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1753. ABSTRACT of the REPORT annexed.
59 dutchy of Silesia, according to his en- One ship (the last of the 18) was regagaments for that purpose. I am, stored upon an appeal; but, from the cirWith much confideration, SIR, cumstances of the capture, without costs Your most obedient,
on either side. Humble servant,
That as to the list of thirty-three neu. HOLLES NEWCASTLI, tral ships, in whose cargoes the subjects And by the report mentioned in, and of Prussia claim to have been interested, annexed to this memorial, it appears, A Two of them never came before a court That by the law of nations, when two of justice in England, but (if taken) were powers are at war, all ships are liable
restored by the captors themselves, to to be stopt, and examined to whom they the entire fatisfa&tion of the owners. belong, and whether they are carrying In fixteen of them, the goods claimhet contraband to the enemy. That the by the Prussian subjects appear to bas" goods of an enemy on board the ship been actually restored, by sentence, to of a friend, may be taken. That contra- the masters of the thips in which they band goods going to the enemy, tho' the were laden; and by the customs of the property of a friend, may be taken as B sea, the matter is in the place of the
lader. prize ; because fupplying the enemy with In fourteen of the cases the Pruffian what enables him better to carry on the property was not verified by the ships war, is a departure from neutrality. That papers, or preparatory examinations, or the eftablished method of determination, the claimant's own affidavit, which he whether the capture be, or be not, law- was allowed to make. ful prize, is by a regular judicial pro- The remaining cause with respect to ceeding in the court of admiralty of that part of the goods, was dependiug when ftate to whom the captor belongs, judg- C the memorial and lift was delivered to ing by the law of nations. That the the British secretary of state ; and the evidence must come from the papers on goods have fince been restored by sentence. board, and oath of the master and prin- So conscious were the claimants, that cipal officers. That if there be false the court of admiralty did right, there or colourable papers; if the master or is not an appeal, in a single instance, officers grossly prevaricate ; if proper in the second lift, and but one in the Thips papers are not on board; or if the firft. Yet the Prussian king founds the master and crew cannot say whether the justice and propriety of his having rebelongs to a friend or enemy, the law of D course to reprisals" because his subjects nations allows, according to the different have not hitherto been able to obtain any degrees of suspicion, arising from the fault redress, either from the English tribunals, of the ship taken, &c. costs to be paid, or to whom they applied, or from the gonot received, by the claimant. That in
vernment, before whom they laid their every maritime country there is a superior complaints," -The law of nations foundcourt of review, to which there lies an ed upon justice, equity, and conveappeal; and if no appeal is offered, it nience, and the reason of the thing, is an acknowledgment of the justice of E do not allow reprisals, except in case the sentence.
of violent injuries, directed or supported That of the eighteen Tips in the first by the state, and justice absolutely denied Prussian lift, four, if ever taken, were in re minime dubia, by all the tribunal, restored by the captors themselves, to and afterwards by the prince. (Crotlas, the satisfaction of the Prussians, who L. iii. c. 2. Se&. 4, 5.) have never complained in any court of When judges are left free, and give justice here.
sentence according to their conscience, One was restored by fentence, with though it should be erroneous, that would full costs and damages.
F be no ground for reprisals. Upon doubt. Three were restored by sentence ; ful questions, different men think and with freight for such goods belonging judge differently; and all a friend can to the enemy as were condemned.
defire, is, that justice Tould be as imFour ships were restored by sentence ; partially administered to him, as it is but the cargoes or part of them cona to the subjects of that prince, in whose demned as contraband, and are not now courts the matter is tried. alledged to have been Prussian property: As to the Prussian commission to ex
Five ships and cargoes were restored G amine these cases, ex parte, upon new by sentence ; but the claimant subjected suggestions, the like was never attempted to pay costs, because, from the ship- in any country of the world before. papers, &c. there was ground to have Prize, or not prize, must be determined condemned ; and the restitution was de- by courts of admiralty belonging to the creed merely on the faith of affidavits power whore fubjects make the capture; afterwards allowed.
56 EMPLOYMENT. WILD BOARS, - Feb, and even the principle this extraordinary Her appetite'is keen; her blood is pure commission professed to proceed on, that and temperate, and her pulse beateth even. tho' these cargoes belonged to the enemy, Her house is elegant, 'her landmaids yet being on board any neutral ship, are the daughters of neatness, and plenty they were not liable to enquiry, seizure, smileth at her table. or confiscation, is evidently false ; by the She faunters not; neither ftretcheth authorities of every writer on the law herself out on the conch of indolence. of nations, and the constant practice, A She crieth not, what have I to do? ancient and modern,
but the work of her hands is the thought [The Conclusion of the Report in our next.) of a moment.
She lifteneth not to the goflip's tale, An ingenious Piece is just published, imtitled, me fippeth not her tea in scandal; but The WHOLE DUTY of WOMAN.
employment is the matter of her discourse. By a LADY. Written at the Defire of Her work is done at the evening, but a noble Lord. Of this Work tbe follow- the work of the flothful is put off till ing is a juft Cbarašter.
tomorrow. T is composed in the file and man
See the Cor. contains concise, easy and agreeable rules and instructions for the conduct of the HESE beasts fight with one another fair fex; so that we mould be very much wanting in our regard for them, if we in December; and, when wounded, rub did not recommend it to their perusal. the affided part against trees, whence It is calculated to preserve them from pitch distils. The male never quits his those snares and temptations, that tend C mate whilst the is pregnant. Under thick to plunge them in vice, folly, and mifery;
buthes or coverts they prepare a place and furnishes them with such amiable with moss and leaves, where they bring leflons of prudence, virtue, and agreeable forth 7, 8, 9 or 10 young ones at a litbehaviour in every ftation, as, is put in
ter; which are at first reddish with black practice, will make their lives comfort- and whitish Itreaks. At the approach able and happy. It is divided into le- of men, the female makes a fignal to veral sections under proper heads; and her young, who hide themselves tingly; for a specimen of the performance, we
and at another signal, 'when the danger thall give our readers the following.
Dis over, they recurn to their dam, who
suckles them during summer. In seeking EMPLOYMENT.
their food, the you bcars march in From whom cometh evil, from whom front; and do thus till the time of another poverty and dejection of spirit?
Jitter, when the old ones drive them away. Idleness is the mother of mischief; idle- Their teeth grow to the length of 3 or 4 ners is the parent of Mame and diseale. inches, and become curved. Their hair
The flothful spendech the day in sum- turns grey about the head and frout. ber, the waketh at noon, the drinketh e These animals de great mischief to fruits, her cordial, and enquirtth the time of the fields, meadows, vincyards, &c. and their morning.
abode is in woods and forests, where She turneth again to neer, and a- their darling food is acorns; but when waketh not till the dinner of the evening. Marp fet, they vill prcy on dead car
She converteth the night into day, and cares. Experienced hunimen know their keepeth the light of the sun hid from her fex, age and lize by the track. Their eyes.
fieíh is very delicate, and some boars Her house is a scene of riot and con- weigh 700lb. To cor! themselves they fusion, she hath eye-servants.
wallow in puddle:i, and by rubhing against Her appetite faileth, and the physician trees, mix so much pitch with their hair is daily set down at her duor.
as enables their hides to rent a ball, Industry is up with the sun, she awaketh except it go in a right line. Sportsmen ar the growing of the cock, and walketh commonly aim at their head and breaft. abroad to taste the sweetness of the Boars are very numerous in Denmark, morning.
Norway, Germany, áic. and the hunting, She is ruddy as the daughter of health : them is a great diversion among persous her ears are delighted with the musick G of difinĉion. The hunting time is in of the fri!! lark.
its glory in November, December, and Her garment Tweepeth the dewdrop, Janvary. There creatures are either lot, from the new Aubble and the green grafs, or taken with toils and a spear. This chace and her path is by the murmuring of the is very dangerous ; and many des, tho' pusling biook.
in arnour, are often Lilied.
57 JOURNAL of the Proceedings and DEBATES in the POLITICAL CLUB, continued from p. 19.
this be not the case : If our miniThe nexe Speech I shall give you in sters be defiring them to concur in
the Dibate begun in your laft, was any measure, which is not necessary that made by A. Baculonius, which for the preservation of their own was in Substance as follows, viz. liberty and independency, I am
Sure, no member of this house, who Mr. Chairman,
A thinks so, will consent to the grantSIR,
ing of the subsidy, unless he be sub
sidized himself as well as the prince SIT here as an Englith gentle- for whom the subsidy is required. man, and as such I have a right Now, Sir, with regard to the
to talk freely of the greatelt lub. measure, for which the present subject of this kingdom, much more fidy is required, I mean the election of the greatest subject of any foreign B of a king of the Romans : whatever I ftate : I shall therefore deliver my may think, whatever any gentlemaa sentiments upon this subject without of this house may think of that mea. any reserve : If there be persons in fure, we must for the honour of the this house belonging to any of the princes of Germany suppose, that few princes of Germany, they ought or none of them think it absolutely not to be here ; and if they are, necessary for preserving the liberties they must take it for their pains; C and privileges of the German emfor their presence will never, I pire, because I do not find that any hope, keep any member of this of them will concur in it without house so much in awe, as to pre- a subsidy from us. From their be. vent that freedom of speech, which haviour upon this occasion I mult is allowed even by our own sove- suppose, that some of chem think reign; and whatever some gen- is a measure of the most dangerous
D tlemen may think, it must be al. consequence to the liberties and prilowed, when duly considered, that vilcges of the German empire, and no debate of the kind now before that others of them think it a mat. us, can tend much to the honour of ter of such absolute indifference, as the princes of Gerinany: We de- no way to tend either to the desire nothing of the princes of Ger- struction or the preservation of the many, nor of any prince in Europe, liberties and privileges of that embut to concur in such measures as
pire. These last may think themmay be necesary for preserving their selves at liberty to concur in it, in own liberty and indipendency. On consideration of a subsidy from us; the other hand, what is deGred by but if they be right in their opinion, France? What does the scatter her surely we ouglat not to load our subsidies for among the princes of conttituents with any such unnecesEurope, but to get them to be in- fary expence, even suppoling that ftrumental in iorging their own F the nation were not only free of chains? If this be truly the cale, debt, but also in the most flourishing Sir, can it be for the honour of any circumstances; and I must be of prince of Germany, or of Europe, opinion, that in prudence as well to suppole, that he wil accept of as modesty, we ought to allow, that a subhdy from France, unless we the princes of Germany are better agree to grant him one ? And if judges than we are of the coniticuW- B.
rion aud true interest of their own February, 1753.