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ACT IV.

SONG.10

Black spirits and white, SCENE I. A dark Cave. In the middle, a

Red spirits and gray; Cauldron boiling. Thunder. Enter the three

Mingle, mingle, mingle, Witches.'

You that mingle may.

2 Witch. By the pricking of my thumbs," 1 Witch. Thrice the brinded cat hath mew'd. 2 Witch. Thrice; and once the hedge-pig Something wicked this way comes : whin'd.?

Open, locks, whoever knocks. 3 Witch. Harper cries :-'Tis time, 'tis timo.

Enter MACBETH. I Witch. Round about the cauldron go;

Macb. How now, you secret, black, and midnight In the poison'd entrails throw.

hags? Toad, that under coldest stone,

What is't you do? Days and nights hast thirty-ono

AU.

A deed without a name. Swelter'de venom, sleeping got,

Mob. I conjure you, by that which you profess, Boil thou first i’ the charmed pot!

(Howe'er you come to know it,) answer me: AU. Double, double toil and trouble;

Though you untie the winds, and let them fight Fire, burn; and, cauldron, bubble.

Against the churches; though the yestyia waves 2 Wilch. Fillet of a fenny snake,

Confound and swallow navigation up; In the cauldron boil and bake :

Though bladed corn be lodgʻd," and treos blown Eye of newt, and toe of frog,

down; Wool of bat, and tongue of dog,

Though castles topplese on their warders' heads; Adder's fork, and blind-worm's sting,

Though palaces, and pyramids, do slope Lizard's leg, and owlet's wing,

Their heads to their foundations ; though the For a charm of powerful trouble,

treasure Like a hell-broth boil and bubble.

Of nature's germins!: tumble all together,
AU. Double, double toil and troublo;

Even till destruction sicken, answer me
Fire, burn; and, cauldron bubble.

To what I ask you. 3 Witch Scale of dragon, tooth of wolf;

I Witch.

Speak. Witch's mummy; maw and gulf

2 Witch.

Demand. Of the ravin'd' salt-sea shark;

3 Witch,

We'll answer. Root of hemlock, digg'd i' the dark ;

I Witch. Say, if thou'dst rather hear it from our Liver of blaspheming Jow;

mouths, Gall of goat; and slips of yew,

Or from our masters'? Sliver'd in the moon's eclipso;

Macb.

Call them, lot me seo them Nose of Turk, and Tartar's lips;

1 Witch. Pour in sow's blood, that hath eaten Finger of birth-strangled bahe,

Her nine farrow ;16 grease, that's sweaten Ditch-deliver'd by a drab,

From the murderer's gibbet, throw Make the gruel thick and 'slab:

Into the flame. Add thereto a tiger's chaudron,"

AN.

Como, high, or low;
For the ingredients of our cauldron.

Thyself, and office, defily!?" show,
AU. Double, double toil and troublo;
Fire, burn; and, cauldron, bubblo.

Thunder. An Apparition of an armed Head rises. 2 'Witch. Cool it with a baboon's blood,

Macb. Tell me, thou unknown power, Then the charm is firm and good.

1 Witch.

He knows thy thoughi,

Hear his speech, but say thou nought.'' Enter Hecate, and the other three Witches.

App. Macbeth ! Macbeth! Macbeth! bewaro

Macduff; Hec. O, well done! I commend your pains;

Beware the thano of Fife.-Dismiss mo:And every one shall share i’ the gains. And now about the cauldron sing,

Enough.30

(Descends.

Macb. Whate'er thou art, for thy good caution, Like elves and fairies in a ring,

thanks ; Enchanting all that you put in.

Thou hast harp'd my fear aright :But one word | Enter the three Witches.' Dr. Johnson has called the reader's attention to the judgment with which the entire stanza is found in The Witch, by Middleton, Shakspeare has selected all the circumstances of his and is there called 'A charme Song about a Vessel' infernal ceremonies, and how exactly he has conformed 11. By the pricking of my thumbs.' It is a very an. to common opinions and traditions.'

cient superstition, that all sudden pains of the body, and Thrice and once the hedge-pig whin'd. The other sensations which could not naturally be account. urchin or hedgehog, like the toad, for its solitariness, ed for, were presages of somewhat that was shortly to the ugliness of its appearance, and from a popular be- happen. lief that it sucked or poisoned the udders of cows, was 12 i. e. foaming, frothy. adopted into the demonologic system; and its shape was 13 i. e. laid fat by wind or rain. sometimes supposed to be assumed by mischievous 14 Topple, tumble. elves. Hence it was one of the plagues of Caliban in 15 Germens, seeds which have begun to sprout of the Tempest.

germinate. 3 Coldest stone.' The old copy reads 'cold stone;' 16 Pour in sow's blood, that hath eaten the emendation is Steevens's. Mr. Boswell thinks that Her nine farrow.' the alteration was unnecessary.

Shakspeare probably caught this idea from the laws of 4 Sweltered. This word is employed to signify that Kenneth II. king of Scotland :If a sow eate nir the animal was moistened with its own cold exudations. pigges, let hyr be stoned to death and buried, that no 5 The blind-worm is the slow-worm.

man eate of hyr flesh. -Holinshed's History of Scoi. 8 Gulf, the throat.

land, ed. 1577, p. 181. 7 To ravin according to Minshew is to devour, lo 17 Deftly is adroitly, dexterously. eat greedily. Ravin'd, therefore, may be glutted with 19 The armed head represents symbolically Mac. prey. Unless, with Malone, we suppose that Shak. beth's head cut off and brought to Malcolm by Macduff. speare used ravin'd for ravenous, the passive participle The bloody child is Macduff, untimely ripped from his for the adjective. In Horman's Vulgaria, 1519, occurs mother's womb. The child, with a crown on his head Thou art a radenar of delycatis.'

and a bough in his hand, is the royal Malcolm, who or 8 Sliver is a common word in the north, where it dered his soldiers to hew them down a bough, and bear means to cut a piece or slice.

it before them to Dunsinane. 9 l. o. entrails; a word formerly in common use in 19 Silence was necessary during all incantations, books of cookery, in one of which, printed in 1597, is a 20 Spirits thus evoked were supposed to be impatient receipt to make a pudding of a calf's chaldron. of being questioned.

10 Black spirits and white. The original edition or 21 Harp'd, touched on a passion as a harper louches this play only contains the two firet words of this song; a string.

more:

1 Witch. He will not be commanded : Here's Thou other gold-bound brow, is like the first :another,

A third is like the former :-Filthy hags! More potent than the first.

Why do you show me this ?--A fourth ?-Start, Thunder. An Apparition of a bloody Child rises. What! will the line stretch out to the crack of App. Mac th! Macbeth! Macbeth!

doom ? Macb. Had I three ears, I'd hear thee.'

Another yet?-A seventh ?-I'll see no more :App.

Be bloody, bold, And yet ihe eighth appears, who bears a glass, so And resolute : laugh to scorn the power of man, For none of woman born shall harm Macbeth.2

Which shows me many more; and some I see;

That twofold balls and treble sceptres carry ;'

[Descends. Macb. Then live, Macduff; what need I fear of For the blood-bolter'di? Banquo smiles upon me,

Horrible sight !-Now, I see, 'uis true; thee? But yet I'll make assurance double sure,

And points at them for his.-What, is this so? And take a bond of fate : thou shalt not live;

1 Witch. Ay, sir, all this is so :-But why That I may tell pale-hearted fear, it lies,

Stands Macbeth thus amazedly ?-And sleep in spite of thunder. What is this,

Come, sisters, cheer we up his sprights,"

And show the best of our delights ; Thunder. An Apparition of a Child crowned, with I'll charm the air to give a sound, a Tree in his Hand, rises.

While you perform your antique'a round : That rises like the issue of a king;

That this great king may kindly say, And wears upon his baby brow the round

Our duties did his welcome pay. And top of sovereignty ?

(Music. The Witches dance, and vanish, AU.

Listen, but speak not to't. Macb. Where are they ? Gone --- Let this per App. Be lion-metiled, proud; and take no care

nicious hour Who chases, who frets, or where conspirers are ; Stand aye accursed in the calendar ! Macbeth shall never vanquish'd be, until

Come in, without there! Great Birnam wood to high Dunsinane hill"

Enter Lenox. Shall come against him.

(Descends. Macb. That will never be ;

Len,

What's your grace's will ? Who can impress the forest ;' bid the tree

Macb. Saw you the weird sisters ? Unfix his earth-bound root ? sweet bodements!

Len.

No, my lord. good!

Macb. Came thoy not by you ?

Len. Rebellious head, riso never, till the wood

No, indeed, my lord. Of Birnam rise, and our high-plac'd Macbeth

Macb. Infected be the air whereon they ride; Shall live the lease of nature, pay his breath

And damn'd all those that trust them !---I did hear To time, and mortal custom.-Yet my heart

The galloping of horse : Who was't came by? Throbs to know one thing; Tell me, (if your art

Len. 'Tis two or three, my lord, that bring you Can tell so much,) shall Banquo's issue ever

word, Reign in this kingdom ?

Macduff is filed to England.
AU.
Seek to know no more.

Macb.

Fled to England ? Macb. I will be satisfied : deny me this,

Len. Ay, my good lord. And an eternal curse fall on you! Let me know:

Macb. Time, thou anticipat'st'' my dread ax Why sinks that cauldron ? and what noise’ is this?

ploits :

(Hautboys. The flighiy purpose never is o'ertook, 1 Witch. Show! 2 Witch. Show! '3 Witch. Unless the deed go with it: From this moment Show!

The very firstlings of my heart shall be AU. Show his eyes, and grieve his heart;"

The firsilings of my hand. And even now Come like shadows, so depart.

To crown my thoughts with acts, be it thought and

done : Eight Kings appear, and pass over the Stage in the castle of Macduf I will surprise ; order; the last with a Glass in his Hand; Ban. Seize upon Fife; give to the edge o' the sword Quo following

His wife, his babes, and all unfortunate souls Macb. Thou art too like the spirit of Banquo; That tracell him in his line. No boasting like a down!

fool : Thy crown does sear mine eyeballs :— And thy hair, This deed I'll do, hefore this purpose cool:

I Had I three ears, I'd hear thee.' This singular said they do angwer either by voice, or else set before expression probably means no more than I will listen their eyes in glasses, chrystal stones, &c. the pictures to thee with all altertion.'

or images of the persons or things sought for.: 2 For none of woman born shall harm Macbeth. 11 "That twofold balls and treble sceptres carry." So Holinshed: And surely hereupon he had put This was intended as a compliment to James the First: Macduff to death, but that a certeine witch, whom he he first united the two islands and the three kingdoms had in great trust, had told him, that he should never under one head, whose house too was said to be descen. be slaine with man borne of anie woman, nor vanquish-ded from Banquo, who is therefore represented not only ed till the wood of Bernane came to the castle or Dun- as innocent, but as a noble character; whereas, accord. sinane. This prophecy put all fear out of his heart.” ing to history, he was confederate with Macbeth in the

3 The round is that part of a crown which encircles murder of Duncan. the head : the top is the ornament which rises above it. 12 In Warwickshire, when a horse, sheep, or other

4 The present accent of Dunsinane is right. In animal, perspires much, and any of the hair or wool, in every subsequent instance the accent is misplaced. consequence of such perspiration, or any redundant

51. e. command it to serve him like a soldier im. humour, becomes matced inio tufts with grime and gweat, pressed.

he is said to be boltered ; and whenever the blood issues 6. Rebellious head.' The old copy reads dead; the out and coagulates, forming the locks into hard clotted emendation is Theobald's.

bunches, the beast is said to be blood-boltered. When a 7 Noise in our old poets is often literally synony, boy has a broken head, so that his hair is matted togemous for music.

ther with blood, his head is said to be boltered (pro. S Show his eyes, and grieve his heart.: 'And the nounced ballered.) The word baltereth is used in this man of thine, whom I shall not cut off from mine altar, sense by Philemon Holland in his Translation of Pliny's shall be to consume thine eyes, and to grieve thine Natural History, 1601, b. xii. c. xvii. p. 370. It is there. heart.'-1 Samuel, ii. 33.

fore applicable to Banquo, who had twenty trenched 9 i. e. the dissolution of nature. Crack and crash gashes on his head." were formerly synonymous.

13 i. e. spirits. It should seem that spirits was 10 This method of juggling prophecy is referred to in almost always pronounced sprights or sprites by Measure for Measure, Act ii. Sc. 8:

Shakspeare's contemporaries. and like a prophet

14 Antique was the old spelling for antic. Looks in a glass, and shows me future evils.' 15 i.e. preventest them, by taking away the opportunity In an extract from the Penal Laws against witches, it is 16 l. e. follow, succeed in it.

*T

But no more sights !---Where are these gentlemen ? Son. And must they all be hangod, that swear
Come, bring me where they are. (Eseunt. and lie?
SCENE II. Fife. A Room in Macduft"'s Castle.

L. Macd. Every one.
Enter LADY Macduff, her Son, and Rosse.

Son. Who must hang them ?

L. Macd. Why, the honest men. L. Macd. What had he done, to make him fly Son. Then the liars and swearers are fools : for the land ?

there are liars and swearers enough to beat the hoRosse. You must have patience, madam. nest men, and hang up them. L. Macd.

He had none; L. Macd. Now, God help thee, poor monkey! His flight was madness : When our actions do noi, But how wilt thou do for a father? Our fears do make us traitors.'

Son. If he were dead, you'd weep for him: i. Rosse.

You know not, you would not, it were a good sign that I should Whether it was his wisdom, or his fear.

quickly have a new father. L. Mach. Wisdom! to leave his wife, to leave I. Macd. Poor praitler! how thou talk'st. his babes,

Enter a Messenger. His mansion, and his titles, in a place From whence himself does fly? He loves us not; Mess. Bless you, fair dame! I am not to you He wants the natural touch:-for the poor wren,

known, The most diminutive of birds, will fight,

Though in your state of honour I am perfect. Her

young ones in her nesi, against the owl. I doubt, some danger does approach you nearly : All is the fear, and nothing is the love;

If you will take a homely man's advicc, As little is the wisdom, where the flight

Be not found here; hence, with your little ones. So runs against all reason.

To fright you thus, methinks, I am too savage ; Rosse.

My dearest coz', To do worse to you, were fell cruelty, I pray you, school yourself: But, for your husband, Which is too nigh your person, Heaven preservo He is noble, wise, judicious, and best knows

you! The fits of the season.a Í dare not speak much I dare abíde no longer. (Erit Messenger. further :

L. Macd.

Whither should I fly? But cruel are the times, when we are traitors, I have done no harm. But I remember now And do not know ourselves; when we hold rumour I am in this earthly world; where, to do harm, From what we fear, yet know not what we fear; Is often laudable; to do good, sometime, But float upon a wild and violent sea,

Accounted dangerous folly : Why then, alas! Each way, and move.---I take my leave of you : Do I put up that womanly defence, Shall not be long but I'll be here again :

To say, I have done no harm? What are these Things at the worst will cease, or else climb upward

faces ? To what they were before. ---My pretty cousin,

Enter Murderers.
Blessing upon you!

Mur. Where is your husband ?
L. Macd. Father'd he is, and yet he's fatherless.
Rosse. I am so much a fool, should I stay longer, Where such as thou may'st find him.

L. Macd. I hope, in no place so unsanctified, It would be iny disgrace, and your discomfort :

Mur.

He's a traitor. I take my leave at once.

(Ezit Rosse. L. Macd. Sirrah, your father's dead;

Sm. Thou ly'st, thou shag-ear'd' villain.

Mur. And what will you do now? How will you live?

What, you egg! (Stabbing him. Son. As birds do, mother.

Young fry of treachery
Son.

He has killed

me, mother; L. Macd.

What, with worms and flies?
Son. With
what I get, I mean ; and so do they.
Run away, I pray you.

(Dies. L. Macd. Poor bird ! ihou'dst never fear the net,

[Exit LADY Macdurf, crying murder,

and pursued by the Murderers. nor lime, The pit-fall, nor the gin.

SCENE III. England. A Room in the King's Son. Why should I, mother? Poor birds they

Palace. Enter MALCOLM and MacDUFF.& are not set for.

Mal. Let us seek out some desolate shade, and My father is not dead, for all your saying:

there L. Macd. Yes, he is dead; how wilt thou do for Weep our sad bosoms empty. a father?

Macd.

Let us rather Son. Nay, how will you do for a husband ? Hold fast the mortal sword; and, like good men, L. Macd. Why, I can buy me twenty at any Bestride our downfall’n birthdom :' Each new morn, market.

New widows howl ; new orphans cry; new sorrows Son. Then you'll buy 'em to sell again.

Strike heaven on the face, that it resounds L. Macd. Thou speak'st with all thy wit; and As if it felt with Scoiland, and yell’d out yel i' faith,

Like syllable of dolour. With wit enough for thee.

Mal.

What I believe, I'll wail; Son. Was my father a traitor, mother?

What know, believe; and, what I can redress, L. Mac. Ay, that he was.

As I shall find the time to friend,' I will. Son. What is a traitor ?

What you have spoke, it may be so, perchance. L. Macd. Why, one that swears and lies. This tyrani, whose sole name blisters our tongues, Son. And be all traitors, that do so?

Was once thought honest: you have lov’d him well; L. Macd. Every one that does so, is a traitor, and must be hanged.

ó Sirrah was not in our author's time a term of re.

proach, but sometimes used by masters to servants, pa 1 Our tears do make us trailors. Our flight is cou. rents to children, &c. sidered as evidence of our treason.

6 i.e. I am perfectly acquainted with your rank. 2 Natural touch, natural affection.

7.Shay.eard villain.' It has been suggested that 3 The fits o' the season should appear to be the rio. ve should read shag hair'd, an abusive epithet frequent leni disorders of the season, its convulsions: as we still in our old plays, Hair being forinerly spelt heare, the bay figuratively the temper of the times.

coi ruption would easily arise. 4. The best I can make of this passage is,' says Stee. 8 This scene is almost literally taken from Holin. vens - The times are cruel when our fears induce us shel's Chronicle, which is in this part an abridgment to believe, or take for granted, what we hear rumoured of the chronicle of Hector Boece, as translated by John or reported abroad ; and yet at the same time, as we Bellenden. From the recent reprints of both the Scot. live under & tyrannical government, where will is sub. ish and English chroniclers, quitations from them be. Btituted for laid, we know not what we have to foar, be come the less necessary ; they are now accessible to the cause we know not when we nffend.' Or, when we reader curious in tracing the poet to his sources of in. are led by our fears to believe every rumour of danger formation, we hear, yet are not conscious in ourselves of any crime 9 Birthdom, for the place of our birth, our native land. for which we should be discurbed with sears.

10 i. o. befriend.

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He hath not touch'd you yet. I am young; but| The cistern of my lust; and my desire something

All continent impediments would o'erbear, You may deservel of him through me; and wisdom That did oppose my will : Bétter Macbeth, To offer up a weak, poor, innocent lamb,

Than such a one to reign. To appease an angry god.

Macd.

Boundless intemperanco Macd. I am not treacherous.

In nature is a tyranny; it hath been Mal.

But Macbeth is. The untimely emptying of the happy throne, A good and virtuous nature may recoil,

And fall of many kings. But fear not yet In an imperial charge, But I shall crave your To take upon you what is yours : you may pardon;

Convey your pleasures in a spacious plenty, That which you are, my thoughts cannot transpose: And yet seem cold, the time you may so hood-wink. Angels are bright still, though the brightest fell : We have willing dames enough: there cannot be Though all things foul would wear the brows of That vulture in you, to devour so many grace,

As will to greatness dedicate themselves, Yet grace must still look so."

Finding it so inclin'de Macd.

I have lost my hopes.

Mal.

With this, there grows, Mal. Perchance, even there, where I did find In my most ill-compos'd affection, such my doubts.

A staunchless avarice, that, were I king, Why in that rawness left you wife and child, I should cut off the nobles for their lands; (Those precious motives, those strong knots oflove,) Desire his jewels, and this other's house Without leave-taking ?-I pray you,

And my more-having would be as a sauce
Let not my jealousies be your dishonours, To make me hunger more: that I should forgo
But mine own safeties :-You may be rightly just, Quarrels unjust against the good, and loyal
Whatever I shall think.

Destroying ihem for wealth.
Mard.
Bleed, bleed, poor country! Macd.

This avarice
Great tyranny, .ay thou thy basis sure,

Sticks deeper; grows with more pernicious root For goodness dares not check thee !-wear thou thy Than summer-seeminy lust :: and it hath been wrongs ;

The sword of our slain kings: Yet do not fear; The title is affeer'd !4Fare thee well, lord : Scotland hath foysons to fill up your will, I would not be the villain that thou think'st of your mere own : All these are portable," For the whole space that's in the tyrant's grasp,

With other graces weigh'd. And the rich East to boot.

Mal. But I have none: The king-becoming Mal. Be not offended:

graces, I speak not as in absolute fear of you.

As justice, verity, temperance, stableness,
I think our country sinks beneath the yoke : Bounty, perseverance, mercy, lowliness,
It weeps, it bleeds; and each new day a gash Devotion, patience, courage, fortitude,
Is added to her wounds: I think, withal,

I have no relish of them; but abound
There would be hands uplified in my right: In the division of each several crime,
And hero, from gracious England, have I offer Acting in many ways. Nay, had I power, I should
Of goodly thousands: But, for all this,

Pour ihe sweet milk of concord into hell When I shall tread upon the tyrant's head, Uproar the universal peace, confound Or wear it on my sword, yet my poor country

All unity on earth. Shall have more vices than it had before ;

Maai.

O Scotland! Scotland ! More suffer, and more sundry ways than ever,

Mal. If such a one be fit to govern, speak : By him that shall succeed.

I am as I have spoken,
Macd,
What should he be ? Macd.

Fit to govern!
Mal. It is myself I mean: in whom I know No, not to live.-O nation miserable,
All the particulars of vice so grafled,

With an untitled" tyrant bloody-sceptred,
That, when they shall be open'd, black Macbeth When shalt thou see thy wholesome days again?
Will seem as pure as snow; and the poor state Since that the truest issue of thy throne
Esteem him as a lamb, being compar'd

By his own interdiction stands accurs'd, With my confineless harms.5

And does blaspheme his breed ?-Thy royal father Maci.

Not in the legions Was a most sainted king; the queen, that bore thee, Or horrid hell, can come a devil more damn'd Oftener upon her knees than on her feet, In evils, to top Macbeth.

Died every day she lived."? Fare thee well! Mal.

I grant him bloody, These evils, thou repeat'st upon thyself, Luxurious, avaricious, false, deceitful,

Have banish'd me from Scotland.-0, my breast, Sudden,' malicious, smacking of every sin

Thv hope ends here! That has a name : But there's no bottom, none, Dal.

Macduff, this noble passion, In my voluptuousness; your wives, your daughters, Child of integrity, hath from my soul Your malrons, and your maids, could not fill up Wip'd the black scruples, reconcil'd my thoughts

1 'You may deserve or him through ine. The old poor country! Great tyranny, lay theu thy basis, sure, copy reads discerne. The emendation was made by for goodness dares noi check thee ! Then addressing Theobald. In the subsequent part of the line some. Malcolm, Macduff says, 'Wear thou thy wrongs,--the thing is wanted !) cımplete the sense. There is no citle to thy croien is now conficmed-lo ihe usurper, he Verb to which icis lomn can refer. Steevens conjectured would probably have added, but that he interrupts that the line might originally have run thus:-

hinself with angry impatience, at being suspected of but something

iraitorous double-lealing. You may deserve through me; and wisdomis it 5 i. e. immeasurable evils. To offer,' &c.

6 Luxurious, lascivious. 7 Sudden, passionate. "A good and virtuous nature may recoil

8 Sir W. Blackstone proposed to read aummer-seedIn an imperial charge.'

ing, which was adopted by Steevens : but there appears A good mind may recede from goodness in the execution no reason for change. The meaning of the epithet may be, or a royal commission.

"Just as hol as summer.' In Donne's Poerns, Malone 3 This is not very clear. Johnson has thus attempted has pointed out its opposite--winter-seeming. to explain it : "My suspicions cannot injure you, if 9 Foysons, plenty. you be virtuous, by supposing that a traitor may put on 10 Portable answers exactly to a phrase now in use. your virtuous appearance. I do not say that your vir. Such failings may be borne with, or are bearable. tuous appearance proves you a traitor ; for virtile must 11 . With an untitled tyrali.' Thus in Chaucer's wear its proper form, though that form be counterleited Manciple's Tale :by villainy.

‘Right so bet wix a lilleles tiraunt 4 To affcer is a law term, signifying to assess or re

And an outlawe.: duce to ceriainty: The meaning therefore may be : 12 Died every day she lived. The expression is do The title is confirmed in the usurper.!

rived from the Sacred Writings :-'I protest by you. to My interpretation of the passage is this ; ' Bleed, bleed, (joicing, which I have in Christ Jesus, I die daily,

goes it?

To thy good truth and honour. Devilish Macbeth | But who knows nothing, is once seen to smile ;
By many of these trains hath sought to win me Where sighs, and groans, and shrieks that rent
Into his power; and modest wisdom plucks me

the air, From over-credulous haste;' But God above Are made, not mark'd; where violent sorrow seems Deal between thee and me! for even now

A modern ecstasy :: the dead man's knell I put myself to thy direction, and

Is there scarce ask'd, for who; and good men's Unspeak mine own detraction : here abjure

lives The' laints and blames I laid upon myself, Expire before the flowers in their caps, For straugers to my nature. I am yet

Dying, or ere they sicken. Unknown to woman; never was forsworn;

Macd.

O, relation,
Scarcely have coveted what was mine own; Too nice, and yet too true!
At no time broke my faith ; would not betray

Mal.

What is the newest grief? The devil to his fellow; and delight

Rosse. That of an hour's age doth hiss tho No less in truth, than life : my first false speaking

speaker ; Was this upon myself: What I am truly,

Each minute teems a new one. Is thine, and my poor country's to command :

Macd.

How does my wife? Whither, indeed, before thy here-approach,

Rosse. Why, well. Old Siward, with ten thousand warlike men,

Macd.

And all my children? All ready at a point, was setting forth :

Rosse.

Well too. Now we'll together; And the chance, of goodness, Macd. The tyrant has not batter'd at their peace ? Be like our warranted quarrel! Why are you silent ? Rosse. No ; they were well at peace, when I did Macd. Such welcome and unwelcome things at

leave them. once,

Macd. Be not a niggard of your speech ; How 'Tis hard to reconcile. Enter a Doctor.

Rosse. When I came hither to transport the lidMal. Well; more anon.-Comes the king forth, Which I have heavily borne, there ran a rumour

ings, I pray you? Doct. Ay, sir: there are a crew of wretched which was to my belief witness'd the rather,

of many worthy fellows that were out; souls,

For that I saw the tyrant's power a-foot : That stay his cure: their malady convinces?

Now is the time of help! your eye in Scotland The great assay of art; but at his touch,

Would create soldiers, make our women fight, Such sanctity hath heaven given his hand,

To doft their dire distresses. They presendy amend.

Mal.

Be it their comfort, Mal. I thank you, doctor.

We are coming thither: gracious England hath

(Exil. Lent us good Siward, and ten thousand men; Macd. What's the disease he means ?

An older, and a better soldier, none Mal.

"Tis call'd the evil : That Christendom gives out. A most miraculous work in this good king;

Rosse.

'Would, I could answer Which often, since my here-remain in England, This comfort, with the like! But I have words, I have seen him do. How he solicits heaven,

That would be howl'd out in the desert air,
Himself best knows : but strangely visited people, where hearing should not latch them.
All swoln and ulcerous, pitiful to the eye,

Macd.

What concern they? The mere despair of surgery, he cures :

The general cause ? or is it a fee-grief," Hanging a golden stampo about their necks,

Due to some single breast ? Put on with holy prayers : and 'tis spoken,

Rosse.

No mind, that's honest, To the succeeding royalty he leaves

But in it shares some woe; though the main part The healing benediction. With this strange virtue, Pertains to you alone. He hath a heavenly gift of prophecy;

Macd.

If it be mine, And sundry blessings hang about his throne, Keep it not from me, quickly let me have it. To speak him full of grace.

Rosse. Let not your ears despise my tongue for Enter Rosse.

ever, Macch.

See, who comes here? Which shall pussess them with the heaviest sound Mal. My countryman; but yet I know him not. That ever yet they heard. Mud. My ever-gentle cousin, welcome hither.

Macd.

Humph! I Mal. I know him now: Good God, betimes re

Rosse. Your castle is surprisid; your wife, and

babes, The means that make us strangers !

Savagely slaughter'd: to relate the manner, Ross.

Sir, Amen. Were, on the quarryio of these murder'd deer, Mucd. Stands Scotland where it did ?

To add the death of you.
Rosse.

Mal.
Alas, poor country!

Merciful heaven!
Almost afraid to know itself! It cannot

What, man! ne'er pull your hat upon your brows, Be call'd our mother, but our grave : where nothing, Give sorrow words: the grief thai does not speak,

Whispers the o'er fraught heart, and bids it break.si 1 Credulous naste, overhasty credulity.

2 i. e. overcomes it. We have before seen this word catch. Thus alco Golding, in his translation of the first used in the same Latin sense, Ac i. Sc. 7, of this book of Ovid's Metamorphoses :play. To convince or conviete, to vanquish and over. * As though he would, at everie stride, betweene his come. Erinco. - Baret.

teeth hir latch. 3 A golden stamp, the coin called an angel; the va. 9. Or is it a fee-grief,' a peculiar sorrow, a griel Jue of which was ten shillings.

that hath but a single owner. 4.To rent is an ancient verb, which has been long 10 Quarry, the game after it is killed: it is a term disused,' say the editors : in other words it is the old used both in hunting and falconry. The old English term orthography of the verb to rend,

querre is used for the square spot wherein the dead gamo 5 It has been before observed that Shakspeare uses was deposited. Quarry is also used for the game pur. ecstasy for every species of alienation of mind, whether sued. proceeding from sorrow, joy, wonder, or any other ex. 11. Curæ leves loquuntur, ingentes stupent.. citing cause. Modern is generally used by him in the 'Those are killing griefs which dare not speak.' sense of common. A modern ecstasy is therefore a

Villoria Corombona. common grief.

Light sorrows often speake, 6 Thus in Antony and Cleopatra :

When great, the heart in silence breake.'

Greene's Tragical History of Faire Bellora To say, the dead are well."

"Striving to tell his woes, words would not come, 7 To doff is to do off, to put off.

For lighi cares speak, when mighty griefs are dombo. $ To lutch (in the North) signifies the same as to

Daniel's Complaint of Rosamond

guess at it.

move

We use

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