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And after, every of this happy number,
Ros. It is not the fashion to see the lady the epiAccording to the measure of their states.
logue ; but it is no more unhandsome, than to see
the lord the prologue. If it be true, that good wine Meantime, forget this new-fall'n dignity, And fall into our rustic revelry :
needs no bush,? 'lis true that a good play needs no Play, music ;~and you, brides and bridegrooms all, bushes; and good plays prove the better by the help
epilogue : Yet to good wine they do use good With measure heap'd in joy, to the measures fall. Jaq. Sir, by your patience : If I heard you righuly, am neither a good epilogue, nor cannot insinuato
of good epilogues. What a case am I in then, that The duke hath put on a religious life, And thrown into neglect the pompous court ?
with you in the behalf of a good play? I am not
furnished like a beggar, therefore to beg will not Jaq. de B. He hath. Jaq. To him will I: out of these convertites
become me: my way is, to conjure you, and I'll There is much matter to be heard and learn'd.
begin with the women. I charge you, O women, You lo your former honour I bequeath: (T6 Duke s. for the love you bear to men, to like as much of this Your patience and your virtue well deserve it:
play as please you :4 and I charge you, O men, for You (T. ORLANDO) to a love that your true Faith the love you bear to women (as i perceive, by your doth merit:
simpering, none of you hate them,) that between You (T. OLIVER) to your land and love, and great a woman," I would kiss as many of you as had
you and the women the play may please. If I were allies :You (To Sylvius) to a long and well deserved beards that pleased me, complexions that liked bed :
me, and breaths that I defied not: and I am sure, And you [To Touchstone) to wrangling; for thy
as many as have good beards, or good faces, or loving voyage
sweet breaths, will, for my kind offer, when I make
(Exeunt. Is but for two months victual'd :-So to your plea-curt'sy, bid me farewell. sures;
OF this play the fable is wild and pleasing. I know not I am for other than for dancing measures.
how the ladies will approve the facility with which both Duke S. Stay, Jaques, stay.
Rosalind and Celia give away their hearts. To Celia Jay. To see no pastime, I:-what you would have much may be forgiven for the heroism of her friendship. I'll stay to know at your abandon'd cave.' (Exit. The character of Jaques is natural and well preserved. Duke $. Proceed, proceed : we will begin these The comic dialogue is very sprightly, with less mixture rites,
of low buffoonery than in some other plays; and the And we do trust they'll end in true delights.
graver part is elegant and harmonious. By hastening
to the end of this work, Shakspeare suppressed the (A dance. dialogue between the usurper and the hermit, and lost
an opportunity of exhibiting a moral lesson, in which he I The reader feels some regret to take his leave or miglie have found mauer worthy of his highest powers.
JOHNSON. Jaques in this manner : and no less concern at not meel. ing with the faithful old Adam at the close. It is the more remarkable that Shakspeare should have forgni. 4 This is the reading of the old copy, which has beon ten him, because Lodge, in his novel, makes him captain altered to as much of this play as please them, but of the king's guard.
surely without necessity. It is only the omission of the 2 lt was formerly the general custom in England, as s at the end of plrase, which gives it a quaint appear. it is still in France and the Netherlands, to hang a bush ance, but it was the practice of the poet's age. of ivy at the door of a vintner: there was a classical 5 The parts of women were performed by tnen or boya propriety in this; ivy being sacred to Bacchus.
in Shakspeare's time. 3 Furnished, dressed
6 i. e. chat I liked.
ALL'S WELL THAT ENDS WELL.
PRELIMINARY REMARKS. THE fable of All's Well that Ends Well is derived | Bertram, and most fair readers have manifested their
from the story of Gilletta of Narbonne in the Deca. abhorrence of him, and have thought with Johnson that merone of Buccaccio. It came to Shakspeare through he ought not to have gone unpunished, for the sake not the medium or Painter's Palace of Pleasure: and to only of poetical but of moral justice. Schlegel has rebe found in the first volume, which was printed as early marked that Shakspeare never attempts to mitigate the as 1566. The comic parts of the plot, and the characters impression of his unleeling pride and giddy dissipation. of the Countess, Lafeu, &c. are of the poet's own crea He intended merely to give us a military portrait ; and Lion, and in the conduct of the fable he has found it expe. paints the true way of the world, according to which the dient to depart from his original more than it is his usual injustice of men towards women is not considered in a custom to do. The character of Helena is beautifully very serious light, if they only maintain what is called drawn, she is an heroic and parient sufferer of adverse the honour of the family. The fact is, that the confortune like Griselda, and placed in circumstances of struction of his plot prevented him. Helen was to be almost equal difficulty. Her romantic passion for Ber. rewarded for her heruic and persevering affection, and cram with whom she had been broughi up as a sister; any more serious punishment ihan the temporary shame her grief at his departure for the ccurt, which she ex. and remorse that awaits Bertram would have been in. presses in some exquisitely impassioned lines, and the consistent with comedy. It should also be remembered retiring anxious modesty with which she confides her that he was constrained to marry Helen against his will passion to the Countess, are in the poet's sweetest style Shakspeare was a good-natured moralist; and, like his of writing. Nor are the succeeding parts of her conduct own creation, olu Lafru, though he was delighted to Louched with a less delicate and masterly hand. Placed strip off the mask of pretension, he thought that punishin extraordinary and embarrassing
circumstances, there ment might be carried too far. Who that has been diis a propriety and delicacy in all her actions, which is verted with the truly comic scenes in which Parolles in consistent with the guíleless innocence of her heart. made to appear in his true character, could have wished
The King is properly made an instrument in the de. him to have been otherwise dismissed :nouement of the plot of the play, and this a most striking and judicious deviation from the novel : his gratitude
“Though you are a fool and a knave, you shall eat.' and esteem for Helen are consistent and honourable to It has been remarked that the style of the wholo pim as a man and a monarch.
play is more coospicuous for sententiousness than ima. Johnson has expressed his dislike of the character of gery:' and that the glowing colours of fancy could not
have been Introduced into each a subject. May not the All but new things disdain : whese judgments are period of life at which it was produced have something Mere fathers of their garments ; whose constancies io do with this! Malone places the date of its composi. Expire before their fashions. tion in 1606, and observes that a beautilul speech of the Bi k king hay much the air of that moral and judicious was Love's Labours Wonne :' at least a piece unler
It appears probable that the original title of this play retlection that accompanies an advanced period of life. That title is mer tioned by Meres in his WitTreasure,' let me not live
in 158; but if this was the play referred to, what be. After iny flame lacks oil, to be the snuff
comes of Malone's hypothesis relating to the date of its Of younger spirits, whose apprehensive senses composition:
King of France.
Countess of Rousillon, Mother to Bertram. Duke of Florence.
Helena, a Gentlewoman protected by the Countess. BERTRAM, Count of Rousillon.
An old Widow of Fiorence. LAFEU,' an old Lord.
DIANA, Daughter to the Widow. PAROLLES,' a follower of Bertram.
VIOLENTA, Several yrning French Lords, that serve with Bertram MARIANA,
Neighbours and Friends to the Widore. in the Florentine war.
Lords, attending on the King; Officers, Soldiers,
&c, French and Fiorentine. Serrants to the Countess of Rousillon,
SCENE, partly in France, and partly in Tuscany, A Page.
Ber. What is it, my good lord, the king, lan
guishes of ? SCENE I. Rousillon. A Room in the Countess's
Laf. A fistula, iny lord. Palace. Enter BERTRAM, the Countess of Rou Ber. I heard not of it before. sillon, HELENA, and Lareu, in mourning. Laf. I would, it were not notorious.-Was this Countess.
gentlewoman the daughter of Gerard de Narbon ?, IN delivering my son from me, I bury a second
Count. His sole child, my lord; and bequeathed husband.
to my overlooking. I have those hopes of hier good, Ber. And I, in going, madam, weep o'er my fa- that her education promises : her dispositions she ther's death anew: but I must attend his majesty's inherits, which make fair gifts fairer; for where an command, to whom I am now in ward,' evermore mendations yo with pity, they are virtues and traitors
unclean mind carries virtuous qualities, there comin subjection.
Luf. You shall find of the king a husband, ma- 100; in her they are the beiter for their simpleness; dam ;-you, sir, a father : He that so generally is she derives her honesty, and achieves her goodness. at all times good, must of necessity hold his virtue
Laf. Your commendations, madam, get froin her to you; whose worthiness would stir it up where it wanted, rather than lack it where there is such her
praise in. The remembrance of her father never
Count. 'Tis the best brine a maiden can season abundance.
Count. What hope is there of his majesty's amend approaches her heart, but the tyranny of her sorrows ment ?
takes all livelihood from her cheek. No more of Laf. He hath abandoned his physicians, madam; this, Helena, go to, no more; lest it be rather under whose practices he hath persecuted time with thought you affect a sorrow, than to have. hope ; and finds no other advantare in the
Hel. I do affect a sorrow, indeed, but I have it process
too. but only the losing of hope by time. Count. This young gentlewoman had a father (O,
Laf. Moderate lamentation is the right of the that had! how sad a passages 'ris!) whose skill was dead, excessive grief the enemy to the living. almost as great as his honesty; had it stretched so
Count. If the living be cnemy to the grief, the far, would have made nature immortal, and death excess makes it soun mortal." should have play for lack of work. 'Would, for
Ber. Madam, I desire your holy wishes. the king's sake, he were living! I think, it would be
Laf. How understand we that? the death of the king's disease.
Count. Be thou blesi, Bertram! and succeed thy Inf. How called you tho man you speak of, In manners, as in shape ! thy blood, and virtue,
Count. He was famous, sir, in his profession, and Contend for empire in thee; and thy goodnessit was his great right to be so: Gerard de Narbon. Share with thy birth-right! Love all
, frust a few, Laf. He was excellent, indeed, madam ; the king Do wrong to none : be able for thine enemy very lately spoke of him, admiringly, and mourn. Under thy own life's key: be check'd for silence,
in power, than use; and keep thy friend ingly: he was skilful enough to have lived still, if knowledge could be set up against mortality.
But never tax'd for speech. What heaven more will,
Fall on thy head! Farewell.--My lord,
Advise him. toards. This prerogative was a branch of the feudal
5 So in Chapman's version of the third Niall: 3 In the Heantontimorumenos of Terence, which had "Season'd her tears her joys to see,' &c. been translated in Shakspeare's time, is the following 6 All appearance of life. passage :
7 This kind of phraseology was not peculiar in Shaky. Filium unicum adolescentulum
peare, though it appears unconth to us : it is plain that Habeo. Ah quid dixi Habere me ? imo he meant- lest it be rather thought you affect a sortu w habui, Chreme,
than have it.' Nunc habeam incertum est.'
8 Helena's affected sorrow was for the death of her * We feel regret even in commending such qualities, father : her reul grief related to Bertram and his de. joined with an evil di-position ; they are traitors, be parture. cause they give the possessors power over others ; who, 9 'That is, 'if the living do not indulge grief, grief de. admiring such estimable qualities, are often betrayed by stroys itself by its own excess.' the malovolence of the posserrors.
Helena's virtues 10 i. e. that may help thee with more and better quali are the better because they are artless and open.
Laf. He cannot want the best
of nature, to preserve virginity. Loss of virginity That shall attend his love.
is rational increase; and there was never virgin Count. Heaven bless him!--Farewell, Bertram. got, till virginity was first lost. That, you were
[Exit Countess made of, is meial to make virgins. Virginity, by Ber. The best wishes, that can be forged in your being once lost, may be sen times found: by being thoughts (T. HELENA,] be servants to you!!' Be ever kept, it is ever lost : ‘uis too cold a companion; comfortable to my mother, your mistress, and make away with it. much of her.
Tid. I will stand for't a little, though therefore I Laf. Farewell, pretty lady: You must hold the die a virgin. credii of your father.
Par. There's little can be said in't; 'tis against [Exeunt Bertram and LAFLU. I the rule of nature. To speak on the part of virgiHeh 0, were that all!—I think not on my father, nity, is to accuse your mothers; which is most inAnd these great tears? grace his remembrance more fallible disobedience. He, that hangs himself is a Than those I shed for him. What was he like? virgin : virginity murders itself;' and should be I have forgot him: my imagination
buried in highways, out of all sanctified limit, as a Carries no favour in it, but Bertram's.
desperaie offendress against nature. Virginity. I am undone ; there is no living, none,
breeds mites, much like a cheese; consumes itself If Bertram be away. It were all one,
to the very paring, and so dies with feeding his That I should love a bright particular star, own stomach. Besides, virginity is peevish, proud, And think to wed it, he is so above me :
idle, made of self-love, which is the most inhibita In his bright radiance and collateral light
edió sin in the canon. Keep it not : you cannot Must I be comforted, not in his sphere.
choose but lose by't: Out with’t: within ten years The ambition in my love thus plagues itself: it will make itself'ten," which is a goodly increase, The hind, that would be mated by the lion, and the principal itself not much the worse : Away Must die for love. 'Twas pretty, though a plague, with't. To see him every hour ; to sit and draw
Hel. How might one do, sir, to lose it to her own His arched brows, his hawking eye, his curls, liking ? In our heart's table;' heart, 100 capable
Par. Let me see : Marry, ill, to like him that of every line and trick of his sweet favour :* ne'er it likes.12 'Tis a commodity will lose the gloss But now he's gone, and my idolatrous fancy with lying; the longer kept, the less worth: off Must sanctify his relics. Who comes here? witht, while 'uis vendible : answer the time of reEnter PAROLLES.
quest. Virginity, like an old courtier, wears her
cap out of fashion; richly suited, but unsuitable : One that goes with him : I love him for his sake; just like the brooch and toothpick, which wear's not And yet I know him a notorious liar,
now: Your date!4 is better in your pie and your Think him a great way fool, solelys a coward ; porridge, than in your cheek: And your virginity, Yet these fix'd evils sit so fit in him,
your old virginity, is like one of our French wiühered That they take place, when virtue's steely bones pears; it looks ill, it ea's dryly; marry, 'uis a wiLook bleak in the cold wind : withal, full oft we see ihered pear; it was formerly better; marry, yet, Cold wisdom waiting on superfluous folly. 'lis a withered pear: Will you any thing with it? Par. Save you, fair queen.
Hel. Not my virginity yei.is, Hel. And you, monarch.”
There shall your master have a thousand loves, Par. No.
A mother, and a mistress, and a friend, Hel. And no.
A phanix, captain, and an enemy, Par. Are you meditating on virginity ?
A guide, a goddess, and a sovereign, Hel. Ay. You have some stain of soldier in A counsellor, a traitress, and a dear; you: let me ask you a question: Man is enemy to His humble anbition, proud humility, virginity; how may we barricado it against him? His jarring concord, and his discord dulcet, Par. Keep him out.
llis faith, his sweet disaster: with a world Hel. But he assails; and our virginity, though Of pretiy, fond, adoptious christendoms, valiant in the defence, yet is weak: untild to us Thai blinking Cupid gossips. Now shall hesome warlike resistance.
I know not what he shall :-God send him well! Pær. There is none; man, sitting down before | The court's a learning-place :--and he is one you, will undermine you, and blow you up.
Par. What one, i'faith? Hel. Bless our poor virginity from underminers, Hel. That I wish well.—'Tis pityand blowers up!-Is there no military policy, how Par. What's pity ? virgins might blow up men?
He. That wishing well had not a body in's, Par. Virginity, being blown down, man will Which might be felt : that we, the poorer born, quicklier be blown up : marry, in blowing bim down Whose baser stars do shut us up in wishes, again, with the breach yourselves made, you lose Might with effects of them follow our friends, your city. It is not positick in the commonwealili
1 i. e. may you be mistress of your wishes, and have irelltro.' The emendation is Hanmer's, Oul vith it, power to bring them to effect.
is used equivocally. Applied to virginity, it means, give 2 That is, Helen's own tears, which were caused in it away ; part with it: considered in another light, it reality by the departure of Bertram, though attributed signifies put it out to interest, it will produce you ten by Lafeu and the Countess to the loss of her father, and for one. whieh, from this misapprehension of theirs, granud his 12 Parolles plays upon the word liking, and says, memory more than those she actually shed for him. She must do ill for virginity to be so lost, must like
3 Helena considers her heart as the tablet on which him that likes not rirginity.' his resemblance was portrayed.
13 The old copy reads were, Rowe corrected it. Shak. 4 i. e. every line and truce of his sweet countenance.speare here, as in other places, uses the active for the
5 i. e. altogether, without any admixture of the oppo- passive. site quality.
14 A quibble on date, which meaus age, and a candied 6 Cold for naked, as superfluus for overclothed. This fruit then much used in pies. makes the propriety of the aneithesis.
15 I cannot but ihink, with Hanmer and Johnson, that 7 Perhaps there is an allusion here to the fantastic some such clause as . You're for the court,' has been Monarcho mentioned in a note on Love's Labour's Losi, omitted. Unless we suppose, with Malone, that the Act i. Sc. I.
omission is in Parolles's speech, and that he may have 8 That is, some tincture, some little of the hue or co said, 'I am noi bonind for the court.' Something of lour of a soldier; as much as to say, 'you that are a bit the kind is necessary to connect Helena's rhapsodical of a soldier.'
peech; she could not mean to say, that she shall prove 9 He that hangs himself, and a virgin, are in this cir. every thing to Bertram. cumstance alike, they are both self-destroyers.
16 i. e. a number of pretty, fond, adopted appellations 10 Forbidden.
or Christian names, to which blind Cupid stands god. i The old copy reads, within ten years it will make father. It is often used for baptism by old writers
And show what we alone must think ;' which never | Prejudicates the business, and would seem
To have us make denial.
His love and wisdom,
Approv'd so to your majesty, may plead Page. Monsieur Parolles, my lord calls for you. For amplest credence. (Erit Page. King
He hath arm'd our answer, Par. Little Helen, farewell : if I can remember And Florence is denied before he comes : thee, I will think of thee at court.
Yet, for our gentlemen, that mean to see Hel. Monsieur Parolles, you were born under a The Tuscan service, freely have they leave charitable star.
To stand on either part. Par. Under Mars, I.
It may well serve He. I especially think, under Mars.
A nursery to our gentry, who are sick Par. Why under Mars?
For breathing and exploit. Hel. The wars have so kept you under, that you King
What's he comes here? must needs be born under Mars. Par. When he was predominant.
Enter BERTRAM, LAFEU, and PAROLLES. Hel. When he was retrograde, I think, rather.
1 Lord. It is the count Rousillon, my good lord, Par. Why think you so ?
Young Bertram. Hel. You go so much backward, when you fight.
king. Youth, thou bear'st thy father's face ; Par. That's for advantage.
Frank nature, rather curious than in haste, Hel. So is running away, when fear proposes the Hath well compos’d thee. Thy father's moral parts safety; But the composition, that your valour and May'st thou inherit too! Welcome to Paris, fear makes in you, is a virtue of a good wing,' and Ber. My thanks and duty are your majesty's. I like the wear well.
King. I would I had that corporal soundness now, Par. I am so full of businesses, I cannot answer As when thy father, and myself, in friendship thee acutely: I will return perfect courtier; in the First tried our soldiership! He did look far which, my instruction shall serve to naturalize thee, Into the service of the time, and was 80 thou wilt be capable of a courtier's counsel, Discipled of the bravest: he lasted long; and understand what advice shall thrust upon thee; But on us both did haggish age steal on, else thou diest in thine unthankfulness, and thine And wore us out of act. It much repairs' me ignorance makes thee away: farewell. When thou To talk of your good father: In his youth hast leisure, say thy prayers; when thou hast none, He had the wit, which I can well observe remember thy friends: get ihee a good husband, To-day in our young lords; but they may jest, and use him as he uses theo: so farewell. (Exit. Till their own scorn return to them unnoted,
He. Our remedies oft in ourselves do lie, Ere they can hide their levity in honour. Which we ascribe to heaven: the fated sky So like a courtier, contempt nor bitterness Gives us free scope ; only, doth backward pull
Were in his pride or sharpness : if they were, Our slow designs, when we ourselves are dull. His equal had awak'd them;' and his honour, What power is it which mounts my love so high; Clock to itself, knew the true minute when That makes me see, and cannot feed mine eye la Exception bid him speak, and, at this time, The mightiest space in fortune nature brings His tongue obey'd his o hand : who were below him To join like likes, and kiss like native things.
He us'd as creatures of another place; Impossible be strango attempts, to those
And bow'd his eminent top to their low ranks,
His good remembrance, sir,
Lies richer in your thoughts, than on his tomb; SCENE II. Paris. A Room in the King's Pa- So in approof 11 lives not his epitaph,
lace. Flourish of Cornels. Enter the King of As in your royal speech. France, with Lellers; Lords and others atleniling.
K’ing. 'Would, I were with him! He would alKing. The Florentines and Senoyse are by the
ways say, ears;
(Methinks I hear him now; his plausive words Have fought with equal fortune, and continue He scatter'd not in ears, but grafted them, A braving war.
To grow there, and to bear) - Let him not live, 1 Lord. So 'tis reported, sir.
Thus his good melancholy oft began,
All but new things dislain; whose judgments are 1 i. e. and show by realities what we now must only think.
2 This is a metaphor from Shakspeare's favorite 6 The citizens of the small republic of which Sienna source ; Falconry. A bird of good wing was a bird of is the capital. The Sanesi, as Boccaccio calls them, swift and strong ilight. If your valour will suffer you which Painter translates Senois, after the French me. to go backward for advantage, and your fear, for the thou. same reason, will make you run away, the composition 7 To repair in these plays generally signifies to reno. is a virtue that will fly far and swiftly.' Mason thinks rate. we should read-'is like to wear well.'
8 That is, 'cover petty faults with great merit:' 3 Capable and susceptible were synonymous in honour does not stand for dignity of rank or birth, but Shakspeare's time, as appears by the dictionaries. He acquired reputation. This is an excellent observation len says before :
(says Johnson,) jocose follies, and slight offences, are "heart too capable
only allowed by mankind in him that overpowers them or every line and trick of his sweet favour.' by great qualities.' 4 She means, 'why am I made to discern excellence, 9 Nor was sometimes used without reduplication. and left to long after it without the food of hope.' "He was so like a courtier, that there was in his dignity
5 The mightiest space in fortune is a licentious ex. of manner nothing contemptuous, and in his keennes pression for persons the most widely separated by for. or wit nothing bitter. If bitterness or contemptuous. tune ; whom nature (i. e. natural affection) brings to ness ever appeared, they had been awakened by some join like likes (i. e, equals,) and hiss like natire things injury, not of a man below him, but for his equal.' (1. e, and unite like things formed by nature for each 10 His for i18. other.). Or in other words, Nature often unites those 11 The approbation of his worth lives not so much in whom fortune or inequality of rank has separated » his epitaph as in your royal speech
Mere fathers of their garments ;? whose constancies for the knaves come to do that for mo, which I am Erpire before their fashions : This he wish’d: a-weary of. He, that ears? my land, spares my I, after him, do after him wish too,
team, and gives me leave to inn the crop: if I be Since I nor wax, nor honey, can bring home, his cuckold, he's my drudge : He that comforts my I quickly were dissolved from my hive,
wise, is the nourisher of my flesh and blood; ho, To give some labourers room.
that cherishes my flesh and blood, loves my flesh 2 Lord.
You are lov'd, sir; and blood; he, that loves my flesh and blood, is my They, that least lend it you, shall lack you
first. friend: ergo, he that kisses my wife, is my friend. King. I fill a place, I know't.-How long is't, If men could be contented to be what they are, there count,
were no fear in marriage: for young Charbon the Since the physician at your father's died ? puritan, and old Poysam' the papist, howsoe'er He was much fam'd.
their hearts are severed in religion, their heads are Ber.
Some six months since, my lord. both one, they may joll horns together, like any King. If he were living, I would try him yet;- deer i'the herd. Lend me an arm;-ihe rest have worn rne out Count. Wilt thou ever be a foul-mouthed and With several applications :-nature and sickness calumnious knave ? Debate it at their leisure. Welcome, count; Clo. A prophet I, madam; and I speak the truth My son's no dearer.
the next way:10 Ber. Thank your majesty.
For I the ballad will repeat, (Eseunt. Flourish.
Which men full true shall find; SCENE III. Rousillon. A Room in the Coun
Your marriage comes by destiny, tess's Palace. Enter Countess, Steward, and
Your cuckoo sings by kind.11 Clown."
Count. Get you gone, sir; I'll talk with you moro Count. I will now hear; what say you of this Stew. May it please you, madam, that he bid gentlewoman? Slew. Madam, the care I have had to even your
Helen come to you ;, of her I am to speak.
Count. Sirrah, tell my gentlewoman, I would content," I wish might be found in the calendar of speak with her; Helen I mean. my past endeavours; for then we wound our mo
Clo. Was this fair face the cause, quoth she, desty, and make foul the clearness of our deserv
[Singing. ings, when of ourselves we publish them. Count. What does this knave here? Get you
Why the Grecians sacked Troy? gone, sirrah : The complaints, I have heard of you,
12 done fond, I do not all believe ; 'tis my slowness, that I do not? Was this king Priam's joy." for, I know, you lack not folly to commit them, and
With that she sighed as she stood, have ability enough to make such knaveries yours.
With that she sighed as she stood, Clo. "Tis not unknown to you, madam, I am a
And gave this sentence then; poor fellow,
Among nine bad if one be good, Count. Well, sir.
Among nine bad if one be good, Clo. No, madam, 'tis not so well, that I am poor;
There's yet one good in ten. though many of the rich are damned : But, if I may Count. What, one good in ten; you corrupt the have your ladyship’s good will to go to the world, song, sirrah. Isabel the woman and I will do as we may.
Clo. One good woman in ten, madam; which is Count. Wilt thou needs be a beggar?
a purifying o’the song: 'Would, God would serve Clo. I do beg your goodwill in this case. the world so all the year! we'd find no fault with Count. In what case ?
the tithe-woman, if I were the parson : One in ten, Clo. In Isabel's case, and mine own. Service is quoth a'! an we might have a good woman born, no heritage: and, I think, I shall never have the but onl* every blazing star, or at an earthquake, blessing of God, till I have issue of my body: for, twould mend the lottery well; a man may draw they say, bearns are blessings.
his heart out, ere he pluck one. Count. Tell me thy reason why thou wilt marry.
Count. You'll be gone, sir knave, and do as I Clo. My poor body, madam, requires it: I am command you ? driven on by the flesh; and he musi needs go,
that Clo: That man should be at woman's command, the devil drives.
and yet no hurt done !—Though honesty be no puCount. Is this all your worship's reason? ritan, yet it will do no hurt; it will wear the sur
Clo. Faith, madam, I have other holy reasons, plice of humility over the black gown of a big such as they are.
heart.1: _I am going, forsooth : the business is for Count. May the world know them?
Helen to come hither.
(Exit Clown. Clo. I have been, madam, a wicked creature, as
Count. Well, now. you and all flesh and blood are ; and, indeed, I do Stew. I know, madam, you love your gentlewomarry, that I may repent.
man entirely. Count. Thy marriage, sooner than thy wicked Count. Faith, I do: her father bequeathed her
to me; and she herself, without other advantage, Clo. I am out of friends, madam; and I hope to may lawfully make title to as much love as she have friends for my wife's sake.
finds: there is more owing her, than is paid; and Count. Such friends are thine enemies, knave. more shall be paid her, than she'll demand. Clo. You are shallow, madam; e'en great friends ; Stew. Madam, I was very late more near her than, I Who have no other use of their faculties than to in
I think, she wished me! alone she was, and did vent new modes of dress,
13 The naine of Helen brings to the Clown's memory 2 Sa in Macbeth:
this fragment of an old ballad; something has escaped Death and nature do contend about them.' him it appears, for Paris was king Priam's only joy,' 3 The Clown in this comedy is a domestic fool of the as Helen was Sir Paris's. According to two fragments same kind as Touchstone. Such fools were, in the quoted by the commentators, poet's time, maintained in all great families, to keep up 14 The old copy reads one. Malone substituted on. merriment in the house.
15 The clown answers, with the licentious petulance To act up to your desires. 6 To be married. allowed to the character, that "if a man does as a wo. 6 Children. 7 Ploughs. 9 Therefore. man commands, it is likely he will do amise;' that he
9 Malone conjectures that we should read, Poisson does not amiss, he makes the effect not of his lady's the papist,' alluding to the custom of eating fish on fast goodness, but of his own honesty, which, though not days: as Charbon the puritan alludes to the fiery zeall very nice or puritanical, will do no hurt, but, unliko or that sect. It is much in Shakspeare's manner to use the puritans, will comply with the injunctions of supe. significant names.
riors; and wear the 'surplice of humility over the black 10 The readiest way. 11 j. e. nature. gown of a big heart;' will obey commands, though not 12 Foolishly done.
much pleased with a state of subjection.