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again co beseech his Majesty, that he would be and of preserving sbal balance nie the several graciously pleased to lay the foundation of a strong branches of the leginacure, so which the beauty, and Rable government, by the previous removal, the permanence, and all the covied advantages of his preleat ininiters."
of the British conftitution were ascribed. The The neceflity of presenting chis address was address was carried by a majority of 12.. interred from she evidence chat had appeared of. & Petded, plan, formed by the lecres advisers of she King, and so answer returned to the fol
Oa the fourth the address was préscored to the crown; for degrading the weight and impori. 2nce of the Houle of Commons, by destroying
to wing effect : that confidence which the people ought anturally: “ Gentlemen, to repole in their representatives. Previous eo " I have already expressed to you how fenfithe year 1782, ibis object was pursued through ble I am of the advanuages.co be derived from the means of a corrupt infuense within the fuch 20 administration as was painted oue in your House, exercised in the lupport of cerain minit. unanimous resolucion; and I assured you, that I Lers and of certain mealures odious to the nation was defirous of sakiag every step mot conducive ac large. At this time the petitions of the people to fuch 10 objec. were treated with scora and neglect, and it was “ I remain in she same featiments; but I con. Itrongly maintained, that in the House of Comp. tinue equally coovinced, that it is an object not mon, only was the fenle of the people to be col. likely to be oblaided to the disaillea of my prelected. But when by the bill. called Mr. Burke's icat miailters. bill, and other aas, lhat pailed in the year 1782, I must repeal, that no charge, or complaint, the influence of the crowo in that House was ale dor aoy (pesific objection, is yes made agualtaný inolt entirely destroyed, it became nesessary to of them. have relort to other principles, The Houle of " If there were any such ground for their rt. Comın as was to be dsgiaded, and its resolucions moval at present, it ought to be equally i rose Lo be despised and trampled on; and the people lop for not admitting them usa part of that exwere arciully, incited to appeal from the pacucal tended and united adinipiltration you Hate to be guardians of their liberties to the very power, requifile. against the encroachmeals of which they were in ** I did not consider the failure of my receat Diluced co protect them.
endeavours as a final bar to be accomplishment Three points in his Majesty's answer to the of the purpose which I had in view, it it could Lail addsele were parcicularly animadverred
upoo. have been attained on those principles of fairacts The first,“ Thac no charge or complaint had and equality, withour which it can scisher be been lugbelled againlt his Ministers," Os shis honourable to chole who are conecroed, nor lay he was remarked, bac che charge obviouny: jm- the foundation of such a strong and Nable goverdpiled against the present Ministers being, their menu as may be of latting advantage to the course nou p teflioglie confidence of that Houle, his ery; but I know or no sarther lleps which I as Majesty had chercio been advised to declare, that take, that are likely to remove the difficulues heard not conader luch a wlot of confidence as which obitrua ihalda Grable end. aay disqualification for the public service. The " I have never called in question the right of fecond was, “ Thal nurasbers of his subjects brad my faithful Commons to offer me their advice on exprefled their satisfaction at the changes he had every proper occalion, couchipe che cxercise of made in bass council.". This was obje&ted 10, 26 my prerogative. Aholl be ready, at all timer, leading to a mot aluming innovation in the con to receive, and give it the most alicative coolib sticasion: it was proved, from examples in the deruion : they will ever find me dizoled on the w reign of Jurges the Second, -that addresses might my regard to ibe true principle of the conftitu: be procured in support of measures of the most ţion, and to take such measures as may beft dangerous tendeacy; and it was contended, that conduce to the satisfaction and prosperity of my co luffer Ministers to appeal, az sheir own option, people." cither from parliament lo he people at large, or The consideracion of the answer was deferred from the people to their representatives, would so the eighth of March, when the following rebe to establish a precedent subversive of the very presentation was ordered to be presented to che form as well as eflence of ibe consticucion. King: Thirdly, it was stated in the answer, " That his " That an humble representation be presented Majefty could not dismiss his present Migilters to his Majesty. molt humbly, co teltity.. che lorunuil he law a prespect of such an vnion as the prize and affiction of this Houle po receiving the House had recommended." The only obtackr, enswer which his Majesty's Ministers have advisit was said, chat stood in the way of such an unie od to the ducitul and reasonable addiers of this on, was the continuance of thase minillers in of- Houfe, concerning one of the most imponiano acts hic; this had been exprelily voted by the af his Majelly's governmchlad. House, and therefore it was a mockery to hold - To express our concern, that when his Ma. out that objc& as the reason for retaining jesty's pateroal goodness has graciously inclioed them, which could ooly be obtained by their dils his Majesty to be feasible of the advantage to be miffion,
i derived from such an adminift:nion as was povos. to answer to these obfci valions, the advocates ed out in vur vesolution, his Majelly should fill oj adinin insation is hifted principally on the imalli be iaduced 100 prefer the opinians of individuals to pois of the majority by wbich the relotusions of the repeated advice of the representatives of his che Houic had bees carried, and on the growing people in.parliament afsembled, with respect to populasicy of the Ministess abroad.' The pectiShe means of abuzining to degrable aa cad. hy of scalling any encroachment upon the pre
(To be consixved.) sugative of the crown was also trongly urged,
Meeting of be French Parliament, Permiflion having been aonounced to the As.
sembly, that every Member should deliver his Persailles, Nov. 19, 1787.
feocimcats without restraint, a debate eniued on bing been determined in Council, on the loan, warmly supported in its favour and Saaday oighr, chat the King should meet against it; which latted will near fix o'clock ia Parlameet the next day; his Majesty let the evening, when his Majesty observing thao
ten Versailles at 8 o'clock this day, and the general opinion was for registering the mas a the Palais in Paris about nige, when ediat, tired with the debate, aod pielled by huo. z Peens, Presidents of Parliament, and Coun- ger, rose and ordered ic ig be registered.' The
of State accended to receive him. His Duke of Orleans arose immediately, and pintested brzity carried with him two edi&s to be regif-. against the proceedings of that day. His Majesty eta; one for a new loan of 450 millions of astonished, repeated his orders, left the Aftem3, (18,750,0001.) the other for the re-esta- bly, and arrived about 7 o'clock ac Versailles to nincsest of Pretefionis in all their civil rights. breakfast.
- Majesty opened the Meeting with the The King having retired, the Duke of Oraiaz Speech.
leans, who had conducted his Majesty to the
coach, returned, and the Court deliberating Gesla.is,
on what had parted in the Royal Stflion, coo* I AM come to this Assembly to recall to fidering that the votes were not counted, as Parliament chose principles from which it the standing orders of the court require, (io att krer to deviate ; to hear what you pave that no deliberation has been taken on this afe 2 lay span two great acts of administration and fair) resolved, that the court do not conlider bicwbich to me bave appeared neces. themselves as having any share in the business of lep, Enally, to reply to you upon the repre
This fitting. katrans made to me by the Chamber of Vaca. Baron De Breteuil the next day (Tuesday tess in favour of my Parliament at Bourdeaux. evening) presented bis Majesty's letter to the -The prisciples which I mean to recall to Duke of Orleans. It contained these coocife FIP recolle&tion, are a part of the essence of the orderr. Basarchy, and I will not suffer them to be " I have reason to be dissatisfied with your waded or changed. I had no need of solicica- conduct. I order you to retire to Villers Cote ima sa assemble the Notables of my kingdom, teretz, (one of the Duke of Orleans's seats, about
- ball dever be afraid of being among my fifteen leagues from Paris) where you hall reteks. A King of France is never more hap- ceive no company except that of your own faFulhas #bea he enjoys their love and fidelicy: mily. I order you to depart immediately. You
it is I only who am to judge of the use and all lie at Rency, [about four leagues from city of thele assemblies, and I will not suf- Paris) where, for this night, you thall lee none tnyálí to be indisa eetly importuned fo: that of your family, nor any person belonging to whics ough to be expected from my wisdom, your house." and the love I have for my people, whore inse. The same day, L'Abbe Sabatier, and Mr. re ne inseparable from my own. The act of Freteau, another Member of the Parliament, ada aistration which I propose to mylel, is an were sent to prison; the first to Mount Saint exie, containing a creation of successive loans Michael, in Normandy, the second to Hamp, ia home see years. I wilhed to have no further re. Picardy. Carie to che resource of loans ; but order and After the exile of the Duke of Orleans, and sang maft have time to make them effec. the imprisonment of the two Magistrate', the taal. Limited and well calculated loans will ' Parliament went to Versailles, on the 21st, whea retard ibe operation of the former, but they the First Prelident thus addressed the King. will not prevent them. No new imposts will
SIRE, besitab ted, and my engagements will be ful. fled. I will ever maintain, by the most con YOUR Pa liament is come, in obedience to tant and uniform protection, the holy religion your orders. It has this morning been informed in which I have the oappiness to be born, and I at the opening of the fitting, that a Prince of will not permic it to suffer the least dimination your august blood has incurred your displeasure, in ay kingdom. But I am of opinion ibat this and thai cwo Counsellors of your Couri are defame religion commands me not to leave a part prived of their liberty. Your Parliament, in con
my subject deprived of their natural rights, Iternation, hurtbly lupplicates your Majelty to 2 what the face of society promises them.- restore to the Prince of your blood, and to the Ysa will see in my answer upon ihe subje&t of two Magiltraces, the liberty which they have he Parliament of Bourdeaux, to what a degree loft; having, in your presence, freely declared i condoét is reprebcolible. My Parlia. what their duty and cunsciences dictated in a file mots ought to reckon upon my confidence ţing, wherein your Majesty had announced, that and affe&i00 ; but they ought to merit them, you came to take the sense of the Assembly by a 13 confining themselves within the functions, plurality of suffrages. copfided to their execution by the Kings my
The KING's Answer, predeceilors, being careful not to depart from, 207 relate them, and more particularly never When I put away from my person a Prioce to fail in giving to my subjects an example of of my blood, my Parliament ought to believe,
telity and fubmifhon --My Keeper of be that I have very fiong reasons for so doing. I Saak will more fully communicate to you my have pusided (wo Magiitiates, with whom I Intentioon.''
ought to be ditacified. Gepl. Mag: Jan 1788.
Address of the Parliament 10 the King, on the the order of imprisonment, has, perhaps, fgoed Éxıle of the Duke of Orkons, Nov. 23. that of his deach. Thus are iwo Magiftraces
treated without any other known crime than that SI & E
of having told the croch, which they owe to THE public afiliation has preceded your you, and which you demanded; two MagifParliament at the feet of the Throne. The trates a&ing under the di&tates of their conicifirit Prince of your blood is exiled; two Magis- ence, their honor, their oaths, -encouraged by trates of your Parliament are imprisoned by your orders, your goodness, your looks-and your orders: che error of this augun Prince, depending with reaton on the personal generosity che crime of these ewo Magiftrates is unknown of your Majesty. If exile is the recompence of
Can it have been a crime to speak the the fidelity of the Princes of your blood, if outtruth in the presence of your Majesty ? 10 speak rages and captivity threaten the ingenuoufness of it with a respectful frankness which might me the first Magistrates of the kingdon, we may rit your approbation? Your Majesty has come ask ourselves with terror and grief, what will among us to demaod our free fuffrages; to give become of the laws, the public liberty, fo nearthem o- etery occasion, is the right and duly of ly allied to your own, the oational honour, and your Parlament, and the interelt of your Ma- the manners of the French; those manners ro jefty. He is come furreunded quish our intelli- mild, so necessary to be preserved for the comgence and our love. It is true, the Keeper of mon interest of the Throne and of the people ? The Seals has exprelled the sentiments of your -Such deligas, Sire, are not in your heart : Majesty ;
;-but the Coupsel we have given to Such examples are not the principles of your you would no longer come from the sanctuary Majefty. They arise from another fource. of juftice, the afylum of the law, and the Your Parliament, Sire, moft humbly betruih, but from the abode of terror and of G- seeches your Majesty, by the interest of your lence. If the Duke d'Orleans is guilty, we are glory, to remove those ami&ing councils, to all fo. It was worthy the first Prince of your consult and listen only to your own heart, and blood to represent to your Majesty, that you then, justice with humanity, encouraged by the were transforming a meeting of the Parliameột return of the First Prince of your blood, and into a bed of justice: his declaration has but by the release of your gwo Magiftrator, will announced our sentiments : his conscience has begin to efface an example which would end by judged of ours; and if by the effect of that con the destruction of the laws, the degradation of cord, which nothing can destroy, between the the Magistracy, an voiversal discouragement, and withes and the duty of your Parliament, the the triumph of the enemies to the honour of the Duke of Orleans has thewo a courage worthy French. his birth and raok, he has no less manifested a A deputation from the Parliament went again zeal necessary to your glory. In fact, Sire, to Versailles on the 26th November, and receivItrangers canoat conceive, pofterity will not be- ed the following answer from the King to its lieve, that we could be exposed to any danger supplications :in ceiling your Majesty thai croth, which you * The day I sat amongst you, my Keeper of have demanded in person. Your presence is the Seals informed you by my orders, that the always accompanied with favour; müft it bencé more goodness I thewed when I could follow forth produce 'fear and affliction? A bed of jura che didaces of my heart, the more firm I could tice would be less terrible than a string of Par- prove myself when I saw my goodness abufed. liament; the loyalty of your Majeity would fup. I might here finith my answer to your supplicaprets our voice, it' our confuence, encouraged cions. But I am willing to add, that if I blame by yourfell, was no other but the signal of our not the concern you seem to give yourselves exile or imprisonment. And whai imprison- about the detention of two Magiftrates of my ment, Sir Honor and humanity, as well as Parliament, ! disapprove of your exaggeration justice, tremble at it: the basett men have of its circumstances and consequences, and of laid hands on the perlion of one of your Magit: your feeming to attribute it to motives which
his house has been besieged; inftru. 'The freedom of opinion 1 allowed, does not permnents of the Police have driven away his fami mit you to suggest. I owe no obligation to any
It was by prayers and entreaties to them body of the motives of my resolutions. Seek that he was permitted to see his wife, his child no longer to join the particular cause of those dren, and his filters, on his departure. They whom I have punished, with the inçerelt of my have forced him away without a fervant ; and other subjects, and that of ihe laws. that Magistrate, who, on Monday, thought him- subject: koow that my goodness is continually felf under the personal protection of your Majel: awake to their bappinels, and they feel its efty, is gone to a distant prison, unattended but fect even in the acts of my juftice. Every one by three men, devoted to arbitrary power. is interested in the preservasion of public order, The fecond of thele Magiftrates, seized by your and this effentially belongs to the support of orders, though treated in his own houle lefs my authority. If those who have been charged cruelly than the other, has nevertheless been with the execution of my orders have behaved constrained to depart with a fever, and threaten in a manner contrary to my intentions, I will ed with an inflammatory disorder, to a place punith them. If the place wherein the two where life is a continual punithineni. His Magiftrates are detained be prejudicia) 10 their dwelling is a rock; his griton beat by the waves health, 'I will order them to be transferred to of the lea; the wir tie breatves un wholesome; apother. all afistance ja remor, and your Majesty, with. * The fentiment of homanity is inseparable out walking is, without knowing it, in signing in my heart from the exercile ot my justice,
Vah relped to the absence of the Duke of Or- longing to Majesty. This painful and dangerous lears, I have nothing to add to what I have al- tark the King cannot exercise but through his rady said to my Parliamcot,"
Judges. -Those who fiod a pleasure in hearSiace this aoswer was given, the sentences ing your Majesty pronounce the dreadtul ward
Mr. Frecean, and the Abbe Sabbatier have of punishmeor, who advise you to punith with. bees changed from imprisonment to exile; the out a trial, le punilh of your own accord, fermer to one of his eitates, the other to a Coo: order exiles, arrelts, and imprisonmeou; who te of Benedi&tines, But the King's Edit suppose that acts of rigour are incompatibe with for the Luar bed beca previcusly registered by the à benigo disposicion, equally force a wound 19
eternal justice, the laws of the recim, and the Gerond Petitiet of the Parliament of Paris to the most comfolatory prerogative belonging to your Freneb King,
It does not allow, that opinions delivered ia On the Agembly of the Great Chamber of Parliaments should be considered as motives for Parliamcals, roth Dec. 1787, your rigour, and in fome measure, e confolation
for us. But if Itrong reasons thould act uste you to
the exile of the Duke of Orleans--if it can be YOUR Parliaments, the Princes and Peers called a kindnets that you no longer leave (wo of your realms, being seated, have charged us Magistraces expoled to perich in distant prilons, with the commission of laying at the feet of your or unwholelome places-if it is conlidered as an Tarone their most respectul representations on
act of humanity which temperales justice, in re your Majesty's answer to their supplication. Jeasing them from such a fluation, they mult in
The Magistracy of your kingdom, as well as deed be guiley! But it is the duty of your Pare every tree citizen, are equally astonished at the liament to judge them, and we demand only, sepruaches it contains, and the principles wbich that their crimes should be published. ue manifelted in it.
The meineit of your iubjects is not let in. We are however far from attributing these re terested in the success of our reclamations than proaches to ebe persoaal fearimeas which inspire the firft Prince of your bloodYes, sire, pour Majesty.
not only a Prince of your blood, but every Public decency received a severe wound in the Frenchınan punished by your Majesty, and etpe. cozice of the executors of your orders. If their ciali, who is punithed without a hearing, becrude was osx carried to the personal arrest of comes necessarily the subject of public alarra. --one of your Magistrates, the exposition of other The union of these ideas is not the work of your bads, far from being exaggerated, is yet incom- Parliament, it is that of nature, it is the voice plese, and your Parliament may add, that this of realuo, it is the priociple of the moít wholeMazitrate, 'whole houle was invested by armed fome laws of those laws which are engraved in mea, himself delivered up to the agents of the every man's heart, which is the principle of your', Police, like a malefattoi, saw himself reduced and which affures us of your personal approbato the humiliation of being liable to the rum. tion. The cause of his Royal Highness the Duke mon of an Officer, from a submislion to your of Orleans, and of the swo Magistrates, is then. Majeily's order.
without our consent; and by forcing those prioMay we be allowed, sire, .co represent to ciples, the act of the throne, whoie only founyou, that ia devociog ourselves to the public dation is justice, and withoue which ob'cation Service; in promising to release your Majesty, of can be happy: the first duly we owe to your dativn, aamely, It is therefore, in che name of those laws that of justice; in bringing up our children to be which preferve empires, in the name of that lifubjeat to the same facrifices ; we never could berty for which we are the relpectful interprehave supposed we were deltining ourselves and ters and the lawtul mediators, in the naine of our children to the misfortunes, Ttill dess to out your authority, of which we are the first and rages of so heinous a astuie.
moft confidencial Ministers, that we dare demand But we do act come fo much to claim your the trial or the liberty of the Duke of Orleans and benignity, as the procection of the laws. It is the iwo exiled Magistraten, who are imprisoned DOŁ to your humanity alone we address ourselves; by a sudden order, a contrary to the feniments it is not a favour which your Parliament solicies; as ebe interests of your Majesty. i comes, Sre, to demand justice. This justice is subject to regulations indepen
RUSSIAN MANIFESTO. dent of the will of man-even Kings themselves are fubservient to them; thac glorious Prince
Petersburgh, Sept. 13, 1787. Henrs the IVch, acknowledged he had two fo HE Court having received the news of Fereigns, God and the Laws.
the imprisonment of M. de Bulgakow, One of these regulations is to conderon no Minister at Copstantinople, and the declaration cae without a hearing ; it is a duty in all times, of war made by the Porte, can no longer avoid and in all places; it is the chaty of all meo, a rupture, and, in consequence, has published a and your Majesty will allow us to represent to Manifesto, tbe senor of wbich is as follows: you, that it is as obligatory on you as on your
The troubles which have incessantly agicated subject.
the public repose and tranquillity established beBut your Majesty has not to execute chis func- (ween the Russian Empire and the Porte, by the tion, and your Parliament with pleasure brings peace of Kainardgi, are too recent to require reto your recollection its glorious privilege, that of capitulation. Suffice is to say, that since the Sewing mercy to condemned criminals. To conclusion of that .peace uato che present m candemn them yourself, is not a functioa be.
I N G
ment, the Porte has shewn, is all her conduct, she took occasion, when in the neighbourhood the most manifest want of faith, and a disposi- of Turkish States, during the memorable jourtion to render the essencial ftipulations then made ney which she bad but lately failhed, lo recall her illusive.
Minister al the Porte and examine him couching Though the Court of Russia is furnithed with the differences which had arilen, and the meaós a multitude of proofs of this truth, which the most efficacious for an accommodation of them reserves for a more particular detail to be pub- all. In this view, and in full confidence of the lished fiereafter, the will at present cite the facts, respect which the Turks would lew on their the most recent, which have brought on the un- part for mutual and solemo engagements then expected developement so contrary to the pacific fubafting, she returned her Miniter to Constanfyliem which the followed moft willingly on all tinople. Upon his return he was immediately occasions. She flattered herself to have fixed summoned to a conference, at which, instead of an immoveable basis for peace by the declaratory the points being resumed which were in agiconvention of Ayoaly Cavack concluded in 1979, tation before his departure, and acquiescing in by the commerce, and, in particular, by the the demands of Ruilia, a new ruro to affairs transaction respecting the Presqu' Ife of the was given and pretendons Karted, the first of Crimea, the end of which was as then demon- which was contrary to ftipulations made by trea. Atrated not to extend the frontiers of the Empire, ty, and the others derogatory to the digoity of but rather to terminate the disorders and depre- the Empress, or rather hurtful to the interelts of datiops continually made by the people of the the Empire. Presqu' ile, by subjecting them to a police After the Turkish Miniftry had thus broken which would make them respect the laws, and through the limits expressly ftipulated, they keep up harmony and good intelligence with the thought they might then at once cake off the frontiers of both Stater. Such were the for- maik, and have discovered the design which in mer intentions and views of the Court of Rur- all probability was long harboured, boce they fia, which she was at great pains and trouble to declared to the Ruffian Minister, that the Porte accomplish.
condered itself bound but by the treaty of After having reconciled differences of so deli Kainardgi; and as the acts which followed it cate and important a nature, every thing seemed were but the effect of complailance, she did not to promite a durable peace; but affairs were think herself obliged to adhere to it looger than hardly thus happily compromised and adjusted suited her convenience. A teim was fixed for on the faith of treaties and engagements the receiving a categorical an'wer from the Russian most folcmo and lacred, when the nexe Turkish Minister to the demands and pretensions commuMinistry, which succeeded to that under which nicated to him. The Minilter protested against all chole negociations had paced, shewed dispoli- the injustice, the indecency, and impoflibility, tions diametrically contrary to their spirit and le in lo mort a time, of complying with fuch a re
IIl-founded pretensions soon arose respect. quisieion; he was nog beard, not even on the ing the exportation of sale, which had been subject of the coinplaints faced before this gradied by treaty in the inhabitants of Oczakow.' time, and for which he had demanded fatisfacRuslan Consuls were denied entrance into sometion. All that he could obtain was the promile places of cheir nomination ; and as if it had been of another conference, which also took place, proved that objeas of this nature could dot lut. but at which the same demands and presenfions fice.ro effe&t the rupture in view, protection were repeated, without adding any thing more was publickly permilied to the invasions of the except a vague promise of the fatisfaction he had Lesgis and Tarcars of Cuban ; the first of which demanded. bolilely attacked the States of Czar Heraclius, When the news of these two conferences the acknowledged vassal of the Empress; and the came to the Empress, she did not abandon here Jatt penetrated into the frontiers of Russia, where self to the di content and releorment which were they robbed, pillaged, and carried off whatever justifiable ; she thought she might remain fpecwas not defended by the troops stationed in those tatress of the attempe which a want of delicacy parte.
and circumspection, sufficiently common of the The Empress, constant to her plan of modera- part of the Turkish Ministry, had made them tioo which her humanity and love of peace made hazard : mean while the sequel had proved that, her adopı, upon receiving the above advices con it was a plan long formed, and going to be pur tented herself with calling upon the Turkish Mi- imrnediaiely in execution. In thele seotimenis niitry to respect their treacies, and demanding her limperial Majelty was willing to crown all 'io confequence satisfaction for such breaches of the former proofs given of her moderation and faith and peace; but all her remonftrances were dilance in thought from the conlequences which fruitiefs, and aniwired with arrogance and dil. Tuch a very critical fituation of affairs presaged, relpect. In the mean time, her principles re. by some condescendance on her part to some of mained vaaltered. Being miltrets of her choice the pretentions of the Porte; and for this purof means, the ftill preferred once more the way poie orders were dispatched to Prince Pozemkio, of pegociations, aod iaid open io the Emperor, when suddenly she learned that the Porte, withher ally, the state of her affairs, and accepted out waiting for the expiration of the term fixed the good offer of the King of France to 'medi- by herlelt, had lummoned M. de Bulgakow tu ate between herleit and the Porte: the made a conference on the 6th (16th) and after proher pretensions known to them both, and theie poing to him io fign an act by which the treaty ) monarchs declared the justice and equiry of them: or commerce and the transaction concerning the In Bort, to neglect nothing that might preserve Piesqu' tne of the Crimea were to be annulled, to zaluable a blefling as the peace of her people, opin bis aefulal peace was declared to be broken,