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vellers were proceeding. He was unwilling and Caulfield gave him half a crown to proand ashamed to tell the cause of his being so mise not to speak of it. Rogers proved, not folicitous to separate him from his compani- only that Hickey was seen last in company on. But as he observed that Hickey, which with Caulfield, but that a pair of new shoes was the name of the little man, seemed to be which Hickey wore, had been found on the quiet and gentle in his deportment, and had feet of Caulfield when he was apprehended ; money about him, and that the other had a and that a pair of old shoes which he had on ferocious Iyad countenance, the dream hill at Rogers’s house, were upon Hickey's feet recurred to him. He dreaded that some when the body was found. He describe! thing fatal would happen ; and he wished, at with great exactness every article of their all events, to keep them afunder. Howe- cloaths. Caulfield, on the cross-examinati. ver, the humane precautions of Rogers prov. øn, shrewdly alked hin from the dock, ed ineffectual; for Caulfield, such was the Whether it was not very extraordinary that other's name, prevailed upon Hickey to con- he, who kept a public-houle, should take tir with him on their way to Carrick, de such particular notice of the dress of a stran. chering that, as they had long travelled to gér, accidentally calling there! Rogers, in gether, they should not part, bøt remain to his anfwer, faid, he had a very particular gether until he should fee Hickey safely ar- reason, but was albamed to mention it. The rive at the habitation of his friends. The court and prisoner insisting on his declaring wife of Rogers was much diffatished when it, he gave a circumstantial narrative of his The found they were gone, and blamed her dream, called upon Mr. Browne the priest, husband exceedingly for not being absolutely then in the court, to corroborate his testimoperemptory in detaining Hickey.

ny, and said, that his wife had severely reAbout an hour after they left Portlaw, in proached him for permitting Hickey to leave a lonely part of the mountain, just near the their house, when he knew that, in the hort place observed by Rogers in his dream, Caul. footway to Carrick, they must necessarily field took the opportunity of murdering his pass by the green spot in the mountain which companion. It appeared afterwards, from had appeared in his dream. A number of his own account of the horrid transaclion, witnelies came forward ; and the proofs that, as they were getting over a ditch, he were fo strong, that the jury, without heliTruck Ifickey on the back part of his head tation, found the pannell guilty: - It was rewith a stone'; and, when he fell into the marked, as a fingularity, that he happened trench, in consequence of the blow, Caul- to be tried and lentenced by his namesake, field gave hiin several stabs with a knife, and Sir George Caulfield, at that time lord chief cut his throat to deeply, that the head wns juftice of the King's Bench, which office lic observed to be almost severed from the body. resigned in the Summer of the year 1760. He then rified Ilickey's pockets of all the After sentence, Caulacld confessed the money that was in them, took part of his fact. It came out, that I lickey had been in cloathis, and every thing elle of value abour the West Indies two and twenty years ; bật him, and afterwards proceeded on his way falling into a bad fate of health, he was reto Carrick. He had not been long gone, when turning to his native country, Ireland, bringthe body, fill warm, was discovered by fue ing with him some money his induftrý had Labourers who were returning to their work acquired. The vefsel on board which he took froro dinner.

his passage was, by stress of weather, driven The report of the murder soon reached to into Minehead. He there met with FredePortlaw. Rogers and his wife went to the rick Caulfield, an Irish sailor, who was poor, place, and infantly knew the body of hiin and much distressed for cloaths and conimon ihoni they had in vain endeavoured to dii. necesaries. Hickey, compassionating his pofuade froin going on with his treacherous verty, and finding he was his countryman, companion. They at once spoke out their relieved his wants, and an intimacy com suspicions that the murder was perpetrated menced between them. They agreed to go by the follow travelier of the decealed. An to Ireland together; and it was remarked immediate fearch was made, and Caulfield on their passage, that Caulfield spoke conwas apprehended at Waterford the second temptuously, and often said, it was a pity day after. He was brought to trial at the such a puny fellow as Hickey should have ensuing afūzes, and convicted of the fact. it money, and he himself be without a thilling. appeared on the trial, amongit other circun.. They landed at Waterford, at which place unees, that when he arrived at Carrick, he they said Some days, Caulfield being all the bred a horse, and a boy to condud him, not tire supported by Hickey, who bought there by the ufuál road, but by, that which runs some cloaths for him. The asfizes being held on the North fide of the river Suir, to Wa in the town during that time, it was afterterford, intending ļo take his passage in the wards recollected that they were both at the tirft thip trun thence to Newfoundland. The Court- house, and attended the whole of a boy took notice of some blood on his shirt, trial of a shoemaker, who was convicted of

the murder of his wife. But this made no im- devotes it intirely to the gratification of his pression on the hardened mind of Caulfield ; sensual appetites and pasfions, and tpends his for the very next day he perpetrated the time in a continual round of gaiety and fame crime on the road betwixt Waterford amusement, yet it is impofhble he can poland Carrick-on-Suir, near which town Hick- 'fess the leañ degree of real pleasure. No! ey's relations lived.

there is a something that he wants, yet to He walked to the gallows with firm step, which he will never attain, viz. the satisfacand undaunted countenance. He spoke to 'tion arising from self-approbation, which is the multitude who surrounded him; and, in known to none but viriuous minds : the the course of his address, mentioned that he want of this fource of happiness hurrico him had heen bred at a charter-school, from un to freth scenes of dilipation and riot, se which he was taken, as an apprenticed fer. that he is never free from the reproaches of vant, hy William Izod, Esq. of the county conscience, unless when in pursuit of his of Kilkenny. From this station he ran away pleasures and amusements ; and, when on being corrected for some faults, and had alone, been abient from Ireland fix years.--Hecon- Each recollected pleasure makes him smart, felled also, that he had several times intend. And ev'ry transport Atabs him to the heart. cd to murder Hickey on the road between Waterford and Portlaw; which, though in The avaricious man likewise, who by general not a road much frequented, yet fraud and oppression has amassed together people at that time continually coming in considerable treasures, no doubt, is lels hapfight prevented him.

py than the laboussing peasant; his inordiBeing frustrated in all his schemes, the nate delires still increase with the increase of sudden and total difappointment threw him, his riches, he still wishes for more ; but probably, into an indifference for life. Some when there is not a probability of his desire tempers are so stubborn and rugged, that no heing thus gratified, it gives him pain, and thing can affect them but immediate sensa. disturbs his molt tranquil hours. tion. If to this be united the darkest igno In short, there are few perfons superior to rance, death, to such characters, will hard- their neighbours in point of fortune, but ly seem terrible, because they can form no have experienced many seasons of difquietude conception of what it is, and Nill less of the and pain, either from fickness, the natural consequences that may follow.

consequence of difsipation, perplexity in their Yours,

&c. A. LL. domestic concerns, or failure in their various T3r Effets of Poverty and Kickes compared. pursuits,

On the other hand, the honelt poor, who Yea, good belongs to ev'ry state of life, labour for the daily support of themselves And ev'ry season hath pecaliar sweets, and families, most certainly poffefs the greatOr more or less, which he who can extract est happinels, pleasure, and content. Soon And feed upon, has learn'd the art to live. as the business and fatigues of the day are A Sibere promete an evil more dreaded than ficken and with pleasure throw it bis utencies

the supposed evil of poverty, so there is little hut; there the partner of his life, who not an earthly good more ardently fought is a dearer self

, with joy receives him, and than the poffeffion of riches. Wealth is fup his little offspring prattle around their fire, posed capable of purchasing the greatest hap with all the marks of a sincere welcome. piness, of procuring every desirable pleafurt, and elevating the possessor to the ur What is the world to them, most pitch of earthly felicity. Hence the Its pomp, its pleafure, and its nonsense all? multitude, with an imperuosity equal to their Who in each other clasp Wisatever fair uobounded withes, rise early and retire late, High fancy förms, or lavish heart could with, and with intense application endeavour to Truth, goodnels, honour, harmony and love, grasp those riches from which all happiness The richest hounty of indulgent Heaven, is supposed to be derived. But, alas ! many What tho' he knows not those fantastic joys, have experienced the greatest disappoint That fill amule the wanton, itill deceive, ment; for among the giddy croud, who A fare of pleasure, but a heart of pain. make wealth their chief aim, after all their Sure

peace

is his, a solid life, estranged alliduous endeavours, hov few can say they To dilappointment and fallacious hope. have purchaled happiness and content! A Rich in content, in nature's bounty rich, train of unforeseen events meets them in In herbs and fruits.

THOMSON. their way, bafiles all the endeavours of the wary merchant, and beclouds the thining foris of life in the highett degree, which the

The poor man enjoys many of these comprosped he had of pollelling the delectable éshject of his-warmelt wishes. Even the pio;

opulent are deprived of ; he is engaged in teded libertine, the man of the world, tho laborious work through the day, by which

which lif pofkfied of an ample fortune, and the he he establithes his health (wit!

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must be a húrthen) he relifhes the plainest All the individuals agree in these circumn toou without satiety, and his undisturbed re- ftances. They are of a pallid cadaverou pofe exhilarates his fpirits, and enables him white, untinged with red, without any co fo go forth to the business of the ensuing day loured spots or seams; their hair of the samr with chearfulness and vigour.

kind of white, short, coarse, and curled, a.

in that of a Negro, all of them well form. How happy he who's toil Has o'er his languid, pow'rless limbs diffus'd ed, strong, healthy, perfect in their fenfes, A pleasing laffitude! He not in vain

excepc that of fight, and born of parents whe

had no mixture of white blood. Invokes the gentle deity of dreams,

Mr. Jefferson, who has written notes
His powers the most voluptuously diffolve
In soft repose; on him the balmy dews

the state of Virginia, saw four of them, three

of which, he says, were filters, having two Of sleep with double nutriment descend

other full filters who were black. The youngWho never fafts, no banquet e'er enjoys; Who never toils or watches, never seeps.

eft of these three was killed by lightning, at ARMSTRONG.

twelve years of age ; the eldest died at about

twenty-seven years of age in child-bed, with A person of a chearful contented disposi- her second child ; the middle one is now tion, no doubt, may be happy in any state alive in health, and has islus, as the eldest which Providence hath allotted him; but yet had, by a black man; which issue was poverty, which is a spur to indefatigable in- black. dustry, is more likely to produce that calm They are uncommonly shrewd, quick in serenity of mind, which is the greatest source their apprehensions, and in reply. of lasting happiness, and which those who Their eyes are in a continual tremulous are concerned in great exploits cannot poslivibration, very weak, and much affected by bly enjoy.

the fun; but they see better in the night than What happiness the rural maid attends,

The fourth Negro is a woman, whose paIn chearful labour while each day she spends;

rents came from Guinea, and had three oShegratefully receives what Heaven has lent, ther children, who were of their own coAnd, rich in poverly, enjoys content,

lour. She is freckled, her eye-light so weak, She never loses life in thoughtless ease, Nor on the velvel couch invites disease.

The is obliged to wear a bonnet in the sum

mer; but it is better in the night than in the Her reputation, which is all her boast,

day. She had an Albino child by a black In a malicious visit ne'er was loft.

It died at the age of a few weeks. Jf love's soft passion in her bosom reign,

The fixth instance is a woman : the is stout An equal paffion warms her happy lwain ; No home-bred jars her happy fate controui, and robuft, and has issue a daughter jet

black, by a black man. Nor watchful jealousy torments her soul.

The feventh instance is of a male: he is With fecret joy she fees her little race

tall of Atature, and now advanced in years. Hang on her breaft, and her small cottage Whatever be the cause of the disease in the grace :

skin, or in its colouring matter, which proThe fleecy ball their little fingers cully Or from the spindle draw their length’ning the female than male sex.

duces this change, it seems more incident to wool.

(of mind, Thus flow her hours, with constant peace within his knowledge, born black, and of

Mr. Jefferson also mentions a Negro man, 'Till age the lateft thread of life unwind.

black parents, on whole chin, when a boy, a GAY

white fpot appeared. This continued to in And what greater happiness can be desired create till he became a man; hy which time upon earth? They have enough to support it had extended over his chin, lips, one their family, and no more; they delire no check, the under-jaw and neck on that fide. more, as they know it is in vain ; they have It is of the 'Albino white, without any mixno hopes of increasing their wagess, there- ture of red, and has, for several years, bern fore are not disappointed, and consequently stationary. He is robust and healthy, and content ; and if fickness was not to enter the change of colour was not accompanied their peaceful dwelling, poverty would be with any sensible disease, either general or much preferable to riches.

topical.

In the Critical Review of November last, 8 curious Account of ibe Albino Negro.

another instance is given. The Reviewer "O the catalogue of indigenous animals says: We know a female of this kind, born

found on the continent of America, inay of black parents, married to an Englishnan, be added the Albino Negro: taking place in whole children were mulattoes. The woman the race of the human species brought from was exhibited as a show, but her children Africa, who, though black themelves, have, were the greatest curiofties. in rare instances, white children,

Political

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billotting could be communicated, and where a Fift billthat of enabading principle wi the

The Political History of Evrope for 1784 repored in them, in the posteņion of dominion, and 1785

merely for the purpose of being controuled by a (Carlinzed from page 656 of aur Magazine for other was to ettablim dilunion and weakne in Dicember hoff).

goveroinent upon lyftem. The notable expelli

ent provided in this case, of an appeal from the THI

HE debates on this bill corned principally King's privy council to the King in council, who

on its merits and demerits, as compared ridiculed with great success. In the iccond place, witb the India bill rejected in the Houie inf it was argued, that the propoled regulations l.ord. It was urged by Mr. Pier, that in his tended to confound one of the Itrongeit princibill all the right enjoyed by the company, un ples of good government, that of reipoolibiley. der their charter, were preferved" in violate, as The court of directors certainly fund foremost in tut as wae compatible with the public safety. the oftengule government of the company; but When, in answer to this, it was the wn, that no- it was to make them relpoasible for orders and thing but the shadow of power was left to the instructions which they might be obliged to liga, company, and that, by the negative reserved to contrary to their jųıgment and their conscience. the crown in all matters whallot ver, the fub. Laftly, it was nenuoully maintained, on glc Ilance was, in effea, vefted there: he contend- farne ground that bad hció.e been iaken in the ed, that whatever might be the effe&t of the bill, debate on the rejected bil, inse no effettually yet, having previously obtained the confent both ter of regulation could be devised, in which 12 of the court of proprietors and directors to all the independent aod permanent power was not love regulations contained in it, do violation of pri- Bed in the perfub' who were to be inuulted with vileges could be in ferred, where there was a vo. the execution of it. Juntary surrender of them. To this argumentic The bill was read a second time on the 230 Wis objected, that the consent of 250, the num. of January, and on the motion for its bring ter of those who gored in the court of proprie. 'committed, the House divided, ayes 214, nors tors for the regulations in the bill, could not zza. The bill being thus rejected, Mr.Fux imply the content of 1,400, who compute the gave notice of his intentions to bring in another whole body of proprietors, especially in a case of bilt relative to the Tame object in u nich, wichproperty, where no Helegation of the phwer of dut departing from the

a and great part of the xbstbt members had not an op. permanent government at hoine, he should en. 1

portunity to attend : bue whatever weight mighe deavour to accordmodate'i he rest to the wilhes be ahowed to the refolutions of the coure of pro. of chose who appeared to have iaken what he por ictors, they only proved, chae of two evils, conceived to be a very groundleli alarm at his the more formal refumption of their athority turmer proposition. This narice was received by the firit bill, or the indirect astumrejon of it with gicat iatisfaction by the House; bue, the by the fait, they had cholen usha they couceive events which followed prevented the proceeding ed io be thic leait

further upon ili The second point, in which the new bill dif. feted from the forme', was' this, that it left

с н А Р. VI. where ie found all the patronage of the company, the appointment of stie commander in chief ex. Resolution bsved' again Ibe ministry by 'lord cepled. The fallacy of this presence wis, on

Charles Spencer: Union of parties called for, the ober bde, strongly mainnamed the whole Difficulties Nated by the leaders of cocb party! military patronage, it was laid, would almost The minister colled on to give information rela. beceffarily follow the appointment of the com. live ro ibe design of diffolving, parliamentmander in chief. The negative given to the regues. Molion intended so be made thereon, crown in the appointment of the governors and bus deferred. Minister again interrogated rocongil would, by a judicious management, c0a peeting ibe di flution-bis answer. Mosion ! ble she minister in realicy, though not in form, costruă sbe de bain Minister's rcafons for Lo nominate the whole ; and every member, both continuing in office. 'Ridiculous accufation of e vil 100 military, being made removeable at the the 'late ministry of bribery. Coules of the ina will of the crown, would nácarally become lub? derifion of both parties. Merring, of members Berrient tó irs *i-w* and interells.

at ihe St. Alban's lovern'tò effet an unionIn the form or bill, the transferring the doute abrir address to boob pariis, and the answers joteraméot of the company affairs to

their motions in the Hiofe of Connons for board, the cornination of commiffioners' ln par forming a new'minihry, ordered so be laid telia mtot,' and the permanene duration of their Jord":Łt king. Milion of the St. Albany, authority for #term of four years, had occasion, ciation againg it ixrlufion of citer patry in ed great 'ala:m as creaciog 2 ew power dan? Forming o meni minifry carried on iwibe House gerous to the conftitution. The object of the of Commons.". Disinierefted conduit of lots prefrot bill was merely coatroul, and the exer Aerob. Now expedient for offelling on unr: cile of that coorrowi, like every other branch or causes of its failure mifi hilvous consequences the executive preromeat, was referred to the of ibole measures. His Majiffy's refufa! :* difcretion of the crown Ir answer to this, is dismis bis minifters debale shercon. Proceed.' was observed, ir the firft place, this to lea c inga je ske House of Lerds., Address to the one set of men, who has ribt only beed convic King from Be Commons, on the resolutions laid' ted of having oorørioully abused incir power, but dezore tio, 'an lis Majesty's or fevers. Atwere Universally allowed to be tfifir for the trait drojo so the King for ibé i epšoval o dis minis.

Ceat. Mag. Jan. 1788.

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20th Jan.

.and bis M

's answer therele. Rc ing to weaken the authority, and te overawe and presentalion

King on the fate of public controul the general sense of the body, which affairs, Prorogation and dijfolution of pare they made a part?

90. In the courfe of the debate," Mr. Powis ex

pieffed his wishes foc an union becween the conguláting the affairs of the East constitution from the shack it was otherwise likeTodia company did noi prevent the House of my co receive. No notice was taken by Mr. Pilt Commons from adverling, in the mean time, to of this overture ;, and Mr. Fox di clared; chat the general mate of public affairs. The resolu- until the right honourable Centleman; by quittion, which pariem on the 12th of January, cing the Guation, which in the opinion of that would probably, a4 any other period, have ope. House he had obtained by uaconftitutional means, raced decisively against the minillry; but ihe and which he seemed inclined to maintaia in de fake was too deep to be hasily thrown away; fiance of their resolacious, had made amende bsand an attempt was therefore made to cyade che norable for his offence, and thus qualified hinaconfequences of that vote, by considering it as self to return to it oo fair, opeo, and honourable Los generally worded to convey any dicect cen. grounds, he would never consent to act with him. súre on the members of the present adminil. On the division there appeared for the resolution tration. In order therefore to bring the point io 205. against it 185. a more direct nur, lleg collowing resolution was The public expectation was now dxmoved by lord Charles Spencer, in the commit. ed on two important events the one or ice on the fate of the nation : 1:

other of, which it was supposed would be the ". That is having been declared to be the necessary consequence of the last vote. of.ebie opinion of this Houle, that in the presca facua. House of Commons; namely, the rçfignation of tion of his Majesty's dominions, it' is peculiarly the ministers, or the drolation of parliament. + necessary there thould be an administration thus On the zoth of January, the day appointed for has the confidence of this House, and of the che committee again to lit on the scle of the napublic; and that ihe appointments of his Majer tion, there was a general call among the menj

y's, present mioiliers were accompanied by cir- bers, called, country gentlemen, for a coalicion. cum lauces new and extraordinary; and such as Mr. Fox persevered in the senumeals

, he had be do not conciliate or engage the confidence of 'fore deliverede but decived, bis readinels to nyc this House at hie continuance of the pretent minit off the committee, that ng haly Heps might be ters io trulls of she liighen imporiance and re taken; at the same cime he was of opision, that Iponsibility is contrary to constitutional princi- The Chancellor of the Exchequer was bound to ple, and injurieu to che incercils of his Majefe 'give fome explanation of the very cxli aordinary ty and his people."

condua he had thoughe proper to apto 4 Mr. lú oppofition to this motion, it was avenes, Pige acknowledge that his lubation was new that the premier, allowing them ia be love and and extraordina. ; but had no doubt, chal when. weli-founded, did noe warrant the conclaloa, cyer the proper lime came for living his reafuas fince the stesen micißers were not even accused to the House, why he continued in office after of having had any are in the transactions allud ine les lungo parted Abih, he should Lektor: They had been confirmional y, appoiue makt ie appear that he had been actualed by a ed by bis Majesty, who had a file righe so, ap- frict sense of his duly, point them; and though it was no denied that The 'sejection of Mr. Pile's ladia s majority of the House was competent to de. bill, which gook place, as was before,

23d Jan clase their want of couhstence io minifiers fo ap- related, ,on she 23:9, was generally considered ponied, yet they were bound in day to alledge as' che concluding ci' of the present

, House of Biod and Tuficieni grounds for such a declara. Commons. As soon as the division, was over, on alherwise the natico woulut jully confider the minister was defried to give the Hause some i noi as a confitutional que nion, Lucas a dar. lati fáction respecting a mealure 'in which they jag allumption of the prerogative of the crown, were su neatly concerned, and, en his remain, and a factious attempt in luch a majority co.no- ing fileni, a loud and general cali was repeated ninate their own miniftere.-lo aniwerca chete from every bide of the Holy Allengih some arguments it was proved from varings preçe bash'expreßion, uled by General Cunway, a dents, that the Houle o C mmpos hid frequent. Larixg to his cousin, cbliged bim to sile; bul, iy parted vase of censuic on ministers, wib que after fons wil sa mga tradises, on the treumens alledging any specific acts, as the ground of such te had':eccivod, he concluded with a fige lefuta ceoluic, Due without having recouse iq idis o apiver the literisantosies that were puc 19 quchosies, je was affected that the scalvasgdhin several orche, nemboss who ulually vale duced in the motion were full and Il col.

with him, how joining thing the general segueit, That the prelent ministerai

, did noe. pilies the busin an The Hous; kisw ugulually warm, coubideace of ihs Houte, We a face ccorded on and Mr. I den was 13€jar ing fu movs ihip fuflowa their lounal. "I would be vain and tuilla_ning icluiucion, tubu over again, on every occalion, the grounds That for any of his Majelly's confideocal

which that isolution was vuled and in the miuiliers in LA Hple, co jejuje ti iti Honig obrative opinion of a decideu majority, on a ais explanation of the lente in which iub minile hital jublic queftion, and in the exercise of their per ndertiaods & feech or an aniwer of his Man in doubled privilege delerved the appclia.iun jefly, in, çoouh y 10 the ancical and uniform pedicks by what epithess was, the conduct of practice of lumamin l.cudicads to proike uruoriy to be described, who ncie ulempia

801.or! Seva oduse

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