes her lessons from Mr.

a man, young folks married, and left them comfor- who, it is faid, is no less famous for his igtably settled in a good shop, and, what was norance than his impudence. No wonder better, a good trade tacked to it. Now, Sir, such fellows get money while trade is daily about a year ago, my son-in-law paid a visit declining. Pray, Sir, say something about to my rural retreat, which is about forty Riding-ichools and Boxing-schools, if you miles from the metropolis. My dame and I regard my peace, and with well to Old Irewere glad to fee him, as it was on a Sunday, land and its rising generation. but advised him to set off by day-break the

Yours, next morning, in order to be in his business

ABRAHAM ALLSPICE. again as foon as posible. But judge of my An Account of a new Disease, which has furprise, Sir, on being told that he had taken a young man into his shop, who was ve

lately appeared in Canada. ry honest, knew his business, and had been HIS disorder is somewhat like the fih.

THIS with him six weeks: therefore, Daddy All bens of the Scotch, a disease certainly fpice, continued he, I mean to spend a week not owing to a combination of the itch and a with you, and endeavour to divert myself by venereal complaint, and in its symptoms and fithing which you know I am very fond of. appearances, it very much resembles the acTouched to the quick, I replied with some count which the physicians of the fixteenth gravity, “ Young man, I know of no such century gave of the syphilis. thing; I imagine when Igave you my daugh Doctor Swediau'r thus describes it :ter, that I was belowing ner on a very dit It first manifests itself generally by little ferent chara-ter than what I now fear I shall ulcers on the lips, tongue, and inside of the find you. You leem to forget, by the free mouth: but very rarely in any other part. manner in which you treat ide, that you once

These litue ulcers are of a very corronive was humble, mut it, and incaltrious: thefe nature, and were obferved in many children qualifications won upon my esteem, and in- to have nearly destroyed the tongue. cucea ine to give you my child.” Perceiv They firit appear in the form of little pufa ing

mulkiy mantleman look a little fullen, tules, filled with a whitish purulent matter, I thought propi to add, “I'll tell you whate the poiton of which is so infectious, that it M1, Slover, i have property in my hands to communicates with the same spoon, drinkaliit you in your busineis, if you are diípoling out of the same mug, by Inoaking toed to attenuit. But know this, that though bacco with the same pipe ; nay, it is even obI wouid support you as an honest tradesman, served, that it is cominunicated by Imen and a good husbani, yet I have no means to cloth, &c. throw a way upon idionels and diffipation." This poison being absorbed from the ulThis remark seemed to have the detired ef. cers, as it often happens, originally absorbed, fect; his bro's became cleared, and, after without any external symptoms whatever, fpending the day with me, he fet off again breaks out afterwards either in large ulcers, for town.

On parting with me, he not on. or manifests itself by violent nocturnal pains ly contefied himidi lenfi le of the jusiness of of the bones: the ulcers breaking out in the my conduct towards hing but allured me, skin or mouth diminishing the pain of the that I thould never have occasion to regret bones. our relationship. But, Sir, I have had rea The symptoms are often accompanied with fon, and, except you ailiit us with your ad. buhoes under the arm, in the throat, or vice, my dame and I cannot support our af- groin; which sometimes inflame and suppufictions. I have been lately informed that rate, at other times remain hard and indohe has for some time studied the art of box- lent. ing, in which he is become so expert, as to

Such patients feel pains in different parts be honoured with the approbation of the dif- of the body, which increase during the nightferent masters; and that the other day, as a time, or when they take some violent exerrelpectable country dealer was about making cile. This is the second stage of the disora purchase of some sugars, he happened tą der. find fault with a sample that my lon recom• In the third stage, tetters, itching crufts mended, who, instead of taking his chap- or ulcers, appear coming or going in diffeman over, as was ever my way on such occa. rent parts of the body. fions, thought proper to tip the poor man a The bones of the nose, palatum, craniMendoza, declaring at the same time, that um, clavicula, tibia, arm and hand, grow


carious, or tophi appear in several of these bones.

Partridge Shooting,A Rbapsody. At last pains of the breaft, cough, lofs


Have drawn blood ! in extreme hafte mot of appetite, fight, hearing, and falling off gun is charged again, and I move or of the hair, close the scene before death: but with pleasing trepidation --- The partridge fometimes all these symptoms appear at the whirls from the pointer's nose, and I take very beginning of the disease.

more certain aim-but drawing the trigge This dreadful disorder lurks in the consti- I discover that in my hafte I had forgot to tution many years, without giving any signs prime. of its prelence; and sometimes even conti Now with my eyes only I pursue the hapnues after the symptoms have appeared with- py fugitive; and this so occupies my thought out any manifest exacerbations.

that disappointment cannot find admittance; It is cured, like syphilis by diapho- besides, 1 exult in the reflection, that had reties and alterants, particularly by mercu- my piece gone off I ihould most certainly ry.

have killed my bird ; and while i am engas

ed in exultation, and in priming, the reA Curious Phenomenon, related by James St. mainder of the covey takes wing and pound Jobn, M. D.

the direction, we must follow.

We now proceed, beating each field HAVE sometimes observed a phenomenon unrelaxing diligence: we try fwathe czy, T

to take place during the putrefaction of or wheat, or barley stubbles; then look the human bodies, and which I cannot but think clover; or turnips are more likely; in ibor, of great importance to be inquired into and each piece of land we enter gives fresh hopes known. This is the exhalation of a par. We are fire they must be there ; but have ticular gas, which is the most active and beat this field and that in vain, we have ke drcadful of all corrosive poisons, and pro ter founded hope of finding in the next 20duces most sudden and terrible effects upon a joining ; nor does expectation droop bench living creature. This I have more than once repeated disappointment; at lengih the dog have had an opportunity of remarking in the are certain in the turnips, and we approach dissecting room of M. Andravi, at Paris. I with ardour heightened by delay. know that the carbonic acid gas, produced 'Tis now a sportsman only can relih wbu by the combustion of charcoal, from liquors I feel. The dogs stand immoveable as blocks in fermentation, and by the respiration in of stone, and the heart beats with rapture at animals, as well as all other elastic fluids, the approaching moment, while I cauri. except vital air, is incapable of luftaining ously examine whether I have primed a life ; but the aeriform Auid, which has ex- not. haied at certain times from animal bodies in At length a partridge arises with rufling putrefaction is infinitely more noxious than noise and spreads his wings –my well air any elastic fluids as yet discovered ; for it not gun quickly stops him in his flight and ka only is incapable of luftaining life, in the him on the spot. ahlence of vital air, but is creadfully delete This is the moment which a norice in the rious, and does not at all seem to abate field would think the highest pitch of int; of its corrosive property, even in the pre- but he is mistaken, the pleasure ceales with fence of the atmospherical fluid. So that it the victory; the lifeless animar is negligers is utterly dangerous to approach a body in ly thrown into the bag, and all the eagerties this state of putrefaction. I have known a of hafty charging is repeated, left orber gentleman, who by slightly touching the in- birds Mould rise while I am unprepared. tolline of a human body, beginning to Thus the happiness of sporting, like that liberate this corrosive gas, was affected with of every other object, is more in expectatia violent inflammation, which, in a very sort on than enjoyment ; and having confined Inace of time,extended up almost the entire of my illuftration to the country gentlemen, or his arm, producing an extensive ulcer of the sporttinen, let none who ever drew a trigger most foul and frightful appearance, which at a partridge, presume to judge of extacies continued for feveral months and reduced which they may think over-rated; but it him to a milerabie State of emaciation. He them remember that energy, even in trife, then went to the south of France, but whe- is necesary to constitute felicity in active ther he died, er eteeped with the lofs of his minds; and that he who seeks happines arm, I have not been able to learn. I have with indifference in any purfuit of lite, wil known a celebrated profeffor who was at. never înd it; he must be in earneft whatever tarked with a vioient inflammation of the he undertakes, and what he does he must de nares and fauces, from which he with diffi. heartily. muilty recovered, by itooping for an inttant

ANONYMOUS. over a hody, which was beginning to give forth this coleterious fuid.



Y y y

The Political History of Europe for the rear

thence into Great Britain, of any other Welt

India merchandizes thin luch as were the pro1786,

duce of our own colonies ; and 3dly, That CH A P. 1,

Ireland Mould debar iclelf from trading to any of (Continued from Page 488.)

the countries beyond the Cape of Good Hope to

the Streights of Magellan, lo long as it should 'He chief objects of the additional proposi. be thought necessary to continue the charter of

tions were to provide, ist, That whate the English East India Company. ever navigation laws the British parliament

la fhould he: catter find it necessary to enact for the

N O т C. preservation of her marine, the same should be paired by the legislature of Irelaod. 2dly, identify the remainder, if thipped at any further Against the importing into Ireland, and from period, new certificaçes should be granted by the

principal officers of the ports in lieland, extracN O T


ied from a regilter of the origioal documents, IV. That it is highly important to the gene- specifying the quantities betore shipped from ral interest of the Bririth empire, that the laws thence, by what vesels, and to what porte. for regulating trade and navigation should be the VIII. 'That it is essential for carrying into ef. fame in Great Birain and Ireland; 2011, there. fect the present settlement, that all goods exfore, that it is essential, towards carrying into 'ported from Ireland to the British colunice in the effect the preient letciement, that all laws which Wett ladies, or in America, “ or to the British have been made, or shall be made in Great Brio settlements on the coast of Africa,” should from tain, for securing exclufive privileges to the time to time be made liable to such duties and Thips and mariners of Great Britain, Ireland, and drawback, and put under such regulations as the British colonies and plantations, " such laws may be accessary, in order that the same may imposing ine same reftraines, and conferring the doc be exported with lets incumbrance of daties fare benefits on the subjects of both kingdoms, or imposition than the like goods shall be barden. Chouid" be in force in Ireland,“ by laws to be ed with when exported from Great Britain. pafied by the parliament of that kingdom for the

IX. That it is esential to the general comfarne time, and" in the lame manner as in Great mercial ioterests of the empire, “ chat lo long Britain.

as the parliament of this kingdom shall think it V. That it is sarther effential to this settle adviseable that the commerce to the countries ment, that all goods and commodities of the beyond the Cape of Good Hope shall be carried growth, produce, or manufacture of British or on solely by an exclusive company, having liforeign colonies in America, or the Welt Indies; berty to import into the port of London only, no and the British or foreign Setlements on the coalt goods of the growth, produce, or manufacture of Africa, imported ioco Ireland, should, on im- of any countries beyond the Cape of Good Hope portation, be subjca to the same duties " and should be importable joto Ireland from any foregulations" as the like goods are, or from time reign country, or from any settlement in the to time shall be fubje& co, upon importation in East Indies belonging to any such foreign coun10 Great Britain ; if proh bited from be. try; and that no goods of the growth, produce. ing imported into Great Britain, hall in like or manufacture of the said countries should be manner be prohibited from being imported into allowed to be imported into Ireland but through Ireland."

Great Britain ; and it shall be lawful to export VI. That in order to prevent illicit practices, such goods of the growth, produce, or manufacinjurious to the revenge and commerce of boch ture of any of the countries beyond the Cape of kingdoms, it is expedient that all goods, whe- Good Hope to the Streights of Magellan from cher of the growth, produce, or manufacture of Great Britain co Ireland, with the same duties Great Britainer Ireland, or of any foreign coun- retained thereon as are now retained on their try, which shall hereafter be imported into Greac being exported to that kiogdom; but that an ac. Britain from Ireland, or into lieland from Great' count shall be kept of the duties ietained, and Britain, Mould be put, hy laws to be passed in the net drawback on the said goods imported to the parliament of the two kingdoms, under the Ireland; and that the amount thereof shall be fame regulations with respect to boods, cockers, remitted by the receiver-general of his Majesty's and other ioftrument, to which the like goods customs in Great Britain to the proper officer of are now fubiect in pafsing from one part of Great the revenue in Ireland, to be placed to the acBicain to another.

count of his Majesty's revenue there, subject 10 VII. That for the like purpose, it is also exo the disposal of the parliament of that kingdom ; pedient that when any goods, the growth, pro- and that whenever the commerce in the laid doce, or manufacture of the British West India countries shall ceale to be carried on by an exMaods,

olher of the British colonies clusive company in the goods of the produce of or plan'ations," thall be shipped from Ireland for countries beyond the Cape of Good Hope to the Creat Britain, they should be accompanied with Sereights of Magellan, the goods should be imsuch original certiticates of the revenue officers portable into Ireland rim countries from which of the said colonies as shall be required by the ihey may be importabit to Great Britain, and law on importation ini. Great Britain ; and that no other; and that co vesel should be cleared out when the whole quantity included in one certifi- from Ireland for any part of the countries from cale Thall not be shipped at any one time, the the Cape of Good Hope to the Sureighcs of Maoriginal certificate, properly indorsed as to quan- gellan, but such as shall be freighted in Ireland city sound be sent with the first parcel; and to by the said exclusive compaay, and shall have Gent. Mag. Qa. 1788.


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or any

In the course of the debates upon the propos- rous opposition (independent of such general restion as they atrod with these amendments and fooing as went againt the system altogether) was additions, that which met with the most vigo- the fourth, in which Great Britain, it was af

Terted, afumed both a present and future poser Ν ο Τ E.

to biad Ireland by luch acts as the should pars refailed from the port of London ; and that the lative to the trade and commerce of both king. ship going from Great Britain to any of the said

dom. countries beyond the Cape of Good Hope should

Ν ο TE. not be restrained from couching at any of the ports in Ireland, and taking on board there any may, on its importa.jon "inco ehe other kingof the goods of the growth, produce, or manu- dom," be charged with such a countervailing facture of that kingdom."

daly as may be sufficient lo lobject the same, to X. That no probibition should exist, in either imported, to " burdens adequate to thfe country, against the importation, ule, or sale of which the manufacture composed of the like any article, the growth, produce, or manufac. raw material is lubject to, io consequence of doture of the other; except luch as either kingdom ties on the imp reation of toch material in the may judge expediene, from time to time, upon kingdom into which fuch manu acture is to im. corn, meal, mall, four, or bilcuits ; " and exo porred; and the said manufacture, to imported, cept such qualified prohibitions, at preseni con nhall be entitled to such drawbacks or bounces tained in any act of the British or Ir th parlia. on exportation, as may leave the same fuhjeet inen!, as do not abfolutely prevent the iinporta. to no heavier burden than che home-made ma. tion of good or manufactures, but only regulace nufacture. the weight, the size, the packages, or other par. XIII. That, in order to give permanency to ticular circumittances, or prescribe the built or the settlement now intended to be establ. beri, it country, and dimenlions of the thips importing is neceflary thae no new or additional danes the same; and also, excepe og ammunition, should be hereafter impoled, in either kingdom, arm“, gunpowder, and other utensils of war, on the importa son of any article of the growili, importable only by virtue of his Majesty's lic produce, or manulacture of the otber; excepe cence ;" and ibat'the duty on the inportation such additional duties as may be requisite to baof every such article (of subject to duty in either lance the duties on internal contumption, purluco intry) should be precisely the fame in the one ant to the foregoing resolution, ," or in conse. country, in confequence of an internal dury on quence of bounties remaining on such artic'es any such article of its own coolumption, “or in when exported froin the other kingdom." consequence of internal bounties in the country XIV. That for the same purposre, it is necef. where such article is gown, produced, or ma. fary, farther, that no prohibition, cr new or adnufactured, and except such duties as either dicional duties, thall be hereafter imposed in tikingdomn may judge expedient, from time to ther kingdom, on the exportation of any articla cime, upon coro, meal, malt, flour, and bifo of native growin, produce, or manufacture, cuits,"

from “ the one kingdom" to the other, elXI. That in all cases where the duties or are cept such as either kingdoin may deem expedie ticle of the growth, produce, or manufacture of eni, from time to time, upon corn, meal, mall, either country, are different on the importation Hour, and bilenits. into the ocher, it is expedient that they should XV. Thac for the fame purpose, it is necela be reduced, in the kingdom where they are fary that no bounties whatloever should be paid highest, to an amount not exceeding" the or payable in either kingdom, on the exportation amount payable in the other ; " so that the same of any article to the veher, except such as relate shall not be less than ten and a half per cent. to corn, meal, malt, Anur and biscuits, where any article was charged with a duty, on excep: allo che bouncies at present given by importation into lieland, of ten and a half per Great Britain on" beer, and spirits diftilled fram cent. or upwards, previous to the 17th day of com; and such as are in the nature of drawback May, 1782 ;" and that all such articles should or compensations for duties paid ; and thuc no be exportable, from the kingdom into which bounty hould be “payable" on the exportation they thall be exported, as free from duty as the of an article to ans British colonies of plantasia similar commodities or home manufactures of the ons, or to the British Ietelements on the coast same kingdom.

of Africa," or on the exportation of any article XII. That it is also proper, that in all cases imported from the British plantations, “or from where the articles of the confumption of either the British Settlements on the coast of Africa, or kingdum shall be charged with an internal ducy Britich Sculements in the East lodies ;" or any on the manufacture, the laid manufacture, when manufacture made of such article, unless in cales imported from the other, may be charged with where a fimilar bounty is payable in Great Bric a tarther duty on importacion, adequate to coun- tain, on exportation fiom thence, or where such tervail the internal daty on the manufacture “as bounty is merely in the nature of a drawback or far as relates to the daties now charged there. compensation of or for duties paid, over and above on;" such farther duty to continue so long only any duties paid thereon in Britain ; and where as che internal confump! hall be charged with any internal bounty Mall be given in either the duty or duties to bes.ce which it shall be kingiiom, or any goods manufactured thereia, impoled ; and ibat where there is a duty on the and shall remain on lach goods when exported, importation of the raw material of any manuac- a countervailiog duty adequate therero may be cure in one kingdom, greater than the like duey laid upon the importation of the laid goods into og iaw materials in the other, lach inanufacture ibe other kingdom."

XVI. That

16 and


This was ftated to be direály in the renounced-- That it was bartering the liberties - eeth of what had been solemoly Bipulated be- of Ireland for the advantages held out to thac : wixt the iwo kingdoms, namely, that Ireland kingdom by the system now proposed, and there. was in future only to be bound by her own Ita- by purchasing liish Navery at the expence of

uter-That it was a refumption of the right of English commerce. - egillating for Ireland, which chis country had With refpect to the last proposition, which N 0 T

stipulated, that whenever there should be a surE.

plus of the revenue of Ireland, over and above XVI. That it is expedient for the general be. the sum of 656,000 l. such surplus should be ape - nefit of the British empire, that the importation plied to the support of the British navy, it was of articles front foreign “ counties" should be urged, that if this was held forth as a compensa. regulated from time to time in each kingdom on tion for advantages voluntarily resigned by Great such terras as may

“ effectually favour” the Britain, orbing could be more fallacious, the importation of limilar articles of the growth, present net revenue of chac kingdom being little product, er manuiadore of the other ; except more than 333,000 l, and therefore little more in the cale of materials of manufactures, which than half the Itipulated sum, over and above are, or bereafter inay be allowed to be imported which the surplus only was to be applied in aid from foreign countries, duty-free; and that in of the public revenue of shis country. all cases where any articles are or may be lubject The argumeats which were offered generally, co bigher duties on importation into this kingdom, and against the whole of the proposed system, from the countries belonging to any of the states weat chiefly upon the lupposed injury which the of North America, than the like goods are or manufactures and commerce of Great Britain may be subject to when imported, as the growih, would luftain from it: the former, from the produce, or manufacture of the British colonies comparative small price of labour in Irelaod, and plantations, or as the produce of the fishe. which alone, it was contended, would soon enzo Dies carried on by British Tubjects, such articles ble that kingdom to undertei us both at home Thall be lubject to the fame dolies on importation and abroad; the latter, from the facility with into Ireland, from the countries belonging to which it was well kaowa the revenue laws in any of the faces of North America, as the same lieland were evaded. are or may be lubject to on importation from the The impoffibility of preventing the clandestine faid countries into this kingdom."

importation of a variety of the most important XVII. That it is expedient that measures articles was (trongly infitted on; and it was addshould be taken to prevent disputes touching the ed, that the competition which would arise beexercise of the right of the inhabitants of each twixt the two kingdoms, which would sell kingdom to fith on the coast of any part of the cheapest, would of courte encrease the evil. British dominions."

Finally, it was argued, chat such was the oature XVIII. That it is expedient “ such vi. of the propositions, that in whatever proportion leges of printing and reading bocks as are or one country might benefit from them, in the ve. may be legally pollelled within Great Britain, ry same the other would become a loser; and under the grant of the crown or otherwise, and” that as to Ireland, whether the advantages gainthe copy-rights of the authors and book lellers of ed on her part were great or small, they were Great Britain, should coolinue to be protected to be purchased at the price of her liberty. in the manner they are at present, by the laws of In favour of the system it was argued, that it Great Britain ; and that it is just that measures was a measure of absolute neceflity, in order to should be taken by the parliament for giving the put an end to the discontents which prevailed to like protection of the copy-rights of the authors lo alarming a degree in the filter kingdom. and broklellers of that kingdom.

That if the present propositions were irot passed XIX. “ That it is expedient that regulations into a law, all tbai had already been done in should be adupled with respect to parents to be favour of Ireland would prove nugatory, as it hereafter granted for the encouragement of new was clearly inadequate to the expectations of that invention, 10 that the rights, privileges, and country. restrictions thereon granted and contained, shall That with respect to the four sh propoGrion, it be of equal duration and force throughout Great was a condition which the safety of our owo naBicain and Ireland."

vigation laws made it necessary to annex to the XX. That the appropriation of whatever som boon granted to Ireland. That it was unfair the gross hereditary revenue of the kingdom of to inter from hence that the British legislature Ireland (the due collection thereof being secured had any views of treaching on the independence by permanent provisions) fall produce, after de- of Ireland, fince it left to that kingdom the opdueting all drawbacks, re-payments, or bounties tion of taking or refusing the advantages held granted in the name of drawbacks, over and out to her, subject to fach a condition. That above the sum of (x hundred and fitiy. Gx thou. the condicion itself was such as had frequently been fand pounds in each year, towards the support of adopted in the negotiations of independent Mates the oival force of the empire, to be applied in -as in the late treaty between this kingdom and fuch manner as the parliament of Ireland shall France, when the latter bound herself to publish direct, by ao act to be passed for that purpose, certain edi&ts, as trop as other edias ftipulared will be a latislady provision, proportioned to on our part were published by this country (a). the prosperity of that kingdom, iowards defray Y yy 2

With ing, in cime of peace, the necessary expences

N O. T E. of protecting the trade and general interests of (a) lo answer to this argument, Mr. Fox reche empire.

plied, that in the cale stated, oge nation bound


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