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184 Account of BAMPFylde Moore CAREW. April purpose of merriment, and had a plen- tions, only hy committing the most wild tiful feat. Carew conceived a strong in. and frantick actions. clination to become one of the company, As Carew's variable temper made him and the next day was initiated into the assume a variety of forms, the same dir. mysteries of that idle society. His pa- position gave him a desire to fee other rents now sent messengers to search for countries; he therefore finding a thip at him; and anxious for his safety took eve- Dartmouth ready to set sail for Newfoundry method of discovering their son, till A land, went aboard this vessel, and arriv. at the expiration of a year and a half, ing at the end of his voyage, observed having heard frequent accounts of the the method of catching and barrelling trouble they were in upon his account, fich, and after having satisfied his curiosi. his heart melted, and he went to his fa- ty, and made all the observations that he ther's house. As he was greatly disguis- thought might be useful to him, he reed both in habit and countenance, he was turned back in the same thip to Dart. not known by his parents ; but when he mouth, when begging in the character of discovered himself, their joy guined from a seaman shipwrecked in a voyage back their eyes, and they welcomed his return B from Newfoundland, he applied to such with the most tender endearments.

merchants and masters of vessels as were His parents now took all possible me. well acquainted with that inand, and bethods to render home agreeable to him, ing able to give a particular account of and to wean him from such an abandoned its rettlements, harbours, fishery, and course of life : And for some time, he inhabitants, gained a considerable booty. seemed inclined to conform himself to Soon after this, being at Newcastle uptheir desires : But at last the evil habits on Tyne, where he made a very genteel he secretly longed to indulge, and the C appearance, he fell desperately in love ideas of the unlicensed freedom he had with the daughter of an eminent apotheenjoyed in the company of these vaga- cary and surgeon, a young lady whose bonds, made him break thro' every sense beauty was equal to that of any of her of filial piety, affection, and gratitude, fex. He here nåade use of all his art, and without taking leave of any of his and as his person was very agreeable, did relations, direct his steps to the place not find her greatly averse to his propowhere he first entered into this wretched sals of marriage ; he now pretended to community, and finding some of the gyp. be the mate of a collier's vessel that lay fies there, changed both his manners and in the harbour, and the captain had the his dress, and forgot his family, his friends, D villainy to favour the deceit. The young and education.

lady was fatisticd with this, and soon The first disguise he put on, was that coníented to leave her parents, and to fail of a poor shipwiecked failor; when hay- with him to Dartmouth, where being ing counterfeited the paties and certifi- arrived, he was no longer able to concates that were neceflary for him to tra- ceal his belonging to a vagabond society vel unmolested, he found him'elf perfect- of artful beggars, and therefore after ly able to impose on the humanity of some previous introduction, told her the mankind. He next assumed the form of E dreadful secret. Shocked and confound. a plain honest country farmer, and pre- ed as the must be at this discovery, her tended, that having lived in the ine of Jove to the impostor soon got the better of Shoepy in Kent, his grounds had been her pride and just resentment : When overflowed, and all his cattle drowned : setting out for Bath, their marriage was His habit was now neat, but rustick ; his solemnized with a splendor little suitable air and behaviour simple and inoffensive, to their circumstances. From hence they his speech in the Kentish dialect, his coun- went to Bristol, where they lived for some tenance dejected, and he pretended that time in a very elegant manner, and then a wife and leven tender helpless children,

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taking a journey into Hampshire, went were partakers in his misfortunes. He to pay a visit to an uncle of Carew's, next learnt the art of catching rats, from that lived at Gosport, who treated them a person of that profession, and dressing with the greatest hospitality, made use of himself like his master, followed a much every argument to reclaim his nephew, more honourable employment than he and even enforced his admonitions, with had done before. An employment, promises of providing for bim while he which, tho' mean, is at least honest, and lived, and making him his heir when he in which he was capable of being useful G died ; yet nothing could prevail upon him to society. He next threw aside his

to relinquith his mean and dishoneft emcloaths, and covering himself with a ployment. blanket, and assuming the character of On his leaving his uncle's, he bethought Mad Tom, raised considerable contribu- himself of a new stratagem, and equip.

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1753. Account of BAMPFYLDE MOORE CAREW, 185 ping himself in a clergyman's habit, put ness, and he answering in the affirmative, on a band, a large white wig, and a he was sent in to get his dinner, with a broad-brimmed hat. His whole deportpromise, that after they had dined they ment was Rill agreeable to his dress, his would make a trial of his abilities. Dinpace was solemn and low, his counte- ner being over, he was called into a great nance grave and thoughtful, his eyes turn- parlour among a large company of gen. ed on the ground; from whence, as if tlemen and ladies. Well, Mr. Ratcatchemployed in secret ejaculations, he would A er, said Mr. Portman, can you lay any raise them to heaven : Every look and scheme to kill the rats without hurting action (poke his want; but at the same my dogs. Yes, yes, replied Carew, I time, the hypocrite seemed overwhelmed mall lay it where even the cats cannot with that name which modeft merit feels, climb to reach it.-And what countrywhen obliged to follicit the cold hand of man are you?-A Devonshire man, an's charity. This artful behaviour excited please your honour.-What's your name? the curiosity of many people of fortune Carew perceiving, by some smiles and to enquire into his circumftances, but it whispers, that he was known, replied, was with much seeming reluctance that B by telling the letters of which his name he acquainted them, that he had for ma. was composed. This occafioned a good ny years exercised the sacred office of a deal of mirth, and Mr. Pleydell, of Sc. clergyman, at Abheruftuth, a parish in Andrew's, Milbourn, who was one of the Wales, but that the government chang- company, expressed some pleasure at feeing, he had preferred quitting his bene- ing the famous Bampfylde Moore Carew, fice, (tho' he had a wife and several small whom he said he had never seen before. children) to taking an oath contrary to Yes, but you have, laid he, and given me his principles. This relation he accom- C a suit of cloashs. Mr. Pleydell was fure panied with frequent fighs, and warm prised, and desired to know when it was ; expressions of his trust in Providence, Carew asked him if he did not remember And as he perfectly knew those persons his being met by a poor wretch, with a it was proper to apply to, this stratagem stocking round his head innead of a cap, succeeded even beyond his expectations. an old woman's ragged mantle on his But hearing that a vessel, on board of Toulders, no shirt to his back, nor Stockwhich there were many quakers, bound ings to his legs, and scarcely any shoes to for Philadelphia, was cast away on the his feet, who told him that he was a poor coast of Ireland, he laid aside his gown

D unfortunate man, caft away near the caand band, cloathed himself in a plain naries, and taken up, with 8 thers, by fuit, and, with a demure countenance,

a Frenchman, the rest of the crow', 16 in applied to the quakers, as one of those number, being drowned ; and that after unhappy creatures, with great success, having asked him some questions, he gave and hearing that there was to be a meet- him a guinea and a fuit of cloaths. This ing of them from all parts, at a place Mr. Pleydell acknowledged, and Carew called Thorncombe in Devonshire, he replied, that was no other than the ex. made the best of his way thither, and E pert rat-catcher now before you. AC joining the assembly, with a feeming mo- This all the company laughed very heardeft affurance, made his care known, tily; and Mr. Pleydell, and several others, and satisfying them by his behaviour, offering to lay a guinea that they mould that he was one of the sect, they made a know him again, let him come in what considerable contribution for his relief, form he pleased, and others asserting the

With such wonderful facility did he ar. contrary, Carew was desired to try his sume every character, that he often de- ingenuity ; and some of the company ceived those who knew him beft, and following him out, let him know, that were most positive of his not being able

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on such a day, the same company, with to impose upon them. Coming one day several others, were to be at Mr. Pleyto Mr. Portman's at Brinson, near Bland. dell's. ford, in the character of a rat-catcher, When the day arrived, he got himself with a hair cap on his head, a buff girdle close thaved, and dressing himself like an about his waist, and a tame rat in a lit- old woman, put a high-crowned hat on 'tle box by his side ; le boldly marchied his head, borrowed a little hump. backed

up to the house in this disguise, tho' his child of a tinker, and two others of a person was known to all the family ; G beggar, and with the two last at his back, and meeting in the court with the Rev. and the former by the hand, marched to Mr. Bryant, and several other gentlemen, Mr. Pleydell's ; when coming up to the whom he well knew, asked if their ho. door, he put his hand behind him, and nours had any rats to kill. Mr. Portman pinching one of the children, let it a roarreplied by asking him if he knew his busi- ing, and gave the alarm to the dogs, whe April, 1753

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180 Diffolution and Concretion of folid BODIES. April it, were originally formed of particles particles which composed this plaister stone separated from water. So says the Mo- of both kinds, were once suspended in faick account of the creation ; and so have a fluid, in water surrounding and coversaid all the philosophers of old time, with- ing the face of this glube. As the larger out the asistance of inspiration, from and ingle grains, and the matres formed the mere principles of reason. There of smaller are in the former case the same was a time, lie also observed, when all salt, so in this the matter forming the the solid matter of the globe, at least A large pellucid Aiakes, and the complex that of its whole surface to a certain depth, and less clear masses, is the same. The far beyond all that we dig in mining, was fluid evaporated in different degrees and again taken up and suspended in water : quantities, and when it palled off Nowest The hardest rocks are evidently composed gave opportunity for the clearer, larger, of particles once thus swimming in a quid, and finer flakes : When more rapidly, since fea Mells are found immersed in the same matter formed itself into smaller them, and could not otherwise have been flakes, though of the same general form let into them. These two kinds of plaister

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and shape ; and these coalesced, through stone, continued he, were in the same the hurry of the operation, into lumps manner formed of particles separated from of different bizness, according to that water: If we would know how, we hurry, or to the somewhat lower evapo. may see it explained in the concre- ration. tion of common falt. Water will dir. You will acknowledge, as I did, that folve it, and will retain it diffolved; but every thing was very fairly explained as soon as the sun and wind, or the more by this system, except for one unlucky speedy operation of a fire, have eva- circumftance, which is, that plaifter of porated some part of the water, the salt C Paris is not soluble in water; that falt can be no longer sustained in what re- thrown into that fluid will instantly melt mains ; but is separated, and forms a in it, but that if this stone lies for ever solid body, or a number of solid bodies, at the bottom of a river, it will not lore adhering to the sides of the vertel.

a grain of its weight. I made the objecIt is not only, continued M-s, the tion, and M-s, after a preparation, such general formation of those stones that is as had preceded the other, went through thus explained by that of the mooting the difficulty in a better manner than any of a diffolved salt into a polid form. Truth, D who have written on it, and upon very when brought into a system, generally different principles. This philosophy, like answers many more purposes than were every thing else about him, is new ; but at first expected. If the water have eva- you will be pleased, if you are not perporated Nowly, the salt forms itself in feetly satisfied with it. You Mall have its folid state more regularly ; if it have it in another letter; for the present, good been carried off quickly, the masses are night; I have carried myself beyond my more confused. Supposing it common time, almost beyond my paper. fea salt that had been diffolved in the water, the regular figure of its cryftal is a cube : E If the water be evaporated gradually,

To the AUTHOR of the LONDON the salt Moots into thee regular crystals,

MAGAZINE. and all the articles are large, transparent,

SIR,

N ingenious of the evaporation have been quicker, the

ration becomes confused, and instead has done me the honour to mention my of large and separate crystals, there are State of ibe Cale between Sir Isaac Newton formed irregular matres formed of smaller, F and Mr. Hutchinson, putting at the same leso regular, and less pellucid crystals, time a question to me upon one particular thrown together without any order. It part of it. (See p. 121.)--I had mewn is not uncommon in our salt pans, where from Sir Isaac Newton, that it was his the process is continually performed, and opinion, that the operations of nature all parts of it not equally attended to, were carried on by a fluid, rarer at some to see different quantities of the falt places than at others, and acting by imin the different parts of the pan of pulle from the centre of the system outquite varinus figures; that which has wards to the extremities : From whence, concreted during a fiercer heat is in confu. G as impulse neceffarily implies contact, I led martes, that which has concreted during left it to be considered by the learned, a power evaporation is in larger and sepa- whether motion by impulse and contact rate crystals.

could be carried on without what we call In the same manner, continued he, an absolute plenum, or wliether it must with great clearners and propriety, the not immediately cease, if any of the im

pelling

and of a cubiek form : 1f, on the contrarse Ansedates lois letter from Oxford,

1753. The Question about a PLENUM answered. 180 pelling particles were separated from each powerful the farther it is distant from the other by a gap of void space? The question electrified body, and the reason why it put by the learned gentleman upon this is so is, because it is more dense. At and is_ How is it possible to conceive this near the centre, where it is most rare fluid medium to be denser or rarer in one and subtle, it is most powerful and acplace than in another, if we do not fup- tive, the parts of it being in the most pore a vast number of interstitial vacuities violent motion ; but as it gets farther off, to be in that place where it is rarer ?" A the motion languithes and decays, the To which I beg leave to reply as follows. force and power abates, and the fluid I defined rarer to be, consisting of particles becomes more dense, gradually returning of a smaller fize, p. 60; and I apprehend to the state it was in before the electrical there may as well be a plenum of small machine had rarified and subtilized it. particles as of large ones, only in one The remaining paragraph contains, I case there are more in number than think, nothing more than the first obin the other. E. g. a receiver is full of jection stated in other words ; lo hall air, or large particles ; exhaust them, take my leave of the ingenious gentleand it is full of light or small particles,

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man, returning him my sincere thanks, that come in thro' the pores of the glass, which I always eftcem due to any one as the others go out by the pump. For who shall give me an opportunity of conthus in the experiment referred to, p. 45, firming and explaining any thing I have Sir Ifaac found, that a thermometer in said that may be right, or retracting any vacuo was as soon affected by the heat thing that is otherwise. By inserting this in the room as one in the open air, which in your next Magazine you will oblige demonstrated that fiuid was very con

SIR, tiguous and continuous from the fire to C Magdalen-college, Your humble servant, the thermometer in vacuo as to that in Oxford, Apr. 13, 1753.

G. HORNE. the open air, i. e. that there was as absolute a plenum in the one case as in the A particular Account of the Massacre that other; and it is impossible to suppose

befel Capt. Codd, and bis People, in tbe them affected in either without such

Ship Marlborough of Bristol, after they a plenum. The only difference is, that

bad palled the Bar of Bonny, on ibe the plenum in the air was composed of

Coast of Africa, by the Rising of rbe Slaves. large and small particles promiscuously,

In a Letter from John Harris (wbo conthe plenum in the exhausted receiver, of

D ducted the Bonny Slaves on Sbore, and small ones only. And fo Sir Isaac molt thereby saved bis own Life) to bis Farber in admirably expresses it-" Is not this ex

Bristol. (See p. 91.) terior heat conveyed thro' the vacuum

MHE IIth of October last we got by the vibration of a medium far more over the bar of Bonny, and the SUBTLE than air ?" 1. e. whose parts are 14th, being a fine day, our captain fraller and firer, not at a greater dftarce thought proper to wash the Naves, 10 orfron each other, which is the sense this dered tubs and swabs to be got ready ; gentleman seems to take the word rare in. E all the people being bury, except the

The gentleman is pleased to allow, that centries, the Gold-coast slaves rose upon as to the electrical experiment I have the quarter deck, and aiarmed the whole mentioned, p. 62, “í we have from thence Thip, knocked the centries down at the fome reason to suppore, that there is barricado, and torfed them over-board ; such an electrical stream continually iTuning then taking a blunderbuss up, they from the sun, and that this may poilibly knocked the captain down with the butbe the cause of the motions of the planets;' end, who got up again, and made the he adds" but no one, I believe, will f best of his way up into the fore-top: fuppose, that this electrical strcam is the We stood the awning as well as we mire dera e cr powerful the farther it reaches could, having nothing to defend ourselves from the center of the electrified body; but an empty musket, and a few platlince know by experiment, that form boards

3 we had not been there long it reaches but to a certain distance, and before they kided our boatswain's mate grows the less powerful the farther it is and another man; then seeing it was in distant from the center of the electrified vain to stand any longer, we made to the body." The learned gentleman in this rigging, some to the mizen-top-mast passage, if I mistake him not, seems to

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head, and others to the main-top, where make derse and powerfulsynonymous terms, we stood and saw their barbarity, who or to affert that the porver of the fluid arises fired up at us all the time ; our doctor from its denfity, which I humbly appre- and another man got into the puni, and hend it does not. The electrical stream were barbarously murdered; they shot (as he very rightly observes) is the less the doctor in his fide, then taking a guin,

ftruck

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Account of BAMPFYLDE MOORE CAREW. April came out with open throats, so that he percargo of a vessel that was cast away tween the crying of the child, and the coming from Sweden, in which were dis barking of the dogs, the family was suf- whole effects, none of which he had been ficiently disturbed. This brought out the able to save. The duke seeing the name maid, who detired the fuppofed old wo- of Bampfylde Moore Carew, and knowman to go about her business, telling her, ing those names to belong to families of the disturbed the ladies, God bless their the greatest worth and note in the west ladyships, replied Carew, I am the un- A of England, asked him several questions fortunate grandmother of these poor help. about his family and relations, when be. less infants, whose dear mother, and all ing surprised that he should apply for rethey had, was burnt at the dreadful fire lief to any but his own family, which at Kirton, and hope the good ladies will, was so well able to assist him, Carew refor God's sake, beflow something on plied, that he had disobliged them by the poor familhed infants. This pitiful some follies of youth, and had not seen tale was accompanied with tears, and the

them for some years. The duko treated maid going in, soon returned with half a him with the utmost humanity, and callcrown and a mess of broth, on which, Bing a servant, had him conducted into an going into the court to eat it, it was not inner room, where being shaved by his long before the gentlemen appeared, and grace's order, a servant was sent to him all relieving him, he pretended to go with a suit of cloaths, a fine Holland away, when setting up a tantivee, tan- Thirt, and every thing necessary to his tivee, and an halloo to the dogs, they making a genteel appearance ; he was turned about, and some of thein then re- then called in to the duke, who was litcollecting, from his altered voice, that it ting with several other persons of quality, could be no other but Carew, he was who were all taken with his person and called in), when all examining his features, behaviour, and presently raised for him a they were highly delighted, and reward- supply of 10 guineas. His grace being ed him for the entertainment he had given engaged to go out that afternoon, desired them.

that he Mould stay there that night, and Carew so easily entered into every cha- gave orders that he mould be handsomely raéter, and moulded himself into so many entertained, leaving his gentleman to diffcient forms, that he gained the highest keep him company. But the duke was applauses from that apparently wretched scarcely gone, when Carew found an op

D community to which he belonged, and portunity to set out unobserved towards foon became the favourite of their king, Basingstoke, where he went to a house who was very old. This flattered his frequented by some of his community. low ambition, and prompted him to be He treated the company, and informing continually planning new stratagems, a- them of the bold stratagem he had exmong which he executed a very buldone ecuted, the whole place resounded with on bis grace the duke of Bolton : Dren- applause, and every one acknowledged ing lini elf in a sailor's ragged habit, and that he was most worthy of succeeding going to his grace's seat near Basingstoke E their present king. in Hamp:hire, he knocked at the gate, In this disguise he imposed upon several and with an assured countenance, defired others, and having spent some days in admittance to the duke, or at least that hunting with the late col. Strangeways, tlie porter would give his grace a paper at Melbury in Dorset, the conversation which he held in his hand : But he ap- happened one day at dinuer to turn on plied in vain, but not being discouraged, Carew's ingenuity; the colonel seemed he waited till be at last saw a servant surprized that several who were so well come out, and telling him that he was a f acquainted with him, should have been very unfortunate man, desired he would ro deceived: Asserting, that he thought be so kind as to introduce him where he it imposible for Mr. Carew to deceive might speak with his grace ; as this ser- him, as he had so thoroughly observed vant had no interest in locking up his every feature and line in his countenance; mater, he very readily promised to com- on which he modestly replied it might ply with his request, as soon as the por- be so, and some other subject being started, ter was off his stand ; which he accord. the matter dropped. Early the next morningly did, introducing him into a hall ing Carew being called upon to go out where the duke was to pass thro'. He G with the hounds, defired to be excused, had not been long there, before the duke which the colonel being informed of, came in ; upon which he clapped his knee went to the field without him. Soon to the ground, and offered him a petition, after, Carew came down stairs, and Nightly felting forth, that the unfortunate periti- enquiring which way the colonel geneoner, Bampfylde Moore Carew, was rua rally returned, walked out, and going to

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