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396 Bull Unigenitus. Cure for the Rheumatism, &c. Sept. to the fate, seditious, wicked, blasphe. . - every morning fafting in a cup of wine mous, fu peated of heresy, and also fa. and water, broth, tea, or any other vehivouring of hereticks, herefies, and (chism cle you like beft ; keep safting an hour and too, erroneous, bordering upon heresy; a half after it, continue this for three months and in fine also heretical, &c."

without interruption, then diminish the And in this confitution he commands dofe to į of a drachm for three months lonthe faithful of both sexes, that “they pre. ger, then to drachm for fix months more, sume not to hold, teach or preach other. A-taking it regularly every morning, if porwise concerning the propositions than is fible. After the first year it will be suf. contained in this conftitution. Insomuch ficient to take a drachm every other as whoever shall teach, defend, or pub- day. As this medicine operates insensibly, lim them or any of them jointly or seve. it will take perhaps two years before you Tally, or shall treat of them by way of receive any great benefit, fo you must dispute, publick or private, unless to im- not be discouraged tho' you do not perpugn them, shall, ipfo faz?o, without any ceive any great amendment ; it works other declaration, incur the church cen. Now hut sure, it doth not confine the fures, and be obnoxious to other penalties patient to any particular diet, ro one-lives appointed by law against such delin- toberly and abftains from those meats and quent. He further forbids the printing liquors that have always been accounted of the said book of fa:her Quesnell's, and pernicious in the gout, as champaigne, forbids every one of the faithful the read. drams, high sauces, &c. ing, tranfcribing, keeping, or using it, N. B. In the rheumatism that is only under the pain of excommunication to accidental, and not habitual, a few of the be incurred, ipfo facto. He requires his dracum dores may do; but if an habitual venerable brethren, patriarchs, arch. C or that has been of long duration, then bithops, bihops, and other ordinaries, you must take it as for the gout; the reand also the inquisitors of fieresy, that by medy requires parience, as it operates aii means they restrain and reduce who. but flow in most distempers, soever Mall contradict or rebel against the conftitution, by the penalties and censures

A RECEIPT for MODERN DRESS. aforesaid, and the other remedies of law

From tbe Salisbury Journal, Sept, 17. and fact, even by calling in, if need be, ANG a small bugle cap on, as big as the fecular power."

(pompoon; This remarkable bull concludes thus, D Snout it off with a fow'r, vulgo dia. á « Let no one then infringe or audaciously Let your powder be grey, and braid up oppose this our declaration, condemna

your hair tion, prohibition, and interdi&i ; and if Like the mane of a colt, to be sold at a fair; any one prefere to attempt this, let him A short pair of jumps, half an ell from know he fall incor the indignation of

your chin, Almighty God, and that of his blefied To make your appear likeone; Apofties, Peterand Paul. Given at Romeat Before, for your breast, pin a stomacher St. Mary Major's, in the year of our Lord E

[bon. 1713, the 6s of the ides of September, Ragout it with cutlets of filver and riband in the rzen year of our pontificate." Your neck and your shoulders both naked By the terrible roaring of this bull the thould be,

(vaux-de-frize ; pope thought to Glence the doctrines of Was it not for Vandyke, blown with cbeo father Cucinell, but great numbers of Let your gown be a fack, blue, yellow or t'ie French nation have embraced them.


{fixteen ; The clergy therefore make use of this bull And frizzle your elbows with ruffles as a sort oftcit to discover such hereticks; Furl off your lawn apron, with flouncos and if they do not subscribe to it, the fa. F in rows,

(your toes ; craments and other rights of the church Puff and pucker up knots on your arms and are reíuled them.

Make your petticoats short, that a hoop For ioe GOUI O RHIV MATISM.

eight yards wide, {are tyd;

May decently thew how your garters R Aristolochia rotunda, or Birth

With fringes of knotting, your Dicky

cabod, Gentian

On slippers of velvet, set gold a-la-daubo; Germander Ground pincrops and leaves.

But mount on French heels when you go G to a ball,

(can fall; Centaury

Tis the fashion to totter, and fhew you TAKE of all these well dry'd, powder'd Throw modesty out from your manners

and fiited, as fine as you can, equal and face, weighi, mix them well together, and de François, you're a bit tane one drachm of this mixed powder


HANG C:own,

a crown,

bib on,




for his grace.

1753. Of the ECLIPSE of the SUN in October.

397 of the SOLAR ECLIPSE that will be on Friday, Od. 26, 1753. in the Morning.


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fion from Dublin, about the time of the NOTES.

middle of the eclipse at that place, will T the middle of the general eclipse be but 26 \ miles per minute : The rea

the whole penumbra will not fon is, all places of the earth are carried be comprehended within the earth's illu- by its rotation from west to east, and so minated disk.

those places of the earth's illuminated he2. Nor can there any where be a total misphere following the shade with a flower eclipse,"except at those places where the A pace must, of consequence, diminish the altitude of the moon, at the time the velocity whereby it moves from them. center of the penumbra passes over or 11. Tho' the times in the preceding near them, shall be 14° or more.

notes respect London only, yet they may
3. In the lat. 34° 4' north, 21° 12' I easily be adapted to any other place. Sco
west long, about 100 leagues N. W. of London Magazine for May, 1748, p. 220,
the Madeiras, the penumbra will first 221, 222, where are also directions for
touch the earth 59' 35'' after 7, where viewing a solar eclipse.
the eclipse will begin at the supreme point Vicarage-House,
of the sun's periphery at sun-rise.

Shoreditch, Sept. 4, 1753.

4. The center of the penumbra will
firit be received upon the earth 5' 1".af- The Life of GEOFFRY CHAUCER,
ter 9, in the lat. 46° 2' north, 33° 1'1 tbe Farber of English Poetry. With
weit long. about 140 leagues north welt curious PRINT of bis Head.
of the Azores, where the sun will rise HE place of Chaucer's birth has been
centrally eclipsed.

5. At 19' 47'' after 10, the sun will that of Homer, some afligning Berkshire, be centrally and totally eclipsed at noon, C others Oxfordshire, particularly Wood in the lat. 21° 48' north, 25° 1' } east Atock, for that honour ; but the most long. which answers to the eastern ex- probable conjecture is, that he was born tremity of Zaara or the Defart, near the at London. His descent is equally unriver Nubia, that falls into the Nile, certain, tho' it is most likely that his fawhich, without doubt, will greatly for- ther was a knight ; for we find one John prize the migratory inhabitants of that Chaucer attending upon Edward III. and barren place. In this longitude, the sun queen Philippa, in their expedition to being on the meridian, will be more or Flanders and Cologn, who had the king's less eclipsed from 11° 48' south, to 770D protection to go over fea in the 12th year 25' north lat. at the former of which of his reign. The supposition that this places the moon will but just be in con- gentleman was Chaucer's father, whether tact with the vertical point of the fun; a knight or not, is strengthened by his but at the latter the defect will be 2 digits making, after leaving the university and 32' upon the lower part of the sun's disk. inns of law, his firft application to the 6. In the lat. 19° north, 31° 23' 4

court; as it is not unlikely that the fereast long. a little to the west of Nubia, vices of the father Mould recommend the the fun will be centrally eclipsed in the E son, 90° of the ecliptick, at 40' 19" after 10. But wherever Chaucer drew his first

7. The center of the penumbra will breath, or whoever was his father, it is leave the earth in the north part of the universally agreed, that he was born in bay of Bengal, in the lat. 18° 23' north, the second year of the reign of king Ed. long. 84° 44' } easy-about 30 leagues ward III. A. D. 1328. His first studies cart of Bimlipatan : Here, at 4' 3'' after

were in the university of Cambridge, 12, the sun will set centrally eclipsed. from whence he removed to Oxford, and

8. The penumbra will wholly leave the after a considerable stay there, he beearth g' 29" after 1, in lat. 6° 13' north,


came (fays Leland) “ a ready logician, a 70° 13' east long. at the most northern smooth rhetorician, a pleasant poet, 1 of the Maldivia's, where the eclipse will

great philosopher, an ingenious mathe. end at the sun's supreme point at sun-set.

matician, and a holy divine." Upon Hence,

leaving his learned retirement, he tra9. The duration of the general eclipse

velled into France, Holland, &c. where will be 5 hours a' 54', and of the central he spent some of his younger days. Upon 2 hours 59' 2':

his return, he entered himself into the 10. The velocity of the moon's shadow G Inner Temple ; but had not been long when passing over the earth will be 264

there before his fuperior abilities were miles per minute ; but the velocity where

taken notice of by some persons of difwith it will recede from a given place on

tin&ion, by whore patronage he then apthe earth's illuminated disk, will be less

proached the splendor of the court. He than it. Thus, for example, its recer.

was now about the age of 30, and be



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1753 The Life of CHAUCER.

399 fides the advantages of wit and learning, was in great favour with K. Richard II. was remarkable for the comeliness of his who, among other benefactions, restored person, and his genteel behaviour ; fo to him his grant of a pitcher of wine that he now became a finished courtier. daily, and a pipe annually, to be deliHe was first made page to the king, a vered to him by his son Thomas, then place then of great honour. In the 41st chief butler to the king. But being now year of Edward III, he received an an- about 70 years of age, he quitted the nuity of 20 marks per ann. which was A Atage of grandeur, and retired to Dunninge no inconsiderable pension in those days. ton-Cattle, near Newbury, in Berkshire, The year after he was advanced to be of to reflect at leisure upon past transactions the king's privy chamber, and soon after in the still retreats of contemplation. In his field-bearer. He now contracted this retirement he spent his remaining friendships, and procured the esteem of days, universally loved and honoured: persons of the first quality : Queen Phi- He was familiar with all men of learning lippa, the duke of Lancaster, and his in his time : Gower, Oceleve, Lidgate, dutchess Blanch Thewed particular honour and Wickliffe our first reformer, were his to him ; and lady Margaret the king's


great admirers and particular friends : He daughter, and the counters of Pembroke, was also well acquainted with foreign gave him their most zealous patronage as poets, particularly Francis Petrarch, the a poet. In his poems called the Romaunt famous Italian poet, and refiner of the of the Rore, and Troilus and Creseide, he language. After a retirement of about gave offence to some court ladies by the two years Chaucer died, 0&. 25, 1400, looseness of his description, which the in the 720 year of his age, and in the 2d lady Margaret resented, and obliged him of the reign of Henry IV. He had two to atone for it by his Legend of good C fons, one of which, viz. Thomas, aboveWomen, a piece as chaste as the others mentioned, made a great figure in the were luxuriously amorous ; and, under fate, in the reigns of Richard I), and the name of the Dailey, he veils lady Henry IV. V. and VI. Margaret, whom of all his patrons he Dryden says, our Chaucer was poet mort esteemed.

laureat to three kings ; but Urry is of By the recommendation of the dutchers opinion that Dryden must be mistaken, as Blanch, he married Philippa Rouet, fifter among all his works not one court poem to the guardianess of her grace's children,


is to be found; and Selden observes, that who was a native of Hainault. In the he could find no poet honoured with that 46th year of the king's reign, he was title in England before the reign of Ed. lent, in commission with others, to treat ward IV. to whom one John Kaye dediwith the doge and senate of Genoa ; and cated the Siege of Rhodes in prose, by for his successful negotiations there, the the title of his Humble Poet Laureat. king granted to him by letters patent, by The following words of Urry will very the ti le of Armiger Nofter, one pitcher of well display the character of this great wine daily in the port of London, and

" As to his temper, says he, he foon after made him comptroller of the E had a mixture of the gay, the modeft, customs. The duke of Lancaster, whore and the grave. His reading was deep and favourite passion was ambition, which re- extensive, his judgment found and dir. quired the assistance of men of ability cerning ; he was communicative of his and learning, engaged warmly in our knowledge, and ready to correct or país poet's intereft ; besides, the duke was re- over the faults of his cotemporary wri. markably fond of lady Catherine Swyn- ters. He knew how to judge of and exford, Chaucer's wife's filter, who was cuse the sips of weaker capacities, and then guardianess to his children, and F pitied rather than exposed the ignorance whom he afterwards married : So that he

of that age. In one word, he was a was doubly attached to him, and with great fcholar, a pleasant wit, a candid the varying fortune of the duke of Lan. critick, a sociable companion, a ftedfast caster, we find Chaucer rise or fall : He friend, a great philosopher, a temperate was now nece arily entangled in the af. æconomist, and a pious christian.' As fairs of fate, which, amidst the various to his genius as a poet, Dryden (than broils and disturbances at court, some- whom a higher authority cannot be protimes proved very prejudicial and even duced) speaking of Homer and Virgil, dangerous to him, and occafioned him G positively afferts, that our author exceeded once to fly his country. On his return, the latter, and stands in competition with he was for some time in very low and the former. distressed circumstances, till the duke of His language, how unintelligible foLancaster's interest reviving, Chaucer's ever it may seem, is almost as modern as good fortune returned with it, and he any of his cotemporaries, or of thoro




400 The Life of CHAUCER.

Sept. who followed him at the distance of so some of which are juftly suspected not so or 60 years.

have been his. The comedies imputed

to him are no other than his Cante bary An Account of CHAUCIR'S Works.

Tales, and the Tragedies were those the The Court of Love was written while monks tell in his Tales. The Teftamea: he refided at Cambridge, in the 18th year of Love was written in his trouble the of his age. The Craft Lovers was write latter part of his life. The Song begiaten in 1348, and the Remedy of Love A ning, Fly fro the Prest, &c. was writtes probably about the same time. The La. in his death-bed. mentation of Mary Magdalen, taken from Origen, was written by him in his early A Specimen of Cravcer': Poetry. years, and perhaps Boethius de Consola.

The PARDONERS PROLOGUE. tione Philosophiæ was tranpated by bim about the same time. The Romaunt of Lordings! quoth he, in chirch when I the Role is a translation from the French: preche,

(peche; It seems to have been tranNared about I paine mee to have an have an hauteire

B the time of the rise of Wickliffe's opi. And ring it out, as round as doth a bell; nions, it confisting of violent invectives For I can all by rote that I tell. against religious orders. The Complaint My teme is always one, and ever was, of the Black Knight, is supposed to (Radix omnium malorum eft cupiditas) be written on account of the duke First, I pronounce fro whence I come, of Lancaster's marriage. The poem of And then my bills, I thew all and some : Troilus and Creseide was written in Our liege-lords seal on my patent! the early part of his life. The House of That thew I first, my body to warrent; Fame ; from this poem Mr. Pope ac. C That no man be so bold, prieft ne clerk, knowledges he took the hint of his Tem- Me to difturb of Christ's holy werke ; ple of Fame. The book of Blaunch the And after that I tell forth my tales, Duchess, commonly called the Dreme of Of bulls, of popes, and of cardinales, Chaucer, was written upon the death of Of patriarkes, and of bishops I Mew; that lady. The Assembly of Fowls, or Par- And in Latin I speake wordes a few, lement of Briddis, was written before the To saver with my predication, death of queen Philippa. The Life of St. And for to stere men to devotion. Cecilia seems to have been firma fingle D Then shew I forth my long, chriftall stones, poem, afterwards made one of his Canter- Ycrammed full of clouts and of bones ; bury Tales, which is told by the second Relickes they been, as were they, echone! Nonne : And so perhaps was that of the Then have I, in Latin a fhoder-bone, Wife of Bath, which he advises John of Which that was of an holy Jewes-thepe. Gaunt to read, and was afterwards in- Good men, say, take of my words kepe! serted in his Canterbury Tales. The Can- If this bone we washen in any well, terbury Tales were written about the year If cow, or calfe, Thepe, or oxe (well 1383. It is certain the Tale of the Nonnes That any worm hath eaten, or hem strong, Priest was written after the insurrection E Take water of this well, and wall his tong, of Jack Straw and Wat Tyler. The And it is hole a-non : And furthermore, Flower and the Leaf was written by him of pockes, and scabs, and every rore in the Prologue to the Legend of Gode Shall thepe be hole, that of this well Women. Chaucer's ABC, called la Priere Drinketh a draught : Take keep of that de nostre Damê, was written for the use I tell! of the duchess Blanch, La belle Dame sans If that thc good man, that beasts oweth, Mercy, was translated from the French of Woll every day, ere the cocke cruweth, Alain Chartier, secretary to Lewis XI.


Fasting drink of this well, a draught, king of France. The Complaint of Mars (As thilk holy Jew our elders taught) and Venus was translated from the French. His beasts and his stores Mall multiplie : The Complaint of Annilida to false Ar- 'And Sirs, also it healeth jealousie, cite. The Legend of Gode Women (called For, tho' a man be fall in jealous rage, the Affembly of Ladies, and by some the Let make with this water his potage, Nineteen Ladies) was written to oblige And never wall he more his wife misrift, the queen, at the request of the counters Thughe, in sooth, the defaut by her wift: of Pembroke. The Treatise of the Con- All had she taken priests two or three ! clufion of the Astrolabie was written in G Here is a mittaine eke, that ye may see. the year 1391:.

Of the Cuckow and He that has his hand well put in this Nightingale; this seems by the description

mittaine ; to have been written at Woodstock. The He 'Thall have multiplying of his graine, Ballade beginning, In Feverre, &c. was a When he hath rowen, be it wheat or oles ; compliment to the countels of Pembroke. So that he offer good pens or grotes ! Several other ballads are ascribed to him,


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