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For MAY, 1753.
To be Concmued. itrice Six-Pence each Monta.) Containing, (Greater l'ariety, and more in Quantity, ihan any Monthly Book of the same Price ) 1. An Abitraå of Lord Bolingbroke's Letter XIV. Extracts from Mr. Whitefield's Letto Sir William Windham.
ter, concerning the Moravians. II. Account of Mr. Foote's new Comedy, XV. A prodigious Feast by an Abp. of York. intitet, The Englishman in Paris.
XVI. Of the Volga and Caspian Pirates, IL Considerations on Trade and Taxes. with the terrible Mannerof their Execution. IV. Wonderful Properties of the Bolonian XVII. Ridiculous French Fashions. Stone.
XVIII. Philosophical Account of a Spring. V. A Computation of the Number of in- XIX. A new Kind of Reverberatory Fur
habitants within the Bills of Mortality,
Decrease in the intervals confidered. XXI, Poetry: On the King's Senior VI. A Description of Worceftershire.
Chaplain being unprovided for ; to Miss VW. Lord Bolingbroke's Character of the L-, on her Birth-Day; Love, an Ode ;
Duke of Orleans, and Account of the wrote extempore on a young Gentleman's Pretender's Religion.
going to vifie Herculaneum ; a View of VIII. An ingenious Letter from The Life ; Odes of Horace'imitated ; Friend.
WorID, Mhewing the Folly and Absurdity thip interrupted and restored ; a new of English Families going to France.
Song set to Musick, &c. &c. IX. Mr. Whilton's Character further deiended. XXII. The MONTHLÝ CHRONOLOGER : X. Authentick History of Kouli Khan, con- Sessions at the Old Bailey ; Dr. Cameron tinued.
condemned ; Squires pardoned ; Male. XI. A Mayor of Norwich's Expences for factors execuced, &c. &c. &c.
a publick Dinner, with a remarkable XXIII. Promotions ; Marriages and Births ; Speech on the Occafion.
Deaths ; Bankrupts.
Mr. Craggs, concerning the late Lord XXV. Monthly Bill of Mortality.
XXVI. FOREIGN AFFAIRS
cruel Executions in Russia and Persia, engraved on Copper.
MULTUM IN PARTO. LONDON: Printed for R. BALDWIN, jun. at the Role in Pater-Notter-Row. Of whom may be had, compleat Sets froin the Beginning to this Time, neatly Bound, or
Stitch'd, or any lingle Month to compleat Sets.
UTHENTICK history of Kouli Mr. Hanway's account of the Volga and
Terrible manner of executing them 233 The mayor of Norwich's expences for a Cruelties exercised on the rebels in Perfia publick dinner, in 1561 206
ibid. A remarkable ipeech on that occasion Extracts from Mr. Whitefield's expoftu
ibid. E. latory letter to count Zinzendorf, the A computation of the number of inhabi- head of the Moravians 233, 234
tants within the Bills of mortality, from POETRY. A new song set to musick 235 1701 to 1752, and the increase and Birth-day
ibid. decrease in the intervals considered 207 A new minuet
236 A description of Worcestershire 207, 208 On the king's senior chaplain being unAbstract of lord Bolingbroke's letter to provided for
ibid. Sir William Windham, written in 1717 To Miss L-, on her birth-day, April 25, 209-218 O. S.
237 His account of the Tory and Whig parties Lines wrote extempore by a gentleman to
his friend, on hearing he had left EngHe blames the conduct of the earl of Ox- land, with a design to visit the city of ford
238 of the state of affairs about the time of Love, an ode
ibid. the late king's accession ibid. A view of life
239 His account of himself after his Aying from Anode of Horace imitated
ibid. D. Friendship interrupted by trifles, "reHow he came to embark in the cause of stored and increased by reason ibid
the pretender, and his proceedings Horace, ode 13, B. I. translated by thereupon
240 His character of the duke of Orleans, the Song, by the fame regent of France
The MONTHLY CHRONOLOGI R 240 His interview with the pretender, after A great fire
ibid. the latter's return from Scotland 214 D. Affair of Canning
ibid. His conversation with the earl of Stair, A poisoner committed
ibid. about reverfing his attainder 215, 116 Semons at the Old Bailey
ibid. His character of the pretender, and ac. Feast of the sons of the clergy ibid. count of his religion
Philosophical account of a remarkable Absurdity of having a popish princo to spring
ibid. govern a protestant people 217
A court martial
ibid. Considerations on trade and taxes 218 Acts passed
241, 242 An ingenious letter from the paper called Express from Nova Scotia
24% the World, thewing the great absurdityDr. Cameron receives sentence for high and folly of English families going to trearon
219-222 Petition against the Jews bill ibid. Ridiculous French fashions
Squires the gypsy pardoned
ibid. Properties of the Bolonian ftone, and a Riot at Bristol
ibid. phosphorus made out of it
243 A new kind of reverberatory furnace 223 Marriages and births
ibid. Experiments with the Bolonian stone 224 Deaths
ibid. A further defence of Mr. Whiston's cha: Ecclesiastical preferments
244 vader, in two letters
Promotions civil and military ibid. Translation of lord Stair's letter to Mr. New members
245 Craggs, concerning the late lord Bo- Persons declared bankrupts
246 Account of Mr. Foote's new comedy, A catalogue of books
247 intitled, The Englishman in Paris 228 Prices of stocks and grain ; wind, weaA prodigious feast made by an archbishop ther
248 of York 236 Monthly bill of mortality
ibid. A curious account of the Dresden china ib.
The surveying questions fall be in our next. The letter signed Candidus is long, but we bope pben to give it also a place; as also to tbe letter concerning plaifter of Paris, sbe remarks on savo plays, and Mr. Feacoské's letter comereixg Nir. Wbi 100, Si
The DEBATES in the POLITICAL CLUB
will be continued in our next. Aurbentick Hiftory of NADIR Kouli, or mage, soon after their coronation, to that KOULI KHAN, tbe famous Persian Usurp- tomb; a custom which had been politically Continued from p. 175.
introduced by Shah Abas the great, to PORAZPADIR having by his last put an end to the expensive pilgrimages ,
expedition raised his cha- formerly made by the Persians to Mecca
racter as a general, and A or Medina in the Turkish dominions. N having got about 5000
The Shah was so grateful to his general, men under his command,
that he here conferred upon him his own he began to extend his name, one of the greatest honours a Perviews,and for this pur
fian monarch can bestow, so that from pose he applied and offer
henceforth Nadir Kouli began to be called ed his service to the distressed Shah Tæh
Tähmas Kouli Khan, and the general mas, then in Mazanderan under the pro.
soon added to his former meriç by retection of Fatey Ali Khan, who during B ducing the whole province of Khorasan, the troubles had got himself made chief
and also the province of Herat, under the or governor of that province, the inhabi
obedience of their lawful fovereign ; after tants of which are called Khajars. This
which he continued increasing his army offer the Shah, by the advice and at the and disciplining his soldiers till after the recommendation of Fatey Ali Khan, glad
middle of the year 1729, when he heard ly accepted. Accordingly Nadir, in 1727,
that Alhreff, the Afghan monarch of Per. joined his forces to those under Fatey, to
fia, was marched from Isfahan with a whom he seemed for some time perfe&lyc him in Khorasan.
great army, in order to come and attack submissive ; but as soon as he had got the ear of the Shah, he conspired against
As Nadir, now Tæhmas Kouli Khan, Fatey, accused him of treachery, and
knew that the Afghan army would be with the leave of the Shah, got him mur
much fatigued by such a long march, he dered, by which he became the Shah's was not sorry to hear this news, but he fole and chief general, and thereby got
resolved to prevent their entering Khoa body of about 3000 men under his com.
rasan ; therefore he collected his troops, mand.
and by thort journeys marched to the With this force the Shah, who had no-D plains of Damigoon, upon the very border Ninally the chief command, marched to of Khorasan, having the Shah along with Nishabur in Khorasan, which he entered,
him to encourage bis soldiers. This fiMay 15, 1728 ; and Nadir's reputation
wation, like a most expert general, he for conduct and courage being high in
prudently chore, because he had a fine those parts, the army was soon increased champaign country in front and a ridge to 18,000 men, which was a force superior of almost inaccessible mountains in the to the Abdolles, who were then in pof
rear, so that if he was defeated he had fellion of Mesched; therefore, as they e a safe retreat, and if be got the victory could expect no immediate affiftance from
he had an open country for the purtuit. their allies the Afghans, they retired, and
As the , Afghans had been long aceurthe Shab with his general entered that
tomed to drive the Persians before them, famous city without opposition, which
and had likewise a superiority in num. was a good omen, as the tomb of Imam
bers, their army being above 30,000, Riza, the chief Persian faint, is in that
and the Persians not above 25,000, they city, and it had been long a custom for
marched boldly on, and as soon as they the Persian monarchs to make a pilgri
came up, being October 2, they attacked Сс 2
204 Authentick History of KOULI KHAN. with their usual impetuosity and thout- Thus Nadir returned triumphant to ing; but Kouli Khan had accustomed Isfahan, but without stopping any timo his soldiers to keep close order, and to there, for he foon marched, and after despise their noite : They stood the at. defeating the Turks near Hamadan, retack with such firaness, that the enemy covered that city and Kermanshah from could ro where break in, and then 'at' them, as he foon after did both Tauris tacking in ther turn, before the enemy and Ardeville. Upon this the Turks sued could recover any order, they obtained A for a truce, which he the more readily a compleat, victory in alter which they consented to, as he heard that a new rekilled great numbers of the enemy in bellion was broke out in Herat, which the pursuit, and made themselve matters obliged him to march thither with a conof all their artillery, tents and baggage. siderable part of his army, towards the Alhreff, with the ihattered remains of
end of tbe year 1730. his army, fied first to Tæhiran, and from The truce being ended, and the war thence without itopping to isfahan, where renewed with the Turks, whilft Nadir he recruited his army as much as possible, was employed against the rebels in Herac and encamped at a place called Mourt- B and Khorasan, the Shah Tähmas marched chakhor, about 25 miles cast of that against the Turks, but he was twice de. city, in an advantageous situation, which feated by them in 1731, and they rea he began immediately to fortify, not covered Hamadan and all they had loft doubting his being soon followed and
the preceding year, so that Tæhmas attacked by the victorious Pertian army. found it necessary to conclude a peace
Nadir being willing to have all the glory with them, which he did in the begin as well as all the merit of his future victo
ning of 1732, by yielding to them his ries, prevailed on the weak Shah Tähmas c right to Armenia, Erivan, and Georgia to remain at Tæhiran, whilft he marched and as Nadir had by this time defeated towards the enemy, and he had the fatis- the rebels, and again reduced all the faction to find his army increase daily, as' places both in Herat and Khorasan, the Persians ftocked from all quarters to the Shah wrote to him to disband his his standard. Nov. 13, he attacked the army and return to court; but Nadir Afghans in their camp at Mourtchakhor, having now very much increased his army, and obtained another compleat victory, by engaging great numbers of Abdolles, Alhreff, and such of his troops as could Ouíbegs and other independent Tartars, make their escape, having fied to Isfahan. D instead of obeying his sovereign's orders, Nadir, for what reason is not known, he exclaimed against the peace that had remained two days upon the field of bat- been made, and finding ail his chief tle, which gave the Afghans time to officers of his opinion, and ready to obey march off from Isfahan, and not only to his commands even against their sovereign, carry off every thing that was valuable rather than to allow thernrelves to be dif. from that city, but to put an end to the banded, instead of dibanding his army, life of the unfortunate Shah Huflein, and which was now near 70,000, he marched all the male offspring of the royal family, e with it to Isfahan, seized the Shah Tzhe which was perhaps what Nadir designed mas, fent him prisoner to a fortress in they mould do, and therefore gave them Khorasan, and in an allembly of the chief cime to do it.
men of Persia got him deposed, and his Nov. 16, he entered the city of Isfahan son Abas Myrza, an infant of fx months, without the least opposition; and, De-k old, proclaimed Shah by the name of cember 9, the Shah Tæhmas arrived from Shah Abas Ill, in whose name Nadir als Tæhiran, and was received with the ut. sumed to himself the sovereign power, most respect by his general, and the uni- and presently issued a manifesto disclaim versal acclamations of his people; but F ing the late peace with the Turks. the general would not march against the In consequence of this manifesto Nadir Afghans, who had halted at and taken marched, in Feb. 1733, and reduced Korpoffeßion of Schirals, unless the Shah maosha, which by the late peace had would grant him an absolute and un- been left in the possession of the Turks, limited power to levy money, which he and from thence he marched with his arar last ob:ained, and on Jan. 15, tie gave my of above 80,000 men towards Bagdat, the Afghans another total defeat near forced the several passes upon the Turkish Shirals, after which they were forced G frontier, and arrived, April 30, near the to divide into finall parties, in order to walls of that city, which he invested, get back to their own country, called and intended to have reduced it by faminee Kandahar, but were almost all cut off This he had very near effected; but the together with their Shah Alhreff, in Turkish army under Topal Osman at laft their retreat through the sandy deserts of approached, and a moft furious battle Segellan. .
1953. Authentick History of KOULI KHAN. 205 ensued near Kerkoud in Kourdistan,
there was a smart skirmish between de July 19, which lasted eight hours, with
tachments from both armies near Leilam, doubtful success; but at last the Perians in which the Persians were obliged to were totally routed withi the loss of 30,000 retreat with the loss of 4000 men, which men killed, and 3000 taken prisoners;
encouraged the Turkish army to leave and that part of the army which had been
their intrenchments, and this brought on left to continue the blockade of Bagdat,
a general engagement on the 26th. Vica was likewife attacked and defeated by the A tory stood hovering for a long time, but garison, as soon as they were informed
at last a great part of the Turkish army of the fate of the battle; but as the being thrown into confufion, the brave Persians, encouraged by their general who
Topal Osman was killed in rallying them, had two horses killed under him during
which foon brought on an entire dea the battle, had fought most desperately, feat, with the loss of 40,000 men killed, the loss of the Turks was very near equal belides a great number made prisoners, to that of the Persians, so that they could
and of all their attillery, baggage, &c. make no use of their victory, as their in- As foon as Nadir heard of the death of dolent court neglected to send the rein- B Topal Osman, who was then in the yoch forcements follicited by Topal Osman. year of his age, he ordered diligent search On the other hand, Nadir retreated
to be made for his body, and rent it care. no farther than Hamadan, where his
fully to Bagdat, there to receive from his conduct was very remarkable, for in
countrymen the funeral rites due to his stead of finding fault with his troops, rank. he extolled their courage, and imputed After this victory Nadir intended to beir defeat to some oversights in his
have besieged Bagdat, and as he was own conduct, and chictly to their being C now mafter of the Turkish artillery, lie betrayed by a body of 3000 Arabs they might perhaps have reduced it; but he had in their army, who being bribed by
was diverted by the news of a rebellion the Turks had deserted their posts, and in Farfisan, where a great army had been exposed them to the disadvantage of being gathered together, who declared for reattacked in flank by the enemy. This Noring the Shah Tähmas ; upon which prevented his foldiers from being dir
he marched with 30,000 of his beft horse, heartened by their defeat, and he re- and arrived at Shirass, when the rebels cruited his army with such diligence, that roon after the begir.ning of October Turkey. He immediately attacked and
had hardly received the news of his leaving
D it was rear as numerous as before ; but
defeated their army, and by this he foon to amuse the Turks, he had by letter told put an end to the rebellion, but it furAchmed Basha, governor of Bagdat, that pended his defigns against the Turks for as he refolved to make war like a generous the rest of this year. enemy, he defired him to be prepared, . During the winter Nadir had greatly for that early next year he would be at
encreased his army, with which he Bagdat with a more numerous army than marched northward, and during the folthe former,
Elowing summer he recovered almost all This, however, neither deceived Ach, that the Turks had lately taken from the med nor Topal Osman, for the former Perfians, to wit Tauris, Ganja, Tefflis, immediately ltored his city with a great Shamakic, &c. the formar not having quantity of fresh provifions, and the lat
an army to oppose him any where in fer sent repeated couriers to Conftantino. the field; and in the beginning of the ple for a reinforcement of troops and a year 1735, he fent an ambaffador to Rufsupply of ammunition ; but he had got fia with high compliments, but at the neither, when he heard that Nadir had for p fame time to demand reftitution of what ced the pass of Takajak, which was the the Czar Peter had taken from the Perentrance into Turkey from Hamadan, fans on the Cafpian Tea, which was acand was advancing with his army, upon cordingly reftored, as the Ruffians did which he re-enforced his army with the not think the country worth keeping, neighbouring garisons, and such recruits and the boundaries between the two emas he could ind in the country, and by pires were settled by commiffaries. He this means got together near 100,000 chen returned towards Erivan, wliere the men ; but many of the troops were not Turks had now got an army assembled such as could be depended on, therefore G of 80,000 men, and the Nadir's army did fie chofe an advantageous situation, and not, by reason of many detachments, ex entrenched his army in the plains of A. ceed 55,000, yet by a ftratagem he drew ronia near Mendeli.
the Turks into an ambuscade, by which Nadir, though his army was not so their army was defeated and their general mumerous, advanced boldly, and O&. 22, killed, with the loss of 20,000 men