« ZurückWeiter »
CO N T E N'T S.
of the treaty
comes over with the prince of
The duke of Newcastle's answer to the bury
Abstract of the report on the same sub- ties of his episcopal office
A description of the wild boar ibid. B
How the electors and princes of the em. To Mr. Lambart
election of a king of the Romans Proceedings of Sir Hans Sloane's exe-
cutors and the trustees for his museum
74-78 General court of the Free British Finiery
preacher at the Rolls chapel ibid. Deaths
The Hebrew criticism on a passage in Genfis, ibe letter from Nottingbam, the letter concern-
Τ Τ Η Ε
ACCOUNT of obe G A MESTER, thinking Stukely was as deep a leser as
a new Tragedy. (Sce obe Prologue and himself. Things came to that extremity, Epilogue, p. 86.)
Beverly's house, goods, every thing was
fold to defray such cursed expences, and The CHARACTERS are
his wife, child, and fifter forced to retiie Beverly, a young fellow of an open
to lodgings. free disposition, but violently addi&ted to
AI. Mrs. Beverly and Charlotte gaming. Mr. Garrick. Lewson, his friend, in love with Char. A lament their distress in their new abode.
Beverly had been all night out, which lotte. Mr. Moflop.
fills them with fear, when Charlotte en. Stukely an infamous gamester. Mr. deavours to alleviate her sister's sorrows, Davies.
by assuring her of keeping her from Bates, Mr. Burton,
both gamesters want, while the possessed any thing, but
and tools of Dawson, Mr. Blakes,
hints her fear of her brother's having loit Stukely.
her fortune, which was committed to Jarvis, an old man, late steward to Beverly. Mr. Berry.
his care. Jarvis, who had been steward B
to Beverly's father, and in his prosperity Waiter. Mr. Ackman.
to him, also enters, enquires for his maMrs. Beverly, Beverly's wife. Mrs.
ster, begs not to be discarded, and knowPrichard.
ing their calamities, generously offers what Charlotte, his fiftor. Miss Haughton. his whole servitude had scraped together. Lucy, Mrs. Beverly's maid. Mrs. Price. A loud knock at the door alarms them
R. Beverly had been a with assurance it is a dun, and Jarvis man of large fortune, exits to quict him, after having asked
blest with a tender wife C Mr. Stukely, who just enters, of his M and beauteous child. master, whom he goes to seek. Stukely
Charlotte his fifter was denies his having seen him lince night, under his guardianship, and drops some hints to alarm Mrs. Bewho was beloved by verly's jealousy, and by urging her not
Lewron, to whom the to believe false reports to her husband's had confented to be married. Mr. Be. prejudice, raises some doubts in her, verly was not only rich in possessions, which fo disorders her, that the retires but in hope, as he had an aged uncle, who had declared him his heir. Things were
to rest. After another knocking enters D
Mr. Lewson, who meeting with Stukely, in this state, when Mr. Stukely, one who they exchange some ambiguous speeches, had been fühool-fellow with Mr. Beverly, among which Lewson assures him, that fired with love of Mrs. Beverly, and be knows bim, and Stukely retires conknowing the only foible of her husband founded. Lewson addrettes Charlot:e, was love of play, contrived the ruin of enquires for her fifter, who hearing his him to pave the way for his poffeffing the voice comes to him; he then acqu. ints wife of his confiding friend. In order her, that yesterday her house, &c. was to this, he cloaths come Marpers, and E rold, but that thofe things he knew moit with his money enabled them to appear valuable to her he had purchased, thuc as gentlemen ; he then introduced them they might be safe for her, and they go 10 Beverly, who loft vast sums to them, out to speak to one, who he tells her will insomuch that Stukely having lent his deluded dupe Beverly still fresh supplies The next scene is Stukely's chamber, for ruin, the latter could not see the fraud, After a soliloquy, discoveeing his bare. February, 1753.
prove a friend.
Account of the GAMESTER, ce new Tragedy. Feb. ness, enters Bates, one of his minions, Charlotte in the lodging, to them Lewto whom he relates, that he was to carry fon,; he, after the departure of Leverly, money to the gaming hours to Beverly, urges his love to Charlotte, reminds her but would not, as he wanted there jewels of lier promise of marriage, from which his wife had ftill preserved.
(if the repents, he lays he will acquit her; Act II Mr. Beverly is discovered sit- me being from him allured this proposititing in a room at the gaming house, on aiose from honour, he re confesses his full of the deepeil condemnation at his A love ; he then pri mises to disclose a mighJoiles ; Jarvis enters to him, intrears him ty fecret, if the'll fartt give her word to to return home; he promises he will. marry him to merrow, which when she Stukely comes in, and sends Jarvis to grants, he tells her, “ All her forture's tell the dun, who had called in the morn- loft," and comforts her for it with the ing, that he would pay him; he then excess of his love. relates to Beverly, that he hath no more We next lee Stukely and Beverly commoney, that lenders want security, and ing in despair from the loss of not he can get no more, that he expects no
only all the purchase of the jewels, but thing but å prison, as he was totally a large rum on honour. Beverly is in ruined, yet drops hints it is in Beverly's the utmoft rage and fire, cools, reizes power to pay them, with means to ven- Stukely by the throat, draws on him, ture a recovery, preffes him to take then finks to alking pardon, and exquiJarvis's money, which, when he refu- fitely thews all the various passions of the ies, he tells him his wise hath jewels, lofing ruined gainetter; but yet by Stukely which, after some reflections, Beverly is ärifully worked up to sell the reversion promises to get. The next scene thews of his ettate, which he goes out to do. Beverly returned home, and with his C AE IV. Mis. Beverly appears discon. 111ter ; me claims her forture, he with solate with her maid. Mr. Stukely, enheat evades it, but promises he will reckon 'ter's to 'her, acquaints her that her hurwith her to-morrow; then Mrs. Beverly band is false to her, that he had forged returns with Lewson, who endeavours that letter to rob her of her jewels, which to give Beverly an intight into Stukely's 'he hath bestowed upon a strumpet ; and treachery, exits with Charlotte. After when he thinks he hath sufficiently fired fome endearments, Beverly tells his wife her to revenge, he then offers to receive he hath ruined his friend, that he hath
her in his house, and keep her sumptuousborrowed liis all from him, and now ly ; she is enraged at his bale proposal, must suffer him to perish in a prison, and threatning to tell her husband, drives but refolves not to ask his wife for her him from her. She returns with Lewson jewels; but that resolution is broke by and Charlotte ; having told them of the receipt of a letter from Stukely, in Stukely, Lewíon declares he will call him which he artfully bees him not to urge to account, me promises to deal calmly, it, for that night be mould leave Eng. he exits for that purpose, and Jarvis enland; the pictes to know what ters affrighted with the news, that Stukely meant by those expresions, which when E liath taken out an action against his mahe discovers, the tenderiy preters his fter. peace to her ornaments, and takes him We next fee Stukely at his lodgings, to her closet to tender him the jewels, but Bates enters, tells him Beverly hath fold cautions him to husband them, as that his estate, and hath lost all the money, is their last resource from starving.
and describes his behaviour on that 'occaAd Ill. Stucy enters with Bates, to fon. Somebody entring, Stukely puts whom he gives bills to pay to Beverly out Bares, but is surprised at feeing Lewe for the reversion of his uncle's estate, F fon, who declares he comes a profeffed which he declares he will draw him in to
enemy. Stukely runs to the door to call rell. Beverly enters with bills for the his servants, which Lewson thuts and pre. jeweis, which he gives to Stukely, who vents him. An exquifite scene is here, pretends to be fired by an internal impulse and a high contrast between the brave to hazard a recovery of his fortune. Be- good man, and the base cowardly villain. verly refuses to join him, but by the Lewfon draws thrice on him, which he artful persuasion of the villain at last con- as oft mearly declines, and after sufficient fents.
But all this time Stukely inter- reproaches Lowson leaves him. Stukely mixes words to errage Deverly' againn G then calls in Bates, prompts him to mura Lewron, declaring, that the laiter nath der Lewson in the street, which lie prospreid abroad that he had spent his fitter's mises, in conideration of a vast reward. fortune, and he would call him to ac- The next scene is the street, thro' which Coint for it.
Beverly is returning home in agonies not The next feene Mews Mr, Beverly and to be conceived without seeing them re.
1753. D. of Newcastle's Letter to the Pruffian Minister. 53 presented by Mr. Garrick, in the words of the Author. Lewfon too coming across In our last we gave a copy of the King of meets Beverly, who, prompted by his de- Pruria's Memoral in Relation to tbe Silc. fpair; quarrels with him for reporting lie sia Loan; and now we shall give thAnhad lost his sister's fortune. Lewfon de- fwer made to it by his Majesty's Order, nies the charge, and avoids a duel. tho' which was by way of Letter from the drawn upons and promising satisfaction Duke of Newcastle to the Prussian Minion the morrow, departs. Jarvis and Bates After bere, as follows, viz. entring, see the quarrel, but only Jarvis comes to him, begs him to come home,
Wbiteball, Feb. 8, 1753. and taking from him his sword, prevents
SIR. his murder. Beverly raves, 'throws him. LOST no time in laying before the felf on the ground in agonies, till raised and foothed by Jarvis ; they exit. Then vered to me on the 23d of November we fee Stukely ordering Dawson, another last, with the papers, that accompanied of his gang, to get two officers, and ex- it. ecute the writ on Beverly.
His majesty found the contents of it fo A&t V. Enter Stukely, Bates and Daw. extraordinary, that he would not return fon. Bates dissembling with Stukely, re- an answer to it, or take any resolution uplates how he overtook Lewson, accompa- on it, till he had caused both the Memo. nied him home, and stabbed him as he rial, and the Exposition des Motifs, &c. was reaching his bell, and that the watch which you put into my hands soon after, had found him in the street. Dawson al- by way of justification of what had passed so gives an account how he executed his at Berlin, to be maturely considered ; commission, 'entered Beverly's lodgiag c and till his majesty Mould thereby be enwith two officers, tore him from his wife abled to set the proceedings of the courts and filter, and lodged him in a prison. of admiralty here, in their true light ; to Stukely comparirig the times of the the end, that his Pruffian majelty, and quarrel betwixt Beverly and Lewfon, the whole world, might be rightly inform. the latter being fupposed murdered, re- ed of the regularity of their conduct ; in folved to father it on Beverly, and per. which they appear to have followed the fuades him he arrested him thro' love, to only method, which has ever been practi*fave him from the officers ; and then fed by nations, where disputes of this na. Bates shall accufe him, and call for wit-D ture could happen ; and fridly to have ness of the quarrel his servant Jarvis. conformed themselves to the law of nati.
Scene the lodgings. Mrs. Beverly and ons, universally allowed to be the only Charlotte are discovered lamenting the im- rule, in fuch cafes, when there is nothing prisonment of Beverly. Jarvis enters, stipulated to the contrary, by particular tells how he lost his master in the prison, treaties between the parties concerned. but gives them a joyful account that the This examination, and the full knowuncle is dead, and now joy will succeed, ledge of the facts resulting from it, will and they all exit to the prison, to cheer E Mew, so clearly, the irregularity of the Beverly with the news.
proceedings of those persons, to whom Scene the prison. Beverly is discover- this affair was referred at Berlin, that it ed there alone, and after a long debate is not doubted, from his Pruffian majeon suicide drinks poison ; they enter to fty's justice and discernment, but that he him, tell him the news, which now adds will be convinced thereof, and will reto his agony, in the midst of which he voke the detention of the sums assigned acquaints them, he hath fold that estate upon Silesia ; the payment of which, bis for a palcry fum, and lost it. Stukely Pruffian majesty engaged to the emprefsenters to them, brings him a discharge,
queen to take upon himself, and of which and with a thew of love acquaints him he the reimbursement was an express article had him fecured to save him, on account in the treaties, by which the ceffion of of Lewron's murder. Charlotte is alarm- that dutchy was made. ed at this, and on Stukely's persisting in 1, therefore, have the king's orders to acculing Beverly, Bates and Dawson enter, send you the report, made to his majeand produce Lewson alive. Stukely is fty, upon the papers abovementioned, by seized by his own servants, and carried Sir George Lee, judge of the prerogative out to justice ; then Beverly accuses him-G court ; Dr. Paul, his majesty's advocatefelt of too much hafte, acknowledges his general in the courts of civil law ; Sir poisoning himfelf, and commending his Dudley Ryder, and Mr. Murray, his mafamily to Lewson's care, dies a terrible jesty's attorney, and sollicitor-general. example to all gamellers,
This report is founded on the principlos of the law of nations, received and ac.
54 D. of Newcastle's Letter to the Prussian Minister. Feb. knowledged by authorities, of the great. of did happen ; could not, cither in juloft weight, in all countries ; so that his tice or reason, or according to what is majesty does not doubt, but that it will the constant practice between all the
most have the effect desired.
respectable powers, be seizod, or Atopt, The points, upon which this whole af.
by way of reprisals. fair turns, and which are decisive, are, The several facts, which are particu
I. That affairs of this kind are, and larly mentioned above, are so clearly can be, cognizable, only in the courts be- A stated, and proved, in the inclosed report; longing to that power, where the seizure that I shall not repeat the particular reais made ; and, consequently, that the sons and authorities alledged in support erecting foreign courts, or jurisdictions of them, and in justification of the conelsewhere, to take cognizance thereof, is duct and proceedings in question. The contrary to the known practice of all na- king is persuaded, that these reasons will tions, in the like cases; and, therefore, be sufficient also, to determine the judge a proeeeding which none can admit. ment of all impartial people, in the pre2. That those courts, which are gene.
fent case. rally tiled courts of admiralty, and which
It is material to observe, upon this subinclude both the inferior courts, and the ject, that this debt on Silesia, was concourts of appeal, always decide according tracted by the late emperor Charles VI. to the universal law of nations only ; ex- who engaged, not only to fulfil the concept in those cases, where there are par- ditions expressed in the contract, but even ticular treaties between the powers con- to give the creditors such further security, cerned, which have altered the dispofitions as they might afterwards reasonably ask. of the law of nations, or deviate from This condition had been very ill performthem.
Ced by a transfer of the debt, which had 3. That the decisions, in the cases com- put it in the power of a third person ta piained of, appear, by the inclosed report, seize, and confiscate it. to have been made fingly, upon the rule You will not be surprised, Sir, that, in prescribed by the law of nations ; which an affair, which has so greatly alarmed the rule is clearly established, by the constant whole nation, who are entitled to that practice of other nations, and by the au- protection, which his majesty cannot dirthority of the greatest men.
pense with himself from granting ; the 4. That, in the case in question, there king has taken time, to have things ex. cannot even be pretended to be any trea. D amined
to the bottom; and that his maty, that has altered this rule, or by virtue jesty finds himself obliged, by the facts, of which, the parties could claim any pri- to adhere to the justice, and legality, of vileges, which the law of nations does what has been done in his courts, and not allow them.
not to admit the irregular proceedings, 5. That as, in the present case, no just which have been carried on elsewhere. grievance can be alledged, nor the least The late war furnished many instances, reason given, for saying, that justice has which ought to have convinced all Europe, been denied, when regularly demanded ; E how scrupulousy the courts here do juf. and as, in most of the cases complained tice, upon such occasions. They did not of, it was the complainants themselves, even avail themselves of an open war, to who neglected the only proper means of seize, or detain, the effects of the enemy, procuring it ; there cannot, consequent. when it appeared that those effects were iy, be any just cause, or foundation, for taken wrongfully before the war. This reprisals.
circumstance must do honour to their pro, 6. That, even though reprisals might ceedings ; and will, at the same time, be justitied by the known and general new, that it was as little necessary as
F rules of the law of nations ; it appears, proper, to have recourse elsewhere to by the report, and indeed from confide- proceedings, entirely new, and unusual. rations, which must concur to every bo. The king is fully persuaded, that what dy, that sums, due to the king's subjects has pailed at Derlin, has been occafioned, by the empress-queen, and atsigned by singly, by the ill.grounded informations, her upon Siletia ; of which sums his Prur which his Pruffian majełły has received, fian majesty took upon himseli the pay. of these affairs : And does not at all ment, both by the treaty of Breslau, and doubt, but that, when bis Pruffian ma. by that of Dresden, in consideration of G jeity shall see them in their true light, bis the celfion of that country, and which, natural dispostion to justice and equity by virtue of that very cession, ought to will induce him, immediately to rectify haie teen fully, and absolutely dischar. the steps, which have been occasioned by ged, in the year 1745, that is to say, one thore informations; and to complete the year beiere any of the facts complained payment of the debt charged on the 5