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350 Trial of Mr. Barbot for the Murder of Mr. Mills. Aug. came into the room where the deceased's feffed, that he did kill Mr. Mills, but that body was, they called for his pistols, he killed him fairly according to the nowhich somebody brought to them. They tions of honour prevailing among men. were screw.barrel pistols, and the same That the cause of the quarrel was, Mr. then thewed to them. That they exami- Mills calling him at the sale of the estate ned the pistols, and in one they found an impertinent puppy, and refusing afterneicher powder nor ball, nor in the other wards to make any apology, but instead any powder, but only a ball sticking in A thereof saying, that if I thought myself the barrel. That there was not the least injured, he was at my service, when proKain of burnt powder, either about the perly called upon. That upon this secock, or any where else, which must veral letters passed between them, by have been if they had been lately fired, which means they at laft met at the time nor did either of them smell as if lately and place mentioned in the trial; and fired out of. That upon examining the that Mr. Mills had his pistol actually deceased's cloaths, they found upon the presented when he received the shot which right Aap of his coat a Rain of dry powder killed him. and the same upon the inside of his great


Before his execution, which was on And Mr. Baker added, that he

Jan. 20, 1753, he wrote a long narrative put his little finger into the barrel of that of his case in a letter to a gentlemas of one of the pillols which had the ball in St. Kitt's, in which he still invited upon it, and there came off upon his finger his killing Mr. Mills fairly ; but in the a yellowish rusty dirt.

paper be delivered to the provost marsiai Mr. Herbert being a rain called, swore, at the place of execution, he says nothing that a little while after the deceased's of the truth of this narrative, or of his berciy was brought to Mr. Colhoun's houfe Chaving killed Mr. Mills fairly, so that he fearched his pockets, and found in his whether he did so or not is still doubtful; Brecches pockets thice bullets.

but one thing seems to be certain, that The prisoner then came upon his de. Mr. Mills and he met that morning by fence, and after making a very handsome

express appointment, therefore if it was and a very artful speech to the court, he not a fair duel, Mr. Mills must have called his winnefies, one of whom was

been very imprudent; for no prudent man Mr. William Julius, one of the coro. would go single and alone to meet and ner's inquest at St. Kitt's upon the body fight another, without carrying along of the deceased, who swore, that when Dwith him a pair of pistols in good order Johnson was examined before them, he

If M‘Kenley, when he found the de. faid, that he believed it was Mr. Baibot

ceased's sword and pistols in the fituation whom he faw in the canoe, but could not he describes, had asked the boy who put fwear positively to him, for he was a them into that situation ; or if a witnefs musket-shot off.

had been produced at the trial to prove, And another was Mansell Wilkes, who

that the pistols Thewn to Meff. Pringle swore, that ever ince he had known and Baker were the very piftols taken out Johnson, he had always born a bad cha: E of Mr. Mills's holsters when the horse 12&ter, and that he reckoned him a bad

returned, it would have tended to clear The prisoner likewise called feveral' not to understand the proper posture of

up this question ; for Dr. Hamilton seems witneffes to prove, that on Nov. to, the

defence, when a man fights with pistols, king's birth-day, he was during the whole

which is to turn his right side as much day at Nevis ; but his witnesses differed

as posible to his enemy, because he may among themselves as to the day, and the

thereby more probably escape his enemy's prosecutors afterwards brought three

mot, as the fide of his body is not near lo lewomen who all swore, that they had F broad as the front; and a ball, by Nantfeen him on that day at St. Kitt's.

ing upon one of the ribs may take a direc. Then after the prisoner and the counsel tion different from what it had when it for the prosecutors had made their speeches entered the body. as usual to the court and jury, the pre- We have given the more full account fident slimmed up the evidence, and the

of the evidence upon this trial, because jury, after being withdrawn for about

the prcof was founded entirely upon pre: half an hour, brought in their verdict

sumption, without any one witness of guilty, whereupon the usual fertence was Gthe fali,' which is a dangerous fort of pronounced ; and then the prisoner ad. druffing himself to the court said, That

proof, but more necessary to be admitted

in the West Indies than here at home, Grce it could no longer avail him to con.

because negroes are not admitted as witceal the fa?, he would make a frank

nesses, even tho' en ployed to aflii in coniefion of the whole. He then con. committing a crime,


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1753. Ruflia Pot-Ashes. Dr. Addington of the Sea Scury. 351 A genuine ACCOUNT of be Manner of if there is occasion ; the farm 2005 .. HE making beft Russia Port-Ashes. Commu- be made hot with oak or afhet. *6. nicated to the EDITOR by tbe late Sir a strong fire in each fuinas, waschmut PETER WARREN.

burn day and night. HE best kind of Pot. Alhes are those Then the prepared ashes must be throun TWhich being broke appear of a fine gradually on the fire (with a large von 12light bluish colour, intermixed with red dle) when they will run into a metal like and yellowish veins, free from coals, of A lead; the fire must never go out tul tha a strong smell, and extreme quick, poi

furnace is almost full of Pot Ahea. nant tafte ; they are generally in cakes The process being thus finished, and about three or four inches thick.

the furnace cool, the almes muft be broke The best woods for making of Pot.

so as to be taken out, (but the larger Ashes are well grown oak, alh, poplar, the pieces are the better) as foon as the hiccory, elm, hazel, beech, and other Pot-Ames are taken out, the large pieces forts of white woods.

must be put into tight calks by themBut pine, fir, faffafras, liquid amber selves, so that no air may come to thein

B or (weet gum, and all odoriferous woods,

to make them Rack, and get moitt, as well as those which abound with a which damages Pot-Anes. The dust and rozin or gum, must be utterly rejected. small pieces must be put into calks by

The wood must be cut in the months themselves, and distinguished from the of November, December, January and Fe. others by a mark on the heads of the casks. bruary, split and stacked up in piles to dry. It ought to continue stacked ten or

EXTRACT from Dr. ADDINGTON's Ellay twelve months, that it may be thoroughly

on the SEA SCURVY, printed, end dry, before it is burnt.


addressed to the Lords Commissioners of the The wood should be burnt to ashes on

Admiralty at the Request of Dr. STEPHEN a tight brick hearth, by a now fire, in

HALES, and several eminent Pbyfucians. a kind of kiln, or close place, otherwise THE fea-scurvy generally begins with when it is burnt in the open air by a Atrong fire, great quantities of the ashes a difficult respiration, and different-coare consumed in smoak, by the faline loured (pots dispersed over the whole body, and terrestrial, parts being carried up in especially the legs and arms. These symp: fumes before they are separated from the exhalable parts by the adion of the fire;

toms increasing, by degrees are attended D

with a low unequal pulse, lixivial urine, for the difference between burning wood a pale-brown or livid complexion, a in a close place, and burning it in the weakness and swelling, or sometimes open air is so great, that it has been wasting of the legs, a difficulty in walkfound by experience the quantity of alhes ing, acute tranfient pains, frequent bleedobtained from the former are more than ings at the nose, finking breath, putrid double the quantity produced from the gums, loose teeth, ill conditioned ulcers, latter.

and rotten bones. Its virulence has been · The wood being thus burnt into ashes, E ro great as to force open wounds which they must be well fifted thro' two fieves, had been healed for many years; and one finer than the other.

to diffolve the callus of a broken bone. The fifted alhes must be taken and It sometimes occasions sudden death, put into tight square brick troughs, or especially on any exertion of strength, of wooden backs, twenty or thirty in num- on any hafty motion. In the last staze, ber, about four foot deep, covered with which is contagious, it produces horrors water, and well marshed or incorporated, of imagination, trembling; fainting, conwhere they must lay four or five months, that they may thoroughly diffolve, and

vulsive, epileptick fits; weakness of F

memory and reason, lethargies, pallies, attain their due strength.

apoplexies ; purple, livid, and black Care Tould be taken that they are spots; violent effufions of blood from not wetted with spring water, much less every internal and external part of the with what is brackifh, the proper water body; putrid fevers, he&ick, continued, for the purpose being fost river or rain and intermittent; exquisite rheumatick

pains, pleurifies, the jaundice, obitinate Warm open weather is the only time coltiveness, colicks, vomitings, diarrhiceai, for making Pot- Ashes in.

Gdysenteries, mortifications. Two or three furnaces must be made The immediate cause of the fourty is of brick, after the manner of bakers ovens, a state of humours far advanced towards but much larger; the mouth of the furnace putrefaction in the first stage, and quite must be very large, and three or four putrid in the last, which therefore is for holes towards the top of the furnace, to the most part fatal. make it draw, which may be stopped,



This very

Y chan any two counties in England


A DESCRIPTION of YORKSHIRE. Aug. A strong difpofition in the Auids to

delightful forests; and if some be moorish, corrupt, or a real corruption of them, which seems to be the essence of this

miry and unpleasant, others are as fine disorder, may proceed, first, from

and agreeable as the eye can with. It Uncleanliness, in the ship and in her

in general abounds with cattle, fish and

fowl, and is remarkable for a breed of company. The ship is unclean when her bilge water is fuffered to stink *, or her

fine horles, great flocks of goats and decks are not well scraped and washed , A coals. It is famous for medicinal waters,

sheep, and mines of lead, copper and or when freh air is not often conveyed to her dark holes and receffes ; or when

particularly at Scarborough, and has amany putrid effluvia Atream from nuisances

bundance of jet, allum, lime-ftone, lie on board her, such as corrupted food, quorice, &c. Their principal manufac. foul ulcers, fick men, dead bodies, and

cure is coarse cloth ; next to which Rip-. the ordure of animals. Her company

pon spúrs, Sheffield blades, and Sherborn is unclean when they negle&t airing their pins, are of 'especial note. bed cloaths, or changing their linen, or

large county, for the more easy managesweetning their persons.

B ment of its civil government, is divided (Tbe rest of bis EXTRACT in our next.


into three parts, called Ridings, viz. the

East. Riding, the West-Riding, and the A DESCRIPTION of YORKSHIRE, North-Riding, each of which might make

with a GENERAL MAP of sbe wbole a county of itself. County. (See tbe particular Maps of The north and west sides of the Eart. tbe East, Weft and North Ridings in our Riding are bounded by the winding Magazine for 1749.)

course of the Derwent, the south by the ORKSHIRE is of larger extent C Humber, and the east by the German

Ocean ; which part, with that towards joined together. It is equal to the duke- the Derwent, is pretty fruitful, but tlac dom of Wirtemburg in Germany, and middle, called Yorkswould, is nothing contains more ground than all the seven but a heap of mountains. In this divi-, United Provinces. It is go miles long,

sion are three boroughs which send mem80 broad, 360 in circumference, and con- bers, to parliament, viz. Beverley, Hull tains about 3,770,000 acres.

As to its or Kingston upon Hull, and Headon or boundaries, it has Lancashire and West. Heydon. See a particular account of this moreland on the west, part of Weltmore: D. Riding in our Mag. for 1749, with the land and the bishoprick of Durham on the

Map annexed, p. 251, 252. north, Derbyshire, Nottinghamshire and The Weft-Riding, which is the most Lincoln fhire on the south, and the sea or considerable, is bounded by the Ouse, by German ocean on the east; and the south- Lancashire, and by the southern limits of west part just touches upon Cheshire. It the county, and lies towards the south is divided into 28 hundreds, has 563 pa-.

and west. In this divifion are the city of rithes, and 49 market. towns, and sends 30 York, and five boroughs that send memmembers to parliament, viz. two for the E bers to parliament, viz. Knaresborough, county, who in the present parliament are Aldborough, Boroughbridge, Rippon, and lord viscount Downe and Sir Conyers

Pontefrac or Pomfret ; berides Sheffield, D'Arcy, kright of the Bath, two for Wakefield, Hallifax, Leeds, and many the city of York, and 26 for 13 boroughs, other noted towns. See the particular each sending two. No county surpasses description of this Riding, with its Map, this for stately and convenie:.i feats of in our Mag, of the same year, p. 346, the nobility and gentry, nor does any go

347, 348. beyond it in giving titles of honour. ' Its


The North-Riding, a few miles above chief rivers are the Tees, Swide, Warle, Flamborough Head, extends itself in a Ure, Ouse, Derwent, Calder, and Dun; long and narrow tract for 60 miles, as most of which by their consluence form far as Westmoreland to the west, being that great æftuary or river, called the bounded on one lide partly by the Dera Humber, which reparates this county from went, reparatieg ic from the East Riding, Lincolnshire. It is generally blessed with a and partly by the Oure and Ure, dividing wholesome and temperate air, but it must it from the West. Ricing; and on the be supposed, that in a county of ro large other side by the Tees, which parts it extent the foil must be various : And this G from the bithoprick of Durham to the indeed is the case, for if one part be ftony, north, There are five boroughs in this mountainous, randy and barren, another division, viz. Scarborough, Malton, is richly adorned with corn fields and par. Thirtke, Northallerton, and Richmond. tures; if rome places be naked and de. See its descripcion, with the Map of it, Stitute of woods, others are thaded with in our said Mag. for 1749, p. 395, 396.

JOUR * Sea water putrefies so easily by fagnatian, obat ruere is not for sbe moving of the sea by the force of winds, ride and currents, it would corrupt all the world.

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