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of unlimited authority. It often happens that faithful subjec?s to govern them as a christian people are more afiecíed by appearances than and merciful prince ought to do; but also to realities. The bare mention of arbitrary powo eftablith a form of government, under which er would have revolted the deputies, while they shall be secure of enjoying the fame adthe substance, being included in the popular vantages under his successors; and as this expression of hereditary right, was adopted unanimous resolution of the states requires a without reierve.
new oath of allegiance, his majesty dilcharges While the nobles were thus wavering and the states from all those oaths which they had irresolute, the court and popular party took formerly taken ; afsuring each person in parthe necellary precautions in order to force ticular of his royal favour and protection.” them to a concurrence. It was feared that The revolution being thus accomplishe!, the enterprize might fail of success, if the a new form of government was promulgated, nobles should refolve to quit Copenhagen, under the title of The Royal Law of Denand to break up the diet, from the jult pre. mark. It consists of forty articles: the most tence that it was held in a fortified town, un. remarkable whereof are the following: der awe of a garriion devoted to the court; “ The hereditary kings of Denmark and and indeed several had already made their Norway shall be in effect, and ought to be escape ; and others seemed inclined to follow esteemed by their subjects, the only supreme them.
head upon earth ; they Mall be above all huIn consequence of these apprehensions, the man laws, and shall acknowledge, in all ccking iflued orders to Mat the gates of the cleliaftical and civil affairs, no higher power town; and this fpirited measure had such an than God alone. inftant effect upon the nobles, that they aban “ The king Mail enjoy the right of inaking doned all thoughts of resistance, and dispatch- and interpreting the law's, of abrogating, ed deputies to the court, that they were ready adding ti, and dispensing with them. lle to concur with the commons.
inay allo annul all the laws which either he Accordingly, on the 16th of OEtober, the or his predecessors shall have made, exceptestates annulled, in the most folemn manner, ing this Royal Law, which must remain irthe charter ligned by the king at his accelli- revocable, and be confidered as the fundaon, ablolved him from all his engagements, mental law of the state. and cancelled all the limitations iinpoled up.
“ He has the power of declaring war, on his sovereignty. The whole was finally making peace, impoting taxes, and levying closed by the public ceremony of doing ho contributions of all forts, &c. &c.” mage, and of taking the new oath, which Thus the nobles were the victims of their was performed on the 18th. On that day own imprudence and obftinacy. Had they several scaffolds were erected before the pa- yielded in due time, they might have securel lace, adorned with scarlet cloth and tapestry, many of their privileges; but as they did and furnilhed with rows of benches ; on a not comply until their concurrence was platform, more elevated than the reit, were scarcely neceflary, they could not command placed two chairs of state under a canopy of any compensation for what they could 100 velvet, for the king and queen, and these keep, and surrendered with the inolt evident scaffolds communicated with the palace by reluctance: the deputies of the clergy and of an open gallery. Al the appointed time, the the towns were hurried away by their resentcitizens of Copenhagen, forming twelve com ment againit that order, whose tyranny they panies, were drawn up on each side of the had long experienced, and whole future al. gallery; the garrison surrounded the plate cendancy they dreaded; and they were fo form, and the avenues leading to it; while warmly animated by their admiration of the the regiment of guards secured the rear. Ar king, that they thought no facrifice too grear mid-day the king and queen, attended by which could assure him of their confidence. the Royal family, preceded by the nobles, and testify their gratitude. Strange infatuaand accompanied by the officers of ftate, re- tion, that they hould discover no means or paired in folemn proceffion, amid drums and humbling their oppressors, and securing their irumpets, to the platform; and when the own immunities, without the establiment nobles, the deputies of the clergy, and com- of an absolute government! The reserve of mons, had taken their places, &c. the chau- the legislative power, and right of taxation sellor proclaimed :
in the three eftates, would sufficiently have “ Since it has pleased the Almighty, by secured the freedom of the people, as we!! the unanimous and voluntary resolution of against the encroachments of the crown, as the states, that this kingdoin should be ren the infolence of a proud nobility: dered hereditary in the person of his majesty But the voice of realon is feldom beard! our lord the king, and of his pofterity male amid the uproar of faction. Se f-interested anxi female ; his majesty, after thanking the and designing persons, who have previously flares for this proof of their affection and fettled their end, and the mode of pursuing zral, not only promises to all his good and it, take advantage of every cafual incident;
and the generality are blindly led away by To want little is true grandeur, and very their pasions to effect what they ever after few things are great to a great mind.
None but intellectual pleasures are what Thoughts on several Subje&ts.
we can properly call our own.
When the obligations of morality are I
T behoves every man fo to guard his in- taught, let the l'anctions of Christianity never he may possess, he may ever walk with a no- they give strength and lustre to each other ; ble and open countenance.
religion will appear to be the voice of God; Misery is the only thing in this life, which realon and morality the will of God. is not the object of envy.
Anecdote. • Men,' says Tully, in no respect TUMBERLESS are the instances of Gewhatever approach the Deity fo nearly, as
neral Elliott's benevolence and humawhen they are difpenfing happinefs to their nity, but perhaps none more io than the fo!. fellow.creatures.' 'And if beneficence and lowing: During the liege of the impenetratrue goodness be the same, Pope has a fen: ble fortress of Gibraltar by the Spaniards, it timent not diffimilar: «Next to God is a was customary with the General to take his good man; next in dignity, next in worth.' nightly rounds, in order to see if all was fafe,
The huinane paflions are interested in ile and the centinels alert on duty. One night, fortune of the remoteft nations, because ha disguised in his roquelaure, when on this bumanity is every where the fame; and how- finess, he came up to a centinel, who, overover divided by mountains, rivers, and seas; came with fatigue, was fast alleep with his fevered by policy; dilpersed by accident; firelock in his arms. The General clapped and distinguished by a difference of laws, him on the Moulder, and routing him, faid, language, climate, or complexion; we are Thank God General Elliot woke you. The all the children of one parent, all the bré- poor fellow, almolt petrified with astonishthren of one family.
ment, dropped his arms, and fell down ; There is no commencement of happiness, but in a few minutes recovering himfelf, the but in the commencement of wisdom and General walked on, and bid him to be more virtue.
carofil. Death the foldier expected must be There is not a more august light in the his punishment, and dreaded the dawn of world than a virtuons person perfecuted by day, which he expected would usher him to adversity; yet submitting to his fate with for a court-martial. Fortunately, however, for titude and constancy.
him, the General did not mention the cir. There is some help for all the defects of cumstance, nor ever took farther notice of it. fortune ; for if a man cannot attain to the A few days afterwards, the General being length of his wishes, he may have his reme- present while the soldiers were bufily em. dy by cutting them shorter.
ployed in carrying bags of sand, the man Epicurus write a letter to Jdomeneus, inewed himself particularly induftrious, and, (who was a very wealthy and bountiful per. as if eager to atone for his paft negiect, took lon) to recommend to him, who made so up two to carry, beneath the weight of which many men rich, one Pythocles, a friend of he could hardly stand; this being observed by his, whom he desired might be made a rich the General, he again addressed him, saya man too; • but I entreat you,' says he 'that ing, “ My good fellow, do not attempt you would not do it in just the same way as more than you are able to carry, left you you have done to many less deferving per- fustain an injury that may deprive us of your fons, but in the most gentleman-like manner future services, which are of infinitely more of obliging him, which is, not to add any consequence, than the additional weight you thing to his eftate, but to take something from now wish to carry.” his desires.'
Maternal Affe&tion. Vice is a gradual and caly descent, where it first deviates from the level of innocence: A Native of Guinea fold his wife, who
had not been delivered above a month but the declivity at every pace becomes more of twins. She was put into the hold among the steep, and thole who defcenci, delcend every reft of the Naves; but as it happened to be fine moment with greater rapidity.
weather, the vesselhadnot failed abovea league, It is dangerous to true happiness and tran- before the saves were all ordered upon deck, quillity, to fix our minds upon any thing and passed in review before the malter. This which' is in the power of fortune. It is ex- poor mother, irresistibly impelled by her afculable only in animals, who have not the fection for her children, instantly threw heruse of reason, to be caught with hooks and self into the sea, determined fill to nourish baits. Wealth, glory, and power, which her babes, or perish in the attempt. The inthe ordinary people look up to with admira- human crew let fly a shower of balls at her ; tion, the learned and wile know to be only but heaven favoured her heroic attempt, and so many Inarcs laid to enslave thera.
Me got to thore unhurt.
Bene evening af red in my progress at
of which he had loft a leg; and was now, The sbort and simple Annals of ibe poor. Gray. like many other brave fellows, A Tale.
Doom'd to beg,
• His bitter bread thro' realms his valour
fav’d.' one the entrance of a finall hamlet, by breaking My kind host invited me to join the croud, the fore-wheel of my phaeton. This acci- and listen to his tale. With this request I dent rendering it impraciicable for me to readily complied. No sooner did we make proceed to the next town, from which I was our appearance, than I attracted the attenti. now fixteen miles diftant, I directed my steps on of every one The appearance of a stranto a small cottage, at the door of which, in ger in a hamlet, two hundred miles from a woodbine arbor, sat a man of about fixty, the capital, is generally productive of fur. who was solacing himself with a pipe. In prise ; and every one observes the new comer the front of his house was affixed å fmall with the most attentive observation. So board, which I conceived to contain an inti- wholly did my arrival engross the villagers, ration, that travellers might there be accom- that the veteran was obliged to deter the modated. Addresling myself therefore to the continuation of his narrative, till their curie old man, I requefted his assistance, which he ofity Thould he gratified. Every one there readily granted; but on my mentioning an took an opportunity of testifying the goodintention of remaining at his house all night, will they bore my venerable hnít, by offering be regretted that it was not in his power to him a feat on the grass. The good man and receive me, and the more so, as there was no myself were foon feated, and the brave veteinn in the village. It was not till now that ran resumed his narrative, in the following I discovered my error concerning the board words:- After,' continued he, I had over the door, which contained a notification, been intoxicated, I was carried before a jufthat, there was taught that useful art, of tice, who was intimate with the captain, at which, if we credit Mrs. Baddeley's Me- whose requefl he attested me before I had moirs, a certain noble Lord was so grossly sufficiently recovered my senses to see the ignorant. In short, my friend proved to be danger I was encountering. In the morning, the schoolmaster, and probably the secretary when I came to myself, I found I was in to the hamlet. Affairs were in this situation custody of three or four foldiers, who, after when the vicar made his appearance. He telling me what had happened, in spite of all was one of the most venerable figures I had I could say, carried me to the next town, ever seen; his time-filvered locks shaded his without permitting me to take leave of one temples, whilft the lines of misfortunes were, of my neighhours. When they reached the alas! but too visible in his countenance. town it was market day, and I saw several Tiine had softened, but could not cfiace of the people from our village, who were all them.-On seeing my broken equipage, he sorry to hear what had happened, and cnaddressed me; and when he began to speak, deavoured to procure my release, but in his countenance was illumined by a smile.- vain. After taking an affecting leave of my • I presume, Sir, said he, that the accident neighbours, I was inarched to Portsmouth,
you have just experienced, will render it and there, together with an huadred norė, • impoftible for you to proceed. Should that einbarked for the coast of Africa. During • be the case, you will be much distressed for the voyage, most of our number died, or • lodgings, the place affording no accome, became lo enfeebied by lickness, as to make • modations for travellere, as my parishion- them unft for service. This was owing
ers are neither willing nor able to support, partly to the climate, partly to the want of
au alehouse; and as we have few travellers, water, and to confinement in the ship. When • we have little need of one; but if you will we reached the coast of Africa, we were I accept the best accommodation my cottage landed, and experienced every poßible cru
affords, it is much at your service.'-After elty from our officers.' At length, however, exprelling the fenfe I entertained of his good. a man of war arrived, who had lost several neis, I joyfully accepted to desirable an offer., marines in a late action, and I, with some As we entered the hamlet, the fun was gild: others, was sent on board to serve in that ing with his departing beams the village spire, station. Soon after we put to fea, we fell whilft a gentle breeze refrelhed the weary in with a French man of war... In tbe action hinds, who, feated bencath the venerable. I jolt my veg, and was niar being thrown' oaks that overshadowed their cottages, were, overboard; but the humanity of the chapreposing themselves after the lavours of the lain preserved my life, and on my return to day, and listening attentively to the tale of an England procured my discharge. I applied old fuidier, who, like myself, had wandered for the Chelsea bounty, but it was retuled thus far, and was now diftrefled for a lody- me, because I lost my limb when acima ing. He had been in several actions in one; marine; and as I was not a rerular marine,
Gen. Mag. Mav. 1288.
I was not entitled to any protection from the without gratifying the curiosity he had exo Admiralty: Therefore I am reduced to live on cited concerning the fate of Harriet's mother, the good will of those who pity my misfor- for whom I had already felt myself much intunes. To be sure mine is a hard lot; but terested. the King does not know it, or (God bless his Supper being removed, after chatting Majesty) he is too good to let those farve some time, my worthy host conducted me who have fought his battles.'
to my bed-chamber, which was on the The village clock now striking eight, the ground-floor and lined with jessamin, that worthy vicar role, and flipping something was conducted in at the windows. After into the old man's hand, desired me to follow wishing me good night, he retired, leaving him. At our departure, the villagers pro me to rest. The beauty of the scenery, how. mised to take care of the old man. We re- ever, and my usual propensity to walk by turned the farewell civilities of the rustics, moon-light, induced me to leave my fraand direcłed our fleps to the vicarage. It grant cell
. When I fallied forth, the moon was small, with a thatched roof. The front was darting her temperated rays through the was entirely covered with woodbine and ho- fhade that surrounded the cottage, tipping neysuckle, which strongly scented the cir- the tops of the venerable oaks with Gilver, cumambient air. A grove of ancient oaks, After taking a turn or two on the lawn, I that surrounded the house, caft a folemn · wandered to the spot, " where the rude fhade over, and preserved the verdure of the forefathers of the hamlet sleep.” It was adjacent lawn, through the midit of which fmall, and for the most part surrounded with ran a small brook, that gently murmured as yew-trees of an ancient date, beneath whose it flowed. This, together with the bleating folemn Shade many generations had moulderof the Meep, the lowing of the herds, the ed into duft. No sooner did I enter, than village murmurs, and the distant barkings of my attention was caught by a pillar of white the irufty curs, who were now entering on marble, placed on the summit of a small their office as guardians of the hamlet, form- eminence, the base of which was surrounded a concert, at least equal to that on Tot- ed with honeysuckles and woodbines, whilst tenham-court-road. On entering the wicket, a large willow overshadowed the pillar. As we were met by a little girl of fix years old. I was with attention perusing the epitaph, I Her dress was simple, but elegant; and her was not a little alarmed by the approach of a appearance fuch as spoke her deftined for a figure, cloathed in a long robe. The appahigher sphere. As soon as she had informed rition continued advancing to“ ards me with her grandfather that fupper was ready, Me a slow fiep, and its eyes fixed on the ground, dropped a curtesy, and retired. I delayed which prevented it observing me, till we not a moment to congratulate the good old were within reach of each other. Great was man on poíTefsing fo great a treasure. He' my wonder at recognizing my worthy hoft replied, but with a figh, and we entered the in this situation ; nor was his astonithment house, where every thing was distinguished leis at finding his guest thus courting the apvith an air of elegant simplicity that Iurpri- pearance of goblins and fairies. Aiter each fed me. On our entrance, he introduced me irad exprefled the surprise he felt, I proceedto his wife, a woman turned of forty, who ed to enquire whose duit was there enth ined? fill poflefled great remains of heauty, and, To my question he returned answer:-- There, had much the appearance of a woman of Sir, fecus Hartiet's mother, an innocent, but fashion. She received me with ealy polite. unfortunate woman. Purdon me, Sir, faid nels, and regretted that she had it not in her he, if for a moment I indulge my sorrow, power to entertain me better. I requefted and bedew my Harriet’s grave with tears, her not to distress me with unnecessary apo a tribute that I often pay her much-loved locies, and we sat down to supper The lit. memory, when the rest of the world are loft tle angel, who welcomed us at the door, in fcep. Here he paused, and seemed much now seating herself opposite to me, afforded agitated. At length he requested my per. me an opportunity of contemplating one of mission to defer the recital of Harriet's woes the finest faces I had ever beheld. My wor- till the next day, as he found himfelf unethy hoftii oblérving How much I was truck' qual to the task of proceeding in the painful with her appearance, directed my attention detail. To this proposal I readily acceded, to a picture which hung over the rantle. and we returned home.' . I retired to my It was a striking likeness of my lirile neigh- room, but every, artempt to procure Peep bour, only on a farger fcale... à hai, Sir, iaidl proved liveilcctual. Harriet had to wholly he, is Harriet's mother: Do you not think occupied my thoughts, that no moment of there is a vaft retenulance? To this I allent. the night was 'lufered to pass unnoticed. At ell
, when the old mánput up a prayer tot lengtli, '<« when idared't hie wärblint Park on héaven, that she might'fefemble her mother hirn, I left my coucht, and rejoined my in every thing but her unhappy fate. Her wörthy landlord, who was, busily employed iken started another topic of conversation," in the arrangement of his garden. Though
I declined mentioning the subject of our last interrupted by those discordant jars which night's adventure, yet he saw the marks of are fo frequently the concomitants of, matrianxious expectation in my countenance, and mony: though, alas! our peace has received proceeded to gratify the curiosity he had in a mortal wound from one, the bare mention Ipired. It will be necessary, said he, before of whose name fills me with horror !--But I proceed to relate the woes that befel my not to digrels : Before the return of that day daughter, to give a short sketch of my own which saw me blessed with the hand of Emilife.-Six and twenty years ago, Mrs. ly, my happiness received an important adcame hither for the benefit of her health, the dition, by the birth of a daughter, who inair being recommended as highly salubrious. herited all her mother's charms. It is tuperOn her arrival, she gave out that she was the fluous to add, that she was equally the idol daughter of a clergyman, who was lately of both her parents, and as the was the only dead, and had left her in narrow circum- fruit of our marriage, he became every day ftances. I thought it my duty to visit her, a greater favourite. My wife had received and offer her any little attention in my pow. such an education as rendered her fully capaer. She received me with politeness, and ble of accomplishing her daughter in a man. expressed a wish to cultivate my acquaintance. ner far fuperior to any thing her situation reI continued to repeat my visite for some time quired, or perhaps could justify. To this without suspecting that there was any thing agreeable einployment, however, the departicular in her history, till one morning I voted her whole time, and when Harriet had found her in tears reading a letter Me had just reached her eighteenth year, she was in every received. On my entrance she gave it to respect a highly-accomplished woman. She Ire: it contained a notification from Lord was become what that picture represents her. B—'s agent, that her usual remittances With an amiable temper and gentle manners, would no longer be continued. On opening she was the idol of the village. Hitherto the this letter, I was led to suppose that her con- had experienced a state of felicity unknown nection with Lord B-was not of the most in the more exalted stations of life--unconhonourable nature. But all my fufpicion va- scious, alas ! of the ills that awaited her funished on her producing several letters from ture years. Lord B — to her mother, with whom he It is with reluctance I proceed in the mehad been long connected.- From these let. lancholy narrative :-One evening, ters I learnt, that Mrs. - was the daugh- young man, attended by a servant, was ter of Lord B by Miss M. -, sister to passing through the village, his horse startled, a Scotch Baronet, whom he had seduced and and threw him. Happening to be on the supported during the remainder of her life. spot at the time, I offered every affistance in But he had, it seeins, determined to with my power, and conveying him to my cotdraw his protection from the fruit of their tage, dispatched his fervant in quest of a surconneftion. Mrs. declared the knew geon, who declared our patient was not in not wit step to take, as her finances were any danger, but recommended him to delay acarly exhausted. I endeavoured to comfort his departure for a day or two. His health, her, assuring her that she should command however, or rather his love, did not admit every affiftance in my power:--On hearing of his travelling for near a fortnight; during this, the seemed a little fatisfied, and became which time he establiihed his jutereft with more composed. After fitting with her some Harriet, by the most pleasing and unremittime, I returned home to consider in what ting attention to her slightest wishes. When manner I might moft easily afford protection about to depart, he requested leave to repeat to the young orphan, whole whole depend- his visit on his return from his intended tour, ence was on my fupport.--If I took her home dropping, at the same time, some distant to live with me, as I was unmarried, it would hints of his affection for Harriet, to whom he give some offence to my parishioners. My was by no means indifferent. income was too confined to admit of my af Mr. H (for so our guest was named) fording her a separate establishment. Thus informed us, previous to his departure, that circumltanced, i determined to offer her my he had a finall' independent fortune; but that hand. You will, no doubt, say it was ra- from a distant relation he had confiderable ther an imprudent step for a man who han expectation. After bidding an affectionate seen his fortieth year, to connect himfelf adieu to Harriet, he set out on his intended with youth and beauty: but as my brother tour, which lasted for a month. was then living, it was in pothble for me to During the time of Mr. H-'s abfence, Tender her the least allistance on any other Harriet appeared pensive, and I observed plan. She received my proposal with grate- with pain, that he had made no flight imful surprise, and accepted it without helica- presion on her heart. At length Mr. Htion.- In a few days we were married, and returned, and Harrier's reception of him left have now lived together six and twenty years, us no room to doubt her attachment. During in a state, the felicity of which has never been his second visit he was very alliduous to fe