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RIAL of John Barbot, at St. Chii-

stopher's in the West-ladies, for
the murder of Matthew Mills, Etq;

347 His defence

350 A genuine account of the manner of making best Russia pot-ashes

351 Extra& from Dr. Addington, of the sea fcurvy

ibid. A description of the county of York 352 The JOURNAL of a Learned and Political CLUB, &c. continued

353-367 SPEEC # of Servilius Prifcus on the bill to

permit persons profesing the Jewish
religion to be naturalized by parlia-

353-356 DEBATŁ on the bill for the better preventing of clandestine marriages 356 —

367 SPEICH of Arrianus Maturius in favour

of the bill A recital of former laws relating to mar. riages

357 An account of the several clauses of the bill

360 SPEECH of C. Numissus against the bill

361 Solution of a question in surveying 367 A question concerning Itate trials 368 An arithmetical question proposed ibid. An account of old Henry Jenkins, who lived 169 years

ibid. Inscription on a monument erected to his memory

369 The odious character of a lyar, from the Adventurer

ibid. Of lyes of vanity

370 Mr. Horne's State of the Cafe, &c. defended

371 Of air, light, electricity, &c.

372 Another solution of the surveying question

373 A summary of the most important affairs in last selfion of parliament

373-377 Of the quarentine bill

373, 374 Of the thipwreck'd goods bill 374, 375 Of the mutiny bill

375 Petitions from the exporters of corn about the non-payment of the bounty money


A hill occafioned by them, and observa

tions on bounties upon the exportation of corn

376 Petitions relating to the Turkey trade,

and the bill occafioned by them with observations

376, 377 Of the luminous spaces about the south

pole Queries proposed to the circuiteerers of Great Britain

379 The surprizing Frenca porriwig-maker's comical advertisement

380 Clauses proposed to be added to the late

act against clandestine marriages 387 POETRY. Young Dorilas, a new song, fet to mulick

382 A new country dance

383 To the Rt. Hon. the lord Boyle, on his late marriage to Mifs Hoare

ibid. An address to the muse

33€ To a friend

ibidi The charms of Sally

ibid. The head-ach, to Aurelia Epitaph on brigadier general Hill ibid. Epitaph on a young nobleman, killed in an engagement at sea

ibid. The MONTHLY CHRONOLOGIR 386. Success of the whale fishery

ibid. Coiners apprehended

ibid, Fires

386, 387 Mr. Harvey's tragical story 386 Malefactors executed

387, 388 General court of the Free British Fishery

387 Parliament further prorogu'd

ibid. Irithmen committed for a rape

ibid. Country alīzes

ibid. Shocking story of a person's dying by the bite of a mad cat

ibid. Marriages and births

388 Deaths

ibid. Ecciefiaftical preferments

38g Promotions civil and military ibid. Persons declared bankrupts ibid. FOREIGN AFFAIRS

399 A catalogue of books.

390, 396 Prices of stocks and grain ; wind, weather

392 Monthly bill of mortality


N. B. As the speeches of some of tbe men:bers of tbe Political Club, besides those already givers bave been lately sent in to us, we jħall insert thoje upon tbe Jews bill in our next; and all suce as may bereafter be sent in, upon iba! or any odber subject, we full i ake care to give its obe next following, or some future monib. A beautiful View of Pork, with a description of tbat ciry, fhall be in our next.

RECEIPTS for colletting the LAND Tax and WINDOW LIGHTS, are given Gratis. by R. BALDWIN, Bookseller, ac tbe Rose in Pater-Nofter-Row,

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St. Christopher's, and fell very soon into TRIAL of JOHN BARBOT, at St.

confiderable practice there ; so that before Christopher's, in obe West Indies, for ibe this unlucky affair happened, he had got Murder of MATT. MILLS, E/?; about 800l. before-hand ; and as he had

S the trial, condemna- always been employed by Dr. Webbe
tion, and execution of and his family, he was prevailed on by

John Barbot, attorney the doctor to set up as the purchaser of

at law, for the murder A his estate at the sale, which he was en-
of Matthew Mills, Esq; bled to do, by a gentleman's undertaking
in the island of St. Chril. to endorse his bills for the third part of
topher's, has of late been the price, as that part of the price was

a subject of conversa. to be immediately deposited in good bills tion, and contains some very extraordi- of exchange, by the conditions of fale ; nary circumstances, we tall give our and as Mr. Mills and he had opposite readers a short account of it, beginning interests to pursue at the sale, this brought with as exact an history of the persons op the quarrel between them.

B chiefly concerned as we can collect.

What sort of person of a man, or what Matthew Mills, Esq; was a rich planter age, Mr. Mills was, we have not heard; of the island of St. Christopher's, a gen- but Mr. Barbot is said to have been a tleman of a general good character, and man of a small fize, but sprightly, and highly esteemed in that isand ; and he about, or not much above 25 years of age, was, it seems, a considerable creditor up- when this affair happened. on the estate of Dr. James Webbe, who He was tried at St. Christopher's, Jan. 5, had always been a great friend to Mr. 1753, and charged with having felonioudy Barbot, and whose estate in the inand of C and of.malice forethought murdered Mat. Nevis, was by order of court to be sold thew Mills, Esq; at Frigate.bay in that at a publick sale, for the satisfaction of inand, on Sunday, November 19, about his creditors ; at which fale both Mr. s o'clock in the morning, by giving him Mills and Mr. Barbot were present and with a pistol loaded with powder and nearly concerned, the former to push on leaden bullets, one mortal wound, upon the rale, in order to recover what was due the right side, between the two laft falle to him, and the latter to prevent its taking ribs, and near the back; and the witnesses effect, or to become the purchaser in trust were as follows: for his friend Dr. Webbe, who had very


Peter Carew swore, that at the sale of ill will to have his estate sold to a stranger, Bridgwater's (Dr. Webbe's)eftate, Nov.7, because he had a rich uncle upon the he heard the prisoner say to the deceased, ifland, on whom he hoped to prevail be expe&ted to be treated like a gentleman, or, to pay his debts and preserve the estate, be did not treat bim like a gentleman. which he has fince done.

Thomas Mills.-That at the said sale, John Barbot was born in London, and

upon the prisoner's objecting to the cona was the son of an eminent and substantial ditions of sale, the deceased said, Mr. filversmith, who, it seems, is still alive.


Barbot, rbe conditions of sele are very fair ; At 14. he was bound apprentice to an at. why will you cavil about them? Upon which torney at London for five years, and after the prisoner said, Sir, I expeet to be treated having served his time, he went to Antigua like a gentleman. And the deceased replied, in 1746, as clerk to a gentleman of the law Sir, I shall always triar you and all markind there. About three or four years ago, as such. And he gives good reasons for he got himself admitted as an attorney at believing, that after the fale the deceased Auguft, 1753

X X 2


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348 Trial of Mr. Barbot før ibe Murder of Mr. Mills. Aug. never saw the prisoner, till the morning the prisoner's negro boy brought a red he was killed.

trunk to his house, in which the prisoner Andrew Armour. That some time be- used to carry his things. The doctor tween the 3d and 7th of November, the likewise faid, that at his desire, the pri. prisoner said to him, that Mr. Mills had rover and he, upon Nov. 12. fired several treated him cruelly, and in such a manner. times at a mark, with a pair of. Mrs. as ought never to be forgiven. And that he Darent's pistols, which had brass barrels believed the prisoner meant Mir. Matthew A and filver mounting, and he believed to Mills ; and never heard that before that be thc fame with thore mewn to him in sime he had any quarrel with Mr. Thomas court. That on the 20th Mrs. Dalent or Mr. William Mills, nor did the pri. missed them, and he helping her to search foner then tell him in what manner Mr. for them, found them under the bed in a Mills had behaved to him, to occaton his room where ftoud a red trunk, which he laying fo to him.

believed to be the trunk that the prisoner's Patience Dorset. - That on the king's boy had brought to his house the morning birth-day (Nov. 10,) as she was going of the Igth. That he saw the trunk into Mr. N'Cabee's tavern (in St. Chris B opened : 'That there was a coat and waist. topher's) she heard the prisoner say to coat in it which were moist : That he did two men he was talking with, there Dut on the Saturday night, the 18th, send is a certain gentleman in this inand, that his boyor any of his horses out on any er. within a fortnight he would either kill rand : That the night between Saturday or be killed by. But did not know, nor and Sunday the 13th was a very boisterous had ever seen either of the men he was night ; and that from the time he spoke talking to.

to the prisoner on Saturday night, and Dr. James Webbe, -That at the afore. C the time he saw him riding up to the house said fale, he heard the prisoner say, we in the morning, he believed, he might will be bound by these conditions as far as the have been at Si, Cliristopher's and back Lsw ean bind us and sio fartber; and bar the again. marhal bad no right to make any terms of sale. The witneiles to the will were then 'That he heard the deceased fay, we will called, who swore they witnessed a deed bate no lcboolboys play. That the prisoner written and executed by the prisoner, purchared the estate at his request. That Nov 18, at niglit, but could not be poni. the prisoner and he were intimate." And tive it was a will. after this being asked thus : Did you never


Thomas Hobfon and his fister living hear the prisonet mention any thing of on Bridgwater estate (wore, that on Sa. fatisfaction or ill treatment? Without turday night, Nov. 18, about midnight, objecting to the queition, he answered, Dr. Webhe's boy a

came to their house on never; and afrerwards being asked thus : one of the doctor's horses, about midnight, Did the prioner never say any thing to and said he had been round the island you on the subject of the dispute that had looking for his master. That after puthappened at the sale of Bridgivarer's estate? ting up his horse who was wet, he fayed He, without objecting anfwered, no, he E there all night : That about 8 o'clock next never did. The do&or conferred, that the morning a little gentleman in a white prisoner did, on Nov. 13, in the evening, coat and Silver-laced hat came there, asked write.execute, and deliver to him a deed for Pope, the boy's name, and the moment or writing actcfted by three witnelles, but he saw him, bid him faddle the horse : faid he did not know whether it was his That as soon as he was saddled, after will cr no," nor dia the prisoner then in. asking the boy the nearest way to Dr. form him of his being a 'I gatee in it; Webbe's house, he mounted and rode whereas the doctor had hiid in his exami that way: That he came from towards nation belore the judoes it of the island F the bay, and that the prisoner was the cf Nevis, which was read in court, that very man. the prisoner had triat evening made his Jolin M‘Kenley, swore, that, Nov. 19, pill, and informed him that he was a about 5 o'clock in the morning a negro Jezatec. The doctor further raid, that boy ruined into his chamber, and cried o's the 13th at night, the prisoner went oui, O Lord, master make taste and come to bed at his, the doctor's, house, and that down for my master is figbring with Sword on the 19th in the morning he saw the pri- and pifiols, with a gentleman that is come loner riding up to itis, the dofbr's, house, G from Nevis." That the boy got presently on one othis, the doctor's, horses, and his, again upon his master's horse, galloped the doctor's, negro-boy along with him : down, and he followed on foot. That

Dlat he then had orya whitih coat, a he found the gentleman just expired, tilver-faced hat, and a dark.coloured therefore asked the boy who had killed Watcoat ; and that scoute fame cinie Sis anekti, and that he told him it was


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1753. Trial of Mr. Barbot for the Murder of Mr. Mills. 349
Barbot, who was just gone off in a canoe. sure it was the prisoner, and that he was
That upon going down to the sea-lide, dreired in a brown coat,
"he saw a canoe with four oars and a pad. Edward Bridgwater.– That, Nov. 19,

dle, making very fast from the shore, between nine and ten in the morning, he
about 50 yards off, with some person in saw the prisoner riding over Gruff's gut,
white listing in the stern of the canoe, the nearest way to Dr. Webbe's, on a horse
but did not know who it was. That the of the doctor's.
deceased had on his great coat and his A. John Cribbe.--That, Nov. 17, the pri-
gloves : That his piftols were in the hol. foner hired his canze, to carry some let.
fters on his horse, and his sword fome ters to St. Kicc's, and the canoe returned
distance from him in the scabbard, with the next day in the afternoon. That the
the belt wrapt round the hile.

negroes belonging to her, then took her
William Johnson being then called, his to go a, filling, as he understood, and he
being livorn was,objeded to, because he did not see them again till the 19th about
had been convicted and whipped at Mont- eight o'clock in the morning, soon after
serrat for petty larceny. Answered, by which he asked Peter, wbat luck To
the prosecutor's council, You must pro- B wbich he answered, poor luck; and looking
duce the record of the conviétion. Re- very thoughtful and melancholy, said he
plied for the prisoner, that they did not was troubled ; for that he had been at
know of his being to be produced as a St. Kitt's with Mr. Baroot, who, he was
witness till the day before yesterday, so afraid, had done a great deal of mischief,
that they had not time to procure the for, he believed, he had killed Mr. Mills:
record, but would prove it by witnelles. That it was about ten o'clock in the
But this not being admitted, Johnson was morning he had this discourse with Peter ;
sworn and said, that in his passage from C and that he had not till then heard of Mr.
Nevis to St. Christopher's, Nov. 19, about Mills being killed.
Tix o'clock in the morning, a canoe wich Thomas Quin,-- That he was sent from
four cars and a fail passed by him, in St. Kitt's in pursuit of the prisonev: That
which was the prisoner, dressed in a white he did not arrive at Nevis till about eleven
coat, a laced hat, and a dark coloured o'clock, and that he was sure he was
waistcoat: That it seemed coming from the first that brought the news of Mr.
Frigate-bay, and was ttanding for Nevis; Mills being killed to Nevis. Mrs. Frances
and that as he could then see the whole Dalent and Joseph Herbert, Esq; con-
way between the two, he could say firmed what Dr. Webbe had said about
there was then no other canoe in the finding the pistols ; but said there was

nothing in the trunk but a brown waist-, Thomas Wilson, Esq; swore, that, coat and a black pair of breeches ; and Nov. 19, this Johnson came to him with Mr. Herbert added, that finding them wet, a letter from Mr. Mister of Monferrat. he put his congue to the waistcoat, and That upon his telling Johnson of Mr. found it falt, from which he concluded, Mills being killed, and that it was fup. it must have been wet with ralt water. pored by Mr. Barbot. Barbor ! said he, wby E Dr. Hamilton and Mr. Edwards (wore, I met bim going in a canoe to Novis ibis that, Nov. 19, they were sent for to view morning

the body of the deceased, and found he Jasper Thomas.—That, Nov. 19, be- had been wounded by a ball from some tiveen fix and seven in the morning, he fire arm: That the ball had entered the faw Mr. Cribbe's canoe, with Mr. Hal- right lide at a place which they could not burd's Peter, and Mr. Deverade's Joe in describe better than by drawing a straight it, land just under Lowland church, and line directly from the pap four inches *feemed to have come from the falt ponds. downwards, and then carrying it four That the instant it ftruck the shore, the F inches towards the back. prisoner, who had on a silver laced hat opening the body, they found the ball and whitish coat, jumped out, and after had entered between the two laft false him a little negro boy with a little red ribs, and splintered one of them, and trunk on his head : And that both went had penetrated the body obliquely from towards the town.

the right to the left lide, which was the John Thomas, the fon, fwore to much cause of his death. That they did not the same effect with his father. ,

think the deceased could have received William White (wore, that, Nov. 19, G such a wound if he had been standing in he raw the prisoner in the morning, a posture of defence, because the ball walking up the road that leads to Bridge took its course towards the forepart of water's estate, and believed he came from the left fide. the bay : That he was dressed in a brown Mr. Walter Pringle and Mr. Samuel coat and a laced hat ; and that he was Baker, swore, chat, Nov. 19, when they

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350 Trial of Mr. Barbot for the Murder of Mr. Mills. Aug.


came into the room where the deceased's feffed, that he did kill Mr. Mills, but that body was, they called for his pistols, he killed him fairly according to the nowhich somebody brought to them. They tions of honour prevailing among men. were screw.barrel pistols, and the same That the cause of the quarrel was, Mr. then thewed to them. That they exami- Mills calling him at the sale of the estate ned the pistols, and in one they found an impertinent puppy, and refusing afterneither powder nor ball, nor in the other wards to make any apology, but instead any powder, but only a ball sticking in A thereof saying, that if I thought myself the barrel. That there was not the least injured, he was at my service, when proftain of burnt powder, either about the

perly called upon. That upon this recock, or any where else, which must

veral letters passed between them, by have been if they had been lately fired, which means they at laf met at the time nor did either of them smell as if lately and place mentioned in the trial; and fred out of. That upon examining the that Mr. Mills had his pistol actually deceased's cloaths, they found upon the presented when he received the shot which right flap of his coat a stain of dry powder killed him. and the same upon the inside of his great


Before his execution, which was on And Mr. Baker added, that he

Jan. 20, 1753, he wrote a long narrative put his little finger into the barrel of that of his case in a letter to a gentlemari of one of the pillols which had the ball in St. Kitt's, in which he fill inoited upon it, and there came off upon his finger his killing Mr. Mills fairly ; but in the a yellowish rusty dirt.

paper he delivered to the provoft marmal Mr. Herbert being again called, swore, at the place of execution, he says nothing that a little while after the deceased's of the truth of this narrative, or of his pady was brought to Mr. Collioun's house C having killed Mr. Mills fairly, so that he searched his pockets, and found in his whether he did so or not is still doubtful; Breeches pockets thrce bullets.

but one thing seems to be certain, that The prisoner then came upon his de- Mr. Mills and he met that morning by fence, and after making a very handsome express appointment, therefore if it was and a very artful speech to the court, he not a fair duel, Mr. Mills must have called his wiinties, one of whom was been very imprudent; for no prudent man Mr. William Julius, one of the coro. would go single and alone to meet and ner's inquit at St. Kitt's upon the body

with him a pair of pistols in good order. Johnson was examined before them, he

I M'Kenley, when he found the defaid, that he believed it was Mr. Barbot

ceased's sword and pistols in the fituation whom he faw in the canoe, but could not he describes, had asked the boy who put fwear positively to him, for he was a them into that situation ; or if a witnefs musket-shot off.

had been produced at the trial to prove, And another was Mansell Wilkes, who

that the pistols thewn to Mes. Pringle swore, that ever since he had known

and Baker were the very pistols taken out Johnson, he had always born a bad cha: E of Mr. Mills's holsters when the horse racer, and that he reckoned him a bad

returned, it would have tended to clear

up this question ; for Dr. Hamilton seems The prisoner likewise called feveral' not to understand the proper posture of witneffes to prove, that on Nov. to, the defence, when a man fights with piftols, king's birth-day, he was during the whole

which is to turn his right side as much day at Nevis ; but his witnesses differed

as posible to his enemy, because he may among themselves as to the day, and the

thereby more probably escape his enemy's prosecutors afterwards brought three gen. shot, as the side of his body is not near so tlewomen who all swore, that they had F

broad as the front ; and a ball, by llantfeen him on that day at St. Kitt's.

ing upon one of the ribs may take a direcThen after the prisoner and the counsel tion different from what it had when it for the prosecutors had made their speeches entered the body. as usual to the court and jury, the pre- We have given the more full account fident summed up the evidence, and the of the evidence upon this trial, because jury, after being withdrawn for about the prcof was founded entirely upon prehalf an hour, brought in their verdict sumption, without any one witness of girilty, whereupon the usual sentence was Gthe fact, which is a dangerous fort of pronounced ; and then the prisoner ad. proos, but more necessary to be admitted dreffing himself to the court said, That in the West Indies than here at home, Birce it could no longer avail him to con. because negroes are not admitted as wité cert the fact, he would make a frank

nesses, even tho' employed to allift in con effion of the whole. He then con.

committing a crime, 4

of the deceased, who swore, that when Drehe nanother, without carrying along,

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