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Spaniards were put to the sword, and the rest obliged to retreat. On this occafion lord Southampton behaved with such gal. lantry that he was knighted in the field by lord Exex, “ ere (lays the writer above mentioned,) he could dry the sweat from his brows, or put his sword up in the scabbard."
In 1998 he attended his noble friend to Ireland, as General of the horse; from which employment (after having greatly distinguished himself by overcoming the rebels in Munster,) he was dilinissed by the peremptory orders of Queen Elizabeth, who was offended with him for having presumed to marry Miss Elizabeth Vernon, [in 1596,) without her majesty's confent; which in those days was esteemed a heinous offence. This Jady (of whom there is an original picture at Sherborne Castle in Dorsetshire, the seat of lord Digby,) was first cousin to lord Essex.
When that nobleman, for having returned from Ireland without the permission of the Queen, was confined at the lord keeper's house, lord Southampton withdrew from court. At this period a circumstance is mentioned by a writer of that tiine, which corresponds with the received account of his admiration of Shakipeare. “My lord Southampton and lord Rutland (says Rowland Whyte in a letter to Sir Robert Sydney, dated in the latter end of the year 1599, SYDNEY PAPERS, Vol. II. p. 132,) came not to the court (at Nonfuch } Fhe one doth but very feldome. They pass away.chetype in iundon, merely in going to plaies every day.” Atchisime King, Henri V. which had been produced in the spring oszd át juar, and cons tains an elegant compliment to lord Effex, wis próburbly.exhibiting with applause. Roger earl of Rutlana (to wwja-lord Effex addressed that pathetick letter which is printed in Howard's Collection, Vol. II. p. 521, where it is absurdly oriuiled “A letter to the earl of Southampton.") was married to the draghter of lady Essex by her first huiband, Sir Philip Sydney:
Lord Southampton being condemned for having joined the earl of Essex in his wild project, that amiable nobleman generoully supplicated the Lords for his unfortunate friend, declaring at the same time that he was himself not at all solicitous for life; and we are told by Camden, who was present at the trial, that lord Southampton requested the peers to intercede for her majesty's mercy, (against whom he protested that he had never any ill intention,) with such ingenuous modesty, and such sweet and persuasive elocution, as greatly affected all who heard him. Though even the treacherous enemies of Ellex (as we learn from Osborne,) supplicated the inexorable Elizabeth, to spare the life of lord Southampton, he for some time remained doubt
ful of his fate, but at length was pardoned: yet he was confined in the Tower during the remainder of the Queen's reign. Bacon mentions that on her death he was much visited there. On the first of April, 1603, fix days only after her decease, King James sent a letter for his release; of which there is a copy in the Museum. It is dated at Holyrood House, and directed “ to the nobility of England, and the right trusty and well beloved the counsel of state fitting at Whitehall."-On the roth of the same month lord Southampton was released, the king, at the same time that he sent the order for his enlargement, honouring him so far as to desire him to meet him on his way to England. Soon afterwards his attainder was reversed, and he was installed a knight of the Garter. In the same year he was constituted governour of the Isle of Wight, and of Carisbrooke castle ; in which office, says the historian of that ifland, (from the manu. fcript memoirs of Sir John Oglander,) “his just, affable, and obliging deportment gained him the love of all ranks of people, and raised the island to a moft flourishing state, many gentlemen refiding there in great affluence and hospitality."
By the machinations of lord Essex's great adversary, the earl of Salif öry. (whose mind seems to have been as crooked as his body:-)t is supposed King James was persuaded to believe that too great an intimacy lubfilted between lord South. amptorical hisqueen; on which account, (though the charge was not. ayomięd; ditaffection to the king being the crime allegod,) bestas apprehended in the latter end of June 1604 ; :bit there being negroof whatsoever of his disloyalty, he was Immediately released. In the summer of 1612, as we are told by k davland.Whyte, he went to Spa, much disgusted at not having abspisted a seat in the council. His military ardour seems di no period of his life to have deserted him. In 1614 we find frim with the romantick lord Herbert of Cherbury, at the fiege of Rees in the dutchy of Cleve. In 1619, he was at length appointed a privy counsellor. Two years afterwards, having joined the popular party, who were justly inflamed at the king's fupineness and pufillanimity, in suffering the Pala. tinate to be wrested from his son-in-law, and, what was a still more heinous offence, having rebuked the duke of Buckingham for a disorderly speech that he had made in the House of Lords, he was committed to the custody of the dean of Weft. minster, at the same time that the earl of Oxford and Sir Ed. ward Coke were sent to the Tower; but he was soon enlarged.
On the rupture with Spain in 1624, he was appointed jointly with the young earl of Essex and the lords Oxford and Willoughby, to the command of fix thousand men, who were sent to the Low-countries, to act under prince Maurice against
the Spaniards; but was cut off by a fever at Berghen-op-zoom on the 10th of November in that year. The ignorance of the Dutch physicians, who bled him too copiously, is said to have occasioned his death. He left three daughters, (Penelope, who married William lord Spencer of Wormleighton ; Anne, who married Robert Wallop of Farley, in the county of Southampton, son of Sir Henry Wallop, knight; and Elizabeth, who married Sir Henry Estcourt, knight;) and one son, Thomas, who was lord high treasurer of England in the time of King Charles II. His eldest son James, who had accompanied him in this his last campaign, died a few days before, of the same disorder that proved Fatal to his father.
Wilson, the historian, who attended Lord Esex in this expedition, is more particular. In his History of King James, he says, they were both seized with a fever at Rosendale, which put an end to the son's life; that lord Southampton, having recovered of the fever, departed from Rosendale with an inten. tion to bring his son's body into England; but at Berghenop-zoom“ he died of a leibargy, in the view and presence of the relater;" and that the two bodies were brought in the same bark to Southampton. He was buried at Tichfield in Hampshire.
Lady Southampton survived her husband many years, King Charles I. having been concealed by her for fore time in the manfion house of Tichfield, (which' Lord Clarenden calls “a noble seat,"') after his escape from Hampton Court in Nov. 1547.
Their fon Thomas, the fourth earl of Southamrión, dyingin May, 1667, without issue male, the title-cecame extinét. He left three daughters. Magdalene, the youngest, died unmarried Rachael, his second daughter, married, frít, Frencis lord Vaughan, eldest son of Richard, earl of Carbery; and afterwards the illustrious William lord Russel, by whom the had Wriothesly, the second duke of Bedford. Lady Elisabeth, the eldest daughter, married Edward Noel, (eldest son of Baptist Viscount Campden,) who in 1680 was created Baron Noel of Tichfield, and in 1682, earl of Gainsborough. Their only son Wriothesly Baptist, earl of Gainsborough, died in 1690, leaving only two daughters; of whom Elizabeth, the elder, married Henry the firit duke of Portland, and Rachael mar. ried Henry the second duke of Beaufort. On a partition of the real and personal property between those two noble families, about the year 1735; lord Southampton's estate at Tichfield, which had belonged to a monastery of Cistercian monks in the time of King Henry VIII. was part of the share of the duke of Beaufort, and now belongs to Peter Delmé, esq. Beaulieu, in Hampshire, which at present belongs to the representatives of the late duke of Montagu, was, if I mistake not, formerly the property of our earl of Southampton.
From Rowland Whyte's letters lord Southampton seems to have been very fond of tennis, at which game he once loft 18000 crowns in Paris, on one match ; [2250l. fterl.) and sir John Oglander, in his manuscript memoirs of the Ile of Wight, relates as a proof of his affable deportment in his government, that he used to play at bowls twice a week on Saint George's Down, with the principal gentlemen of the island.
He is said, on the authority of Sir William D'Avenant, to have given Shakspeare the sum of 10col.to complete a purchase, which was at least equivalent to goool, at ihis day. This alone will for ever immortalize his memory.
Of this amiable and accomplished nobleman there is an original portrait at Gorhambury, the seat of lord viscount GrimIton, by Vansomer, as I conceive; another at Woburn Abbey, by Miervelt; and two in the possession of his grace the duke of Portland; one a whole length, when he was a young man, and the other a half length, when he was a prisoner in the Tower. Each of the noble possessors of these pictures, in the most obliging manner permitted drawings to be made from them for the use of the present work.
From the teltimony of Camden 5 and others, he appears to have been volets devoted to the muses than to military atchievements. We sind his name, as well as that of his friend Essex, prefixed.to måny, publications of those times; and two poets have 'expressly túng.his praises. Their verses, though of Jitsle. merits: Seiying in. Some measure to illustrate his chabacter'I fuasi.Lubjainakiem. MALONE.
TO **H EN:R: Y W RI O T H E S L Y,
EARL OF SOUTHAMPTON,
S A MUEL DANIEL, 1605.
Non fert ullum ictum illa fa felicitas,
Nor ever tugg'd with Fortune, and distress,
5 “Edwardus VI. eundem honorem anno sui regno primo Thomæ Wriotheolley Angliæ Cancellario detulit, cujus e filio Henrico nepos Henricus eodem hodie lætatur; qui in primo ætatis flore præsidio tonarum literarum et rei militaris scientia nobilitatem communit, ut uberiores fructus maturiore ætate patriæ et principi profundat," Camdeni Brie tannia, 8vo. 1600, p. 240.
Those parts of judgment which felicity
The world had never taken fo full note
Not to be unhappy is unhappiness,
How could we know that thou could't have endur'd
6 I have in this and the preceding line preserved the old spelling, bee cause it confirms an obfervation made in Vol. VII. p. 160, n. 2.