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Ireland and returned home unconfecrated. tion of a Bishop from an Irish to an English Ware, p. 239. 242.

see, there is no lapse of preferment to the XII. 1641. James Umer, from Ar- Crown.

W. & D. magh to Carlyle. It was not, ftriatly speak.

To the Editor of Exbaw's Magazine. ing, a translation, because this excellent and eminently learned man never ceded his Arch

SIR, bishoprick ; but when compelled to leave Ire-' EARING lately of the great success

" Sir,

in commendam, that he might have some- pox at Luton, in Bedfordshire ; I was nawhat to support him. Godwin, p. 772. turally led to enquire into the several parti

XIV. 1665. On the death of William culars relative to that matter. Amongst other Roberts, Bishop of Bangor, in August 1665, informations, some of them perhaps of Robert Price, Bishop of Ferns and Leighlin, doubtful authority, I have been favoured was nominated to succeed him ; but he died with the following authentic account by the March 26, 1666, before his election could Hon. and Rev. Mr. Stuart, rector of the be completed. Willis, Survey of Bangor, parish. If you should judge the communip. TIS

cation to be of sufficient importance to the xv. 1667. William Fuller from Lime- public, I doubt not of your giving it a place rick to Lincoln, by his assiduous industry in your Magazine ; in which case it may be and pains, on Bishop Laney's removal to deemed a curiosity by some of your readers Ely. He had prepared many materials for to be informed, that Mr. Stuart is a grandwriting the Life of Dr. Bramhall, primate son of the late Right Hon. Lady Mary of Ireland, but was prevented by his death, Wortley Montague, who first introduced which happened at Kensington, in April inoculation into this country. 1675. Magn. Britan. Antiq. & Noy. vol.

To Sir WILLIAM FORDYCE. II. p. 1477.

XVI. 1692. Edward Jones, from Cloyne to St. Asaph. According to Br. Willis, “ IN answer to your letter concerning " he was, about the year 1699, suspended the success of the inoculation at Luton, for some small time, as several of our wri- take the liberty of troubling you with the ters tell us, by the Archbishop of Canter. following facts. bury, for fimoniacal practices which he is Towards the end of last summer, a said to have yielded to ; as he did also (have small-pox of the most malignant kind preing a numerous family) to the filling up of vailed at Luton. Notwithstanding every a lease which his two predecessors refused to care that human prudence could suggest, as renew by the immediate command of the to cleanliness, medicine, and attendance, King, there being an intention that the ef- scarcely more than half of our patients furtate should in future be held in demelne by vived this dreadful disease; and though they the Bishops of that see.” Survey of St. were at fome distance from the town,

it was Asaph, p. 94. Bishop Burnet's account is, found impossible to prevent the infection that the prosecution of Bishop Watson of from spreading. Alarmed at the danger, St. David's, for Simony, was followed by I endeavoured to overcome the prejudice and another prosecution against Bishop Jones, in fears of the people, and prevail on them to which tho’ the presumptions were very great, be inoculated. Accordingly, in the course yet the evidence was not so clear as in the of three days, a surgeon of the neighbourformer case. History of his own times, vol. hood communicated the infection to 928

paupers, who were judged incapable of payFrom the preceding detail it appears, that, ing for themselves ; and soon after to 287 in 465 years, there have been only fifteen * more, mostly at their own charge. Of these removals of Bishops from Ireland to England, 1215 only five died, and those under the age with not one mstance for almost a century; of four months ; as you will see by the 'atand the probability is, that all future folici. tefted lift which is inclosed. tations will be fruitless. Two obvious rea Mean time Mr. Kirby and Mr. Chase, the fons occur (and there may be others of great- Surgeons resident at Luton, inoculated about er importance) why no minister will counte- 700 of the better fort with an equal fucnance any remigration. One, that he would cels. be perpetually teazed with petitions, it be Even from this statement the advantage of ing well known that the Anglo-Hibern. pre- inoculation is manifeft; but the following lates are apt to be afficted with what is call. circumstances let this advantage in a stronger ed, in the natives of Switzerland, the Pa- light. Many paupers have since Mewed me :boparridogia, i. e. a passionate longing af- the preparatory medicines, which, notwithter home. The other, that, on the transla- standing all their promises to take, they had N 0 T E.

omitted ; and the extent of the parish (it * Bilop Price's did rrot take place. being nearly thirty three miles in circumfe


II. p. 227

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rence ) rendered it impossible to prevent their A child of Samuel Young died with the procuring strong liquors. These circumftan- eruption on it. Aged 7 weeks. ces, that few submitted to regimen, and that Á child of John Flitton died three days fome did not even ute their medicines, after inoculation. Aged 12 weeks. which at the time increased my anxiety for A child of John Olney died in a fit the the event, are surely convincing proofs of fixth day after inoculation. Aged 16 weeks. the little danger attending inoculation. A child of Waller died with the eruption

On my return to Luton, I mean to re on it. Aged s weeks. commend annual inoculations at the parish

FRA. Nusil, Churchwarden. charge. This may be supported on princi• Luton, Jan. 6, 1788. ples of ceconomy, as well as on principles

From the circumstance of not more than of humanity. The health and lafety of the people ought ever to be the fupreme object of two shillings being paid for inoculating each parochial management. The life of an in: letter, it appears at once, at how small an

of the paupers mentioned in the foregoing duftrious parent is absolutely invaluable ; and he who thinks it can be rated too high, laved to the public, hy a little attention on

expence a great many valuable lives may be is no less ignorant of policy, than destitute the part of the nobility, clergy, gentry, and of feeling

others. For nine years that I have held the live ing of Luton, the average number of small

In the very desirable event of their adopts pox patients is 25. These at the lowest ing the benevolent ideas of my Hon. and

Rev. Friend, I would remark, that the procomputation stand the parith at two guineas each, exclusive of medical assistance. The pereft seatons of inoculation are, when the disease is to apprehended in the country, that juices are least likely to be contaminated by the nurfes require double pay, and both they

infeclious or contagious ditealea, which rage and the patients are confined in an airing leave at the fame time to recommend the use

most in the autumnal months ; begging house several weeks after the recovery. of from 50 to 100 drops of the concentratShould my plan of annual inoculations take place, the expence would not amount to the ed fpirit of sea falt diluted in barley-water, efty guineas, which are now paid for

or any other mucilaginous liquid, in the those who have the small-pox naturally. proportion of so drops to one quart, for But, alas! these fifty guineas are but a

preventing the juices from falling into that Imall part of the real charge, and inconve. putrid State, which renders the imall-pox fo

much more deadly. nience, produced by this dreadful malady. Its alinolt constant effect is a permanent aug of the same spirit in every town and village

I would farther advise an equally free use mentation of the parish expenditure. If through the kingdom as a preservative labourer dies

, his family must be supporteda againit infection, as well as a great aid in If a mother is loft, the children must be removed to a work-house, as their father can

curing the worft sorts of putrid fevers, which

have been of late so destructive in so many net spare time for employments that are merely domeftic. In a work-houfe, they parts of England.

I am, Sir, lote innocence, reputation, and that sense of

Your most obeclient servant, in lependence, which is the fureit principle

WILLIAM FORDYCE. of industry:

I have troubled you wish these observati, The Life and Amusements of Isaac Bicker. ANs, because I am contident they are applica

Aaffe, Žun. ble to more parishes than mine; and because (Continued from Page 250.) I am equally confident, that, were inocus

BOOK II. CHAP. V. Luran milery, fave many a uteful liceo and Mwich relating part of her fory, that lation generally practised, it would ellen even promote that æconomy, which many jhink the only ohject worthy of attention, during Mrs. Bickerftafle's absence, she had I am, Sir,

fallen alleep; therefore Mrs. Bickerstaffe fiYour faithful fervant, lently retires, and found in the parlour the

WILLIAM STUART.” fapient Dr. Rhubarb enq'tiring after his paSoul Anadley-Areei,

tient -“ Well, madain !” said he, “ we Marchi, 1788.

have found the young lady's horse : he was

ftopped near the Grange-Inn; the landlord Copy of the attested ft referred to in the knew hini, and has taken fpecial care of preceding,

him; and a fine animal he is. Barret was A child of George Road had the thrud going to ride him home, but I prevented at the time of being inoculated, and supe himn i and now, madam, I can tell pofrd so die in conlequence thercof. Aged the lady is."-" That information," replied 9 Wocks,

Mrs. Bíckerftaffe, “ I have already received


you who

tron: the lady herself, and am extremely hap- another mode to render himself conspicuous py to have been in the leatt degree lervicea- by a quarrel with Mr. Biekerstaffe, by offerble to one lo accoinpliihed.--I am happy ing him some personal infult at the theatre. too, to inform you, that she is so much re. This was treated in a manner he little excovered as to be able to sit up in her bed, pected: for Mr. Bickerstaffe giving him a and take needful refreshmento. She is now card -- which Squash hoped was the prelude alleep, and as it is near three, I hope you to a challenge-politely invited him to breakwill take a family dinner with us."- To this faft! the Doctor allenting, Mr Bickerstaffe, who Squash accepted the invitation ; but fill was in his library, was sent for, and renew thinking that' it was Mr. Bickerstaffe's ed the conversation respecting the nursing of " mode of quarrelling,” armed himself, children ; upon which the Doctor gave a and took a friend along with him. They very elaborate and scientific discourse, which, were received with great civility, and chatas it would nut be of the least service to any ted on common topics 'till Mrs. Bickerftaffe of ... readers, who are not tolerably learned retired, when Mr. Squash was thus addresin medical jargon, I shall forbear to repeat fed by Mr. Bickerstafle. in this place.

“ I observe, Sir, that you have done me They were fitting down to dinner, when the honour of naticing fome of my producMr. Squash made his appearance just time e tions in your paper, with a spirit of criticism nough to partake of the family fare. The not very candid ; and in a manner by which Doctor was rejoiced to meet him. Mr. Bick- you meant to provoke a reply. But, Sir, I erftafle welcomed him ; and Mrs. Bieker cannot laugh at the wit, and every attempt staffe civilly ordered him a chair ; but dread- of fcurrility I despise. I shall always regard ed the ribaldry to which she should be ex- every thing you say against me or my papers posed by the conversation of this man, who as an advertisement: and I doubt not but it was what the world calls a man of liberai, i.e. will have the same effect. However, let us of irreligious sentiments. This character, understand each other, Mr. Squash. You which is lince become common, was, at that have undertaken to furnish the town with tiine, very rare.

intelligence, and you find it your interest to Mr. Squah had received an university edu. communicate such kind of intelligence as may cation ; and having little whereon lo fubfit, fuit depraved minds. Your object is not liand being of a diflipated turn, was obliged terary farne, but money, and the vanity of on his entering the world, to offer his fervi- making yourselt kuown to fome, and feared ces to the Bookfellers; but foon found that the ' by others. This may answer your purposes ; pursuits of diflipation and of literature were but if you would make me a party in your iomewhat incompatible. Fancying himlelf promotion, you greatly, deceive yourself. a wit, and liaving an inclination to scribble, Your literary tracks are in themselves conbut not to write, he enlisted himself under temptible, and I should be deemed equally the banners of a Diurnalist, and retailed his contemptible were I to regard them. ideas through the channel, or rather the ken. I think you do not want sense, and I nel, of a news paper. In this employment therefore, before this gentleman your it was not long before he discovered that he friend, fpeak very candidly. You are a was at once a poet, a politician, and a critic ; young man, and have a fortune to make, and and, renouncing the idea he once entertained having taken a most exceptionable, and, in of becoming a member of the church, ibe. my opinion, scandalous mode of attempting came a constant attendant on the theatres and to raise it, I repeat it again, that I do not all places of public amufement.

mean to become accessary to your success by From a writer for, he became the congiving you any consequence to arise from a ductor of, a news paper, and a inolt quarrel with me." The infult you offered me dextrous hanil at cutting up a character, by latt night ought, in the opinion of shallow infinuations and innuendo. He would effect unthinking men, to be retaliated in what you great wonders by a dajt and a flar; and the call an honourable way. A duci, Sir, which town would frequently give him credit for I imagine you seek as a mode of acquiring a great deal of family anecdote, which, as fame, might administer to your vanity for a he did not know, he thought proper to day ; but would render me contemptible for make. So that his paper frequently became life. For, to say nothing of the crime, it is the chronicle of Scandal, and was very ac. lo completely ridiculous, that 'I should deceptable to the vicious and inconsiderate of serve hooting from society were I to adopt both sexes He had once, in his dapper such a mode of resentment. Now, fir, I wa), attacked a paper of Mr. Bickertaile's, have two proposals to make for terminating in hopes of a retort ; but that' gentleman, this business: the fitt, and I think the mošt disdaining to notice any thing that bore an eligible is, that, as I am the party that afanity to abuse, declined giving that la- ought to be offended, though, I affure your tisfac?ion to Squain, who, therefore, took I cannot feel any offence, for reasons which


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must be obvious to you, you should make and immediately rejoined, that " he saw the some concessions before this gentleman ; for matter in a new light ; and trusted that Mr. though the offence was publicly given, I Bickerstaffe would forget what had passed, shall rest satisfied with a private apology. which was indeed more the effect of animal The other is, that if you do not think proper fpirits than of any design to offend him." to make such apology, I shall be under the Mr. Bickerftaffe took him by the hand, neceffity of treating you as you merit: My and said, “ By the time you have seen as pen hall never stain paper with your name: much of the folly and nonfense of the world jwords and pistols íhall never come between as I have, young gentleman, your animal us : but, as you are young and lusty, I will spirits will flow with a little less rapidity, and hire a porter, equally, young, and equally you will see with different optics. I accept Justy, who thall in his way, and as my of your apology as a proof of your good proxy, give you the same satisfaction you fense; and I entreat you, for your own sake, are seeking, and to which, as a modern fine to maintain the pacific disposition which gentleman, you are undoubtedly entitled, ought to characterize a scholar and a genThis language will appear harsh: but you tleman : you will find it advantageous in your will recolleet that we are not now in a ta- intercourse with mankind. But do not mis. vern, or on the point of displaying our va take me : Iam as a great an enemy as your ·lour like fools and madmen. You may find self to cowardice ; brook no affront tamely ; in the lobbies of the theatres coxcombs in but always consider the object, and treat him abundance, who are as desirous as yourself accordingly. The exercise of valour does of adminiftering to their vanity by any ridi- well in the cause of truth ; but, like honour, culous, or, indeed any wicked, means that ought not to be sported with on every trivial you can defire

occurrence; and remember, that the courage During this harangue, Squash's counte- of a man is strongly to be suspected which naree had undergone a variety of changes; is excited by a petty affront, and dies away and Mr. Bickerftaffe having done speaking, in a duel.” Squash's friend with great propriety, pre Mr. Squash and his friend soon afterwards vented his replying by immediately taking up departed, and were not wanting in their vi. the subject.

fits to Mr. Bickerstaffe, for whom the latter, "Sir," said he to Mr. Bickerstaffe, “at. in particular, entertained great veneratiter what you have said, Mr. Squash muft ei- on. ther reinain totally filent, or must answer Squash was now on a tour of pleasure, Fruin a manner unbecoming a gentleman, and passing through Derbyshire, called at either by reproof or concession: neither of Mr. Bickerstaffe's en passant. Having din. which, I think, he oug it to make. Permit ed, and drank to the church and ftate, a me then, Sir, to mediate between you. ceremony always imposed by the master That Dick was wrong in offering you a per- of the house on his wife as well as all bis sonal insult, I must acknowledge: your mode guests Mrs. Bickerstaffe went into the oi realiating has been extremely consistent apartment of Miss B -, whom me with your general character ; but, it must be found much refreshed by her sleep, admitted, that you have in this conversation and who proceeded in her story as folTaid some things that render it impossible for lows. my friend to make conceffions, without a

(To be continued.) ileanneis of spirit of which I am sure he is

Miscellaneous Thoughts. 9700 guilty. I propose then, that there thall be mutual forgiveness without concessions, on HE true object of love is virtue, wiftither part ; and that you will permit my dom, honesty, real worth, and this friend to pay his respects to you as one of the love cannot deceive or be compelled. forft literary characters of the present times." “] have no objection,” replied Mr. Bick. fidence, is an anchor to a floating foul, a

Divine hope' 'which proceeds from conerftaffe, “ to your terms of reconciliation, sweet moderator of all passions, in our teinnor to the future visits of Mr. Squash-proq vided this matter is not riade a topic of pub.. poral affairs hope revives us, in our spiritual

it further animates us. fic discourse by any mention thereof in Mr. Squash's paper ; of this, however, I am not If thou regardeft thine own welfare, afraid, for as nothing can be more disgusting health of body and peace of mind, obferve than writing about our own petty concerns, this short precept, be always doing good. I truft that Mr. Squash will feel exactly as I

Wherein you cannot discover virtue do on this occafion. Squash having found that he had clearly, it will be your duty, modefty, and

safety, to be devoutly blind. quite " miftaken his inan,” thought the reputation of a friendly intercourië with Mr. Nothing vilifies and degrades more than iseckerstaffe preferable to a date of boltility, pride.




Portuguese Voyages to tbe East-Indies. others pointed Aakes to throw in the manner Various Voyages and Tranfa&ions of Pacheco, horter than those used by the Christians :

of darts, and some a short sword, a span Alburquerque, and other Portuguese Adven- belides every one had at his girdle a dagger, lurers. [Continued from Page 241.]

bent after the Moorish fashion. The bala

afked every one bis name, and caused him THE 23d of January they departed to write it, and set down more pay than he

from Mocha at sun-rise, with a brisk had before. He dismified them thus, one by gale, and failed west hy north, till noon; one, with orders to return next morning, then the wind changing, they proceeded but without arms, giving them to undernorth-weft, having run in all 100 miles. The stand, that he intended to give them their 24th, they advanced north-west, with their pay, and admit them to kiss his hand, in small fails, and a fair wind, 30 miles in the which case they had no occasion to carry day, and by the 6th hour of the night cast arms. These men having presented themanchor at the island of Chamaran, 20 miles felves at the time appointed, were ordered farther. The 29th the basha landed, and to lay down their weapons, and go where gave pay to all the Janissaries, who were the bama was fitting near a tent in the plain, willing to fight; but not any thing to the with the Turks in a circle about him, under galley flaves and seamen. The 22d of Pe. arms : but as Toon as they were all entered bruary the weather being calm, they left within the ring, upon a fignal given, they Chamaran, by help of their oars ; and about were in one instant cut in pieces. After six o'clock came to a place on the coast, this, the balha lent a sanjac, with a thousand called Cubit Sarif, 20 miles from Chama- foldiers, to secure Zibit. Both the city and ran. The 3d, at sun-rife, a Turk, of those country about it, are very fine, abounding in pay of the king of Zibit, having revolt. with running water and delightful gardens, ed, with go horse, came to the baña,' who and many things besides, not to be found in received him kindly, and made him presents. any other part of Arabia, especially zibibs of This man encamped on the shore with his Damascus without a stone, and other exceltents. In this country, they all make use lent fruits ;-dates, and fresh meat are of horses cloathed with armour, on account plenty, and corn is not scarce. The 8th of of the darts and arrows, which are their March, the basha returned to the sea fide, principal weapons. On the 4th the basha and ordered ammunition to be sent to Zibit, landed, and caused some pieces of light can- leaving also four foills to guard the coast.non to be put on carriages, and his men, The roth the balha, landed, and ordered provisions, and ammunition, to be gotten the Portuguese, who were 146 in all, reckready in order to march to Zibit. On the oning fome Indian converts, to be taken out 19th he set out on horseback, three hours of irons, and brought bound to the thore, before day; and on the road met another where being distributed among the troops Turk with so horse, who had also rebelled their heads were by his command struck off, against the king ; him the batha made free, and that of the chief fayed, falted, and and continued his journey. On the 20th filled with straw; off others they (ut the he arrived at Zibit, and encamping without noses and ears, to be sent to the grand lig. the city, fent for the lord thereof, who fee- nior. 'The 13th the Kiahya departed, in ing himself betrayed by many of his own company with another galley, to Zadem, people, and distrusting the reft, caine forth thence to Mecca, and so on towards Conwith a cord about his neck, as the Grand ftantinople, with an account of the voyage Signior's Nave, ands prefented himself before to India; carrying with him besides the the basha: who immediately caused his head presents, the heads, noses, and ears, that to be truck off. His people seeing this, fled their master might see they had done great to the mountains, to the number of 300; feats. lhe 16th, they departed an hour and among the rest three of the principal before day, with a plealant wind, and failmen, with all their riches, which were very ing along the coast, at fun-fet, came to i... great, not knowing where to go. -- Upon anchor at Zerzet, a place subject to Mecca, this, the basa fent to tell those who made in eight fathoms water, and 70 miles froma their escape, that they ought to return and Cor: Hither were brought the three persons join bim, promising them good pay, and to who fed from Zibit with their riches. The enrol them among his own troops : here. hafha caused their heads to be cut off, and upon there returned 200 black Abyssinians, seized the whole trealure, which filled three who had been foldiers to the king. These pair of wallets, each of which was a load for were desperate fellows, who did not value any one man. The 17th they failed along life, and ran almoft as swift as a horse.' the coast with a pleasant gale, which an hour They were quite naked, only wrapping their betore fun-rise, proving contrary, they caft pudenda in a clout. For arms, fome carried anchor in a place called Adiudi, in eight clubs of the cornei tree, headed with iron ; fathoms water, having ran so miles. The Geni. Mag. June, 1988.



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